Presentation on theme: "Chapter Menu Chapter Introduction Lesson 1Lesson 1People and the Environment Lesson 2Lesson 2Impacts on the Land Lesson 3Lesson 3Impacts on Water Lesson."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter Menu Chapter Introduction Lesson 1Lesson 1People and the Environment Lesson 2Lesson 2Impacts on the Land Lesson 3Lesson 3Impacts on Water Lesson 4Lesson 4Impacts on the Atmosphere Chapter Wrap-Up
Chapter Introduction How do human activities impact the environment?
Chapter Introduction What do you think? Before you begin, decide if you agree or disagree with each of these statements. As you view this presentation, see if you change your mind about any of the statements.
Chapter Introduction 1.Earth can support an unlimited number of people. 2.Humans can have both positive and negative impacts on the environment. 3.Deforestation does not affect soil quality. 4.Most trash is recycled. Do you agree or disagree?
Chapter Introduction 5.Sources of water pollution are always easy to identify. 6.The proper method of disposal for used motor oil is to pour it down the drain. 7.The greenhouse effect is harmful to life on Earth. 8.Air pollution can affect human health. Do you agree or disagree?
Lesson 1 Reading Guide - KC What is the relationship between resource availability and human population growth? How do daily activities impact the environment? People and the Environment
Lesson 1 Reading Guide - Vocab population carrying capacity People and the Environment
Lesson 1-1 A population is all the members of a species living in a given area.population Population and Carrying Capacity population from Latin populus, means people
Lesson 1-1 Today, about 6.7 billion people live on Earth. Population and Carrying Capacity (cont.)
Lesson 1-1 The greatest increase in human population occurred during the last few centuries. Population explosion describes the sudden rise in human population that has happened in recent history. Population and Carrying Capacity (cont.)
Lesson 1-1 Carrying capacity is the largest number of individuals of a given species that Earths resources can support and maintain for a long period of time.Carrying capacity Earth has limited resources and cannot support a population of any species in a given environment beyond its carrying capacity. Population and Carrying Capacity (cont.)
Lesson 1-1 If the human population continues to grow beyond Earths carrying capacity, eventually Earth will not have enough resources to support humans. Population and Carrying Capacity (cont.) What is the relationship between the availability of resources and human population growth?
Lesson 1-2 Each of the 6.7 billion people on Earth uses resources in some way and the use of these resources affects the environment. Impact of Daily Actions resource Science Use a natural source of supply or support Common Use a source of information or expertise
Lesson 1-2 Impact of Daily Actions (cont.) What are three things you did today that impacted the environment?
Lesson 1 - VS Human population has exploded since the 1800s. Every day billions of people use Earths resources. The human population will eventually reach its carrying capacity.
Lesson 1 - VS When humans use resources, they can have both negative and positive impacts on the environment. It is important for humans to use resources wisely.
Lesson 1 – LR1 A.about 100 million B.about 6.7 billion C.about 10 billion D.about 67 billion About how many people live on Earth today?
Lesson 1 – LR2 A.decreasing carrying capacity B.decreased life span C.increasing carrying capacity D.population explosion Which phrase describes the change in human population in recent history?
Lesson 1 – LR3 A.Earth will be able to support humans for several thousand years. B.Earth will continue providing unlimited resources. C.Earth will not have enough resources to support humans. D.There will be a population explosion. If the human population grows beyond Earths carrying capacity, which of the following will likely be true?
Lesson 1 - Now 1.Earth can support an unlimited number of people. 2.Humans can have both positive and negative impacts on the environment. Do you agree or disagree?
Lesson 2 Reading Guide - KC What are the consequences of using land as a resource? How does proper waste management help prevent pollution? What actions help protect the land? Impacts on the Land
Lesson 2 Reading Guide - Vocab deforestation desertification urban sprawl reforestation reclamation Impacts on the Land
Lesson 2-1 Deforestation is the removal of large areas of forests for human purposes.Deforestation Deforestation affects soil and air quality. Using Land Resources Brand X Pictures/Punchstock
Lesson 2-1 Scientists estimate that human activities have doubled the amount of nitrogen cycling through the ecosystems. Excess nitrogen can kill plants adapted to low nitrogen levels and affect animals that depend on those plants for food. Using Land Resources (cont.)
Lesson 2-1 Desertification is the development of desert-like conditions due to human activities and/or climate change.Desertification A region of land that undergoes desertification is no longer useful for food production. Using Land Resources (cont.)
Lesson 2-1 Though mines are essential for obtaining much-needed resources, digging mines disturbs habitats and changes the landscape. Photodisc/Getty Images
Lesson 2-1 Using Land Resources (cont.) What are some consequences of using land as a resource?
Lesson 2-2 The development of land for houses and other buildings near a city is called urban sprawl. urban sprawl The impacts of urban sprawl include habitat destruction, loss of farmland, and an increase in runofff that can reduce the water quality of streams, rivers and groundwater. Construction and Development
Lesson 2-3 Landfills are areas where trash is buried. A landfill is carefully designed to meet government regulations. Hazardous waste cannot be placed in landfills because it contains harmful substances that can affect soil, air, and water quality. Waste Management
Waste Management (cont.) What is done to prevent the trash in landfills from polluting air, soil, and water?
Lesson 2-4 Governments, society, and individuals can work together to reduce the impact of human activities on land resources. Protected forests and parks are important habitats for wildlife. Reforestation involves planting trees to replace trees that have been cut or burned down.Reforestation Positive Actions
Lesson 2-4 ReclamationReclamation is the process of restoring land disturbed by mining. Positive Actions (cont.) reclamation from Latin reclamare, means to call back
Lesson 2-4 Green spaces are areas that are left undeveloped or lightly developed. Individuals can have a big impact on land-use issues by practicing the three Rsreusing, reducing, and recycling. Positive Actions (cont.)
Lesson 2-4 Positive Actions (cont.) What can you do to help lessen your impact on the land?
Lesson 2 - VS Deforestation, agriculture, and mining for useful rocks and minerals all can affect land resources negatively. People use land for living space, which can lead to urban sprawl, an increase in roadways, and the need for proper waste disposal.
Lesson 2 - VS Creating national parks, preserves and local green spaces, reforestation, and practicing the three Rs are all ways people can positively impact land resources.
Lesson 2 – LR1 A.cover the landfill with clay and dirt B.line the landfill with sand or gravel C.monitor the quality of underground oxygen D.use groundwater to dilute liquid wastes Landfills do which of the following to control pollution?
Lesson 2 – LR2 A.runoff B.landfill C.urban sprawl D.none of these Which of these describes areas where trash is buried?
Lesson 2 – LR3 A.loss of farmland B.increase in runoff C.habitat destruction D.fewer cars on highways Which of these is NOT an impact of urban sprawl?
Lesson 2 - Now 3.Deforestation does not affect soil quality. 4. Most trash is recycled. Do you agree or disagree?
Lesson 3 Reading Guide - KC How do humans use water as a resource? How can pollution affect water quality? What actions help prevent water pollution? Impacts on Water
Lesson 3 Reading Guide - Vocab point-source pollution nonpoint-source pollution Impacts on Water
Lesson 3-1 Most water use in the United States is by power plants to generate electricity and to cool equipment. Water as a Resource
Lesson 3-1 Water as a Resource (cont.) How do humans use water as a resource?
Lesson 3-2 Point-source pollutionPoint-source pollution is pollution from a single source that can be identified. Sources of Water Pollution pollution from Latin polluere, means to contaminate
Lesson 3-2 Pollution from several widespread sources that cannot be traced back to a single location is called nonpoint- source pollution.nonpoint- source pollution Most of the water pollution in the United States comes from nonpoint sources and is therefore harder to control. Sources of Water Pollution (cont.)
Lesson 3-2 Sources of Water Pollution (cont.) How can pollution affect water quality?
Lesson 3-3 Efforts to reduce water pollution focus on prevention, rather than clean-up. The U.S. works with other countries and has its own laws to help maintain water quality. Positive Actions Creatas Images/Jupiterimages
Lesson 3-3 Positive Actions (cont.) Individuals can help reduce water pollution by reducing their use of harmful chemicals, like household cleaners, and disposing of waste containing pollutants safely.
Lesson 3-3 Positive Actions (cont.) How can individuals help prevent water pollution?
Lesson 3 - VS Water is an important resource; all living things need water to survive. Water is used for agriculture, for electricity production, and in homes and businesses every day.
Lesson 3 - VS Water pollution can come from many sources, including chemicals from agriculture and industry and oil spills.
Lesson 3 - VS International cooperation and national laws help prevent water pollution. Individuals can help conserve water by reducing water use and disposing of wastes properly.
Lesson 3 – LR1 A.irrigation of agricultural crops B.livestock C.power plants D.public supply How is most of the water in the United States used?
Lesson 3 – LR2 A.construction sites B.factory discharge pipes C.farms D.urban developments Which is an example of point- source pollution?
Lesson 3 – LR3 A.groundwater runoff B.nonpoint-source pollution C.point-source pollution D.source pollution Which term refers to pollution from a source that can be identified?
Lesson 3 - Now 5.Sources of water pollution are always easy to identify. 6. The proper method of disposal for used motor oil is to pour it down the drain. Do you agree or disagree?
Lesson 4 Reading Guide - KC What are some types of air pollution? How are global warming and the carbon cycle related? How does air pollution affect human health? What actions help prevent air pollution? Impacts on the Atmosphere
Lesson 4 Reading Guide - Vocab photochemical smog acid precipitation particulate matter global warming greenhouse effect Air Quality Index Impacts on the Atmosphere
Lesson 4-1 Your body, and the bodies of other animals, uses oxygen in air to produce some of the energy it needs. The air you breath must be clean or it can harm your body. Importance of Clean Air
Lesson 4-2 smog acid precipitation chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) carbon monoxide Types of Air Pollution
Lesson 4-2 Photochemical smog forms when nitrogen and carbon compounds in the air react in sunlight.Photochemical smog Ozone close to the ground is a major component of smog. Types of Air Pollution (cont.)
Lesson 4-2 Acid precipitation is rain or snow that has a lower pH than that of normal rainwater.Acid precipitation Acid precipitation forms when gases containing nitrogen and sulfur react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals in the atmosphere. Many living things cannot survive if the pH of water or soil becomes too low. Types of Air Pollution (cont.)
Lesson 4-2 The mix of both solid and liquid particles in the air is called particulate matter.particulate matter Types of Air Pollution (cont.) particulate from Latin particula, means small part
Lesson 4-2 Solid particles including smoke, dust, and dirt enter the air from natural processes and human activities, such as burning fossil fuels. Types of Air Pollution (cont.)
Lesson 4-2 Appliances, such as air conditioners and refrigerators made before 1996, contain chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) coolants. In the atmosphere, CFCs thin the ozone, allowing more UV rays to reach Earths surface. Types of Air Pollution (cont.)
Lesson 4-2 Breathing carbon monoxide, a gas released from vehicles and industrial processes, reduces the amount of oxygen that reaches the bodys tissues and organs. Getty Images
Lesson 4-2 Types of Air Pollution (cont.) What are some types of air pollution?
Lesson 4-3 An increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can lead to global warming, an increase in Earths average surface temperature. global warming Burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Global Warming and the Carbon Cycle
Lesson 4-3 Warmer temperatures can cause ice to melt, making sea levels rise, which can cause flooding along coastal areas. Warmer ocean waters could lead to an increase in the intensity and frequency of storms. Global Warming and the Carbon Cycle (cont.)
Lesson 4-3 Global Warming and the Carbon Cycle (cont.) How are global warming and the carbon cycle related?
Lesson 4-3 The greenhouse effect is the natural process that occurs when certain gases in the atmosphere absorb and reradiate thermal energy from the Sun.greenhouse effect
Lesson 4-4 Air pollution can cause respiratory problems, including triggering asthma attacks. Health Disorders
Lesson 4-4 Health Disorders (cont.) How can air pollution affect human health?
Lesson 4-4 The Air Quality Index (AQI) is a scale that ranks levels of ozone and other air pollutants.Air Quality Index
Lesson 4-5 Countries around the world are working together to reduce air pollution. In the United States, the Clean Air Act, which was passed in 1970, sets limits on the amount of certain pollutants that can be released into the air. Positive Actions
Lesson 4-5 Using renewable energy resources such as solar power, wind power, and geothermal energy reduces air pollution. People can purchase more energy- efficient appliances and vehicles, such as hybrid cars, which emit less pollution. Positive Actions (cont.)
Lesson 4-5 Positive Actions (cont.) How can people help prevent air pollution?
Lesson 4 - VS Burning fossil fuels releases nitrogen and carbon compounds and particulate matter into the air.
Lesson 4 - VS Air pollution can affect human health, causing eye, nose, and throat irritation, increased asthma, and headaches.
Lesson 4 - VS Certain laws and international agreements require people to reduce air pollution. Individuals can reduce air pollution by using alternative forms of energy to heat homes and power vehicles.
Lesson 4 – LR1 A.acid precipitation B.CFCs C.particulate matter D.photochemical smog What term refers to both solid and liquid particles in the air?
Lesson 4 – LR2 A.acid precipitation B.global warming C.greenhouse effect D.photochemical smog What is the natural process that occurs when certain gases in the atmosphere absorb and reradiate thermal energy from the Sun?
Lesson 4 – LR3 A.acid precipitation B.global warming C.particulate matter D.smog Which of these is NOT a type of air pollution?
Lesson 4 - Now 7.The greenhouse effect is harmful to life on Earth. 8.Air pollution can affect human health. Do you agree or disagree?
Chapter Review Menu Key Concept Summary Interactive Concept Map Chapter Review Standardized Test Practice
The BIG Idea Human life is dependent on Earths material resources. Actions such as deforestation, water pollution, and global warming impact the environment negatively. Positive actions include reforestation, reclamation, and water conservation.
Key Concepts 1 Earth has limited resources and cannot support unlimited human population growth. Daily actions can deplete soil, water, and air. Lesson 1: People and the Environment
Key Concepts 2 Lesson 2: Impacts on the Land Deforestation, desertification, habitat destruction, and increased rates of extinction are associated with using land as a resource. Landfills are constructed to prevent contamination of soil and water by pollutants from waste. Hazardous waste must be disposed of in a safe manner. Positive impacts on land include preservation, reforestation, and reclamation.
Key Concepts 3 Humans use water in electricity production, industry, and agriculture, as well as for recreation and transportation. Point-source pollution and nonpoint-source pollution can reduce water quality. International agreements and national laws help prevent water pollution. Other positive actions include disposing of waste safely and conserving water. Lesson 3: Impacts on Water
Key Concepts 4 Photochemical smog, CFS, and acid precipitation are types of air pollution. Human activities can add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can lead to global warming. Air pollutants such as ozone can irritate the respiratory system, reduce lung function, and cause asthma attacks. International agreements, laws, and individual actions such as conserving energy help decrease air pollution. Lesson 4: Impacts on the Atmosphere
Chapter Review – MC1 Which term refers to all the members of a species living in a given area? A.carrying capacity B.environment C.population D.species distribution
Chapter Review – MC2 A.deforestation B.desertification C.urban sprawl D.waste management What term refers to the development of land for houses and other buildings near a city?
Chapter Review – MC3 A.composting B.deforestation C.desertification D.reclamation Which of these is the process of restoring land disturbed by mining?
Chapter Review – MC4 A.cleaning up pollution B.increasing nonpoint sources C.increasing point sources D.preventing pollution Most efforts to reduce water pollution focus on which of these?
Chapter Review – MC5 A.acid precipitation B.CFCs C.particulate matter D.photochemical smog Which of the following is produced when nitrogen and carbon compounds in the air react in sunlight?
Chapter Review – STP1 A.carrying capacity B.conservation limit C.population D.resource limit Which of these is the largest number of individuals an areas resources can support and maintain?
Chapter Review – STP2 A.deforestation B.desertification C.reclamation D.reforestation Which term describes the removal of large areas of forests for human purposes?
Chapter Review – STP3 A.deforestation B.desertification C.reclamation D.reforestation What term refers to planting trees to replace trees that have been cut or burned down?
Chapter Review – STP4 A.climate change B.nonpoint-source pollution C.point-source pollution D.runoff Which term refers to pollution from several widespread sources that cannot be traced back to a single location?
Chapter Review – STP5 A.acid precipitation B.chlorofluorocarbons C.particulate matter D.photochemical smog Rain or snow that has a lower pH than that of normal rainwater is referred to as which of the following?