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Energy Transfer Atmosphere Global Warming Did you read? Say What?
Energy that flows from an object of higher temperature to an object of lower temperature
50 % of the suns energy is either directly or indirectly _____________ by Earths surface.
Heat is transferred through the atmosphere in three ways. Name them.
Radiation Convection Conduction
What type of energy from the sun warms your face?
The transfer of energy when molecules bump into each other. This is the reason why your feet get hot on the sandy beach on a hot August day.
Earths early atmosphere contained ________ and _______ from erupting volcanoes.
Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen
What protective layer in the atmosphere allowed green plants to flourish?
Describe the composition of Earths atmosphere.
Nitrogen Oxygen Argon Carbon Dioxide Trace elements Solid, liquid, and gas particles
True or false. There are solid particles in the atmosphere. If its true, explain the statement. If its false, explain why it is false.
True. There are pollen and dust particles in the atmosphere.
Put the layers of the atmosphere in the right order starting with the one closest to Earths surface.
Troposphere Stratosphere Mesosphere Thermosphere Exosphere
Name a greenhouse gas.
Methane Carbon Dioxide Water vapor
Too much exposure to ____________ radiation can cause skin cancer.
Once used in refrigerators, air conditioners, and hair sprays, these molecules can break up ozone molecules in the atmosphere.
CFCs or Chlorofluorocarbons
Which part of a CFC molecule could break apart a molecule of ozone?
The chlorine atom
Explain why during the day the radio only receives AM radio stations from a nearby city, while at night, you are able to hear AM radio stations from a distant city.
Ionosphere – The layer of electrically-charged particles between the mesosphere and the thermosphere.
Heated air at the equator is _____ dense than the cold air near the Poles.
Warmer, less dense air will (rise above or sink below) colder, denser air.
This effect is caused by the rotation of earth which results in air and water appearing to move right north of the equator and to the left south of the equator.
Daily Double: The windless, rainy zone by the equator is known as the ________.
Jet pilots and even airlines take advantage of these strong winds blowing near the top of the troposphere.
These winds are created when solar radiation warms the land more so than the water.
Why doesnt life exist on Mars or Venus?
Venus – gases in its atmosphere trap the suns energy resulting in temperatures being extremely hot on its surface. Mars – extremely cold. Atmosphere is too thin to hold in the suns energy.
True or False. The water cycle affects Earths climate.
DAILY DOUBLE Water vapor turns into liquid water
Describe how altitude affects the amount of atmospheric pressure you experience.
The higher in elevation you go, there is less atmospheric pressure because there are less air molecules.
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