Presentation on theme: "By: Philip von Feilitzsch. Revival of old cultural identity Promotion of Confucian learning Emperor Yongle (Zhu Di) Ruled: 1402-1422) Sponsored Encyclopedia."— Presentation transcript:
Revival of old cultural identity Promotion of Confucian learning Emperor Yongle (Zhu Di) Ruled: 1402-1422) Sponsored Encyclopedia of 11,000 volumes Relocated capital to Beijing Ordered construction of the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven
Political Reestablished the civil service examination system Power centered on Emperor And high ranking eunichs personally loyal to the emperor Eunichs were despised
Revitalized economy Replanted billions of trees Repaired the million of acres of former cultivated lands, rebuilt canals, reservoirs, and irrigation Revitalized economy Began extensive maritime expeditions
Expeditions Since 11 th Century Chinese Sailors/Traders were a large presence in the South China Sea Emperor Yongle sent 300 ships in 1405 to expand Chinese power and control over foreign trade Captained by Zheng He
The Emperor, approving of their loyalty and sincerity, has ordered us (Zheng) He and others at the head of several tens of thousands of officers and flag-troops to ascend more than one hundred large ships to go and confer presents on them in order to make manifest the transforming power of the (imperial) virtue and to treat distant people with kindness. (Zheng Hes Inscription) (Zheng) Helarge ships
Death of Emperor Yongle 1424 After 1433 expeditions stopped and the Chinese fleet detiorated. Chinese did not pursue large-scale maritime empire No religious impulse to convert foreigners Idea of Middle Kingdom
Renaissance time period Regrew population in second half of 15 th Century Many states Spain, Portugal, France, England, city states Milan, Venice and Florence taxed their population more efficiently and created more effective administrative structures raised standing armies Russian state emerged
France fought Hundred Years War (1337-1453) against England Renaissance began and Classical Greek works and tradition gained prominence Well known figures such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael and Niccolo Michiavelli show this progress
European Voyages Portugal began expeditions in 1415 Down the African Coast 1492 Columbus Americas 1497 Vasco de Gama To India (Calicut)
Discovered earliest 8 th century Supposed to be a potion for immortality Not widely used for war in China until 10 th century Used more for fireworks China in a relative time of peace Full potential not realized
Introduced in 1225 through the silk road Refined by late 13 th century 1353 first european cannon Reintroduced to China in 1520
China: Focused on Domestic issues Did not pursue maritime empire Idea of Middle Kingdom Peace Fairly peaceful during dynasties Very Centralized Essentially one large state Europe Focused on Exploration/ Rest of the world Pursued maritime empire War Exponential progress in war technology Fragmented Hundreds of different kingdoms etc…
Did the discontinuation of the Chinese Maritime voyages eventually cause its later lag behind in terms of development. Think about European history.
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