Presentation on theme: "Session 1 Intruder Alarm Systems CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) Systems Access Control/Door Entry Systems Questions & Answers Tea Break (approx. 10:30am)"— Presentation transcript:
Session 1 Intruder Alarm Systems CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) Systems Access Control/Door Entry Systems Questions & Answers Tea Break (approx. 10:30am) Session 2 Fire Detection & Alarm Systems Emergency Lighting Systems Questions & Answers
All of the systems that we will cover today are regulated and covered by the standards indicated below NSAI – National Standards Authority of Ireland PSA – Private Security Authority Intruder Alarm Systems – EN :2006 (NSAI & PSA) CCTV Systems – PSA2006_12 (NSAI & PSA) Access Control – SR40 (NSAI & PSA) Fire Alarm Systems – IS3218:2009 (NSAI) Emergency Lighting Systems – IS3217:2008 (NSAI)
Regulatory Bodies NSAI – National Standards Authority of Ireland PSA – Private Security Authority
Alfa Security Ltd Company Background Alfa Security Ltd was established and registered in Started out installing and maintaining both domestic an commercial intruder alarm systems to IS199 which was the standard of the day. This standard has now changed to EN :2006. Have kept apace with the industry and expanded to also cover CCTV, Access Control, Door Entry, Gate Automation, Fire Alarm and Emergency Lighting Systems. Work at the cutting edge of all new technologies, best practices and standards offering systems of all scales to suit Customer, Site and Budget. Can offer a security consultancy service to existing and prospective customers at no cost including system reviews and security audits.
Standard: EN :2006 Installers require certification/licencing from the following bodies: NSAI (National Standards Authority of Ireland) PSA (Private Security Authority)
Areas to be covered include: System Design System Types including Pros and Cons Basic System Principles – Perimeter Protection, Trap Protection Basic Detector Types Communications Equipment Alarm Monitoring Certification & Warranty System Maintenance
System Design System Design is based on but not limited to the following: Purpose of System Customer Requirements Site History & Layout Type of Business Overall Site Risk Assessment
System Types Hard Wired vs. Wire Free Intruder Alarm Systems can be Hard Wired, Wire Free or a mixture of both. There are a wide range of detectors available for both types of system and each type will have pros and cons depending on the site and the overall system requirements.
Hard Wired Systems Pros No RF Range issues No device battery replacement costs Wider range of detection equipment available Cons Cabling can be labour intensive Not suitable for some finished buildings
Wire Free Systems Pros No cabling required Very easy and quick to install Minimum site disturbance Can have similar cost to wired systems in some applications Cons RF Range of Detectors can be limited depending on building, construction materials etc. Batteries need to be replaced every 2 years
Basic System Principles Perimeter Protection – Protection of windows and doors by way of Inertia Shock Sensors, Magnetic Reed Contacts, Combined Shock Sensor/Magnetic Contacts, Point to Point Beams and External Motion Detectors. Trap Protection – Protection of Internal Areas by way of motion detectors. Full Protection – Carried out by a combination of the above.
Basic Detector Types Magnetic Reed Contact (MC) – These devices detect a physical opening only and are normally used on windows and doors. High Frequency Inertia Sensor (SEN) – These devices operate by detecting vibration. They are used on windows and doors to detect a forced entry/breakage. Combined Sensor & Contact (COM) – These devices are a combination of the above. Passive Infra Red Detector (PIR) – These devices detect changes in temperature of the type generated when a person crosses their field of view. Dual Technology Detector (D-TEC) – These devices contain two different detectors in one unit which must be activated simultaneously before an alarm condition is signalled. They normally consist of Ultrasonic, Passive Infra Red and Microwave Detection technology. Microwave Detector (M.WAVE) – These devices detect microwaves and are normally used in warehouses and large open plan areas. They offer vastly improved detection range when compared with PIR or D-TEC. Transmit/Receive Beam (TX/RX) – This is a set of beams which include an infra red transmitter and receiver or reflector unit. This are used to detect movement between two set points.
Basic Detector Types
Communications Equipment PSTN Digital Communicator – This unit is fitted to the Intruder Alarm Control panel and connected to a telephone land line to allow signals to be sent from the Alarm System via the phone line. GSM Communicator – This can be used in the absence of, or in addition to a land line based communicator. These units operate on the GSM Cellular Network and can be used as a stand alone communicator or as a back-up device to the PSTN Communicator. Mesh Radio Communicator – These units operate on Radio Frequency to allow signals to be sent to the Alarm Receiving Centre only. These are far more secure than both the PSTN and GSM Units.
Alarm Monitoring Alarm Receiving Centre (ARC) – Alarm signals are sent to an approved ARC who in turn contact the nominated keyholders and/or Gardaí as required. Garda response requires that the Alarm System has some form of verification technology in place such as Audio or Video Verification. In most cases alarm verification is carried out by the alarm system when a second separate detector activates. This service carries an annual charge. SMS Text Messaging – In the event of an alarm activation, a text message is sent to nominated mobile phone numbers. (SMS Text Messaging is not available with UPC telephone lines) Voice Messaging – In the event of an alarm activation, the alarm system dials the nominated phone numbers in sequence with a pre-recorded voice message.
Certification & Warranty All equipment installed comes with a 12 month manufacturers warranty. On completion of an Intruder Alarm System, a certificate of compliance to EN is issued. This certificate remains valid for 12 months from the date of installation. To maintain the validity of this cert, the customer must have a maintenance contract in place with a licenced company.
System Maintenance It is a requirement under EN , to have a maintenance contract in place to retain the validity of the certification. It is best practice to have contract in place to have the Intruder Alarm serviced bi-annually at approximate intervals of 6 months. Maintenance contracts normally include access to a 24hr Emergency Service, preferential call booking along with reduced call out charges. It is the clients responsibility to ensure that the system is maintained/repaired as required.
Review I would hope that this presentation has provided you with a better understanding of Intruder Alarm Systems and I am now open to answer any questions that you may have.
Standard: PSA2006_12 Installers require certification/licencing from the following bodies: NSAI (National Standards Authority of Ireland) PSA (Private Security Authority)
Areas to be covered include: System Design System Types Camera Types Image Quality System Networking Monitored CCTV Systems System Warranty System Maintenance
Definition A Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) System is a system of electronic or other devices designed, constructed or adapted to monitor or record images on, or in the vicinity of a premises.
System Design System design should be based on but not limited to the following: Customer Requirements System purpose Site specific risk assessment Data Protection and Privacy Legislation Stages of CCTV Design & Installation 1. Location Survey/Site Plan/Risk Assessment 2. System Design 3. System Design Proposal (SDP) Document 4. Installation Planning 5. System Installation 6. Testing & Commissioning 7. As Fitted Document (AFD) provided to client
System Types CCTV Systems are divided into two main types as outlined below: Conventional Digital System This type of system consists of analogue CCTV Cameras which are connected to a Digital Video Recorder (DVR) which stores the required images on an Internal Hard Disc Drive. Cameras are connected to the recording equipment via Coaxial Cable and BNC connectors. The DVR comes in 4/8/16 & 32 Camera configurations. IP Based System This type of system consists of IP CCTV Cameras which are connected to a Network Video Recorder (NVR) which also stores the images on an Internal Hard Disc Drive. Cameras are connected to the recording equipment via Cat 5e/Cat 6 Data Cable. IP Cameras offer far superior image quality to that of analogue cameras and the systems are more flexibility when compared to analogue systems.
Analogue Systems Pros Equipment is relatively inexpensive Huge range of equipment/manufacturers Tried & Trusted technology Cons A finite number of cameras can be connected to a single DVR Limited image resolution Installation of cabling can be labour intensive
IP Based Systems Pros Far superior image quality More flexible than an analogue system Less cabling required when using Hubs/Switches More functionality in relation to search/archiving Cons Equipment is far more expensive More Hard Disc space required due to higher quality images. Smaller range of camera types/manufacturers
Camera Types CCTV Cameras will normally be Monochrome only, Colour only & Colour/Mono and are available in a wide range housings. Fixed Box Camera & Lens – These are normally mounted internally on brackets or inside an externally rated housing. The camera comes with a separate lens which is interchangeable. Internal/External Dome Camera – These come with a built-in lens which can be fixed or varifocal type. External Bullet Camera - These come with a built-in lens which can be fixed or varifocal type and normally have built-in Infra Red LED to provide a monochrome image in low lighting conditions. Covert Camera – These are usually in the guise of an Intruder Alarm Motion Detector or a Smoke detector unit although other types are available and they are not readily identifiable as a CCTV Camera. Full Function Camera – A full function or Pan/Tilt/Zoom (PTZ) camera is a camera which can be controlled via the CCTV Recorder, Joystick or Network Connection. These cameras can be fully controlled to view various areas within a site and are especially useful on sites where there is an operator in control of the system at all times.
Image Quality Image quality is determined by a number of factors such as: Recording Equipment Camera type & performance Available light The standard PSA2006_12 provides for minimum image sizes in relation to various requirements as follows: Monitoring – The target shall represent not less than 5% of the picture height Detection – The target shall represent not less than 10% of the picture height Recognition - The target shall represent not less than 50% of the picture height Identification - The target shall represent not less than 120% of the picture height
System Networking The vast majority of both analogue Digital Video Recorders and IP Network Video Recorders can be networked to allow for remote access to the CCTV System via Local Area Network (LAN) or Wide Area Network (WAN). Remote access can be via Desktop PC, Laptop, Netbook, Tablet PC and Smartphone. Offsite access will require a Broadband Connection at the recording equipment.
Monitored CCTV Systems CCTV Systems can be remotely monitored by Alarm Receiving Centres (ARC) with the additional of external Motion Detectors and PA Speakers. The Motion Detectors trigger an alarm condition to the ARC and in some cases will also send a video clip of the cause of the trigger. ARC operators can then take a live view of the system and issue audio alerts to site via the external speakers. This type of system makes a huge difference to sites as in the vast majority of instances, the unauthorised person leaves the site immediately.
System Warranty The vast majority of components installed as part of a CCTV System will come with a 12 month warranty although this may be up to 5 years depending on the equipment installed and the manufacturer.
System Maintenance To retain the validity of the certification issued, a customer is required to have a maintenance contract in place with a licenced company. Systems should be serviced bi-annually at approximate 6 month intervals. It is the clients responsibility to ensure that the system is maintained/repaired as required.
Review I would hope that this presentation has provided you with a better understanding of CCTV Systems and I am now open to answer any questions that you may have.
Standard: SR40:2005 There is a requirement for the installer to have SR40 certification from the National Standards Authority of Ireland (NSAI) along with the relevant licence for Access Control from the Private Security Authority (PSA)
System Overview Access Control/Door Entry Systems are designed to limit access to a premises to Authorised Persons Only. This can be carried out by use of Audio or Video Intercoms, Access Keypads, Swipe Card Readers, Proximity Readers and Biometric Readers. Systems can be interlinked with Intruder Alarms Systems, Fire Alarm Systems and CCTV Systems as required by the client.
System Design Access Control Systems are designed based on the customer requirements. Safety considerations must be made in relation to the type of locking device used, it may be Fail Safe (the door releases on loss of power) or Fail Secure (the door remains locked on loss of power) Push to Exit Buttons and Green Manual Call Points are generally located on the secure side of the door in question although these may be substituted with a further access control readers as required.
Door Entry Door Entry Systems are can be a basic Intercom System with Audio Only which controls an electronic lock with a release button on the Intercom Handset to more complicated Video/Audio Systems with multiple entrances and Answer Stations. These systems are designed to allow the client to check/interrogate callers to a premises before granting access.
Electronic Access Control Access Control Systems are installed to allow authorised persons to access areas of a premises via Keypad/PIN Number, or Proximity Cards/Fobs. These systems can be stand-alone type or fully networked systems which are controlled via centralised PC and Software. Access Software allows for the system to be set up for access during certain hours, to certain doors, for certain people. It can also be used to provide Muster Lists, Time & Attendance Records or to historically track usage of doors/users.
Access Readers Keypad – This is operated by inputting the allocated PIN/Code Number which allows the electronic locking device to release the relevant access point (Door/Gate/Turnstile etc.) Swipe Card Reader – This is operated with an Access card which contains a Magstripe which is swiped through a slot in the reader unit. Proximity Reader – This is operated by presenting a Proximity Card or Fob to the Reader. This units do not require that the Proximity Card/Fob actually touches the reader unit thus preventing the wear and tear normally seen with Swipe Cards. Biometric Reader – Also known as a Fingerprint Reader, this is operated by presenting the persons index finger to the reader unit
Locking Options Access Control Systems would normally be installed in conjunction with some form of Electronic Locking Device such as Electromagnetic Locks, Electronic Solenoid Drop Bolts, Electric Strike Locks, etc. It is best practice to link these systems to a Fire Alarm System (if present) to allow the relevant doors to automatically release in the event of an Fire Alarm System activation.
System Maintenance It is best practice to have an Access Control System serviced Bi-Annually at approximate 6-Month intervals. All readers, doors, locks, power supply units and batteries should be checked during the course of these visits.
Review I would hope that this presentation has provided you with a better understanding of Access Control & Door Entry Systems and I am now open to answer any questions that you may have.
Areas to be covered include: Purpose of System System Design System Categories System Types Basic Detector Types Siting of Detectors Audible & Visual Equipment Communications Equipment Alarm Monitoring Certification & Warranty System Maintenance
Purpose of System The primary function of a Fire Detection & Alarm System is to provide an early warning of a Fire in the building in order to alert the occupants thus increasing their chances of escape. A secondary function of the system is to reduce loss of, or damage to the property thus increasing the chances of extinguishing the Fire. These systems can be linked to other applications and services in the building such as Gas Slam Valves, Smoke Vents, Access Control Systems, Intruder Alarm Systems etc.
System Design System Design is based on but not limited to the following: Purpose of System Customer Requirements Site History & Layout Type of Business Overall Site Risk Assessment All stages of system design should be carried out in conjunction with IS3218:2009.
System Categories Category M Systems – These offer no automatic detection devices and comprise Manual Call Points and Sounders Only. Category L Systems – The primary purpose of a Type L System is the protection of Life and this can be sub-divided in further sections based on the overall level of protection offered (L4, L3, L2, L1) Category (M or L)X Systems – This type of systems denotes a building with Multi Occupancy.
System Types Conventional System – This type of system is based on separate zones which have multiple detectors installed. On activation of the system, the control panel will indicate the activated zone only. The user must then physically check each detector on the zone for activation. Addressable System – This type of system consists of individually addressed detectors and/or sounders which are connected in a loop. On activation, the control panel will show the device address along with a device location.
Detector Types Fire Detection & Alarm System will normally comprise of some or all of the detection devices indicated below. Manual Call Points – Manually Activated by persons Smoke Detector Units – These are mainly two different types, Ionisation or Optical Heat Detector Units – These can be Rate of Rise or Fixed Temperature Optical Beam Detector Units – These are normally used for larger areas such as warehouses Flame Detector Units – Detect Ultraviolet or Infra Red radiation usually put out by fires Carbon Monoxide Detector – Used to detect CO2 in areas
Siting of Detectors Fire Alarm Detectors should be installed in accordance with both IS3218:2009 and manufacturer guidelines. Average Coverage is as follows: Heat Detector – 50 sq. mt, max distance between centres 10 mt Smoke/CO2 Detector – 100 sq. mt, max distance between centres 12 mt
Siting of Detectors
Audible & Visual Equipment An audible and visual device shall be located externally on the building in order to guide fire fighting assistance to the correct entrance to the building. Systems should comprise 2 no. Sounder Circuits with a minimum of 2 no. Audible Devices staggered throughout the premises to achieve a minimum level of 65db or 5db above any other noise which is likely to persist for more than 30 seconds. Where the audible devices are required to wake sleeping persons, the required level is 75db at the bed head In music venues where the music is at 80db, the fire alarm system shall mute the music on activation.
Communications Equipment Fire Alarm Systems can have there own stand-alone communication devices operating on PSTN, GSM or Radio technology. In the majority of cases the Fire Alarm System is linked to an Intruder Alarm System on site for the purpose of remote monitoring. PSTN Digital Communicator – This unit connected to a telephone land line to allow signals to be sent from the Alarm System via the phone line. GSM Communicator – This can be used in the absence of, or in addition to a land line based communicator. These units operate on the GSM Cellular Network and can be used as a stand alone communicator or as a back-up device to the PSTN Communicator. Mesh Radio Communicator – These units operate on Radio Frequency to allow signals to be sent to the Alarm Receiving Centre only. These are far more secure than both the PSTN and GSM Units.
Fire Alarm Monitoring Alarm Receiving Centre (ARC) – Alarm signals are sent to an approved ARC who in turn contact the nominated keyholders and/or Gardaí as required. Garda response requires that the Alarm System has some form of verification technology in place such as Audio or Video Verification. In most cases alarm verification is carried out by the alarm system when a second separate detector activates. This service carries an annual charge. SMS Text Messaging – In the event of an alarm activation, a text message is sent to nominated mobile phone numbers. (SMS Text Messaging is not available with UPC telephone lines) (Only available when connected to an Intruder Alarm System or via GSM) Voice Messaging – In the event of an alarm activation, the alarm system dials the nominated phone numbers in sequence with a pre-recorded voice message.
Certification & Warranty All equipment installed comes with a 12 month manufacturers warranty. On completion of an Fire Alarm System, a certificate of compliance to IS3218:2009 is issued indicating the relevant category of system. A Fire Alarm Log Book must be kept on site at all times and all routine service calls, faults, repairs and tests must be logged.
System Maintenance A Fire Alarm System should be visually checked on a daily basis, and at least one device should be activated on a weekly basis by a responsible person nominated by the client. A quarterly test should be carried out by a competent company during the course of which, 25% of all devices are tested such that at the end of the annual period, 100% of the system has been tested.
Review I would hope that this presentation has provided you with a better understanding of Fire Alarm Systems and I am now open to answer any questions that you may have.
Purpose To clearly indicate the escape route To provide illumination along such routes to allow safe movement towards and through the exists provided. To provide sufficient lighting to enable the emergency services to conduct a search and rescue. To illuminate Fire Fighting Equipment and Call Points. To provide lighting for the premises to be reoccupied.
Types of System Central Battery System – This type of system is powered by an array of batteries which are located remotely from the actual emergency lights. Self Contained System – This type of system utilises individual emergency lights which contain their own backup battery pack.
Types of Fittings Non-Maintained – These fittings will only illuminate in the event of a loss of mains power. Maintained – These fittings are constantly illuminated Sustained – These fittings are constantly illuminated and have two separate lamps, one which operates on mains power and a second which operates on battery power. Fittings can be stand-alone such as Exit Signs and Emergency Bulkhead type fittings, Twin Spot Type fittings or can be standard light fitting which have built-in emergency Invertor Packs.
Emergency Light Locations Exit Signs – These should be Maintained Type fittings and are located to indicate a route to, and to show final exits from the premises. Emergency Lights – These are Non-Maintained Type fittings and are located along escape routes, at changes in direction or floor level, above stairs and at locations where a person must be able to safely turn off any required equipment which may cause a hazard if not supervised when power is restored. Twin Spot – These are normally used to cover larger areas such as assembly areas, production areas and warehouses.
Installation Notes Emergency Lighting should be installed in accordance with the current standard and manufacturers recommendations. Average height of luminaires is a minimum of two metres above floor level. Building layout/finish must be taken into consideration when designing or installing an Emergency Lighting System to take in such factors as building use, light reflection, minimum light levels required etc.
Certification All certification must include the following details: The design/installation/commissioning company details. Designers name, signature and qualification details Installers name, signature and qualification details Commissioners name, signature and qualification details Statement to the effect that the design, installation and commissioning of the system is in accordance with I.S.3217:2008 Statement from the Designer/Installer that they are suitable qualified to carry out the works Details of the premises including fulled marked, as built drawings.
Testing/Servicing Emergency Lighting System can be tested by utilising a Central Test Unit which can be located on the Distribution Board or as a Stand-Alone Unit. These units mimic a loss of mains power to the relevant luminaires for durations of half hour, one hour and three hour intervals. Emergency Lighting Systems should be tested by a responsible person on a quarterly basis with at least one full three hour test carried out per annum. An Emergency Lighting Log Book should be kept available on the premises and all tests, services, faults and repairs should be logged.
Review I would hope that this presentation has provided you with a better understanding of Emergency Lighting Systems and I am now open to answer any questions that you may have.