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© 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved H ARNESSING LEED FOR E XISTING B UILDINGS TO G REEN C AMPUS O PERATIONS : L ESSONS L EARNED.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved H ARNESSING LEED FOR E XISTING B UILDINGS TO G REEN C AMPUS O PERATIONS : L ESSONS L EARNED."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved H ARNESSING LEED FOR E XISTING B UILDINGS TO G REEN C AMPUS O PERATIONS : L ESSONS L EARNED AT W ESTERN M ICHIGAN U NIVERSITY Pete J. Strazdas, Western Michigan University Jim Nicolow, Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture TUFF Educational Facilities Best Practices Summit, September 2011

2 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Western Michigan University Kalamazoo 25,000 students 1,200 acres 151 buildings 8 million sf Cogen plant Div 1 sports

3 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Outline Why Existing Buildings? LEED-EBOM Overview CHHS Case Study Results & Lessons Learned Where Are We Going Next? Discussion

4 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved WHY EXISTING BUILDINGS?

5 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Total Cost of Ownership Concept

6 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Total Cost Distribution Over Lifetime 10-20% 50-70% 20-30% 1%

7 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Total Cost of Ownership Criticism of LEED-NC LEED certified commercial buildings: Are they really more efficient? LEED risk management: Crossing the model/reality chasm

8 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved WMU Campus GHG Inventory

9 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved LEED-EBOM OVERVIEW

10 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved LEED Rating Systems

11 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved LEED and TCO

12 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved LEED-EBOM Differences Policy-based (construction / renovation) Measured Performance Maintenance & Operations Procedures Purchasing Staff Education Green Cleaning

13 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved LEED-EBOM Differences 3-step Process 1.Implementation 2.Performance Period (3 months to 1 year) 3.Certification Jim to illustrate process / performance period on this slide

14 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved CHHS CASE STUDY

15 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Project Timeline – 22 months Grant Awarded – Sept 2007 Project Kick Off – October 2007 Feasibility Study – Feb 2008 Implementation – Feb-May 2008 Performance Period – May-July 2008 Review – Oct 2008 – May 2009

16 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Grant – Sept 2007 State of Michigan $15,000 grant 32-3940-4748-6364-85

17 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Feasibility Analysis – Feb 2008

18 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Feasibility Analysis – Feb 2008 14 prerequisites: 10 met 1 required policy change (erosion control) 1 required operational adj. (ventilation) 2 required additional analysis (energy & mercury in lights)

19 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Feasibility Analysis – Feb 2008 48 points targeted (silver + 8): 29 met 11 required policy change or minor building changes 8 required additional analysis WMU Approval to Proceed Grant Variance Approved

20 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved IMPLEMENTATION Jim to streamline Implementation section to cover highlights

21 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved LEED Categories Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Energy & Atmosphere Materials & Resources Indoor Environmental Quality Innovation, Operations & Maintenance

22 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Sustainable Sites Erosion & Sedimentation Control Policy in place Prereq Age of Building > 2 years Prereq Plan for Green Site and Building Exterior Management Policy addressing Maintenance equipment Plantings Animal and vegetation Landscape water Irrigation management Fertilizer use Snow removal Cleaning of building exterior 2 Points 11 Earned/ 14 Possible

23 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Sustainable Sites Alternative Transportation Proximity to public transportation Bicycle Storage & Changing Rooms Alternative Fuel Vehicles Car Pooling & Telecommuting 4 points Reduced Site Disturbance Asylum Lake 2 points 11 Earned/ 14 Possible

24 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Sustainable Sites Stormwater Management Mitigation of at least 50 % of the annual stormwater 2 points Light Pollution Reduction Shield all out door luminaries > 50 watts 1 point 11 Earned/ 14 Possible

25 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Water Efficiency Minimal Water Efficiency Prereq Discharge Water Compliance Prereq Water Efficient Landscape 1 point Water Use Reduction Dual flush toilets/aerators 2 points 3 Earned/ 5 Possible

26 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Energy & Atmosphere Existing Building Commissioning Prereq Minimum Energy Performance Baseline measurement Historical consumption Prereq 3 points Ozone Protection Prereq 1 point 10 Earned/ 23 Possible

27 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Commissioning Sidebar 30,000 square foot office building July 08 and is still a work in progress operationally Faulty sensors Errors in equipment installation & setup System control interface problems Non-optimized operating sequences and schedules Equipment failures and leaks

28 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Commissioning Sidebar September 09 down 22% New glitch in control programming make up air unit, continuous 20kW 30% further to match predicted

29 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Energy & Atmosphere Building Operation & Maintenance Staff education Best practices monitoring & maintenance 3 points Performance Measurement Enhanced metering Domestic water Irrigation system Process water (Cooling tower) Cooling load (Steam absorption) Boiler efficiency Emissions reduction 2 points Building Cost Impacts Operating costs of all aspects 1 point 10 Earned/ 23 Possible

30 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Materials & Resources Source Reduction & Waste Management Waste stream audit Storage and collection of recyclables Occupant recycling 2 prereqs 3 points Toxic Material Source Reduction Mercury in light bulbs Prereq 1 point Construction, Demolition and Renovation Waste Management 1 point Sustainable Cleaning Products and Materials 3 points 8 Earned/ 16 Possible

31 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Indoor Environmental Quality Outside Air and Exhaust Increased ventilation Prereq Tobacco, Asbestos and PCB free 3 prereqs Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring 1 point Increased Ventilation 1 point Construction IAQ Management Plan 1 point 13 Earned/ 22 Possible

32 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Indoor Environmental Quality Indoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control MERV 13 1 point Controllability of lighting 1 point Thermal comfort ASHRAE 55 1 point Day lighting & views 2 points Green cleaning Entryway systems Pest control Equipment Policy 5 points 13 Earned/ 22 Possible

33 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Innovation, Operations & Maintenance Asylum Lake Water Reduction Bronco Bio-diesel Dolphin fountain treatment LEED Accredited professional 5 Earned/ 5 Possible

34 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved PERFORMANCE PERIOD

35 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Performance Period

36 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved CERTIFICATION

37 Submittal – October 2008* *3 months later

38 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Certification Process (7 months) Submittal – Oct 2008 Preliminary Review – January 2009 Clarification – March 2009 Final Review – April 2009 Additional information requested Preliminary Certification – May 2009 Appeal – May 2009 Water efficiency and mercury in lights Gold Certification – May 2009

39 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved

40 EBOM Changes 110-point scale (all LEED systems) 40/50/60/80 Surprise! 60 day submittal deadline Feb 1 – Apr 30 Aug 31 Surprise! 1-years data for energy Sep 1 Feb 1 – Apr 30 Aug 31 Application Guide for Multiple Buildings

41 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved RESULTS AND LESSONS LEARNED

42 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Lessons Learned Architect: Better understanding of operations & maintenance issues & TCO Involve Operating Staff Part of process / ownership Breaking Down Silos Across Campus

43 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Upper Management Building Level FM Operations Internal FM Sustainability Office Outside Design Professionals Purchasing Building Managers Occupants EngineeringDesign & Planning Custodial Maintenance Grounds Recycling

44 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Lessons Learned Transformative Campus-wide changes Custodial Policies Life-Cycle Design Guide ROI Drives Decisions CO2 Sensor Deployment Daylighting Controls Awareness = occupants & staff feel good about selves and the building

45 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Lessons Learned Outside consulting expertise = LEED-EB Certification plus Best Operating Practices Health & Productivity v. Energy Efficiency Worthwhile Investment Public Relations Benefit

46 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Public Relations

47 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved WHERE ARE WE GOING NEXT?

48 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Current 5-Building EBOM Chemistry Building Richmond Center for the Performing Arts Brown HallCollege of Engineering and Applied Science S. Kohrman Hall *more than ½ million square feet

49 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Broader Context & Results

50 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Broader Context & Results

51 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Broader Context & Results

52 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Broader Context & Results

53 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved Broader Context & Results

54 © 2011 Lord, Aeck & Sargent Architecture, All Rights Reserved DISCUSSION


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