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Tatiana Švecová,Arquitectura La Salle, Universitat Ramon Llull October 15, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Tatiana Švecová,Arquitectura La Salle, Universitat Ramon Llull October 15, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tatiana Švecová,Arquitectura La Salle, Universitat Ramon Llull October 15, 2010

2 In the past, could vernacular architecture be characterised clearly as:

3 "For want of a generic label we shall call it vernacular, anonymous, spontaneous, indigenous, rural, as the case may be. Bernard Rudofsky Toda hut, India - Anonymous - Spontaneous - Indigenous - Rural

4 ...a building designed by an amateur without any training in design; paying little attention to what may be fashionable. The function of the building would be the dominant factor, Local materials would be used as a matter of course, other materials being chosen and imported quite exceptionally. Ronald Brunskill Ronald Brunskill - Not fashionable - Designed by amateur - Function is the dominant factor - Local/available materials used Stone and clay houses in rural Nepal - Anonymous - Spontaneous - Indigenous - Rural

5 "...it is contended that 'popular architecture' designed by professional architects or commercial builders for popular use, does not come within the compass of the vernacular. Paul Oliver, Dwellings

6 Can you answer to these questions?

7 Who lives here? Where are these buildings located? What are local / available materials of this place ? What are cultural traditions of inhabitants? Vernacular architecture Popular architecture -----

8 Nowadays, it is becoming more and more difficult to find examples of vernacular housing in contemporal architecture because of using modern technologies, materials and our changing lifestyle…

9 Are following buildings examples of Contemporary Vernacular Housing ?

10 The Chhebetar Orphanage, Nepal

11 - designed by Hans Olav Hesseberg and Sixten Rahlff, nestles into the hillside of a small Nepalese village

12 The Chhebetar Orphanage, Nepal - designed by Hans Olav Hesseberg and Sixten Rahlff, nestles into the hillside of a small Nepalese village - the building was constructed by local people using traditional skills

13 The Chhebetar Orphanage, Nepal - designed by Hans Olav Hesseberg and Sixten Rahlff, nestles into the hillside of a small Nepalese village - the building was constructed by local people using traditional skills - the lavatory was made from concrete and local stone

14 The Chhebetar Orphanage, Nepal - designed by Hans Olav Hesseberg and Sixten Rahlff, nestles into the hillside of a small Nepalese village - the building was constructed by local people using traditional skills - the lavatory was made from concrete and local stone - solid stone walls provide thermal mass for daytime cooling and warmth at night

15 On-nuch garage slum Bangkok

16 - house is built from carefully selected garbage what is available material in that locality

17 On-nuch garage slum Bangkok - house is built from carefully selected garbage what is available material in that locality - the owner / builder of the house is a man of his 40s, who never built anything in his life before

18 On-nuch garage slum Bangkok - house is built from carefully selected garbage what is available material in that locality - the owner / builder of the house is a man of his 40s, who never built anything in his life before - house respects typical design of houses in particular area

19 Ahwaz, Iran, Sandbag project

20 - structures use local resources - the basic construction technique involves filling sandbags with earth Ahwaz, Iran, Sandbag project

21 - structures use local resources - the basic construction technique involves filling sandbags with earth Ahwaz, Iran, Sandbag project - participation of inhabitants of all age is dominant factor

22 - structures use local resources - the basic construction technique involves filling sandbags with earth Ahwaz, Iran, Sandbag project - inhabitants of all age participate is dominant factor - shape of building respects local traditions

23 Quinta Monroy, Iquique, Chile

24 - social housing offers a possibility to participate and to built house by own Quinta Monroy, Iquique, Chile

25 - social housing offers a possibility to participate and to built house by own Quinta Monroy, Iquique, Chile - inhabitants assimilate their homes acording their economical situation, traditions and local resources

26 www. tibet heritagefund.org


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