Presentation on theme: "CZECH REPUBLIC. The Czech Republic geography The Czech Republic spreads over a total area of 79,000 square kilometers. The Czech Republic spreads over."— Presentation transcript:
The Czech Republic spreads over a total area of 79,000 square kilometers. The Czech Republic spreads over a total area of 79,000 square kilometers. Geography of the Czech Republic is marked by a terrain, which is very diverse and includes plateaus, highlands, as well as lowlands. The highest mountains of it are the Krkonoše (the Giant Mountains) with the highest peak of Sněžka (Snowmount or Snowdon, 1,602 m=5,256 ft). Geography of the Czech Republic is marked by a terrain, which is very diverse and includes plateaus, highlands, as well as lowlands. The highest mountains of it are the Krkonoše (the Giant Mountains) with the highest peak of Sněžka (Snowmount or Snowdon, 1,602 m=5,256 ft).Sněžka
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Germany to the West, Poland to the North, Austria to the South and Slovakia to the East. Its capital and largest city, with 1.3 million inhabitants, is Prague. Central EuropeGermany PolandAustriaSlovakiaPragueCentral EuropeGermany PolandAustriaSlovakiaPrague
The Czech landscape is exceedingly varied. Bohemia, to the west, consists of a basin drained by the Elbe and the Vltava (or Moldau) rivers, surrounded by mostly low mountains, such as the Krkonoše (the Giant Mountains). There t he highest point in the country, Sněžka (1,602 m=5,256 ft) is located. Moravia, the eastern part of the country, is also quite hilly. It is drained mainly by the Morava River. BohemiaElbeVltavaKrkonošeSněžkaMoraviaMorava River BohemiaElbeVltavaKrkonošeSněžkaMoraviaMorava River
The Czech Republic has the continental climate, with relatively hot summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters. continental climatecontinental climate
Population of the cities PrahaPraha (capital city) - 1 272 690 Praha BrnoBrno - 384 277 Brno OstravaOstrava - 302 456 Ostrava PlzeňPlzeň - 169 688 Plzeň LiberecLiberec - 102 247 Liberec OlomoucOlomouc - 100 043 Olomouc Ústí nad LabemÚstí nad Labem - 95 003 Ústí nad Labem Hradec KrálovéHradec Králové - 94 242 Hradec Králové České BudějoviceČeské Budějovice - 93 883 České Budějovice PardubicePardubice - 91 073 Pardubice Ethnic groups Ethnic groups CzechsCzechs – 63.7% Moravians – 4.9% Slovaks – 1.4% others – 29.9% Moravians Slovaks Czechs Moravians Slovaks
Prague is the capital and the largest city of the Czech Republic and the 14th largest city in the European Union. It is situated slightly North of Central Bohemia on the Vltava river.
Transportation Metro: Metro: Metro is the main means of transport for the whole city. There are currently three lines in operation. The first line C was commissioned in 1974 and then there were gradually put into operation lines A and B. The total length of all the Metro lines is nearly 50 km and it has a total of 51 stations. In 1997, Metro transported 407 010 000 passengers, which corresponds to 38 per cent of them in public transport.
Tram: Tram: Tram service remains an important element in the outlook of public transport. It is the second most significant part of the public transport network. Buses: Buses: Prague is an important national and international crossroads of bus services. Bus service is a very important part of the public transport. It mainly provides connections to the Metro, rail and tram transport.
Air transportation: Air transportation: Perspective international and domestic air passenger and freight transport will continuously be implemented at Prague-Ruzyne Airport. Due to the growth of transport volumes and expanding qualitative demands on airport transportation it will be further modernized. Its completion will increase traffic volume to 7 million passengers per year. It will increase capacity for freight space by constructing new buildings.
Monuments of Prague´s Historical Reserve Churches and chapels: Churches and chapels: St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert´s Cathedral St. George´s Basilica Chapel of the Holy Cross All Saints´ Church Church of Our Lady before Tyn St. Nicholas´ Church (in the Lesser Town) Church of Our Lady Victorious (Prague´s Infant Jesus) Bethlehem chapel St. Peter and Paul´s Church St. Martin´s Rotunda Palace: Palace: Kinsky Palace Kinsky Palace Czernin Palace Czernin Palace Wallenstein Palace Wallenstein Palace Monasteries: Monasteries: Strahov Monastery Strahov Monastery Emmaus Monastery Emmaus Monastery St. Agnes Convent St. Agnes Convent Monastery of the Monastery of the Augustinians Augustinians
Buildings for Educa- tion and Culture: Buildings for Educa- tion and Culture: Carolinum (Charles University) The National Theatre The National Museum Clementinum (University Library) Rudolphinum (The House of Artists) Other structures: Other structures: Charles Bridge Charles Bridge The Old Town Town Hall The Old Town Town Hall The Municipal House The Municipal House
Prague Castle Prague Castle Prague Castle was founded in 870 by Prince Borivoj of the Přemyslids. Since the days of wooden palisades, however, it has changed its face many times. The castle grew, lived to see great alterations especially in the times of Emperor Charles IV (in the 14th ct) who also started the construction of St. Vitus´s which has become one of Prague's dominants (though it was being completed until the 20th century). The cathedral is also the resting place of Czech kings including the Czech patron - St. Wenceslas. It was also the site of royal coronations. Prague Castle is now the biggest castle complex in Europe, that represents all architectural styles of the previous millennium.
Charles Bridge Charles Bridge Charles Bridge is one of the most beautiful bridges in the world and the oldest Prague´s one. It´s almost 10 meters wide and 516 m long resting on 16 arches. On its both sides there are the fortified towers - the Old Town Tower and on the other side two Lesser Town Towers. The bridge is decorated with 30 baroque statues mostly from the early 18th century, depicting saints, historical and biblical figures.
Astronomical Clock Astronomical Clock From the 15th century the Astronomical Clock is one of the rarest and most famous sights. It is located in the Gothic tower of the Old Town Townhall. The clock is a masterpiece of the Czech Gothic science and technology and a magnificent artistic monument. Every hour from 9.00 am to 7pm in its two windows 12 statues of the Apostles reveal. According to legend, Prague councilors made the master who built the clock blind so that he could not make a copy of the astronomical clock anywhere else.
Petrin Petrin Petrin Hill is the highest one in Prague. It is renowned for its gardens and orchards and is a popular place for lovers. The dominant feature is its Look-out Tower. There is also a Mirror Maze and Observatory. The funicular rail rides there - from Újezd to the summit (elevation difference is 130.5 meters). Train cars have the same slope as is the slope of the track, i.e. 45 grades.
Vyšehrad Vyšehrad Vysehrad, according to a legend is the oldest seat of Czech princes. At the turn of the 11th and 12 century it was the headquarters of the Czech ruler. There is a precious Romanesque rotunda of St. Martin from the 11th century and a neo-Gothic St Peter and Paul´s church, Vysehrad Cemetery and Casemates. The cemetery and the tomb Slavin (www.slavin.cz) is the place where more than 600 prominent reprezentatives of the Czech nation are buried.www.slavin.cz Currently, there is an exhibition hall, called Gorlice, where original statues from Charles Bridge are on display.
The National Theatre The National Theatre The theatre was first opened in 1881. There was a total of 12 performances only. On 12th August 1881 there was a fire, which destroyed the copper dome, the auditorium, the curtain by Francis Zenisek and the stage of the theatre. The fire was seen as a "national catastrophe" and caused a huge commitment to the new collection: within 47 days one million guilders was collected. The building was completed after the fire by prof. architect Josef Schulz. The restored theatre was opened on 18th November 1883 by the performance of Smetana's Libuse again.
The National Museum The National Museum The museum was founded in 1818 under the name of the Patriotic Museum in Bohemia. Since 1848 it was named Czech museum, in the period 1854-1919 the Museum of Czech kingdom. Before building a new museum building it was temporarily housed in the Sternberg (1821-1846) and Nostic Palaces (1846-1892) In 1968 its front was damaged by missiles of the Soviet Army. In the 1970s the walls of the Museum hall had to be better reinforced due to the construction of Prague´s Metro then.