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REPUBLIC OF TURKIYE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works Ali KILIÇ DSİ Design and Const. Dept. Department.

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Presentation on theme: "REPUBLIC OF TURKIYE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works Ali KILIÇ DSİ Design and Const. Dept. Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 REPUBLIC OF TURKIYE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works Ali KILIÇ DSİ Design and Const. Dept. Department Head 20 October 2011 - Roma GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT DSI İNVESTMENTS R.Serkan KARAKUŞ DSİ İnvestigation and Planning. Dept. Energy Division Director

2 2 Turkiyes Population : 74 million Turkiyes Surface Area: 78 million ha Rural population: 35 % Urban population: 65 % Annual Pop. increase: 1.5 % Population density: 95 people/km 2 GNP per capita : ~US$ 10.000 Electricity demand : 210 TWh ( 2010 year ) Annual Growth rate : 6-10% Statistical Information about Turkiye

3 Turkiye is a semi-arid country; precipitation varies regionally and seasonally 2500 mm 250 mm In Kızılırmak; 65% of total mean annual runoff is seen in three months. TURKIYEs Water Potential

4 Irrigation: 32 billion m 3 (%73): 72 billion m 3 (%64) Domestic : 7 billion m 3 (%16): 18 billion m 3 (%16) Industrial: 5 billion m 3 (%11): 22 billion m 3 (%20) TOTAL: 44 billion m 3 : 112 billion m 3 WATER CONSUMPTION by SECTORS ( WATER CONSUMPTION by SECTORS ( TOTAL EXPLOITABLE WATER (net): 112 billion m3/year ) Year 2010 Year 2023

5 DSİ (State Hydraulic Works) is a governmental organization, established in 1954 for developing surface and ground water resources of Turkiye DSİ (State Hydraulic Works) is a governmental organization, established in 1954 for developing surface and ground water resources of Turkiye

6 6 main agency General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works is the main agency of Turkiye for the Nations overall water resources planning, execution and operation.

7 DSIS ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE XIV. İSTANBUL XI. EDİRNE II.İZMİR XXV. BALIKESİR XXI. AYDIN XIII.ANTALYA XVIII. ISPARTA I.BURSA III. ESKİŞEHİRI XXIII. KASTAMONU VII. SAMSUN XXII. TRABZON VIII. ERZURUM XXIV. KARS VI.ADANA XX. K.MARAŞ XVI. ATATÜRK BRJ. XV. ŞANLIURFA X.DİYARBAKIR XVII. VAN XIX.SİVAS IX.ELAZIĞ V. ANKARA IV.KONYA XII.KAYSERİ DSI has 13 DEPARTMENTS IN HEADQUARTERS AND 25 REGIONAL DIRECTORATES IN THE FIELD

8 IRRIGATION IRRIGATION ENERGY ENERGY WATER SUPPLY WATER SUPPLY ENVIRONMENT AND FLOOD CONTROL ENVIRONMENT AND FLOOD CONTROL DSİ Serves in Four Sectors

9 9 DSI ACTIVITIES ARE MAINLY IN FOUR GROUPS 1. INVESTIGATION AND PLANNING Data collection and surveys, Project planning 2. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION. Agriculture. Energy. Services. Environment 3. QUALITY CONTROL 4. OPERATION. Irrigation and flood control

10 Investment Budget Comparison between DSİ and Government Government DSİ YEARS200320042005200620072008200920102011 Governments Budget 8 281 8 665 10 586 13 316 14 152 14 216 14 895 17 983 20 689 DSİ Budget 2 031 2 043 2 657 2 596 2 644 3 554 3 727 4 626 5 552 Ratio 24,523,625,119,518,725,0 25,726,8

11 11 DSİ INVESTMENT BUDGET 1954 2010 48 Billion $ Total benefit 130 billion $ 2012 2014 10 Billion $ (%40 GAP-DAP-KOP Projects ) 4734, WITH LOANS

12 ENERGY

13 13 Technology Consulting Owners Engineering Contractors Engineering Lenders Engineering Specialized Services Operation & Maintenance Italy is perfect on consulting and management EPCM Pumped storage Power Plant Reservoir Storage Schemes Run-of-River Schemes Site Management / Supervision River Basin Development Rehabilitation and Refurbishment ServicesSectors Hydropower Development Automation and Control Concrete Dams

14 14 GLOBAL HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL Source: World Atlas of Hydropower & Dams Global Hydropower Potential by Region (Potential developed) World´s realistic potential developed: 30 - 40% Current Hydro Production:~ 3000 TWh/y Realistic Potential Production:~ 8600 TWh/y

15 15 HYDROPOWER DEVELOPMENT IN EUROPE Source: IHA Presentation of Michael Fink and Helen Locher, IHA at European Union Energy Sustainable Week - ESHA Workshop "Investing in Sustainable Hydro", Brussels 12 February 2009. Most of the Hydropower potential in W- and C- Europe has already been developed ! Russia Norway Italy Iceland

16 16 Breakdown of electricity generation by resources (as of December 31, 2010) TWh Natural Gas96,47 Coal37,70 Hydraulic51,50 Import Coal14,49 Liquid fuel5,10 Wind-geo-biogas3,87 Others1,04 TOTAL210,18

17 17 Approximately 75% of Turkiyes energy need was met by oil, natural gas and fossil fuels in 2010 92% of oil and 99% of natural gas consumed is imported This amount corresponds to 22% of the total imports of our country 34 billion $ (Imports of energy raw materials-2010 cost) 40 billion $ (estimate for 2011) IMPACT ON ECONOMY

18 18 ALARM!

19 19 Low scenarioHigh scenario Electricity Demand Projections High scenario:~ 57.000 MW additional capacity needed Low scenario : ~ 41.000 MW additional capacity needed

20 20 6-10 % (annual growth rate) 2nd economic growth in the world after China (2010) To supply energy demand, at least 5 billion $/year investment needed within 10 years

21 21 Turkiyes energy schemes are established to promote investment on renewable energy sources

22 22 Targets for the electricity generation mix by 2023: - Renewables : at least 30 % of total generation by 2023 - utilization of the remaining hydro resources (installed capacity 45.000 MW ) - wind installed capacity 20.000 MW - geothermal installed capacity 600 MW - Nuclear : at least 5 % of total generation by 2020 - Coal : utilization of the remaining hard coal and lignite resources TURKEY – ELECTRICITY MARKET BY FIGURES (2010)

23 23 Renewable Energy Sources Potential and Assets (2011) SourcePotentialUnder Construction (MW) Under Operation (MW) Hydraulic46 000 MW10 50017 000 Wind20 000 MW2 170 1 600 Solar32.6 MTOE -- Geothermal 600 MWe (31 500 MWt) 116,9594 Biomass8.6 MTOE 8,54 15,6 Biogas1.5-2 MTOE11,77 12,74

24 Turkiyes Hydroelectric Potential Theoretical Potential : 433 billion kWh/year Technically Utilized Potential : 216 billion kWh/year Tech. and Economic Potential : 160 billion kWh/year Technically non-utilized Potential Uneconomic Potential Tech. and Economic Potential

25 Hydroelectric Potential 25% of total energy need of Turkiye is supplied from hydropower In Operation: 16 950 MW DSİ: 11 020 MW Others: 5 930 MW Remaining Potential : 29 050 MW Ongoing construction by DSİ : 3 000 MW Ongoing const. by private sector : 8 000 MW (by 4628) Planned ( by private sector ) : 17 510 MW Planned (by DSİ-Yusufeli Dam ) : 540 MW Total Potential : 46 000 MW

26 26 For For hydropower 2003 7 billion $ ( in operation) 2003 2010 : 7 billion $ ( in operation) 2011 15 billion $ ( 2011 2014 : 15 billion $ (Ongoing construction) 2012 2020 : 30 billion $ (planned) For For windpower 2005 1,6 billion ( in operation) 2005 2010 : 1,6 billion ( in operation) 2011 2011 2020 : 15 billion (Ongoing construction and planned) PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT

27 27 For For hydropower (70% construction cost) At least 10 billion $ (within 10 years) For For windpower (20% construction cost) At least 10 billion (within 10 years) Dependence on foreign technology

28 28 Amendment to Law on Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for the Purpose of Generating Electrical Energy(No:6094) (Official Gazette: January 08, 2011, No.27809) The Law includes regulations regarding the promotion of renewable based electricity generation. In addition, it covers the procedures and principles for the conservation of the renewable energy resource areas, certification of the energy generated from these resources and utilization of these resources. Amendment to Law in 2011; A new support scheme is introduced. Different feed-in prices for different renewable based electricity generation. 7.3 US cents per kWh for hydro and wind 10.5 US cents per kWh for geothermal 13.3 US cents per kWh for solar and biomass (including waste gases) In addition, a certain support of 0.4 to 3.5 US cents per kWh is also given to the plants for the utilisation of domestically manufactured technical equipments. New Legislation

29 29 Foreign investors electromechanical equipment supplierelectromechanical equipment supplier financingfinancing İnvestor- developerİnvestor- developer USA, Germany, Crotia, Spain, Norway, Czech Republic, India, France, Austria, China, Arab countries… USA, Germany, Crotia, Spain, Norway, Czech Republic, India, France, Austria, China, Arab countries… Ansaldo Energia (Ansaldo Energia (Finmeccanica Group) Gas plant-840 MW-640 million ) (Gas plant-840 MW-640 million ) Enel Green Power (Geothermal)Enel Green Power (Geothermal)

30 30 2001 Electricity Market Law (No:4628) Natural Gas Market Law (No:4646) 2003 Petroleum Market Law (No:5015) 2003 (Principles of signing Water Use Right Agreement for production activities in electricity market) 2004Strategy Paper as Road Map of the Electricity Market Reform & Transition 2005LPG Market Law (No: 5307) 2005 Law on Utilization of Renewables in Electricity Generation Law (No:5346) 2007 Energy Efficiency Law (No:5627) Amendments to the Law on Utilization of Renewables in Electricity Generation 2007Geothermal Law (No:5686) 2007 Nuclear Investments Law (No:5710) 2008Significant Amendments to the Electricity Market Law (No:5784) 2009Strategy Paper on Electricity Market & Security of Supply 2011 Law on Amendment to the Law of Utilization of Renewables in Electricity Generation(No:6094) Major Policy Developments Legislative Framework

31 31 SUGGESTIONS Carbon trading (British) Energy investment (Licence period - 49 years - Paybacktime is short) Privatisation schemes The plants for the utilisation of domestically manufactured technical equipments (promotion) Financial support (credits)

32 Dragon River Geçitköy Dam Anamur ~78 km 75 million m 3 /year water will be transferred to KKTC from Dragon River. Northern Cyprus (KKTC) Water Supply Project KKTC Domestic Water Supply Project 80 km On 28.10.2011 Pre-qualification bids will be taken for Sea Crossing Transmission Line Construction

33 33 Turkish Side : Source : Dragon River Alaköprü Dam Pipe D=1400 mm, L=21 km, Steel Surge Tank: 10 000 m 3 Cyprus Side: Güzelyalı Pumping St. Pipe D=1400 mm, L=3,25 km, Steel Geçitköy Dam Geçitköy Pumping St. Sea Passing : Pipe D= 1600 mm, L= 78 km HDPE (High Density Polyethylene Pipe) Depth : - 250 m suspended Anchorage to the sea bottom with 500 m intervals

34 34 THANK YOU Devlet Su İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü 06100 Yücetepe / Ankara – Turkiye


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