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1 PRESENTATION ON BOND STRENGTH INCREASE & CORROSION RESISTANCE OF STEEL REBARS By Use of NANOPRETREAT - Rust Resistant Compound and Bond Strength Increaser…

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Presentation on theme: "1 PRESENTATION ON BOND STRENGTH INCREASE & CORROSION RESISTANCE OF STEEL REBARS By Use of NANOPRETREAT - Rust Resistant Compound and Bond Strength Increaser…"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 PRESENTATION ON BOND STRENGTH INCREASE & CORROSION RESISTANCE OF STEEL REBARS By Use of NANOPRETREAT - Rust Resistant Compound and Bond Strength Increaser…

2 2 Introduction Corrosion of Steel is a matter of global concern Corrosion of Steel is a matter of global concern Rusting of steel is noticed in every type of construction – structures, RCC, factory sheds, bridges etc Rusting of steel is noticed in every type of construction – structures, RCC, factory sheds, bridges etc Protective steel coatings now available have a few limitations Protective steel coatings now available have a few limitations It is noted that all buildings and MS structures in coastal areas need repair after 7-8 years of construction! It is noted that all buildings and MS structures in coastal areas need repair after 7-8 years of construction!

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6 6 THE PROCESS OF CORROSION

7 7 THE CORROSION CYCLE Rust expanding on uncoatedsteel surface Cracking near concrete-steel interface More cracking of concrete with high pressure by corrosion product Concrete separates from steel Eventually causing spalling

8 8 NANOPRETREAT NANOPRETREAT - An Anti-Rust Compound

9 9 The PRODUCT Water-based patented formulation Water-based patented formulation Inorganic in nature Inorganic in nature Eco-Friendly (Complies with ROHS standards) Eco-Friendly (Complies with ROHS standards) Non-inflammable Non-inflammable Coated structures stable even at -196 o to +400 o C Coated structures stable even at -196 o to +400 o C 0.5 to 2 micron coat thickness, so practically no change in gauge of substrate 0.5 to 2 micron coat thickness, so practically no change in gauge of substrate Coated rebars and MS structures show nearly 100% bond strength increase Coated steel can be painted, powder-coated & electroplated very well Easy to use - paint, spray or dip methods Excellent Corrosion Resistance properties Non-toxic

10 10 PROTECTS STEEL : nanopretreat prevents corrosion in 3 ways:- Stops Formation of free Fe 2+ & Fe 3+ ions by formation of insoluble micro crystals all over the surface. Stops Formation of free Fe 2+ & Fe 3+ ions by formation of insoluble micro crystals all over the surface. Forms a Fine and Tenacious coat on the Surface of Steel. There by stopping Ingress of Water. Forms a Fine and Tenacious coat on the Surface of Steel. There by stopping Ingress of Water. Fights Against Atmospheric Pollution. Fights Against Atmospheric Pollution.

11 11 BASIC DATA: Viscosity = 13 Celsius Viscosity = 13 Celsius Sp. Gravity = 1.12 gm/cc Sp. Gravity = 1.12 gm/cc Ph. Value: Ph. Value: Conforms to ROHS Standard (Reduction of Hazardous Substance - DIRECTIVE 2002/95/EC) Conforms to ROHS Standard (Reduction of Hazardous Substance - DIRECTIVE 2002/95/EC) nanopretreat does not contain Lead, hexavalent Chromium, Mercury, Cadmium, polybrominated Biphenyls & diphenylethers. nanopretreat does not contain Lead, hexavalent Chromium, Mercury, Cadmium, polybrominated Biphenyls & diphenylethers.

12 12 When nanopretreat is applied on a steel surface there is a formation of millions of nuclei on activated surface. And coat is "generated" through the surface in due course and becomes inseparable part which is stable through temperature range from +400 º to -196 º Celsius. What happens on application of nanopretreat?

13 13 Reasons for increasing Bonding Strength of the coating construction rebars with concrete Application of nanopretreat forms DENSE FOREST of micro- crystals on TMT rebar surface. Application of nanopretreat forms DENSE FOREST of micro- crystals on TMT rebar surface. This dense forest acts as Activator for crystal formation. This dense forest acts as Activator for crystal formation. the coating also acts as a cement crystallisation accelerator around the coated TMT Rebar. the coating also acts as a cement crystallisation accelerator around the coated TMT Rebar. This process helps hydrated cement crystal to form crystal- crystal contact instead of metal – crystal contact. Homogenous attraction between two different crystals is always greater. This process helps hydrated cement crystal to form crystal- crystal contact instead of metal – crystal contact. Homogenous attraction between two different crystals is always greater. Nanocoat prevents rusting of rebars even in cases of fine cracks that are commonly found in RCC. Nanocoat prevents rusting of rebars even in cases of fine cracks that are commonly found in RCC.

14 14 Importance of Bonding of Rebar With Concrete

15 15 In case of RCC beam..the compression load is taken by concrete and tensile load is taken by steel when beam is loaded.These compression stresses in concrete and tensile stresses in steel act as a balancing couple to counteract the applied load but this happens only when there is perfect grip between steel and concrete. Hence bond strength is important. In case of RCC beam..the compression load is taken by concrete and tensile load is taken by steel when beam is loaded.These compression stresses in concrete and tensile stresses in steel act as a balancing couple to counteract the applied load but this happens only when there is perfect grip between steel and concrete. Hence bond strength is important. If such bonding strength between the concrete and steel is not achieved, it happens just as a steel rod is pierced into an over sized bore of concrete. which ultimately decreases power and strength of beam and consequently collapse. If such bonding strength between the concrete and steel is not achieved, it happens just as a steel rod is pierced into an over sized bore of concrete. which ultimately decreases power and strength of beam and consequently collapse. BEAM LOAD STEEL REINFORCEMENT

16 16 Bonding & Role of nanopretreat When the regular rebars come in direct contact with moisture and water, that results in direct corrosion on the surface of steel rebar which separates the rebar and the bonding cement slurry,that ultimately results into bond or grip stresses. So "stress transfer phenomenon" cannot take place. Hence the beam looses its strength and becomes demolished even if sufficient reinforcement is provided.The nanopretreat prevents all such recurrences only because nanopretreat prevents rusting process and keeps bond stress intact. When the regular rebars come in direct contact with moisture and water, that results in direct corrosion on the surface of steel rebar which separates the rebar and the bonding cement slurry,that ultimately results into bond or grip stresses. So "stress transfer phenomenon" cannot take place. Hence the beam looses its strength and becomes demolished even if sufficient reinforcement is provided.The nanopretreat prevents all such recurrences only because nanopretreat prevents rusting process and keeps bond stress intact. Present coatings available in the market are in the form of thin layer of epoxy and polymers which cause a loose coat between steel and concrete (construction wants bond of concrete with steel and not with other lose film),over which during loading condition, rebar gets separated from concrete hence there is decrease in bond stresses but the nanopretreat applied on steel rebar provides rust resistance as wel as good bond stress as steel guard acts as a part and parcel of steel. Present coatings available in the market are in the form of thin layer of epoxy and polymers which cause a loose coat between steel and concrete (construction wants bond of concrete with steel and not with other lose film),over which during loading condition, rebar gets separated from concrete hence there is decrease in bond stresses but the nanopretreat applied on steel rebar provides rust resistance as wel as good bond stress as steel guard acts as a part and parcel of steel.

17 17 HEAT RESISTANT: Image of athe coatinged steel sample - magnified 1000 times. The white particles are the densely formed crystals on the steel surface on applying Steel Guard -the coating.

18 18 The steel sample shown was heated to 400 o C and hammered. The sample was chiseled to remove coating from the surface of steel and observed under the microscope. Crystals visible show efficacy ofthe coating

19 19 ECO-FRIENDLY In view of the present Environmental Concern all over the world nanopretreat is an appropriate application as it does not contain any environmental hazardous substance of any kind. In view of the present Environmental Concern all over the world nanopretreat is an appropriate application as it does not contain any environmental hazardous substance of any kind.

20 'Steel Guard nanocoat' 20 Nanoptrtreat Performance Study Report DFT : MICRONS DFT : MICRONS IMPACT TEST :250 Kg Passed. IMPACT TEST :250 Kg Passed. BEND TEST : 170 Kg Passed. BEND TEST : 170 Kg Passed. SCRATCH RESISTANT : 5 Kg Passed. SCRATCH RESISTANT : 5 Kg Passed. SALT SPARY : 120 Hours passed. SALT SPARY : 120 Hours passed.

21 21 To conclude…. the crystal arrangement on the TMT rebar after coating is so close and interwoven that water and gases cannot penetrate through the coat thus preventing rust. In addition, it helps in developing massive and tenacious bond with concrete, improving strength and life of the construction

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