3CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS The main areas pertain to:ManagerialTechnologicalSocial factorsThe crucial factors, which have a majoreffect on construction productivity, canbe divided into two main areas:internal factorsexternal factors
5CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Internal factorsThe construction site productivity is directly under the influence of the site managers and project manager.often, project managers and site managers are task orientated;their concern is to finish the project on time and within budget;
6CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Project mangers or Site mangers with poor communication, human relations will not be able to lead their team.Managers must be able to motivate workers.It is important for managers to have both professional and academic qualifications.
7CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Managers should have a number of basic characteristics in their approach to a project, such as:accuracydeterminationinitiativeintegrityloyaltyresourcefulnessself-confidence and a balanced temperament
9CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS In the past construction projects were delivered in the traditional way where by design was separated from construction.The separation of design and construct can affect productivity if there is delay in taking design changes or drawings to the contractor.In these circumstances, site labour force and plant become idle resulting in site productivity decline.
10CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS THE ROLE OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT TEAMThe prime aim of the management team is to minimise construction costs and meet all Key performance Indicators (KPI’s).This can be achieved if resources are used in most effective way.
11CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS As a result, many techniques have been introduced to assist mangers in managing resources more effectively.The construction management team is also responsible for improving the construction industry’s competitiveness.both in the domestic and international market.
12CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Project management involvement begins at the design stage.All decisions taken at the design stage must be directed towards achieving the client’s expectations for:CostQualityTimeFull satisfaction
13CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS The construction work must be handled in such a way that it is completed on time within the set budget.At any time, several design teams are involved in the design stage of a project.
14CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS The teamwork amongst design team will reduce design change.A good management team can reduce variation to the original plan.Following a design change:the site labour force;and plant become idle resulting in site productivity decline.
15CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Project managers are also responsible for choosing the right contract for the right project.The right choice of contract is an important part of the project management decision-making process.
16CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Reducing the time required to deliver a project is one way of improving competitiveness.Network Programming allows managers to reduce time.The implementation of construct-ability can reduce the scheduled time for a project by up to 30% without any extra cost to the project.
17CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS The main responsibilities of project managers are:in reducing cost;maintaining high quality work;reducing waste;reducing delays;Etc.
18CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS PROJECT MANAGEMENT EFFECTIVENESSThe project management’s effectiveness is about having the power to produce good results.Management effectiveness is influencedby several factors such as:education;training and experience- help project Managers to develop their knowledge and skill.
19CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS The project Manager’s familiarity with their working environment and team members.This determines a project manager’s approach in dealing with the activities on site.The project manager’s managerial behaviour is influenced by:company rules and regulations.
20CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Poorly performing projects are causedby:Disruption;site congestion;sequencing (events following each other in a successive way);lack of availability of material;
21CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORDS Also,site management;worker’s skills;the motivation of workforce;quality of engineering;work environment.
22CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS The effectiveness of the site managerdepends on several factors.1) Personal factors such as:the manager’s ageexperiencequalificationstyle of managementmembership of professional bodyetc.
23CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTOR 2) Job related variables such as:salaryjob satisfactionjob securityAll of which may influence the sitemanager’s motivation.
24CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS project variables are defined as:building type;project size;Duration;construction methods and complexityof the project.organisational variables such as:the size of the company;site engineers’ level of authority.
25CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY AND MAJOR INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Also,External factorsExternal factors include:characteristics of the industryclient participationinclement weathereconomic climate