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Pedagogical Design of Learning Experiences Within Virtual Worlds Sleepy Littlething & Esox Graves Carina Girvan & Timothy Savage Centre for Research in.

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Presentation on theme: "Pedagogical Design of Learning Experiences Within Virtual Worlds Sleepy Littlething & Esox Graves Carina Girvan & Timothy Savage Centre for Research in."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pedagogical Design of Learning Experiences Within Virtual Worlds Sleepy Littlething & Esox Graves Carina Girvan & Timothy Savage Centre for Research in IT in Education Trinity College, University of Dublin girvanc@tcd.ie

2 Background Early adopters focus on – Replication (Winn, 2005) Next stage – Relationship between pedagogy and technology (Savin-Baden & Ward 2008) Aim – Identify and analyse pedagogy in action – Design pedagogically informed learning experiences

3 This presentation... Outline emerging model Present initial implementation – Second Life – 20 educators Experience of Second Life – 5 groups Focus on pedagogical design of the learning experience Evaluation of implementation

4 Model of Best Practice Identification of a pedagogy Design learning experienceImplementationAnalysis Evaluation -Learning experience -Pedagogy in action Affordances

5 Affordance Gibson (1979) – Relationship between organism and environment – Perception-action Kirschner (2002) Educational affordance – Characteristics of an artefact that determine if and how a particular learning behaviour could possibly be enacted within a given context

6 Educational affordances of Second Life? Sense of self and presence resulting in immersion (Cross et al, 2007; Kemp & Livingstone, 2006) Socialising and collaborative learning (Cross et al, 2007; Minocha & Roberts, 2008) Construction of objects and environments Flexibility Persistent

7 Communal Constructivism (Holmes et al 2001) Active engagement in knowledge construction Interaction with the environment Active collaboration Publishing knowledge Technology integral Transfer of knowledge between groups Adaptive course

8 Mapping pedagogy to affordance PedagogySecond Life Active collaborationCollaborative learning Active engagementImmersion Interaction with environmentConstruction of environment Publishing knowledgeConstruction of objects Transfer of knowledgePersistent AdaptiveFlexibility

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14 Mapping pedagogy to affordance PedagogySecond Life Active collaborationCollaborative learning Active engagementImmersion Interaction with environmentConstruction of environment Publishing knowledgeConstruction of objects Transfer of knowledgePersistent AdaptiveFlexibility

15 Data Sets Artefacts Chat logs Researchers Observations Semi-structured interview

16 Evaluation 1: Learners perceptions Within-case themes – Successful group – Construction Knowledge & books Cross-case themes – Internal group dynamics – Between group dynamics – Time

17 Mapping pedagogy to affordance PedagogySecond Life Active collaborationCollaborative learning Active engagementImmersion Interaction with environmentConstruction of environment Publishing knowledgeConstruction of objects Transfer of knowledgePersistent AdaptiveFlexibility Evaluation 2: Pedagogy in action

18 Outcomes Positive learning experience Affordances leveraged to meet design criteria of pedagogy.

19 Future work Explore other pedagogies Leverage different combinations of affordances Develop mapping process Develop overall model of best practice

20 References Cross, J., ODriscoll, T. & Trondsen, E. (2007, March 22). Another Life: Virtual worlds as tools for learning. eLearn Magazine. Retrieved September 22, 2007, from http://www.elearnmag.org/subpage.cfm?section=articles&article=44-1 Gibson, J. J. (1979). The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company Kemp, J. & Livingstone, D., (2006). Putting a Second Life metaverse skin on learning management systems. Proceedings from Second Life Education Workshop 2006. Kirschner, P. A. (2002). Can we support CSCL? Educational, social and technological affordances for learning. In P. Kirschner (Ed.), Three worlds of CSCL: Can we support CSCL (7–47). Heerlen: Open Universityof the Netherlands. Minocha, S. & Roberts, D., (2008) Laying the groundwork for socialisation and knowledge construction within 3D virtual worlds. ALT-J, 16(3), 181 – 196 Savin-Baden, M. & Ward, R. (2008). Editorial: Learning and teaching in Immersive Virtual Worlds. ALT-J, 16(3), 137-138 Winn, W. (2005). What we have learned about VR and learning and what we still need to study. Proceedings from Virtual Reality International Conference. Retrieved March 14, 2008, from http://depts.washington.edu/edtech/laval.doc


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