3Tadao Ando is an architect of light, a master of space, And an enigma of the architecture realm. Ando became an Overnight sensation with the Row House. And yet he never Underwent any formal Architecture training, Originally employed As a carpenter , his interest in architecture Developed when he found a book of Le Corbusier‘s sketches abed traced over the drawings "so Many times that all The sketches turned black".
7Church of the light Ibaraki-shi , Osaka Prefecture, Japan
8What is the AZUMA HOUSE? The New Version of Old Row House, usually referred toas the Row House,or Azuma House(named after theclient) is built on avery narrow lot ina core urban Rowhouse neighborhood.Ando inserted asimple , narrowconcrete rectangularresidence.During construction,the adjacent buildIngs were leftuntouched.
13- A simple block building which is inserted in a narrow street of row houses. - Immediately noticeable because of its blank concrete façade punctuated only by a doorway.- Barely noticed as a house designed by a world famous architect.Site Context: Azuma House with its surrounding
15Three equally sized rectangular volumes: Two enclosed volumes of interior spaces separated by an open courtyard.Windowless facades.To allow natural light penetrates is only through the courtyard.No interaction with the surroundings.A bridge spans the courtyard and joins with a side staircase that descends to the courtyard.The courtyard completely open to the sky above.Courtyard becomes an integral part of the house’s circulation system.It is entirely wrapped up with concrete, no greenery.
16Introducing nature elements “light, wind, rain water” Experience nature without distractions of city.Introduce natural phenomena that are being forgotten in the city.
17Bringing lifestyle out of chaos Enclosing geometric walls of thick concrete.Create private barrier between the urban street and interior living spaceSimplicityHis designs generally incorporate minimal ornamentation on the walls of the building.Minimal composition of boxes creates the front facade.
18Ando says, “I do not believe architecture should speak too much Ando says, “I do not believe architecture should speak too much. It should remain silent and let nature in the guise of sunlight and wind speak.”MaterialityAndo’s staple materials: concreteReinforced concrete defines spaces in unique new ways that allow constantly changing patterns of light and wind.TactilityThe light and shadows conditions on the façade interpreted the concrete wall seems to be soft.Powerful concrete walls with light and nature to create a deep sense of peace.
19illuminating the AZUMA HOUSE Because the Azumahouse is windowlesson all sides and onlyreceives light fromits courtyard, anartificial lightingsystem is created forthe evening.
20During the evening,the back of theroom is illuminatedthrough the wallsto provide adequatelighting.The use of light and space to create a spiritual feeling and connection with nature is Ando’s architectural signature.
21“In all my works, light is an important controlling factor,” says Ando. Interplay between light and dark.Tone drawingsLight and Shadow Drawings
22Even later in the evening when more lighting is required,soft red lightemits through the squareopenings in the walls.The red light coming fromthese small openingsencompasses the building,allowing it to be adequatelylit.
23With the exception of the kitchen/dining/bath grouping, one must go outside to pass between rooms even during the winter and rainy seasons.If one had to go to the bathroom at night, one had to go outside through the courtyard.Ando acknowledged, as his critics pointed out, that this was inconvenient.
24The inhabitancesmall space ofthe buildingalso allows forless energyto be used in(e.g. lightingpurposes,maintenance).The interiorCourtyardcompensates forthis reducedphysical space.