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SWPPP Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan Self Inspection Training Program 2010 LaPorte County MS4 Co-op Program.

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Presentation on theme: "SWPPP Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan Self Inspection Training Program 2010 LaPorte County MS4 Co-op Program."— Presentation transcript:

1 SWPPP Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan Self Inspection Training Program 2010 LaPorte County MS4 Co-op Program

2 Table of Contents Purpose of SWPPP training Purpose of SWPPP training What is pollution? What is pollution? What is erosion? What is erosion? What is sediment? What is sediment? Benefits of prevention measures Benefits of prevention measures Required posting at jobsites Required posting at jobsites Construction Sequencing Construction Sequencing Reporting and documentation Reporting and documentation Maintenance during construction Maintenance during construction Key points Key points Pictures Pictures Fines $$$$$ Fines $$$$$

3 Purpose of SWPPP Training ITS THE LAW !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ITS THE LAW !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Enforced by the Federal EPA via Clean Water Act of 1988, National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) 1990 Enforced by the Federal EPA via Clean Water Act of 1988, National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) 1990 Enforced by state and local administrations having jurisdiction Enforced by state and local administrations having jurisdiction The Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) is designed to eliminate pollution from leaving the construction site. The Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) is designed to eliminate pollution from leaving the construction site. To eliminate pollution of the U.S. waterways To eliminate pollution of the U.S. waterways To ensure that all individuals understand the importance of Best Management Practices (BMPs) on construction sites. To ensure that all individuals understand the importance of Best Management Practices (BMPs) on construction sites.

4 Trained Individual Must be familiar with SWPPP and have access to it Must be familiar with SWPPP and have access to it Must understand the purpose of BMPs Must understand the purpose of BMPs Must have authority to make corrections Must have authority to make corrections Must be present at pre-construction meeting Must be present at pre-construction meeting Should not be the excavating contractor Should not be the excavating contractor Should be available onsite throughout the project Should be available onsite throughout the project Must know what BMPs are included in the SWPPP, the sequence of installation, proper maintenance of each, and be able to evaluate their effectiveness Must know what BMPs are included in the SWPPP, the sequence of installation, proper maintenance of each, and be able to evaluate their effectiveness Must be able to identify BMPs that are failing Must be able to identify BMPs that are failing

5 What is Pollution? The action of polluting especially by environmental contamination with man-made waste The action of polluting especially by environmental contamination with man-made waste The act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors The act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors undesirable state of natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities undesirable state of natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities Construction Site Pollution Waste or debris is generated by every person doing work on a construction site. Waste or debris is generated by every person doing work on a construction site. If the waste or debris is not contained and disposed of properly, it becomes pollution. If the waste or debris is not contained and disposed of properly, it becomes pollution. Good Housekeeping practices will reduce the potential for pollution. Good Housekeeping practices will reduce the potential for pollution.

6 What is Erosion? Erosion: Is the process in which, by the action of wind or water, soil particles are displaced or transported Erosion: Is the process in which, by the action of wind or water, soil particles are displaced or transported What are the types of erosion? Splash: Raindrop impact, dispersal and mobilization of soil particles Splash: Raindrop impact, dispersal and mobilization of soil particles Sheet: Saturated soils, soil particles entrained in run-off water, uniform removal Sheet: Saturated soils, soil particles entrained in run-off water, uniform removal Rill: Increase topographic relief, higher run-off velocities, soil incision Rill: Increase topographic relief, higher run-off velocities, soil incision Gully: Concentrated flow, head cutting, down cutting Gully: Concentrated flow, head cutting, down cutting Stream Bank: Natural drainage patterns, toe cutting, bank sloughing Stream Bank: Natural drainage patterns, toe cutting, bank sloughing

7 What is Sediment? Sediment: eroded material suspended in water or in the air. Sediment is the #1 pollutant of waterways. Sediment: eroded material suspended in water or in the air. Sediment is the #1 pollutant of waterways. Sedimentation: the deposit of eroded materials Sedimentation: the deposit of eroded materials When erosion occurs, small particles become suspended in water or air and sediment is transported down-stream or down wind. When erosion occurs, small particles become suspended in water or air and sediment is transported down-stream or down wind. The purpose of stormwater pollution prevention is to minimize the opportunity for EROSION to occur, thus minimizing the possibility of SEDIMENT leaving the jobsite The purpose of stormwater pollution prevention is to minimize the opportunity for EROSION to occur, thus minimizing the possibility of SEDIMENT leaving the jobsite Most concentrated sedimentation comes from construction, which can exceed 100 times that from agriculture. Most concentrated sedimentation comes from construction, which can exceed 100 times that from agriculture.

8 What can be done to control sedimentation? These simple devices can be used during construction to greatly reduce erosion and minimize sedimentation. Temporary and permanent stabilization Temporary and permanent stabilization Sediment fence or proper border Sediment fence or proper border Stone construction entrance Stone construction entrance Grass covered drainage ditches Grass covered drainage ditches

9 Benefits of Prevention Measures? Reduce rainfall impacts Reduce rainfall impacts Reduce surface water velocities Reduce surface water velocities Assist with stormwater infiltration Assist with stormwater infiltration Reduce and control sediment Reduce and control sediment Eliminate off-site pollution Eliminate off-site pollution Protection of Soils Protection of soils can be established with vegetation. However, other types of cover materials such as mulches, erosion matting, erosion blankets, must be used until vegetation is established to minimize splash and sheet flow erosion. Protection of soils can be established with vegetation. However, other types of cover materials such as mulches, erosion matting, erosion blankets, must be used until vegetation is established to minimize splash and sheet flow erosion. Effectiveness of soil protection is dependant on both the type and density of the specific cover material being utilized. Effectiveness of soil protection is dependant on both the type and density of the specific cover material being utilized.

10 Overriding Goal Protect the quality of U.S. waterways by reducing the discharge of sediment, oil and chemicals into storm drains, surface water and groundwater.

11 Required Job Postings NPDES Permit NPDES Permit Notice of Intent (NOI) Notice of Intent (NOI) Description of the project Description of the project General Contractors local contact name and number General Contractors local contact name and number Location of SWPPP Location of SWPPP Any other special conditions or required permits Any other special conditions or required permits All contained in a waterproof display case at construction entrance: Additional Postings: Stormwater Pollution Prevention Sign Stormwater Pollution Prevention Sign Field Office sign posted on trailer Field Office sign posted on trailer Spill Containment System location Spill Containment System location Inside the Job Trailer: Original SWPPP Original SWPPP Working SWPPP drawing Working SWPPP drawing

12 Construction Sequencing Phase I installation of the following: Phase I installation of the following: Construction entrance (s) Construction entrance (s) Silt fence or other barrier BMP Silt fence or other barrier BMP …BEFORE any major grading …BEFORE any major grading Check dams Check dams Diversion drains Diversion drains Inlet protection Inlet protection Swales Swales Detention pond, sediment basins and traps Detention pond, sediment basins and traps Concrete washout area per SWPPP Concrete washout area per SWPPP Vehicle maintenance / fueling area Vehicle maintenance / fueling area Stoned storage / laydown area Stoned storage / laydown area Phase II Phase II Additional phased BMPs per SWPPP Additional phased BMPs per SWPPP Temporary stabilization (any area which will not be worked for 15 days or more) Temporary stabilization (any area which will not be worked for 15 days or more) Permanent stabilization Permanent stabilization Contact IDEM and Local Authority 48 hours prior to beginning grading activities.

13 Reporting and Documentation Reporting Reporting Reporting submitted to Owner and PM Reporting submitted to Owner and PM Weekly inspection summary Weekly inspection summary Rainfall (1/2) Event inspection summary Rainfall (1/2) Event inspection summary EPA, State, or Local jurisdiction inspections EPA, State, or Local jurisdiction inspections Spill report form Spill report form Documentation Documentation Site stabilization Site stabilization Contractor and subcontractor certifications Contractor and subcontractor certifications Notice of Termination (NOT) Notice of Termination (NOT) E&S Plan E&S Plan All SWPPP records must be maintained a minimum of three years after Notice of Termination.

14 Maintenance During Construction New or major grading will be recorded in SWPPP binder- Site Stabilization New or major grading will be recorded in SWPPP binder- Site Stabilization Repairs, discharges, modifications and alterations should be recorded daily on the Working SWPPP Repairs, discharges, modifications and alterations should be recorded daily on the Working SWPPP Inspection reports document repairs, discharges, effectiveness, and should be recorded in the SWPPP binder Inspection reports document repairs, discharges, effectiveness, and should be recorded in the SWPPP binder Photographic documentation should be taken of the site conditions and used to document the effectiveness of, alterations to, and repairs to any BMPs Photographic documentation should be taken of the site conditions and used to document the effectiveness of, alterations to, and repairs to any BMPs Transition from temporary to permanent stabilization is critical Transition from temporary to permanent stabilization is critical Reporting the failure of a BMP is the responsibility of all employees on the jobsite…this means YOU!!! Reporting the failure of a BMP is the responsibility of all employees on the jobsite…this means YOU!!!

15 Additional Measures Needed If BMPs are failing, the designer must be notified. It is the designers responsibility to find corrective BMPs If BMPs are failing, the designer must be notified. It is the designers responsibility to find corrective BMPs Owner should also be notified of problems Owner should also be notified of problems Problems must be clearly identified, including exact location and observations Problems must be clearly identified, including exact location and observations Suggestions should be recorded. Often, the person on site can be instrumental to helping the designer find solutions Suggestions should be recorded. Often, the person on site can be instrumental to helping the designer find solutions

16 Key Points IT IS THE LAW !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! IT IS THE LAW !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Construction Sites are active, and SWPPP will change every day. Documentation is required. Construction Sites are active, and SWPPP will change every day. Documentation is required. It is the responsibility of every person on the jobsite to report any changes that are made, or need to be made, to the erosion and sediment controls It is the responsibility of every person on the jobsite to report any changes that are made, or need to be made, to the erosion and sediment controls All erosion and sediment controls are inspected weekly and after every ½ of rain, or thaw All erosion and sediment controls are inspected weekly and after every ½ of rain, or thaw Any discharge of sediment from the jobsite must be reported immediately! Any discharge of sediment from the jobsite must be reported immediately! Vehicle track-out (mud from tires) is pollution !! Vehicle track-out (mud from tires) is pollution !! Employees should know the location of the SWPPP Employees should know the location of the SWPPP

17 Jobsite Pollution Waste and debris that is not properly controlled and disposed of is pollution! Waste and debris that is not properly controlled and disposed of is pollution!

18 Jobsite Pollution Waste and debris that is not properly controlled and disposed of is pollution! Waste and debris that is not properly controlled and disposed of is pollution!

19 Jobsite Pollution Fuel and oil based products that are not contained or properly disposed of are pollution! Fuel and oil based products that are not contained or properly disposed of are pollution!

20 Spill Containment The spill containment kit shall be used if at any time oil or fuel based products are spilled or leak from their container. The spill containment kit shall be used if at any time oil or fuel based products are spilled or leak from their container. Pollution such as this must be reported to the Bureau of Water Quality and contained immediately!!! Pollution such as this must be reported to the Bureau of Water Quality and contained immediately!!!

21 Proper storage of hazardous materials will eliminate the opportunity for pollution. Proper storage of hazardous materials will eliminate the opportunity for pollution. Secondary containment is a valuable tool for preventing spills in the first place. Secondary containment is a valuable tool for preventing spills in the first place. Jobsite Pollution

22 Display Case and Signage

23 SWPPP Site Plan The SWPPP is a living document that is updated on a daily basis. The SWPPP should be located at the Field Office. The SWPPP is a living document that is updated on a daily basis. The SWPPP should be located at the Field Office.

24 Silt Fence Examples (BAD!)

25 Silt Fence Examples (Good!)

26 Silt Fence Maintenance Must be trenched Must be trenched Must be installed facing the proper direction Must be installed facing the proper direction Must have properly wrapped connections Must have properly wrapped connections Remove sedimentation when it reaches 1/3 the height of the fence Remove sedimentation when it reaches 1/3 the height of the fence Must be repaired as needed Must be repaired as needed

27 Inlet Protection (Bad) Frames inadequate Frames inadequate Not trenched Not trenched Not reinforced Not reinforced Not maintained Not maintained

28 Frames properly built Frames properly built Properly trenched Properly trenched Reinforced filter fabric Reinforced filter fabric Anchored Anchored Should allow for overflow in case of heavy rainfall Should allow for overflow in case of heavy rainfall Inlet Protection (Good)

29 Seeding and Stabilization (Bad) Lack of stabilization has allowed washout of soils Lack of stabilization has allowed washout of soils Areas have remained idle for more than 15 days Areas have remained idle for more than 15 days Mulch or matting could have prevented most of this erosion Mulch or matting could have prevented most of this erosion

30 Seeding and Stabilization (Good) Areas have received final grade while other areas are still under construction Areas have received final grade while other areas are still under construction Pond and channel slopes have received blanket to combat erosion Pond and channel slopes have received blanket to combat erosion Sod installed in concentrated flow areas Sod installed in concentrated flow areas

31 Concrete Wash Out (Bad) Concrete wash out is pollution! Concrete wash out is pollution! Concrete washouts should be provided for delivery trucks. Concrete washouts should be provided for delivery trucks.

32 Concrete Wash Out (Good) Pit lined with continuous 10 mil liner Pit lined with continuous 10 mil liner Stormwater run off protected from contamination Stormwater run off protected from contamination

33 Construction Entrance Bad Good

34 Citizens can initiate civil suits against: An individual person An individual person A construction company A construction company The U.S. or any other government entity The U.S. or any other government entity The EPA itself The EPA itself

35 Compliance Avoid costly Stop Work Orders Avoid costly Stop Work Orders In many jurisdictions, violations causing an immediate danger to the environment do not require prior notice for Stop Work Orders to be issued.

36 Compliance And even more costly fines of up to $25,000 per day from IDEM And even more costly fines of up to $25,000 per day from IDEM

37 EPA Administrative Fines Currently $260 Million fines against builders in litigation Currently $260 Million fines against builders in litigation EPA Non-Compliance Violations include EPA Non-Compliance Violations include No permitNo permit No SWPPPNo SWPPP No inspection recordsNo inspection records No amendments to SWPPPNo amendments to SWPPP

38 Rick Brown LaPorte County MS4 Co-op Program MS4 Coordinator-Stormwater Management 2857 W St. Rd #2, Suite B LaPorte, IN (219) Cell (219) , Ext Office (219) Fax


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