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Wonders of the World: Machu Picchu Ailyn Montes & Otto Sanchez June 3, 2013 EAP1560.

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Presentation on theme: "Wonders of the World: Machu Picchu Ailyn Montes & Otto Sanchez June 3, 2013 EAP1560."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wonders of the World: Machu Picchu Ailyn Montes & Otto Sanchez June 3, 2013 EAP1560

2 Location of Machu Picchu. Facts About Machu Picchu. Timeline to Illustrate When Machu Picchu was Constructed. Who built Machu Picchu. What construction techniques were used? Machu Picchus layout. Most important buildings. Tenses Used (Highlighted in red). References.

3 Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America.

4 In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti. Machu Picchu has been also called the "Lost City of the Incas. Machu Picchu has been the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.

5 Around 1450The Incas built Machu Picchu. 1572It was abandoned as a belated result of the Spanish Conquest. 1911It was brought to international attention by the American historian Hiram Bingham. By 1976Thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored. 1981Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary. 2007Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll. CurrentThe restoration work continues to this day.

6 Before restoration. After restoration.

7 Machu Picchu was built by ten thousand men or more. Machu Picchu was built by ten thousand men or more. Most of them were labourers involved in dragging stones and setting them. Most of them were labourers involved in dragging stones and setting them. Few were skilled workers who shaped stones. Few were skilled workers who shaped stones.

8 Ashlar( ) was used in the finish. Ashlar( polished dry-stone walls of regular shape ) was used in the finish. Some Inca buildings were constructed using mortar. Some Inca buildings were constructed using mortar.

9 Doors and windows are trapezoidal and tilt inward from bottom to top. Doors and windows are trapezoidal and tilt inward from bottom to top. Walls do not rise straight from bottom to top. Walls do not rise straight from bottom to top.

10 The site is roughly divided into an urban sector and an agricultural sector, as well as the upper town and the lower town. The temples are part of the upper town, the warehouses the lower.

11 Temple of the Sun In this building they put many pieces of pottery to equilibrate the position of the sun. In this building they put many pieces of pottery to equilibrate the position of the sun.

12 Room of the Three Windows This room, like Temple of the Sun were dedicated to Inti, their sun god and greatest deity. This room, like Temple of the Sun were dedicated to Inti, their sun god and greatest deity.

13 Main Temple The deity which was worshipped here is not known, though there is speculation that it may have been Wiraqocha, an indivisible Andean god and the supreme Incan deity. The deity which was worshipped here is not known, though there is speculation that it may have been Wiraqocha, an indivisible Andean god and the supreme Incan deity.

14 Temple of the Condor The Temple of the Condor served the worship of Apu Kuntur ("Condor God"), one of three sacred Incan animals. The Temple of the Condor served the worship of Apu Kuntur ("Condor God"), one of three sacred Incan animals.

15 The Inca believed the stone held the sun in its place along its annual path in the sky.

16 References Machu Picchu. (2013, May 6). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:44, May 30, 2013, from Machu Picchu. (2012, Sep 18). In Country Facts. Retrieved 21:32, May 30, 2013, from construction-methods/ construction-methods/12352

17 References Machu Picchu. (2006). In Ancient Worlds. Retrieved 21:50, May 30, 2013, from Ancient Mega structures - Machu Picchu. (2010, Jul 6). In YouTube. Retrieved 22:17, May 30, 2013, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IUj2BIiUQw https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IUj2BIiUQw

18 We hope you have enjoyed our presentation.


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