Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training Module 2 FAA Order 1050.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training Module 2 FAA Order 1050."— Presentation transcript:

1 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training Module 2 FAA Order 1050

2 2 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Training Modules 1.NEPA and CEQ 2.FAA Order Air Traffic Environmental - Noise Review 4.Environmental Screening Process Overview

3 3 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Module 2 FAA Order 1050

4 4 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Overview of 1050 Purpose Intent Applicability

5 5 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Provides policy and procedures to ensure FAA compliance with –CEQ regulations for implementing NEPA, 40 CFR parts –DOT Order C, Procedures for Considering Environmental Impacts –Other related statutes and directives Purpose of 1050 Why is 1050 here?

6 6 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Identify FAA actions that require NEPA review Compliance with NEPA Provide guidance for compliance with other environmental laws, statutes and regulations Intent of 1050

7 7 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 All major federal actions Contracts Leases Construction, research Certifications and Licensing Permits Plans requiring FAA approval Legislation proposed by the FAA Other… Actions Requiring Review Pretty much anything included here

8 8 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impacts on human environment –Noise –Land –Air –Water –Energy Supply –Cultural, historic, archaeological resources –Environmental justice Environmental Impact Categories Los Angeles, 1970s

9 9 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impacts on natural environment –Wetlands –Floodplains –Coastal zones –Farmlands –Endangered, threatened, protected species –Wild, scenic river areas –Wildlife Environmental Impacts Categories Ashley River, SC

10 10 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Significance determined by a combination of Context and Intensity Significant Impacts Context National Local Intensity Severe Minor

11 11 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Context –Society as a whole (human, national) –Affected region –Affected interests –Locality –Short-term and long-term Examples –Single procedure approval vs. airspace redesign to include multiple procedures and multiple airports Significant Impacts

12 12 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Intensity –Can be positive or negative –Degree of impact –Proximity to impacted area –Degree of controversy Significant Impacts Low intensity

13 13 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Intensity (contd) –Degree of precedent setting –Cumulative impact among many insignificant actions –Impact on infrastructure or cultural resources –Impact on endangered species –Threaten Violation of environmental laws per section 5-1b(10) of E Significant Impacts - Definition High intensity

14 14 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Applicability of Order 1050 Actions Requiring Review Actions Exempt from Review

15 15 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Actions that are not considered major federal actions under NEPA are exempt from review Advisory Actions –Determinations under Objects Affecting Navigable Airspace –Designation of alert and warning areas under Procedures for Handling Airspace Matters Actions Exempt from Review

16 16 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Emergency Actions –National emergency –Disaster –Similar events of great urgency –Requires alternate arrangements with CEQ Modified NEPA Reviews –Reduced processing times –Abbreviated EIS Atypical Review Actions E Section 200e(2)

17 17 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Levels of NEPA Review Categorical Exclusions (CATEX) Environmental Assessments (EA) Environmental Impact Statements (EIS)

18 18 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 CATEX –Level of effort: warm tea EA –Level of effort: Acetaminophen EIS –Level of effort: Beta blockers Levels of Reviews

19 19 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Categorical Exclusions Definition Process Extraordinary Circumstances Categories Examples

20 20 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Federal actions that meet the criteria in 40 CFR Actions that the agency has found, based on past experience, do not normally require further environmental review because they do not individually or cumulatively have a significant impact CATEX - Definitions

21 21 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 CATEX - Process Define proposed action Ensure action on list of CATEXs Ensure no extraordinary circumstances Proceed with action Celebrate

22 22 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Exist when the proposed action (1) involves any of the circumstances listed below and (2) may have a significant impact (40 CFR ). CATEX – Extraordinary Circumstances

23 23 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Extraordinary circumstances Increase in surface transportation congestion Division or disruption of an established community or planned development Impact to 4(f) properties Impact to cultural resources CATEX You want to put a runway where?

24 24 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Extraordinary Circumstances Impact to noise levels of noise-sensitive areas Impact to air quality or violation of local, State, Tribal, or Federal air quality standards Impact to water quality Inconsistent with Federal, State, Tribal, local law Impact to visual resources Likelihood of contamination by hazardous waste or cause such contamination CATEX

25 25 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Examples FAA actions falls into one of the 6 categories – automatically excluded from further NEPA review** –Administrative and General –Certification –Equipment and instrumentation –Facility siting, construction, and maintenance –Procedural –Regulatory **if no extraordinary circumstances exist CATEX

26 26 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Controversial actions –Substantial dispute regarding size, nature, or effect of action –Reasonable disagreement over environmental harm –Opposition on environmental grounds by agency or by substantial number of the persons affected by the action CATEX Your increased nighttime departures off Runway 27 interfere with my sleep!

27 27 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 CATEX - Categories Administrative/General Actions (307) –Land use change –Federal funding –NOTAMs –Others

28 28 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 CATEX - Categories Certification Actions (308) –Airworthiness directive –Aircraft –Operating specifications –Others

29 29 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 CATEX - Categories Equipment & Instrumentation (309) –Construction of remote communication facilities –Installing or upgrading lighting systems –Funding for facilities on airports or FAA property –Replacement/upgrade of power and control cables for ALS/ILS/ASR and RVR systems –Others

30 30 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 CATEX - Categories Facilities, Siting and Construction (310) –Access roads construction/relocation –Land acquisition for a categorically excluded action –Installing conforming radars –Demolition –Landscaping –Repairs/replacement of existing roads, UST/AST, etc. –Others

31 31 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Procedural Actions (311) –Designate or modify airspace classes –Authorizing balloons, kites, unmanned rockets –Establishing airways & release of SUAs –New/modified procedures that do not cause impacts Above 3,000 ft. AGL Short-term changes below 3,000 ft. AGL Increases in minimum altitudes Increases in landing minima CATEX - Categories

32 32 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Regulatory Actions (312) –Authorizations and waivers for infrequent or one- time actions such as air shows and contests –Denials of petitions –Various regulations, standards, exemptions with no environmental effect –Others CATEX - Categories

33 33 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 RNAV/RNP (recent legislative mandate) RNAV & RNP at 30 Core airports and medium/ small hub in same metroplex area RNP at all other airports RNAV/RNP that replace procedures that would have required EA because they operate over noise sensitive areas less than 3,000 feet AGL Extraordinary circumstances apply to this CATEX CATEX

34 34 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Environmental Assessments Applicability Process Content FONSI

35 35 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Actions for which there is no CATEX Actions normally CATEXed but involves at least one extraordinary circumstance that may significantly impact the environment Actions that normally require EA Actions that do not require an EIS EA – Applicability

36 36 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Land acquisitions Aircraft certification Construction –Towers –ARTCCs –Beacons –Airports –Runways Others EA – Applicability Dont forget this!

37 37 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 EA - Process Define proposed action and alternatives Prepare EA Circulate EA for review and revision (as appropriate) Significant impacts? Prepare FONSI and Celebrate Prepare EIS No Yes

38 38 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Time Limits –Draft Version Valid for three years If no final or FONSI within that time, must reevaluate –Final version Valid for three years after approval Have three years to implement "major steps" If major steps not implemented, must reevaluate EA EA - Process

39 39 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Time Limits (contd) –If implementation takes more than three years, must reevaluate EA –When reevaluating an EA, check for changes in the action or in the baseline environment –Reassess cumulative impacts EA - Process

40 40 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Reviews –When adopting other agencys EA, it must comply with 1050 –FAA issues its own FONSI –Review by internal FAA regional counsels –Coordinate review with external agencies as appropriate EA - Process

41 41 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Purpose Scope - Interagency Coordination - Public participation (optional) Content –Purpose and need for the proposed action –Proposed action –Reasonable alternatives considered (including no action) –Affected environment (existing conditions) EA – Content

42 42 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Content (contd) –Environmental consequences of the proposed action and alternatives –Cumulative Effects –Mitigation –Agencies, organizations, and persons consulted –Public participation EA – Content

43 43 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Presents reasons why action has no significant impact on the human environment Signifies that FAA will not prepare an EIS Signifies FAA has completed the NEPA process for proposed action EA - FONSI We can proceed!

44 44 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Content –Purpose –Scope –Content Proposed action Mitigation necessary to ensure that preferred alternative will not significantly affect the environment Statement of consistency or inconsistency with community planning from State and local governments, and Tribes –Public participation/review (as applicable) EA - FONSI

45 45 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Unique to FAA Record of Agency decision to proceed EA – FONSI/ROD

46 46 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Environmental Impact Statements Purpose Applicability Content

47 47 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Provides full and fair discussion of –Significant environmental impacts of proposed action –Reasonable alternatives Describes –Purpose and need of the proposed action –Affected environment –Environmental effects of alternatives –Other reasonable alternatives EIS - Purpose

48 48 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Discusses means to mitigate adverse environmental impacts Details alternatives eliminated from study Identifies agency-preferred alternative EIS – Purpose (contd)

49 49 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 For major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment EA indicates impacts are significant Cumulative effects of insignificant individual actions are significant Mitigations do not alleviate significance EIS – Applicability

50 50 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Executive summary Purpose and need Alternatives, including the proposed action Affected environment Environmental consequences Cumulative Affects Mitigation EIS - Content

51 51 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 IMPACT CATEGORIES APPENDIX A

52 52 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Take a few minutes to review the section in E on Air Quality

53 53 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories Air Quality Two Primary laws apply –NEPA –Clean Air Act (CAA) NEPA requires the agency to analyze actions that potentially affect air quality. AEDT is the tool for modeling environmental impacts of air traffic airspace and procedure actions. EDMS can be used to model single airport emissions

54 54 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) The CAA established National Ambient Air Quality Standards for the 6 criteria pollutants: –Carbon Monoxide (CO) –Lead (Pb) –Nitrogen Dioxide(NO2) –Ozone (O3) –Particulate Matter (PM-10 and PM-2.5) –Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)

55 55 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Take a few minutes to review the section in E on Department of Transportation ACT, Section 4(f)

56 56 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Department of Transportation Act, Section 4(f) Law: Department of Transportation Act of 1966, Section 4(f) A significant impact would occur pursuant to NEPA when a proposed action either involves more than a minimal physical use of a section 4(f) property or is deemed a "constructive use" substantially impairing the 4(f) property, and mitigation measures do not eliminate or reduce the effects of the use below the threshold of significance (e.g., by replacement in kind of a neighborhood park). Any airspace designated for military flight operations is exempt from section 4F.

57 57 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Take a few minutes to review the section in E on Historical, Architectural, Archeological and Cultural Resources

58 58 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Historical, Architectural, Archaeological and Cultural Resources Primary laws –National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 –Executive Order 11593; Protection and Enhancement of the Cultural Environment (36 FR 8921, May 13, 1971)

59 59 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Take a few minutes to review the section in E on Noise

60 60 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Noise For aviation noise analysis, the FAA has determined that cumulative noise exposure to individuals resulting from aviation activities must be expressed in terms of annual day/night average sound level (DNL) If significant noise impacts are expected, then detailed noise analyses must be performed.

61 61 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Noise A significant noise impact would occur if analysis shows that the proposed action will cause noise sensitive areas to experience an increase in noise of DNL 1.5 dB or more at or above DNL 65 dB noise exposure when compared to the no action alternative for the same timeframe.

62 62 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Other categories that are considered: –Coastal Resources Federal activities involving or affecting coastal resources are governed by the Coastal Barriers Resources Act (CBRA), the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA), and E.O , Coral Reef Protection among many others as applicable to the action. –Compatible Land Use The compatibility of existing and planned land uses in the vicinity of an airport is usually associated with the extent of the airports noise impacts. Airport development actions to accommodate fleet mix changes or the number of aircraft operations, air traffic changes, or new approaches made possible by new navigational aids are examples of activities that can alter aviation-related noise impacts and affect land uses subjected to those impacts.

63 63 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Construction Impacts –Local, state, tribal, or federal ordinances and regulations address the impacts of construction activities, including construction noise, dust and noise from heavy equipment traffic, disposal of construction debris, and air and water pollution. Farmlands –The Farmland Protection Policy Act (FPPA) regulates Federal actions with the potential to convert farmland to non-agricultural uses.

64 64 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Fish, Wildlife, and Plants –If an agency determines that an action may affect a threatened or endangered species, then Section 7(a)(2) of the Endangered Species Act requires each agency, generally the lead agency, to consult with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) or the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), as appropriate, to ensure that any action the agency authorizes, funds, or carries out is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any Federally listed endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat.

65 65 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Floodplains –Executive Order directs Federal agencies to reduce the risk of flood loss, minimize the impact of floods on human safety, health, and welfare, and restore and preserve the natural and beneficial values served by floodplains. Hazard Materials, Pollution Prevention and Solid waste –FAA actions to fund, approve, or conduct an activity may require consideration of hazardous material, pollution prevention, and solid waste impacts in NEPA documentation.

66 66 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Socioeconomic Impact, Environmental Justice, Children's Environmental Health and Safety Risks –Executive Order 12898, Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations, and the accompanying Presidential Memorandum, and Order DOT , Environmental Justice, require FAA to provide for meaningful public involvement by minority and low-income populations and analysis, including demographic analysis, that identifies and addresses potential impacts on these populations that may be disproportionately high and adverse

67 67 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Water Quality –The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (commonly referred to as the Clean Water Act), provides the authority to establish water quality standards, control discharges, develop waste treatment management plans and practices, prevent or minimize the loss of wetlands, location with regard to an aquifer or sensitive ecological area such as a wetlands area, and regulate other issues concerning water quality.

68 68 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Impact Categories (Cont.) Wetlands –Order DOT A sets forth DOT policy that transportation facilities should be planned, constructed, and operated to assure protection and enhancement of wetlands. Wild and Scenic Rivers –The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, as amended, describes those river segments designated or eligible to be included in the Wild and Scenic Rivers System.

69 69 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Questions?

70 70 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Quantification of noise impacts Guidance Significant Impacts - Noise

71 71 Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training – FAA Order E June 25, 2013 Module 3: Air Traffic Environmental – Noise Review Module 4: Environmental Screening Process Overview Module 4: Environmental Pre-screening Filter Demo Tomorrows Topics


Download ppt "Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Prescreening Training Module 2 FAA Order 1050."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google