2TURNKEY PROJECTTurn-key is defined as initiating and delivering a PROJECT that is ready for occupation. The turn-key process includes the following stepsUnderstanding the clients RequirementsPreparation of Concept DrawingsProviding Budgetary QuoteProviding Final Quote with Detailed Scope of workContract SigningData collection and Obtaining necessary NOC’sDesign and DrawingsAppointment of Consultant for Submission and SupervisionObtaining Preliminary and Final Approval / Building Permit from relevant AuthoritiesSite MobilizationHandling of Variations, if anyProject ExecutionRunning BillsCompletion, Final Settlement and Handing Over
3TURNKEY PROJECT COMPARISION CONVENTIONAL PROJECT CLIENT CLIENT CLIENT APPOINTMENT OFCLIENTAPPOINTMENT OFQUOTES FROM CONTRACTORSQUOTES FROM OTHER CONTRACTORSCONTRACTORCONTRACTORCLIENTREPRESENTATIVECLIENTREPRESENTATIVECONSULTANTTENDER DRAWINGS AND BOQCONSULTANTCONTRACTORPROPOSAL DWGS & DETAILED SCOPE OF WORKSUB CONTRACTORPRELIMINARYDRAWINGAPPROVAL DRAWINGBuilding PermitPRELIMINARYDRAWINGAPPROVAL DRAWINGBuilding PermitCONTRACTORSUB CONTRACTORCIVILPLUMBINGELECTRICALFIRE SYSTEMCIVILPLUMBINGELECTRICALFIRE SYSTEMCOMPLETION OF PROJECTCOMPLETION OF PROJECT
4WORKING OF A TURN KEY PROJECT MEETING THE CLIENT TO UNDERSTAND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENT.This is the first step towards the initiation of project . Here we meet the client and understand their requirement i.e., the type of the project , the facilities to be incorporated, the flow of one space to other based on the functionality of the building which vividly varies from project to project . Thorough understanding of the project to evolve a unique and a efficient design such that the building serves its purpose in a efficient manner.DATA COLLECTION .Relevant data's pertaining to the plot is collected .The dimensions of the plot , Affection plan or Lease plan, The shape of the plot, Surrounding building features, Zone type, The local approving Authorities , The bye laws to be followed , Permissible usage in the plot , The approximate levels with in the plot, Direction of North, Access roads, So on and so forth all the information regarding the plot is collected to facilitate the design process . The preliminary data's helps in design process i.e. preparation of conceptual drawings .
5PREPARATION OF PRELIMNARY CONCEPTUAL DRAWINGS. The planning for a construction project begins with the generation of conceptual drawings for a facility which will meet market demands and client needs. Innovative concepts in design are highly valued for their contributions to reducing costs and to the improvement of aesthetics, comfort or convenience as embodied in a well-designed facility. A full understanding of the technological complexities often associated with proposal building is necessary to provide a safe and sound facility. Based on the data collected and the clients requirement conceptual drawings are prepared and presented to client to get the further inputs to finalize the design.On approval of the conceptual drawings . Preliminary set of drawings are prepared.Preliminary drawings includeSetting out plan - Defines the site layout.Floor plans All floor level drawings.Elevations Facade of the proposed buildingSections Indicates the different levels .Final presentation of the preliminary drawings to further scrutinize the proposal and toIncorporate modification if any .BUDGETORY PROPOSAL indicating the cost of the project along with finalizedPreliminary drawing is presented to the client. The budgetary proposal gives the client approximate cost of project and the flexibility for the client to get quotes from market for comparison client has the flexibility to choose the supplier based on the best quote.
6Final quote comprises of following documents. After the submission of the preliminary budgetary quote, based on the client inputs a final quote is prepared where in the total cost of the project along with the drawings set is submitted to the client.Civil scope of works:Warehouse cum Office building1Pre-engineered steel structure with sandwich panel roofing and wall cladding with followingend wall condition is considered.Hollow block wall to a height of 2.40m on all the three sides above which sandwich panelcladding.G+M Office building on front side to a height of 9m including parapet wall.2Building Parametersa.Office Ground Floor Area - 680m2.b.Office Mezzanine Floor - 680m2c.Structural canopy with Alucobond cladding works to an area of 50m2d.Warehouse Ground Floor Area m2.e.Warehouse Mezzanine Floor Area m23Earthwork Excavation for footing considered to a depth of 1.50m below the existing ground level.4Bituminous coating is considered for all substructures below ground level.515cm thick Roadbase materials below the substructure and Floor slab is considered.6Floor slab details.Floor slab of 200 mm thick with two layer of BRC mesh A-193 in the warehouse area including rawmaterial storage and office area (2404m2) is considered.Floor slab of 250 mm thick with two layer of BRC mesh A-193 in the production area (1596m2) isconsidered.Floor slab of 100mm thick with single layer of BRC mesh is considered for Office building GroundFloor, Mezzanine decking slab and Roof decking slab.7250mm thick thermal block works is considered for Office Building external walls.8200mm block works for external walls of toilets and 100mm block works for internal wallsof toiletsare considered.9100mm Gypsum bord partitions are considered for all internal walls of office building other thantoilet area.10Ceramic Tiles with PC rate of Dhs. 30/- per sqm is considered for floors of office room and Toiletarea.11Ceramic Tiles with PC rate of Dhs. 30/- per sqm is considered for Toilet Walls upto the Falseceiling level.12100mm high Ceramic tile skirting is considered for Office area.13600x600 moisture resistant Gypsum false ceiling is considered for Toilet area.14600x600 Gypsum tiles false ceiling is considered for Dress changing area.15Minitex paint finish is considered for all external walls16Fenomastic emulsion paint is considered for internal walls.17Service block & Guard room to an area of 140m218Compound wall around the plot to a length of 534lm and height of 1.80m.19Compound wall gates of size 9.00m length and 1.80m height - 2 Nos.Final quote comprises of following documents.Quote with Detailed Scope of Work.Architectural drawing comprising ofSetting out plans.Floor PlansElevationSections.Perspective views.SIGNING OF CONTRACTBased on mutual discussion and understanding both the parties get in to a contract.Contract agreement shall indicate the time period wherein the project will be completed and handed over to the client and the terms and condition which will be mutually agreeable my both the parties.
7THE DESIGN PROCESSAfter signing of contract the first and foremost duty of the contractor is toAppoint a consultantObtain necessary NOC’S from the authorities.Preliminary Approval.Final submission and Building Permit.Final submission drawings shall includeArchitectural drawing.Structural drawing.PHE drawings.MEP drawings.Fire system drawingsother services if any.Once the final approval is received. Building permit is received. Construction drawings are prepared . The next process of construction that is site mobilization starts.
8SITE MOBILIZATIONSite mobilization means preparing the site for construction which includes temporary fencing , setting up of construction site with equipment, electricity, construction trailer, provision for labor accommodation, site office, signage ,installation of equipment . etc.,Before starting of site mobilization developer has to apply for mobilization NOC attaching mobilization drawing showing the following .Environmental , safety , health ,welfare and accident prevention plan & site securitymanagement .Proposed site access route to the plotSite organization layout including plan of the site temporary arrangement and facilitiesList of plant and equipment to be used for construction on site.EXECUTION AND MONTHLY BILLING.Execution of construction project involves coordinating people and resources, as well as integrating and performing the activities of the construction in accordance with the project management plan,Monitoring and controlling is an integral part of construction , project execution shall be done such that potential problems can be identified in a timely manner and corrective action can be taken, when necessary, to control the execution of the project. The key benefit is that project performance is observed and measured regularly to identify variances if any .
9In this chart we are explaining the activities involved in project execution. The shown activities in the chart plays an important role in the execution of a project . Any differences or imbalances in the said activities effects the progress of the project.Construction project typically involves many different trades in order to reach completion .A project is broken out by each scope of work and typically separated according to the Construction Specifications like General Conditions, Site work, Utilities, Concrete, Steel, etc. Once the areas of the scope of work are defined, then a corresponding value is assigned to each one so that a percentage complete can be established for each item as progress is made on the project. Based on the progress of work billing is done for the percentage of work done and the material involved in the same to get the amount of expense occurred and make comparison to understand the variance with final quote.HANDLING OF VARIATION , IF ANYOver the course of any construction project, the work scope may change. Change is a normal and expected part of the construction process. Changes can be the result of necessary design modifications, differing site conditions, material availability, contractor-requested changes, value engineering and impacts from third parties, to name a few. Beyond executing the change in the field, the change normally needs to be documented to show what was actually constructed. The end product of this effort is what the industry terms as-built drawings. When changes are introduced to the project, the viability of the project has to be re-assessed. It is important not to lose sight of the initial goals and targets of the projects. When the changes accumulate, the forecasted result may not justify the original proposed investment in the project
10Advantages of Turnkey project FINAL SETTLEMENT AND HANDING OVERThis is the final process of construction , once the construction is completed in all respects . Developer applies for completion certificate to the authorities . Then the NOC is received from the authorities. The developer hands over the keys to the client after the final settlementAdvantages of Turnkey projectOne point contact from start to end.Flexibility and convenience of having budgetary quote , final quote and detailed scope of work and drawings which can be compared in the market without any expenses.Better control over the project as the design, estimation and execution is all under one roof.Advantages of PEB and precast to the client.Economical and speedy construction .