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THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Fire Safety on Construction Sites Adair Lewis THE UKs.

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Presentation on theme: "THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Fire Safety on Construction Sites Adair Lewis THE UKs."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Fire Safety on Construction Sites Adair Lewis THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

2 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

3 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment The problem in context There are 11 fires a day on construction sites in the UK Arson fires on construction sites are a major problem – and are likely to increase due to the economic climate 0.1% of all fires in the UK occur on construction sites – but 66% of these are deliberately started

4 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Causes of serious fires

5 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Where the serious fires occur

6 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Losses from serious fires

7 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment What was the problem? Construction Industry Insurance Premiums 1989£89.60m 1990£90.32m 1991£80.66m Figures represent approx. 85% of active UK construction market writers But there were several large losses, for example June 1990Broadgate Phase 8 £35m Aug 1991Minster Court £120m To sustain these losses premiums would have need to be increased by 400% - 500%

8 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Joint Code of Practice Published jointly by the Contractors Legal Group and Fire Protection Association (on behalf of RISCAuthority) The 1 st edition was published in 1992 it is an insurance requirement for all projects with an original contract value of £2.5 million or more and applies equally to smaller value contracts where these are part of a large project a large project, has an original contract value of £20m or above.

9 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Life safety v property protection The code is designed to be compatible with information provided by other bodies: HSE 168 UKTFA F&RS

10 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Application of the CoP construction of buildings, structures and infrastructure renovation, repair, upkeep, redecoration and other maintenance work installation / modification of process plant and equipment installation, maintenance, repair and removal of fixed services, such as gas, electrical, compressed air and hydraulic systems dismantling and demolition The Joint Code of Practice is applicable to

11 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Fire Prevention on construction sites 1.Objective 2.Compliance 3.Introduction 4.Definitions 5.Design phase 6.Construction phase 7.Liaison with the emergency services 8.Emergency procedures 9.Fire protection 10.Temporary covering materials 11.Portable fire extinguishers

12 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Fire Prevention on construction sites 12.Site security against arson 13.Temporary buildings and temporary accommodation 14.Flammable liquids and LPG 15.Acetylene 16.Hot work 17.Electricity and gas 18.Waste materials 19.Plant and vehicles 20.Stored materials 21.Smoking 22.High rise construction sites 23.Large timber frame structures

13 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Definitions High rise construction site: a site where the workforce is at risk by being outside the distance by which the fire and rescue service can effect a rescue by mechanical means (currently 30m reach from the position where a fire appliance may be parked)

14 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment High rise structures

15 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment High rise structures Specific fire risk assessment required, concerns: Time to escape Lack of completed compartmentation Inadequate water supplies No protected moe – fire doors etc Solutions: Electrically operated fire alarm throughout Horizontal compartmentation every 10 floors Wet riser Doors to be fitted as soon as possible

16 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Definitions Large timber frame structure: timber framed structure of four or more storeys and / or an aggregate floor area of 2500m 2 or more

17 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Large timber frame structures

18 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Definitions High fire risk site: encompasses the following: - a high-rise construction site; - a large project; - a large timber framed structure; or - projects where risk assessments indicate significant potential loss of life or property.

19 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Significant changes in 8th edition No changes in legislation but clarification of responsibilities Amendment to definition of large timber frame structure Weekly testing of the fire alarm The need for fire extinguishers to be part of the site fire precautions Emphasis on the need for evacuation drills At least two escape routes from a structure at all times

20 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Significant changes in 8th edition Site to be locked and secured outside working hours Access to upper levels by scaffolding be denied to intruders Number of security staff to be risk assessed Insurer to be consulted at the commencement of work on high fire risk projects and suspension of work on sites Site accommodation: self closers on doors, increase in width of fire breaks

21 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Significant changes in 8th edition No construction workers to live in an incomplete structure Revision to wording regarding acetylene cylinders Specific inclusion of Scotland Expended text on large timber frame buildings

22 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment All was going well until.....

23 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment...... large timber cribs came along

24 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Case history

25 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment The development Block B1 - Ground + 6 storeys Block B2 - Ground + 5 storeys Block B3 - Ground + 5 storeys Block B4 - Ground + 6 storeys Block B5 - Ground + 5 storeys Halls of residence Aerodrome Road N

26 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment The fire First call to fire brigade: Frank Torrence - excavator driver 15:39 12 July 2006

27 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment 15:42

28 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

29 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment 15:47

30 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment 15:51

31 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

32 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

33 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment The development Block B1 - Ground + 6 storeys Block B2 - Ground + 5 storeys Block B3 - Ground + 5 storeys Block B4 - Ground + 6 storeys Block B5 - Ground + 5 storeys Halls of residence Aerodrome Road N Cement silos Stairs Crane

34 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

35 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

36 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

37 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

38 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

39 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

40 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

41 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

42 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

43 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

44 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

45 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

46 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment The results

47 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

48 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

49 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment

50 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Large timber framed structures

51 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Large timber framed structures At the design stage consider the suitability of the design and potential for fire spread Consider period of maximum vulnerability during the construction process Appropriate fire protection treatment of timber Earliest possible compartmentation Subdivision of horizontal shafts/ducts using temporary fire retardant boarding Permanent fire resisting structures (doors, partitions, stopping) installed as soon as practicable Final cladding to building in place as soon as possible Consider proximity of structure to boundary and adjacent buildings as part of site risk assessment

52 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Large timber framed structures Facing exposed timber construction and combustible insulation with non-combustible materials at the earliest opportunity No part of a timber frame structure to be used as residential accommodation during the construction period Generators and similar heat producing equipment to be prohibited on site Foam plastic on site to be minimised

53 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment UK Timber Frame Association Has developed a 16 point plan to be used consistently by Principal Contractors (wasnt used at Peckham!) SiteSafe mandatory by UKTFA on large projects (ie 4 or more storeys or an aggregate floor area of >2,500m 2 Large projects are required to be registered with the UKTFA Details of the Coordinator and site fire plan requested and reviewed Build sequence and handover procedure have to be agreed Relevant Chief Fire officer to be notified. Effective policing

54 THE UKs NATIONAL FIRE SAFETY ORGANISATION Protecting people, property, business and the environment Joint Code of Practice Fire Prevention on Construction Sites 8th Edition Update Thank you ………..… the end


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