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CRIMES IN PROGRESS An examination of the procedures and techniques for handling crimes in progress. Emphasis is given to the use of safety precautions.

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Presentation on theme: "CRIMES IN PROGRESS An examination of the procedures and techniques for handling crimes in progress. Emphasis is given to the use of safety precautions."— Presentation transcript:

1 CRIMES IN PROGRESS An examination of the procedures and techniques for handling crimes in progress. Emphasis is given to the use of safety precautions for both the officer and the innocent bystander. Specific techniques for selecting response routes, cover and concealment, search procedures and other areas are covered.

2 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Identify the following responsibilities of the primary unit responding to a crime in progress: A. Officer Safety: 1. On scene tactical advantage a. Cover and concealment b. Contact and cover 2. Preparing for the Stress Response a. The survival will b. Fight or Flight c. Perceptual distortions

3 CRIMES IN PROGRESS d. Parasympathetic backlash e. The feedback loop f. Coping mechanisms B. Formulation of flexible plan 1. Knowledge of assigned area 2. Methods of response (considerations) a. Distance to crime scene b. Traffic conditions (school zones, construction etc.) c. Proceed directly to scene as quickly, safely and silently as possible

4 CRIMES IN PROGRESS d. Use best direction for tactical approach/and use proper emergency procedures e. Park and observe 3. Implementation of tactical driving skills C. Coordination of other units 1. Communication with approaching units 2. Coordination of resources

5 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Identify the following responsibilities of a back up officer when responding to an officer request for assistance. A. Nature of incident 1. Call for service (assigned as back-up) 2. Officer request - normal 3. Officer request - Urgent (998, 999) B. Where to respond; primary dispatch scene, perimeters and/or accident scenes C. Hazards involved 1. Weapons 2. Past history with law enforcement (assaults, etc.)

6 CRIMES IN PROGRESS 3. Officers personal knowledge of suspects or locations D. Number of people involved 1. Suspects (in custody & outstanding) 2. Contact and cover responsibilities 3. Victims 4. Witnesses and bystanders

7 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Identify the following criteria an officer should use to base the selection of a route and method of response to a crime in progress. A. Distance to location of crime B. Best direction from which to approach C. Traffic situation D. Time of day E. Condition of route F. Criticality of situation

8 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Identify the following tactical considerations for securing the scene of a crime-in-progress. A. Coordinate routing and positioning with other responding units B. Contain the scene C. Apprehend suspect/s D. Initial crime broadcast

9 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Identify the following tactics and officer safety consideration for responding to the following types of alarms. A. Type of alarm 1. Property (burglary, vehicle) 2. Personal (Robbery, Panic, Medical) B. Time of day C. Alarm Function 1. Silent (monitored) 2. Audible (monitored or unmonitored)

10 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Given a written, verbal, or visual description of a building search, identify appropriate actions consistent with the following tactics and officer safety consideration. A. Establish a perimeter and plan the search B. Search outside of building for point of entry as a team, utilizing contact and cover tactics C. Consider resources (air-unit, canine, additional perimeter officers) D. Attempt to contact the owner for a key and information about the building E. Inform other units before entering the building

11 CRIMES IN PROGRESS F. When searching a building at night, decide on appropriate use of lights G. Enter and search with a minimum of two officer team, one supplying cover H. Use only one entrance (single entry point) I. Check behind all doors and search any area large enough to conceal a suspect J. Search multi-story buildings one floor at a time K. Do not abandon search until all areas have been searched for additional suspects L. Building entry tactics

12 CRIMES IN PROGRESS 1. Plan building entry 2. Pause and listen before and after entry 3. Avoid the fatal funnel 4. Avoid backlighting 5. Assess situation and move to cover M. Building entry techniques 1. Crisis Cross 2. Button Hook 3. Limited 4. Modified

13 CRIMES IN PROGRESS N. Building search tactics 1. Utilize the slicing the pie technique 2. Use available lighting, unless it puts you at a tactical disadvantage 3. Communicate with partner 4. Pause and listen throughout search 5. Utilize contact and cover tactics to negotiate hallways, intersections and stairwells 6. Be aware of small rooms and adjoining rooms 7. Be constantly aware of surrounding

14 CRIMES IN PROGRESS O. Use a systematic search method 1. Announce prior to entry 2. Dont forget to look up 3. First floor first, second floor second, basements last P. Suspect Contact 1. Verbally challenge and handcuff suspect from cover 2. Do not chase a fleeing suspect further into the building 3. Do not chase a fleeing suspect out of a building

15 CRIMES IN PROGRESS 4. Call an additional unit to secure the suspect and take him outside of the building, then continue the search from the point of suspect contact 5. Search using the one plus theory - where there is one suspect, there is another

16 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Given a written, verbal or visual description of an outdoor area search, identify appropriate actions consistent with the following tactics and officer safety consideration. A. Consider the type of incident B. Estimate the size of the area to be searched C. Consider available resources (k-9, air-unit, additional officers) D. Plan for deployment E. Establish a perimeter is feasible F. Develop a flexible search plan G. Identify time element

17 CRIMES IN PROGRESS H. Identify track, direction and mode of travel I. Maintain communication

18 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Given a written, verbal or visual description of a suspicious person (prowler), vehicle or activity call, identify appropriate actions consistent with the following tactics and officer safety considerations. A. Coordinate responding units B. Use a quick, silent approach C. Contain the area D. Contact the informant/RP to verify complaint and obtain additional information E. Search the contained area

19 CRIMES IN PROGRESS F. Look & Listen for tell tale signs (ft. prints, barking dogs, warm vehicles, etc.) G. Apprehend suspect/s H. Initiate crime broadcast I. Look for suspicious person or vehicle in area

20 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Given a written, verbal or visual description of a burglary in progress, identify appropriate actions consistent with the following tactics and officer safety considerations. A. Use a quick silent approach B. Consider available resources (k-9, air-unit, additional officers) C. Contain the scene (determine perimeter type) D. Decide whether to search immediate area/building E. Apprehend suspect/s (remember the one plus one theory) F. Secure the scene

21 CRIMES IN PROGRESS G. Initiate crime broadcast H. Protect evidence I. Look for suspicious person or vehicle in area

22 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Given a written, verbal, or visual description of a response to an armed robbery confrontation, identify appropriate actions consistent with the following tactics, the appropriate use of cover and concealment and officer safety considerations. A. Watch for suspicious people, activities, and vehicle/s B. Know the dynamics of an armed confrontation C. Properly evaluate the risks D. Approach using cover E. Have a crisis rehearsal plan F. Know appropriate survival skills

23 CRIMES IN PROGRESS G. Scrutinize area from cover H. Encounter suspects from cover I. Maintain good cover

24 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Given a written, verbal, or visual description of a robbery in progress, identify appropriate actions consistent with the following tactics and officer safety consideration. A. Determine approach method B. Attempt to intercept fleeing suspects along common or easily accessible escape routes C. Park out of view and approach the scene using good cover D. Establish a perimeter (determine type) E. Plan for deployment, consider available resources (k-9, air-unit, additional officers)

25 CRIMES IN PROGRESS F. Contain the scene, do not enter the building if the suspect is inside. G. Initiate crime broadcast, communicate appropriate vital information in (ATL) - Attempt to locate H. Apprehend suspect/s I. Watch for additional suspects (one plus theory) J. Secure the scene and protect evidence K. Look for suspicious person/s or vehicle/s in area

26 CRIMES IN PROGRESS P.O I. Given a written, verbal or visual description of a hostage or barricade situation, identify appropriate actions consistent with the following tactics and officer safety considerations. A. Determine validity of call B. Approach calmly and quietly using cover and concealment C. Contain the scene, set up inner and outer perimeter D. Request appropriate assistance (SWAT, negotiator) E. Follow department policy regarding communication with the suspect

27 CRIMES IN PROGRESS F. Do not make any promises or agreements with the suspect/s, but assert that others in route have negotiating authority G. Establish communications with other units H. Coordinate arriving unit

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