Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

5 question quiz on Chapter 6

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "5 question quiz on Chapter 6"— Presentation transcript:

1 5 question quiz on Chapter 6
Name one primary agent of political socialization. What ideology is this?: People who believe government tries to do too many things that should be left to private interests and economic markets. True or False: Men and women tend to have the same views on abortion. I am a if I believe that government intervenes in too many things – both socially and economically. The larger the sample size, the smaller the (two words).

2 Public Opinion & Political Socialization
How do we form political opinions? How are our opinions measured? Do our opinions matter? Should public opinion control policy?

3 INSTA-POLL Question 1 How much do you support the troops? Lots Plenty
Totally 110%

4 INSTA-POLL Question 2 How many poll responses do you usually read before they start to get annoying? One does the trick I don’t mind if there are two Three is a perfectly appropriate number Around four they start to get a bit grating Five, I would say, is probably pushing it Six responses is definitely too many At seven, I really get angry I will destroy you

5 What are the origins of public opinion?
Public opinion is the attitudes and values people have about issues and events that they share publicly In the political realm, most Americans value equality of opportunity, liberty, democracy, and self-government How a person perceives the above values forms their political ideology So how are these beliefs formed?

6 Political Socialization: How People “Learn” Politics
Primary Agents of Socialization: Family: 2/3 of children have the same beliefs as their parents Like religion (or the family’s favorite sports team) School: Elementary School: Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and others hailed as national heroes; pledge of allegiance, national holidays, national anthem Middle School: More nuanced, but still emphasis on leaders and institutions High School: Political processes, equality in the classroom

7 Secondary Agents of Socialization
Social Groups Voluntary: Religion, professional groups, etc. Involuntary: Gender, age, race, ethnicity, etc. Higher Ed: increases tolerance to unpopular opinions and general political awareness; political activism Income: Higher income values more personal choice; lower income values more government control Region or “Red” and “Blue” America: Red America tends to be more rural than Blue America. Race: Is the “minority experience” in America different than the “white” experience? Click Here Gender (Gap): Women tend to be against war and military action; Men tend to be against affirmative action and social welfare programs Click here Media: The media creates a lens (sometimes skewed), through which we believe is true of society

8 Race Relations in America
Black Responses White Responses

9 Men and Women: War and Peace
Government Action Men % Approving of Action Women %Approving of Action Going to war against Iraq (2003) 66 50 Prefer cease fire over NATO air strikes on Yugoslavia (1999) 44 51 Ending ban on DADT in (1993) 34 Military operation against Somali warlord 72 60 Going to war against Iraq (1991) 53 What about abortion? Men and Women are generally equally split pro-choice and pro-life

10 How do we frame what we think?
Political Ideology

11 Extra Credit Go to
Take the quiz, answer all the extended questions too. me the results by Sunday, October 28th at midnight. You get extra credit!

12 Party Identification A person’s sense of loyalty to one party or the other 2/3 of Americans call themselves Dems or Repubs Most loyalty lasts a lifetime Dems and Repubs differ significantly in their opinion Number one predictor of how people will vote Selective perception . . . Do we choose to watch/listen to/pay attention to those who speak our gospel? The Daily Show Lactate Intolerance

13 Partisanship and Issue Opinions

14 Political Ideology Consistent opinions about policy goals (rarely are we consistent) Economic and social policy questions What should be the government’s role in the economy? In social/cultural issues? Typically, Conservatives prefer less government intervention in the economy but want to use government power to uphold traditional cultural values The reverse is true of liberals

15 Garbage In, Garbage Out. Political Polling

16 Some key concepts about political polling
Random Sampling – everyone has an equal chance of being polled Probability Sampling: About 1000 people is a big enough sample to represent the entire population of the US Sampling Error: the plus/minus factor for each poll; and each question Gallup polls have correctly predicted every presidential election since (except one: 1948) Exit polls: polling that measures election returns; can affect western time zones Straw polls: polling that informally measures a future outcome; like a caucus

17 Other polling concepts
Bellwether Districts/States Districts or States that predict actual election outcomes with a high degree of accuracy Ohio

18 Obama’s Presidential Approval Ratings

19 What causes presidential approval ratings to increase or decrease?
What Increases Ratings What Decreases Ratings Economic conditions if good After a major political event “The Bounce” McCain went from 45% to 50% after conventions Romney and the first debate: 36% had a better opinion of Romney after debate (18% for Obama) Use of the media, spin State of the Union, Addresses, etc. Crises: “rally around the flag” effect Economic conditions if bad Scandal Foreign policy if things are going bad Over time, ratings generally decrease

20 Clinton’s Job Approval Ratings

21 Bush’s Job Approval Ratings

22 Limitations of polls The change of phone use over time
Asking questions on issues not considered by the person being polled Lying Question wording Question order: MPI Polls are funded by groups who have an interest in knowing certain information

23 Double Barreled Questions
Questions that group topics may weaken results, consider the following: Please tell me whether you would vote for or against a candidate who supports reducing federal funding spending on education and welfare

24 Loaded Questions (Push Polling)
"John McCain calls the campaign finance system corrupt, but as chairman of the Senate Commerce Committee, he raises money and travels on the private jets of corporations with legislative proposals before his committee. In view of this, are you much more likely to vote for him, somewhat more likely to vote for him, somewhat more likely to vote against him or much more likely to vote against him?"

25 Confusing Questions Does it seem possible or does it seem impossible to you that the Holocaust never happened? What does “yes” mean?

26 Reliability Check Case Study: Abortion Question Construction Matters; Consider the following
With respect to the abortion issue, would you consider yourself to be pro- choice or pro-life? (2005, CNN/USA Today Poll) 51% Pro-choice 42% Pro-life 3% Mixed/Neither 3% Don’t know what that term means 1% No opinion This is considered a “dichotomous question,” because there are really only two responses

27 What happens when the wording and options are changed?
Do you think abortion should be legal under any circumstances, legal only in certain circumstances, or illegal in all circumstances? (2005, Gallup Poll) 23% Legal under any circumstances 53% Legal only under certain circumstances 22% Illegal in all circumstances 2% No opinion How have the results changed from the first question to this one? When there are three options, the public takes the middle ground (in this case)

28 Outcomes change again, with a new question:
Which of the following best represents your views about abortion – the choice on abortion should be left up to the woman and her doctor, abortion should be legal only in cases of rape, incest, or when the woman’s life is at risk, or abortion should be illegal in all circumstances? (2005 NBC News/WSJ Poll) 55% Should be left up to the woman and her doctor 29% Legal only in cases of rape/incest/life is at risk 14% Illegal in all circumstances 2% Not sure

29 Our test: Placement of the MPI question
First on yellow sheet; last on blue sheet Opinion of Congress (Yellow)/President (Blue) Hypothesis is that opinion of Congress will be lower than the President Whether there is a gender gap Will females and males differ in their responses?

30 2011-2012: Right/Wrong Direction, Male/Female

31 2011-2012: Obama Approval, Male/Female

32 2011-2012: Congress Approval, Male/Female

33 Obama/Congress, Men/Women, Approval

34 Obama/Congress: Immigration

35 Obama/Congress: Healthcare

36 Obama/Congress: Economy

37 MOST PRESSING ISSUE 2011-2012 Yellow Sheet (first question)
Blue Sheet (last question) Economy Unemployment Healthcare Economy Jobs Healthcare

38 Period 6 Overall Results (Yellow Sheet) 2010-2011

39 Period 6 Overall Results (Blue Sheet) 2010-2011

40 Period 7 Overall Results: (Yellow Sheet) 2010-2011

41 Period 7 Results: (Blue Sheet) 2010-2011

42 Blue v. Yellow: Obama’s ratings v. Congress’ ratings

43 Top Four Most Pressing Issues 2010-2011
Yellow Sheet P. 6 Blue Sheet P. 6 Economy Healthcare I don’t know War Economy Healthcare War Education

44 Most Pressing Issue Period 7
Yellow Sheet p.7 Blue Sheet p.7 Economy Healthcare Immigration War Healthcare Economy Border Issues Budget

45 So, do public opinion polls really matter?
They do: Study of 50 years of polling data shows that when public opinion changes, policy usually changed too Between 1935 and 1979, in two-thirds of all cases, policy changes followed the mood of the public So do politicians pander to the public?

46 They don’t. (Most of the time.)
Some issues are too sharply divided Abortion Illegal Immigration Some issues are too complex for consistent opinion Federal Budget Some issues are misunderstood War in Iraq Healthcare legislation “Occupy Wall Street” Chicken and egg: Does opinion influence policy or does policy influence opinion? The problem is that neither are “fixed.”

47 Congress and Public Opinion
Congress members’ voting decisions are enhanced by public opinion polls when: Congress members perceive that they have a duty to their constituents to represent their constituents’ wishes Congress members have an ambition to get re-elected Congress members voting decisions are limited by public opinion polls when: Congress members want to avoid being perceived as indecisive by their supporters Congress members want to avoid losing the support of their party

48 So, after all that, how do you answer the following?
How do we form political opinions? How are our opinions measured? Do our opinions matter? Does public opinion control policy?

Download ppt "5 question quiz on Chapter 6"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google