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ISO based Integration of Geoinformation in Germany for European Spatial Data Infrastructure Hans Knoop, Germany ISO/TC 211 – CEN/TC 287 - DIN Advisory.

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Presentation on theme: "ISO based Integration of Geoinformation in Germany for European Spatial Data Infrastructure Hans Knoop, Germany ISO/TC 211 – CEN/TC 287 - DIN Advisory."— Presentation transcript:

1 ISO based Integration of Geoinformation in Germany for European Spatial Data Infrastructure Hans Knoop, Germany ISO/TC 211 – CEN/TC DIN Advisory Group on Outreach of ISO/TC 211 Standards in Action Workshop ISO/TC rd meeting in Riyadh, KSA - November 13, 2006

2 ISO based Integration of Geoinformation in Germany for European Spatial Data Infrastructure Hans Knoop, Germany Technical University of Braunschweig DIN German Institute for Standardization, Head of Section 03 Head of German Delegation and Co-Chair, Advisory Groups on Outreach, to ISO/TC211 and CEN/TC287 Representative of ISPRS to ISO/TC211 Formerly Ministry of the Intereor of Lower Saxony Advisory Group on Outreach of ISO/TC 211 Standards in Action Workshop ISO/TC rd meeting in Riyadh, KSA - November 13, 2006

3 Agenda Introduction International Standardization (ISO/TC211, OGC,…) European Standardization (CEN/TC287) Europe (INSPIRE) Germany (AAA-System) Benefits of Standardization Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

4 Agenda Introduction International Standardization (ISO/TC211, OGC,…) European Standardization (CEN/TC287) Europe (INSPIRE) Germany (AAA-System) Benefits of Standardization Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

5 Standardization Pyramid International Standards European Standards National Standards Defacto-Standards Inhouse-Standards DIN, AFNOR, BSI, SNV, ANSI... CEN, CENELEC, ETSI ISO, IEC Problemoriented generic solutions requiring general acceptance Closest approximation to the state of the art Binding within the company Consensus- oriented Importance Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

6 National - Regional - Global Standards & Spatial Data Infrastructure Standards Infrastructure Spatial Data Infrastructures Standards Technology Data Policy Institutional Framework Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

7 Federal Government National City State County Standards & Spatial Data Infrastructure Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

8 Standards & Spatial Data Infrastructure National Regional Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

9 Standards & Spatial Data Infrastructure Regional National Global Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

10 Mission Promote the awareness, adoption, and advocacy of ISO/TC 211 standards in user communities. ISO/TC 211 Advisory Group on Outreach Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

11 CEOS, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites DGIWG, Digital Geographic Information Working Group EPSG, European Petroleum Survey Group FIG, International Federation of Surveyors GSDI, Global Spatial Data Infrastructure IAG, International Association of Geodesy ICA, International Cartographic Association ICAO, International Civil Aviation Organization IEEE, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society IHB, International Hydrographic Bureau ISCGM, International Steering Committee for Global Mapping ISPRS, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing JRC, Joint Research Centre, European Commission OGC, Open Geospatial Consortium User Communities Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

12 User Communities PCGIAP, Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific UNECE Economic Commission for Europe, Statistical Division UNFAO Food and Agriculture Organization UNGEGN, United Nations Group of Experts on Geographic Names UNGIWG, United Nations Geographic Information Working Group WMO, World Meteorological Organization PCIDEA, Permanent Committee on Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Americas SCAR, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research CEN/TC 287, Geographic information … All these enumerated user communities are the external liaison organizations to ISO/TC 211 Geographic information / Geomatics Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

13 ISO/TC 211 & OGC 1994 ISO/TC de jure formal standards technical committee OGC - de facto industry technical specifications OGC - ISO/TC 211 Class A Liaison status ISO/TC 211 & OGC Joint Advisory Group (JAG) ISO standardization of OGC specifications: Simple Features Access, Web Mapping Server Interface Jointly develop the Imagery & gridded data Reference Model, Framework, and the OGC Sensor Markup Language Geography Markup Language (GML) etc. Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

14 UNFAO - UN/Food and Agricultural Organisation LCCS Land Cover Classification System GLCN Global Land Cover Network Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

15 Agenda Introduction International Standardization (ISO/TC211, OGC,…) European Standardization (CEN/TC287) Europe (INSPIRE) Germany (AAA-System) Benefits of Standardization Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

16 INSPIRE EUROGEOGRAPHICS CEN/TC 287 reestablished 10./11. November 2003 Plenary 1 Working Group Advisory Group on Outreach Regional Activities European New Activities Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

17 Implications of Standards Initial International Interoperability INSPIRE INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe European Spatial Data Infrastructure ISO/TC 211 & Open Geospatial Consortium standards & specifications Europe - initial interoperability testing ground Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

18 History CEN/TC 287 CEN/TC 287 first period results – 8 ENVs: – Reference Model, Spatial Schema, Quality, Metadata, Transfer, Geographic Identifiers, Position, Rules for Application Schema – 4 reports: – Query and Update: Spatial Aspects, Overview, Vocabulary, Conceptual Schema Language Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

19 ISO/TC CEN/TC 287 All member bodies voting obligation Enquiry Formal Vote EN Compulsory standards Withdrawal of conflicting national standards P and O members DIS FDIS IS Voluntary standards Conflicting national standards possible Differences ISO - CEN Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

20 Agenda Introduction International Standardization (ISO/TC211, OGC,…) European Standardization (CEN/TC287) Europe (INSPIRE) Germany (AAA-System) Benefits of Standardization Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

21 Agenda GSDI in Europe - INSPIRE Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

22 Memorandum of understanding between Commissioners Wallstróm, Solbes, Busquin 11 April 2002 The European Sustainable Development Strategy advocates a new approach to policy-making through more coherence in the Community policies. An information base that provides detailed relevant harmonised spatial information for different policy areas and that is commonly accessible could significantly contribute to this objective. Currently, exploitation of the potential of GI is hampered by lack of standards, of data and of a coherent data policy. A Community initiative to address these difficulties could unlock a vast potential of information and information services... Standardisation of GI services would furthermore open up new ways of communication, narrowing the gap between Europe and its citizens. © 2005 by ies Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

23 Data policy restrictions –pricing, copyright, access rights, licensing policy Lack of co-ordination –across boarders –between levels of government Lack of standards and their use –incompatible information –incompatible information systems –fragmentation of information –redundancy Lack of data Geo-spatial and Environmental information in Europe: State of the Art EU has islands of data of different standards and quality... In summary: no infrastructure © 2005 by ies Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

24 Overall context Increasing calls for more information to support environmental policies at European and MS level Difficulties to manage existing information flows and obtain timely, accurate and policy-relevant information Need to take into account differentiation across regions with respect to the state of the environment Revision of approach to reporting and monitoring, moving to concept of sharing of information Spatial information plays a special role: early action needed EC Proposal COM(2004) 516 for a Directive establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the Community - INSPIRE © 2005 by ies Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

25 Current Situation From Commission proposal to Community Directive implementation - 3 phases: –Preparatory phase ( ) Co-decision procedure Preparation of Implementing Rules –Transposition phase ( ) Directive enters into force Transposition into national legislation INSPIRE Committee starts its activities Adoption of Implementation Rules by Committology –Implementation phase ( ) implementation and monitoring of measures © 2005 by ies Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

26 Commission Services co-ordinate Spatial Data Interest Communities participate Projects contribute Drafting Teams Consolidation Team Proto- types test Pilots validate CEN, ISO, OGC contribute INSPIRE Expert Group advises INSPIRE Committee votes EC adopts Public reviews Implementing Rules Draft Implementing Rules Formal Internet Consultation Review Call for InterestExisting Reference Material Experts are proposed Association phaseDrafting phaseReview phase LMOs re-view MS apply Relevant international initiatives © 2005 by ies

27 Conclusions GI Technology is basis for GSDI National GDIs being established INSPIRE supports GDI on European and national level Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

28 Agenda Introduction International Standardization (ISO/TC211, OGC,…) European Standardization (CEN/TC287) Europe (INSPIRE) Germany (AAA-System) Benefits of Standardization Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

29 Agenda Implementation: Geobasisdata and GSDI Development in Germany First Generation of Geoinformationsystem 1971 Second Generation, the AAA-System (AFIS/ALKIS/ATKIS), Paradigm Shift 1997 Application of ISO/TC 211 Standards Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

30 Demand of Spatial Information finance/tax licensed surveyer building office mining office environment protection communication forestry health owner economy architecture planning engineering construction company mining company nature protection landconsolidation road-construction soil research water railway post energy supply gas water insurance broadcasting cooperation static research science fire-rescue police politicans municipaltiy privacy settlement company cadastre/ landregister state survey LANDINFORMATION Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

31 Philosophy Laws/Regulations Organisation Techniques Qualified Staff Main Criteria for Systems Economicalness Standardization Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

32 Completeness Up-to-Dateness Availability/Supply Accuracy Criteria for Data Quality Economicalness Standardization Establishment Actualisation Availability/Supply Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

33 Innovation Cycles of Innovation Hardware 2-5 years (overestimated) Software 5-10 years (underestimated) Manpower years (disregarded) Data > 20 years (underestimated, most important) Relations of Costs Hardware – Software – Data = 10 – Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

34 State Survey Data on the whole state territory with topographic items and information on terrain in ATKIS object-related: settlements, traffic, waters, vegetation, areas, land forms Real Estate Cadastre Inventory of all real estate, valuation Geometric (illustrative) data, boundaries, descriptive data, land use, data on ownership, topographic features... in ALB parcel-related in ALK layer-structured Traditional Land Records © Adv Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

35 History STATE SURVEY 18 th Century Trigonometry Topography Cartography military mapping CADASTRE 18 th and 19 th Century Land Distribution and Registering 19 th Century Tax Cadastre 1873 Central Directory for Surveying Order: Cadastre has to be referred and connected to State Survey German Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch) Official Landregistration (Grundbuch) with Cadastre Map and alphanumerical data as reference (Real Estate Cadastre) 1900 History/Development Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

36 Starting as Tax Cadastre, later Property Cadastre Official register (reference) for Landregister (de facto since 1872) Nowadays: Multipurpose Cadastre, Basis for all spatial related Informationsystems History (II) of Landregistration Real Estate Cadastre Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

37 Landregister (II) Precondition of every acquisition of real estate Registration compulsory Principle of application Principle of registration Garantie for correctness of data (§ 891 BGB) Public trust of contents and form (§ 892 BGB) Effect of Landregistration Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

38 Real Estate Cadastre Real Estate Book (ALB, alphanumerical data) Identifier of parcel Coordinate of parcel Location Area Real Use Public legal data (Soil Assessment) Other data Real Estate Map (ALK, geometric data) Presentation of parcels, exact in location and scale Parcel boundaries Real Use Results of Soil Assessment Public restrictions Other Data Surveying data (elements) Calculated coordinates Results of surveying activities Not for public information Real Estate Cadastre Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

39 Land- Register Real Estate Cadastre Original data of Landregister Original data of Real Estate Section 1 Register of Real Estate Ownership Data Real Estate Data System of Landregistration Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

40 History/Development 1924 Committee for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre Implemementation of Gauß-Krüger-System Cadastre to be referred to State Survey Unification of Cadastre and State Survery definitely New Basic Law for Surveying and Cadastre for all Germany Verification and Standardization Organization Laws/Legal/Technical Regulation Assessment for Tax Implementation Control Network ONE GERMAN SYSTEM Housing Tax (Hauszinssteuer) Federal Republic of Germany AdV and 10 States and Feral Agency (IfAG) Adoption of First German Geoinformation system (Cadastre (ALB, ALK) and Topography (ATKIS)) Reunification AdV 16 States + Federal Agency (IfAG, BKG) - 11/89 AdV Second Generation of Geoinformationsystems for unified Cadastre and Topography (AFIS/ALKIS/ATKIS) Geobasisdata GSDI Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

41 ALBALK ATATKKIISSATATKKIISSKIS Conversion Of Paper-Based Maps To Digital Datasets In Germany Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

42 Paradigm Shift Since 1997: Concept of AdV for Modelling of Geoinformation of the Official Surveying and Mapping Cornerstones Integrated maintenance of graphic data and descriptive data Constant object view Data maintenance without redundancies User profile according to data protection legislation Focus on customers Economicalness of the concept Integration of Cadastre Map and Register (ALK and ALB) Harmonisation of Cadastre and Topographic Mapping (ALKIS-ATKIS) Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

43 Target System Only one data model for Spatial Reference System AFIS Real Estate Cadastre ALKIS Topography ATKIS 3A - base schema, one 3A - application schema NAS = standard-based data exchange format Co-ordinated data capture, maintenance and supply/delivery Geospatial Base Data Information Management (GIM) Implementation (stage-wise realisation) Uniform geospatial base datasets for Germany Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

44 AFIS ATKIS ALKIS Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

45 ALKIS ® /ATKIS ® - Reference Model ALKIS- data ATKIS- DLM Landscape Orthophotos Maps and other documents TIFF, DXF,... Prescription level Digital ALKIS- excerpts Paper-based ALKIS- excerpts Production level Communication level ATKIS- DTK Topogra- phical Map Users of paper excerpts Users of object- structured data Users of processed information to be reproduced in data capture processed toprinted as NAS : standard-orientated data exchange format ALKIS-ATKIS-Object Catalogue data capture add. data settles supplied to describes Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

46 Uniform Geospatial Base Data Buildings and Dwellings Land Use + Special Vegetation Terrain Contours Substantial Structural Facilities without buildings and dwellings Land Parcels Uniform Geodetic Reference System - Position, Height, Gravity - Public Restrictions, Encumbrances or other features Information on Ownership ALKIS AFIS ATKIS Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

47 Products from ALK / ALKIS and ATKIS Real Estate Map AK 5 ALK TÜK 250 DTK 250 DTK 500 ÜK 500 DLM 250 JOG 250 DTK 1000 IWK 1000 DLM 1000 IWK 1000 TK 10 TK 25 TK 25 DTK 10 DTK 25 DTK 25 DLM B DLM B DGK 5 TK 50 TK 100 DTK 50 DTK 100 DLM 50 Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

48 Use of Modern Communication Structures - Internet services - E-Commerce - E-Government Digital World - Data models - Object catalogues - Data exchange formats Networking - Nation-wide, uniform structure - Integrated approach - Federal Government - States - Local Authorities - Administration - Business Coordination/Standards - Coordinating bodies - Standards - Industry Standards New Requirements Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

49 G2C B2C Business Citizen Administration G2B Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

50 Geodata Management Topography from Digital Landscape Models Additional cartographic information Buildings from Real Estate Maps (ALK) Relief from Digital Terrain Models dtm atk dtk dlm Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

51 Use of Geoinformation Importance of geoinformation Thorough strategy for state, regions and municipalities Development of geoinformation and SDI Transfer to business Easier access to geodata Revision of Legal Situation Political Decision Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

52 Paradigm Shift Economicalness Much of the information redundant in register and map Multiple acquisition and maintenance of information Customer Requirements Users expect geoinformation usable in a flexible manner and integrated service delivery Nation-wide Uniformity of Datasets Increasing importance (also in a European context) Decision of the German Bundestag on the use of GI Harmonisation at state borders Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

53 Separation of Germany 1949/1961 Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

54 Reunification 1989/1990 Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

55 German Official Map System Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG) ATKIS DLM 200 DLM : : : : 1 Mio. State survey office ATKIS DLM 25 DLM 50 Topographic map (TK 25) TK 50 TK : : : Cadastral officeALKCadastral map German basic map (DGK 5) 1 : (500) 1 : digital systemanaloque mapscale Topographic map (TÜK 200) TÜK 250 TÜK 500 Intern. World map Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

56 AFIS ATKIS ALKIS Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

57 Spatial-Related Information System GEOBASE INFORMATION SYSTEM With Official geodetic reference system REAL ESTATE (Parcels and buildings) GEOTOPOGRAPHY REAL ESTATE CADASTRE Elements number mapalpha numeric register COMPILATION OF ARIAL PHOTOGRAPHS arial photo- graphs digital photo- graphs TOPOGRA- PHICAL SURVAY DLM Digital Landscape Model AUTHORITATIVE TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS DKM Digital Cartogr. Model raster data map prints ALK Automated Legal Map ALB Automated Cadastral Inventory ATKIS TM Authoritative Topographic Cartographic Information System ALKIS TM Authoritative Real Estate Information System I n t e g r a t i o n Spatial (Area)-related information systems of specialized applications | Client Database Specialized Communikation (processing, further application) Surveying and cadastral administation Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

58 Requirements for a ESDI Harmonized geodetic reference Metadata for discovery of existing data Harmonized geodata and geo-services Bundle geodata and geo-services within one European portal Handle access rights and licensing policies for all users Controlling and monitoring of the implementation within the EU member states Methodology for building up a ESDI (considering process, consensus process, decision making etc.) Keep data where it is collected and maintained and make it accessible for other using geo-web services (WMS, WFS etc.) All these issues are addressed by the INSPIRE framework directive and the implementation rules A European spatial data infrastructure basically needs (strategic view) Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

59 Preconditions for a SDI (data modelling view) Model-driven approach for describing the data Semantic harmonization of the existing data as far as possible and sufficient (feature catalogues) Application of the ISO standards for data modelling and encoding Implementation of metadata information systems for discovery and access to the data Implementation of interoperable web services for data access distribution (ISO, OGC) Operational issues (registries etc.) Legal issues (data sharing, IPR etc.) Pricing AAA data model Contribution of the AAA Model to the European SDI Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

60 Model-driven Approach is promoted for a ESDI Recommendations are listed in the Technical Report CEN/TR Geographic information - Standards, specifications, technical reports and guidelines, required to implement Spatial Data Infrastructures Unified Modelling Language (UML) Use international Standards Determine ISO-profiles for specific domains Generic Structure of the AAA data model Baseline for thematic application schemas: The AAA Basic Schema Data about data: Metadata AdV Web Services Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

61 Components of the AFIS-ALKIS-ATKIS-Data model Data exchange interface NAS (standard based data exchange interface AAA basic schema as profile of ISO that specifies common used data elements (e.g. geometric primitives) UML ALKIS feature catalogue automated creation by using a tool (Rational Rose script) ATKIS feature catalogue AAA thematical schema UML interface xxx xxx- feature catalogue Thematical schema xxx Generic Structure of the AAA data model Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

62 Conclusions The AAA data model with the basic schema offers a thematic- independent and generic model framework that can be a baseline for modelling of other thematic domain data models. That will help to standardise the geoinformation in Germany. A SDI for geoinformation (not just geodata) needs an exact and transparent definition of the sharable data. Therefore the same methodology as defined with the AAA data model can be used. The AdV offers support by using the UML tools for defining the data model and deriving the data exchange interface. Specific guidelines have been published on the AdV home page. The AdV guaranties maintenance at least until The AAA data model consequently meets the requirements of a data-centric view on a SDI. INSPIRE is going to implement a similar modelling methodology based on ISO standards. The success of the AAA data model bases on the consequent use of international GI standards from ISO. Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

63 Agenda Introduction International Standardization (ISO/TC211, OGC,…) European Standardization (CEN/TC287) Europe (INSPIRE) Germany (AAA-System) Benefits of Standardization Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

64 Economic Benefits of Standardisation - Summary of results - The benefit to the national economy amounts to more than US $ 15 bn per year Standards contribute more to economic growth than patents and licences Companies that participate actively in standards work have a head start on their competitors in adapting to market demands and new technologies. Transaction costs are lower when European and International Standards are used. Research risks and development costs are reduced for companies contributing to the standardization process. Standardization Benefits Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006

65 Hans Knoop tel fax mobile Questions & Discussion Thank you! Hans Knoop ISO-based Integration of Geoinformation for European Spatial Data Infrastructure in Germany Riyadh, November 13, 2006


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