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PowerPoint ® Presentation Chapter 1 Construction Documents Construction Professionals Working Drawings and Specifications Prints Drafting Methods.

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Presentation on theme: "PowerPoint ® Presentation Chapter 1 Construction Documents Construction Professionals Working Drawings and Specifications Prints Drafting Methods."— Presentation transcript:

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2 PowerPoint ® Presentation Chapter 1 Construction Documents Construction Professionals Working Drawings and Specifications Prints Drafting Methods

3 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Construction professionals, such as architects and contractors, utilize working drawings and specifications to coordinate their efforts in building a structure.

4 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Plot plans show the shape and size of the building lot and location and shape of the house. Floor plans show the shapes, sizes, and relationships of rooms.

5 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Floor plans show the shapes, sizes, and relationships of rooms.

6 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Elevations show the sizes and shapes of exterior walls, interior walls, and partitions.

7 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Sections show features revealed by a cutting plane.

8 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Details show special features of plans as elevation or section views.

9 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Title blocks include the sheet number, architect or design firm name, owner, and other pertinent information.

10 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Specifications include information such as the materials used in the construction and the responsibilities of those involved.

11 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Original drawings are produced using either conventional drafting or CAD. Working drawings are printed using a wide- format printer.

12 Chapter 1 Construction Documents LED printers use light-emitting diodes to project light onto a photoreceptive drum enabling fast production of detailed working drawings.

13 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Conventional drafting tools include T squares, triangles, scales, and pencils. Drafting instruments, such as dividers, may also be used to create drawings.

14 Chapter 1 Construction Documents The 30°-60° and 45° triangles are used to draw lines 15° apart.

15 Chapter 1 Construction Documents A compass is used to draw arcs and circles. Dividers are used to transfer measurements.

16 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Three types of scales are used to produce scaled drawings. The architects scale is typically used for building trades plans.

17 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Pencil leads range from extremely soft to exceptionally hard.

18 Chapter 1 Construction Documents CAD-generated plans have consistent line weights, symbols, and lettering.

19 Chapter 1 Construction Documents A CAD system includes a keyboard, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, and input devices.

20 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Wide-format LED printers are used to print working drawings. The printers may have an integrated scanner, stacker, or folder.

21 Chapter 1 Construction Documents Building information modeling (BIM) is used to recognize and resolve any inconsistencies or conflicts between various sets of drawings prior to the beginning of construction.


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