2 What are megalithic constructions Types:menhirs – free-standing stonesdolmens - stone tables or corridorscromlechs – arched stone structuresalignments – stone rows, alleys and stone circles.
3 Megalithic civilisation - presence of megalithic construction monuments is the basic feature of this civilisation.These monuments are supposedly remainders of ancient migration of nations. The oldest monuments in Europe are dated in the 6th millennium BC. The nations migrated from unknown regions, probably from east to west, mostly over the sea. There were not found any weapons with the megaliths; this leads to an assumption that the people were not warlike and were persecuted. However, these people had rich knowledge in astronomy, mathematics and geometry, and mastered technology of quarrying, transport and erection of big stone blocks.
4 Megaliths in the Czech Republic Many of them were destroyed, only local names and legends remained after themOthers were relocatedRegions with higher numbers of preserved megaliths- northwest from Praha (districts Louny, Rakovník, etc.)- South Bohemia (district Strakonice)
5 Megaliths in the Czech Republic - northwest from Praha (districts Louny, Rakovník, etc.)
18 Megalitic object in Holíč, Slovakia (48o50´/17o10´)
19 Materials of megalithic monuments Materials of the megaliths is mostly different from materials of the bottom layersThe materials mostly include quartz, pudding stone, gneissThis does not include sandstone, granite
20 Stones with panesAccording to our archaeologists, these stones show natural originSuch stones could be used for fortune-telling; water form them were considered healing or used for other ritualsIllustration: Černé Voděrady, Žihle, and others.
22 Natural stones Various rock formation, glacier boulders, etc. These stones are named in the legends as socalled Devil’s stones, etc.
23 Natural stones Conventional natural quarrying of granite creates an impression of artificial constructions (Žihle, PS)
24 Locations of monuments Some hypotheses say that the megalithic constructions are located on energetic lines of the Earth.The localities, distant even tens of kilometres, show certain connections, given by geometrical or astronomical relations.
31 Astronomical azimuths for Beltine (green lines) and Lugnasad (red lines).
32 Astronomical azimuths for Samain holy days (blue lines) and Imbolc (black lines)
33 Hypotheses on megalith monuments Astronomical construction (prehistoric calendars), corridor graves, overdimensioned dolmens as shelters against flood or ion radiation.Mythology connects all megalithic constructions with supernatural creatures (gods or giants).Megaliths – orientation points for extraterrestrial visitors (frequent occurrence of UFO).Enter into other states of mind (visions, apparitions), drawing of mental energy (shamans, Druids or priests in the past).
34 Hypotheses on megalith monuments Influence human behaviour of e.g. artists and craftsmen.Certain places have certain effects to men; megaliths are marks of these place.The legends say that the stones whisper, heal. Scientific researches shows that ultrasound waves, acoustic vibrations and changes of magnetic field appear in the megaliths before sunrise in solstice days.
35 Destroying of megaliths It began with coming of ChristianitySymbols of a cross protected some stones (Zbuzany, Smečno, etc.)Destroying of megaliths
36 Destroying of megaliths Other destroying continued, if the stones hindered from agricultural or forestry works (foto: Kluček lines)Traces of some stones are preserved only in legends and local namesDestroying of megaliths
37 New “megaliths” (pseudo-megaliths) These are erected by different groups of enthusiasts, however without any systemConstructions on private lands of individuals (Jilem, Sedletín, Mořinka, Špičák, etc.)
38 New set of stones in Northern Bohemia (Jiřetín p. J., district Děčín)
39 Projects of protection Protection of stone rows at Kounov against forestry works – cleaning of the rows from big trees, promotionCooperation with local authorities, archeologistsCooperation with other NNO (educational paths, etc.)
40 Project Kounov – goalscutting down of the ground cover and maintenanceconsolidation of slopesbordering by hedges, construction of lookout terraces
41 Approach of the official archaeology No artefacts are found with megaliths; however, necessary funds are not available for any detailed explorationThis means that conventional dating is not possibleThis leads to lack of interest in these localitiesDisputes were conducted on authenticity or natural origin from the beginning of explorationThis resulted in lack of interest of people in their fate and opened a scope to their destroying
42 International cooperation Exchange of experience among the researchers
43 International cooperation Support of tourismLooking for purposes and causes of the constructions
44 BooksHelšus, J. – Hluštík, A.: Kamenné otazníky aneb Megality v Čechách. Svojtka a Vašut, Praha, 1991Sklenář, K.: Slepé uličky archeologie. Záhady, omyly, podvody, objevy. Mht, Praha, 1995Sklenář, K.: Hromové klíny a hrnce trpaslíků. Z pokladnice české folklórní archeologie. Set out, Praha, 1999Sklenář, K. a kol.: Archeologické památky. Čechy, Morava, Slezsko. Průvodce. Optys, Opava, 1993
45 Books Sklenář, K.: Tanec obrů. Academia, Praha, 1996 Stejskal, M.: Labyrintem tajemna. Paseka, Praha, 1990Svoboda, K.: Tajemné megality. Svědkové doby kamenné. Horizont, Praha, 1990Šarič, R. – Štěpánek, P.: České megality. Průvodce. Materna, Praha, 1999Špůrek, M.: Jehla v kupce sena. Albatros, Praha, 1990Kroupa, P.: Kameny krve a víry. Karpana, Praha 2010
46 Psychotronics and UFO Club Created an Album of megalithic monumentsThe album does not represent any finished work; it includes numerous white spots and certainly false beliefs as well. We will be pleased if you warn us of these mistakes and contribute with your pieces of knowledge and experience.We welcome any information on any possible findings, investigations and results of your visits of these localities.Send your knowledge, comments and findings to our address:Klub psychotroniky a UFO,o.s. Borská 19, Plzeň, CZ ,