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Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. THE VENETIAN HARBOUR OF CHANIA The Venetian harbour of chania is a real ornament for.

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Presentation on theme: "Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. THE VENETIAN HARBOUR OF CHANIA The Venetian harbour of chania is a real ornament for."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. THE VENETIAN HARBOUR OF CHANIA The Venetian harbour of chania is a real ornament for the town and impress all the visitors. It was built from Venetians to protect the town from piratical descents. It is said that the construction that started about 1320,persisted almost 300 years! Approximately in 1526 Venetians started to expand the already existing shipyards, that they subserve for storage and place of fixing ships. From 17 shipyards that existed, today we have only 7 of them, most of them are being used for manifestations. The Venetian harbour has lost its old glamour. Today it is used only for trawlers and fishing boats. At the coastland work lots of clubs and restaurants.

2 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. The Venetian Lighthouse at Chania. This magnificent lighthouse was first built by the Venetians in 1570. The present one owes its origins to the Egyptians who built upon the original base that the Venetians left behind. The lighthouse is made of stone blocks. The lighthouse had undergone several renovation with the most recent one completed in 2006. As of today, it looks as good as new. The lighthouse makes for an awesome sight especially when it is lit up at night. The spotlights start emitting light once darkness envelops the city of Chania and from a distance, it makes for a truly kaleidoscopic vignette. The Venetian Lighthouse at Chania. This magnificent lighthouse was first built by the Venetians in 1570. The present one owes its origins to the Egyptians who built upon the original base that the Venetians left behind. The lighthouse is made of stone blocks. The lighthouse had undergone several renovation with the most recent one completed in 2006. As of today, it looks as good as new. The lighthouse makes for an awesome sight especially when it is lit up at night. The spotlights start emitting light once darkness envelops the city of Chania and from a distance, it makes for a truly kaleidoscopic vignette.

3 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. The Maritime Museum of Crete is housed in the Firkas fortress today. The Maritime Museum of Crete is housed in the Firkas fortress today.Maritime Museum of CreteMaritime Museum of Crete The Union of Crete with Greece in 1913 was celebrated at Firkas Fortress. The Turkish flag was hauled down for the last time and the blue-and-white flag of Greece raised in its place, where it has waved proudly ever since. The Union of Crete with Greece in 1913 was celebrated at Firkas Fortress. The Turkish flag was hauled down for the last time and the blue-and-white flag of Greece raised in its place, where it has waved proudly ever since.Union of Crete with GreeceUnion of Crete with Greece Firkas Fortress has a panoramic view of the Venetian harbour of Chania, and offers a great photo opportunity. Firkas Fortress has a panoramic view of the Venetian harbour of Chania, and offers a great photo opportunity. Until the previous century, under Firkas Fortress was the Kerkelos, the great iron ring to which one end of the chain closing off the harbour mouth was attached. The other end was attached to the lighthouse. Until the previous century, under Firkas Fortress was the Kerkelos, the great iron ring to which one end of the chain closing off the harbour mouth was attached. The other end was attached to the lighthouse. The Firkas Fortress was constructed in 1629 in Chania to protect the Ve- netian harbour entrance from raiders. Firka in Turkish means a military division, and the building was used as the barracks of the Turkish army in Chania. The Firkas Fortress was constructed in 1629 in Chania to protect the Ve- netian harbour entrance from raiders. Firka in Turkish means a military division, and the building was used as the barracks of the Turkish army in Chania.

4 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. The Municipal Market of Chania, the large building of 4000 square meters in a surrounding area of 17.200 square meters, is the "heart" of the city. It is an original building that, apart from a business activity center, also provides a concrete image of the ancient Greek marketplace. The Municipal Market of Chania, the large building of 4000 square meters in a surrounding area of 17.200 square meters, is the "heart" of the city. It is an original building that, apart from a business activity center, also provides a concrete image of the ancient Greek marketplace. The design and construction of the Municipal Market was a time-consuming procedure that started in 1908 and was completed in 1913, the year when Crete was united with Greece. The official opening ceremony was performed by the Prime Minister of Greece, the notorious Elftherios Venizelos, three days after the unification of Crete with Greece, on December 4, 1913. The design and construction of the Municipal Market was a time-consuming procedure that started in 1908 and was completed in 1913, the year when Crete was united with Greece. The official opening ceremony was performed by the Prime Minister of Greece, the notorious Elftherios Venizelos, three days after the unification of Crete with Greece, on December 4, 1913. In general, on the eastern and western part of the market there were butcher shops, on the end of the west arcade there were the fish shops and on the north and south ends there were the fruit and vegetables shops. Few days before the Battle of Crete, on May 1941, a bombing shelter was constructed on the southeast part of the marketIn 1980, the Municipal Market of Chania was declared a protected monument by the Ministry of Culture. In general, on the eastern and western part of the market there were butcher shops, on the end of the west arcade there were the fish shops and on the north and south ends there were the fruit and vegetables shops. Few days before the Battle of Crete, on May 1941, a bombing shelter was constructed on the southeast part of the marketIn 1980, the Municipal Market of Chania was declared a protected monument by the Ministry of Culture.

5 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Eleftherios Venizelos was a Cretan statesman who fought for independence from the Turks and later for union with Greece. He was prime minister of Greece several times and when he died he was byried in this location.From this site in 1897, Cretan revolutionaries raised the Greek flag to symbolize their demand for union with Greece.From this location, the view of Chania is quite outstanding, especially at sunset. The gardens around the graves and the small church of the Profitis Ilias are a popular site for baptisms and weddings during the summer months. Eleftherios Venizelos was a Cretan statesman who fought for independence from the Turks and later for union with Greece. He was prime minister of Greece several times and when he died he was byried in this location.From this site in 1897, Cretan revolutionaries raised the Greek flag to symbolize their demand for union with Greece.From this location, the view of Chania is quite outstanding, especially at sunset. The gardens around the graves and the small church of the Profitis Ilias are a popular site for baptisms and weddings during the summer months.

6 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. The Samaria Gorge is in west Crete, in the White Mountains. It is the longest gorge in Europe, with a length of 18 kilometres. Samaria or the Samaria Gorge is one of the main sights of Crete. The locals call it the Farangas or Great Gorge, both in admiration at its beauty and to differentiate it from the many other, smaller gorges of Crete. The gorge starts at Xyloskalo (1227 m. above sea level) on the Omalos Plateau and runs down to the seaside village of Agia Roumeli on the south coast of Crete.

7 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Samaria Gorge, Flora and Fauna The Samaria National Park is exceptionally rich in plant and animal life. In the gorge you will find unique species protected under international law. It is said that there are 450 plant species in the gorge, and not a single flower may be removed from Samaria, by law. Dont see this as a pointlessly strict rule, but as the only way to protect the delicate ecosystem of Samaria so that thousands of visitors can continue to enjoy it each year. In Samaria you can admire the forests of huge pine and cypress trees, a picture from Cretes past, when the island was covered by forests famous for their timber, ideal for building strong ships. Inside the gorge you may even meet its famous inhabitants, the wild goats of Crete, which the locals call agrimia and tourists call kri-kri. The Cretan wild goat is endemic to Crete and you will probably see some in the village of Samaria, as they often approach the houses at the edge of the village.

8 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. The Samaria village A little further down from the village is the 14th-century church of Osia Maria (Holy Mary), from which the name Samaria is derived. Samaria is an old village whose inhabitants were relocated in 1962 when the gorge was declared a national park. The old houses still exist and they serve as houses for the guards. The village is a good opportunity to see the traditional architecture and rest for a while. When you get to this point you are almost halfway and the time is perfect for a sandwich (if you are carrying any with you).

9 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Samaria gorge hiking, tips and equipment Τhe Samaria footpath is very well signposted all along its length and is thought to be the most-walked footpath in the whole of Greece (the second is the Mount Olympus path). Τhe Samaria footpath is very well signposted all along its length and is thought to be the most-walked footpath in the whole of Greece (the second is the Mount Olympus path). It is impossible to get lost, as you are always moving in a stream of people. There are drinking water springs and toilets at various points. It is impossible to get lost, as you are always moving in a stream of people. There are drinking water springs and toilets at various points. Samaria is not a simple stroll for those unused to walking. The most tiring part of the walk is the last 3 km before the exit from the National Park. Here there is often another ticket control to make sure no-one is left in the gorge overnight, either because they have had an accident or because they want to. The landscape at the exit from the gorge is dry and arid with no shade. If you have started your walk in the early morning, you will reach this point in the early afternoon, when the heat of the day is more obvious.

10 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Fragokastelo Sfakion,This village in the south of Crete, 16 kilometers east of Chora Sfakion, is the Venetian fort "Fraggokastello", an imposing fortress dominating the sea. The four towers and the Saint Markos Lion still subsist. There, an amazing spectacle awaits you, if you are on the right place the right time. During the war of independence, 650 Cretans held Fraggokastello, until 8000 Turkish troops arrived to force them out. The Turks took the fort, and all the defenders were killed. This event, the Massacre of Fraggokastello, has given rise to the following ghost story. For a very strange reason, probably meteorological, around mid-May, a mysterious mist arises at dawn around the fortress, and one can see the phantoms of the Cretan warriors, fully armed, marching silently towards the fortress and then disappear into the sea. These are the famous Drosoulites, the dew shades, still ready to fight against the enemy. Is dominated by a 14th century Venetian castle (1371), of which only the outside walls remain, with a tower on each corner. The biggest tower in the south west corner was a waiting house for the main gate Fragokastelo Sfakion,This village in the south of Crete, 16 kilometers east of Chora Sfakion, is the Venetian fort "Fraggokastello", an imposing fortress dominating the sea. The four towers and the Saint Markos Lion still subsist. There, an amazing spectacle awaits you, if you are on the right place the right time. During the war of independence, 650 Cretans held Fraggokastello, until 8000 Turkish troops arrived to force them out. The Turks took the fort, and all the defenders were killed. This event, the Massacre of Fraggokastello, has given rise to the following ghost story. For a very strange reason, probably meteorological, around mid-May, a mysterious mist arises at dawn around the fortress, and one can see the phantoms of the Cretan warriors, fully armed, marching silently towards the fortress and then disappear into the sea. These are the famous Drosoulites, the dew shades, still ready to fight against the enemy. Is dominated by a 14th century Venetian castle (1371), of which only the outside walls remain, with a tower on each corner. The biggest tower in the south west corner was a waiting house for the main gate

11 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Beaches in Chania 10 km westwards of the town of Chania The splendid sandy beach of Platanias and its aquamarine waters make it one of the busiest resorts westwards of the town of Chania. The beach is extended for kilome- tres round the homonym village. The visitor has the chance to view an enchanting setting with the island of Agios Theodoros in the east and the peninsula Rodopou in the west. Certain parts of the beach are particular organised and deck chairs and umbrellas are available, but in the bigger part the beach of Platanias is unexploited. Platanias 10 km westwards of the town of Chania The splendid sandy beach of Platanias and its aquamarine waters make it one of the busiest resorts westwards of the town of Chania. The beach is extended for kilome- tres round the homonym village. The visitor has the chance to view an enchanting setting with the island of Agios Theodoros in the east and the peninsula Rodopou in the west. Certain parts of the beach are particular organised and deck chairs and umbrellas are available, but in the bigger part the beach of Platanias is unexploited.

12 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Agia Marina About 5 km westwards of the town of Chania. Along the splendid way to Kolympari, here one will meet the first from a line of beaches with sand and pebbles the region allocates. Near the peaceful beach of Agia Marina there are enough hotels, suitable to offer pleasant stay in families.

13 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Maleme About 18 km westwards of the town of Chania The beach of Maleme constitutes the extension of Platanias. The fact that it is not as equally busy and popular as its neighbouring beach, it does not mean that it is deprived beauty. The landscape is very picturesque, and allocates big surfaces of sandy beach and clear waters. About 18 km westwards of the town of Chania The beach of Maleme constitutes the extension of Platanias. The fact that it is not as equally busy and popular as its neighbouring beach, it does not mean that it is deprived beauty. The landscape is very picturesque, and allocates big surfaces of sandy beach and clear waters.

14 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Almyrida About 15 km westwards of the town of Chania The beach of the homonym resort, Almyrida is sandy and is surrounded by pinewood. Suitable mainly for families. About 15 km westwards of the town of Chania The beach of the homonym resort, Almyrida is sandy and is surrounded by pinewood. Suitable mainly for families.

15 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Elafonissi In south-western point of the prefecture of Chania. The most remote beach from the town of Chania, which is however worth the the long journey you have to make in order to reach it. It is an islet almost connected with the coast since it abstains only 100m. from the beach and one can approach it by walking in the sea. Elafonisi abstains 76 km from Chania and 43 from Kasteli. Visitors come here in order to admire the astonishing sandy beaches with the dunes and the white sand and swim in the unique crystal waters. Even if the natural beauty attracts abundant visitors the region does not allocate developed tourist facilities. Elafonisi is one of the most popular beaches in Crete In south-western point of the prefecture of Chania. The most remote beach from the town of Chania, which is however worth the the long journey you have to make in order to reach it. It is an islet almost connected with the coast since it abstains only 100m. from the beach and one can approach it by walking in the sea. Elafonisi abstains 76 km from Chania and 43 from Kasteli. Visitors come here in order to admire the astonishing sandy beaches with the dunes and the white sand and swim in the unique crystal waters. Even if the natural beauty attracts abundant visitors the region does not allocate developed tourist facilities. Elafonisi is one of the most popular beaches in Crete

16 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Falasarna About 75 km westwards of the town of Chania, in the western coast of Crete. One of the most popular destinations of Crete, Falasarna is a line of sandy beaches with deep blue waters. Near the beach there is only a certain number of rented rooms and thus the region is not very crowded. There is a regular daily bus service from the town of Chania to Falasarna. About 75 km westwards of the town of Chania, in the western coast of Crete. One of the most popular destinations of Crete, Falasarna is a line of sandy beaches with deep blue waters. Near the beach there is only a certain number of rented rooms and thus the region is not very crowded. There is a regular daily bus service from the town of Chania to Falasarna.

17 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Fragokastelo In the south-eastern corner of the prefecture of Chania, about 65 km from the town of Chania One of the the most famous and popular localities of the prefecture of Chania, Fragokastelo is located about 15 km easternly of Chora Sfakion. Fragokastelo has written golden pages in the History of Crete. In 1828, in the duration of Cretan revolt against the Ottoman sovereignty of the island, Turkish troops slaughtered more than 600 Cretan warriors that had found shelter in the castle. From then, according to the legend, in anniversary of slaughter, the ghosts of dead warriors, Drosoulites, as they are called, are raised by the adjacent cemetery, manned as then, and they shape a procession that passes through the castle and leads in to the sea In the south-eastern corner of the prefecture of Chania, about 65 km from the town of Chania One of the the most famous and popular localities of the prefecture of Chania, Fragokastelo is located about 15 km easternly of Chora Sfakion. Fragokastelo has written golden pages in the History of Crete. In 1828, in the duration of Cretan revolt against the Ottoman sovereignty of the island, Turkish troops slaughtered more than 600 Cretan warriors that had found shelter in the castle. From then, according to the legend, in anniversary of slaughter, the ghosts of dead warriors, Drosoulites, as they are called, are raised by the adjacent cemetery, manned as then, and they shape a procession that passes through the castle and leads in to the sea

18 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Giorgioupoli About 25 km easternly of the town of Chania A sandy beach with clear, cold waters that is extended for more than 10 km, Giorgioupoli is also one of the most popular resorts of the prefecture of Chania. Here one can find familial hotels and all the comforts and services are provided. About 25 km easternly of the town of Chania A sandy beach with clear, cold waters that is extended for more than 10 km, Giorgioupoli is also one of the most popular resorts of the prefecture of Chania. Here one can find familial hotels and all the comforts and services are provided.

19 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Palaiohora About 70 km southly-western of the town of Chania Palaiohora is one of the busiest seasonal resorts of the prefecture of Chania and it is located on a small peninsula, having the privilege to allocate beaches and in the two sides. The sandy beaches extend for hundreds metres and are provided a variety of services and facilities, a well as luxurious hotels and rented rooms. The beaches westwards the town are even better. About 70 km southly-western of the town of Chania Palaiohora is one of the busiest seasonal resorts of the prefecture of Chania and it is located on a small peninsula, having the privilege to allocate beaches and in the two sides. The sandy beaches extend for hundreds metres and are provided a variety of services and facilities, a well as luxurious hotels and rented rooms. The beaches westwards the town are even better.

20 Kalogeraki Alk. Ieronimakis Th. Maragkoudakis Fr. Migiakis Mic. Beach of the town of Chania Nea Hora The beach of the town of Chania, contrary to the beaches of other Cretan towns, is not so much appreciable, even if the waters are clear. It is found westwards the Venetian harbour and abstains a few only metres from the old town. It is organised, it allocates deck chairs and umbrellas and constitutes a pleasant and cool break mainly for the local, after the work of a day. Stalos About 5 km westwards of the town of Chania Stalos The first coastal resort that one meets westwards the town of Chania, Stalos is a typical tourist resort, with bars, hotels, renting cars services and currency exchange offices. The beach is sandy, clean and it extends for many kilometres.

21 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Kasteli Kissamos Gramvousa Balos About 60 km from the town of Chania In the astonishing gulf of Kissamos, this region is characterized as a unique natural beauty, as it is delimitated by the two peninsulas of western Crete. Kasteli is not a tourist resort, but is a peaceful coastal town and the beach with the pebbles in combination with the coastal taverns constitutes pleasant bypass if you head to the western coast of the island. Gramvousa Balos About 60 km from the town of Chania In the astonishing gulf of Kissamos, this region is characterized as a unique natural beauty, as it is delimitated by the two peninsulas of western Crete. Kasteli is not a tourist resort, but is a peaceful coastal town and the beach with the pebbles in combination with the coastal taverns constitutes pleasant bypass if you head to the western coast of the island.

22 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Kolympari About 45 km westwards of the town of Chania Splendid, clean beach with pebbles and deep blue waters, in the tourist resort of Kolympari, that is the last point in the line from the resorts and the beaches that are extended westwards the town of About 45 km westwards of the town of Chania Splendid, clean beach with pebbles and deep blue waters, in the tourist resort of Kolympari, that is the last point in the line from the resorts and the beaches that are extended westwards the town of

23 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Sfinari About 70 km westwards the town of Chania In the enchanting and fascinating western coast of the prefecture of Chania, Sfinari is a coastal village. There one can find rented rooms, a few taverns, and beautiful bays with pebbles. Most visitors that visit Sfinari come for the peacefulness and the natural beauty About 70 km westwards the town of Chania In the enchanting and fascinating western coast of the prefecture of Chania, Sfinari is a coastal village. There one can find rented rooms, a few taverns, and beautiful bays with pebbles. Most visitors that visit Sfinari come for the peacefulness and the natural beauty

24 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Sougia In the southern coast of Chania, between Palaiohora and Agia Roumeli A pleasant and beautiful coastal village, Sougia is in the end of an unforgettable way through the southern ending of White Mount, or at straight line from the city of Chania or via Hora Sfakion. It allocates a few, small hotels and fish taverns that in combination with the sandy beaches make Sougia one of the most splendid destinations in the southern coast of Crete worth visiting. The astonishing way to Sougia, through the mountains, is one of the most important reasons for one to visit. In the southern coast of Chania, between Palaiohora and Agia Roumeli A pleasant and beautiful coastal village, Sougia is in the end of an unforgettable way through the southern ending of White Mount, or at straight line from the city of Chania or via Hora Sfakion. It allocates a few, small hotels and fish taverns that in combination with the sandy beaches make Sougia one of the most splendid destinations in the southern coast of Crete worth visiting. The astonishing way to Sougia, through the mountains, is one of the most important reasons for one to visit.

25 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic. Tavronitis About 25 km westwards of the town of one more beach that is extended westwards Chania, the beach of Tayronitis is found in the estuary of a small river and it is relatively isolated and quiet, without a lot of services provided. About 25 km westwards of the town of one more beach that is extended westwards Chania, the beach of Tayronitis is found in the estuary of a small river and it is relatively isolated and quiet, without a lot of services provided.

26 Ieronimakis Theo. Maragkoudakis Fr. Kalogeraki Alk. Migiakhs Mic.


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