Presentation on theme: "Logo2005.10.12 NGO. Peace Winds Japan Overview The concept of PWJ has been to provide necessary support to people in need since its establishment in 1996."— Presentation transcript:
Peace Winds Japan Overview The concept of PWJ has been to provide necessary support to people in need since its establishment in 1996.
Activities Emergency relief in AfghanistanMedical mobile term in IraqWell construction in Sierra Leone Seed distribution in AfghanistanChildcare in MongoliaCoffee industry assistance in East Timor PWJ activities are roughly two-fold: one is emergency humanitarian relief, aiming to secure the safety of lives and to provide the basic necessities. The other is assistance for restoration and development of ravaged areas, Aiming at retrieval of self-sustaining livelihood. Peace Winds Japan
Engineering works in the NGO Contents Changes of NGO s environment in Japan Development of Emergency Shelter Earthquake safer design for the people in Afghanistan in Iran
Turning point of Japanese NGOs : KOSOVO crisis Japanese NGOs, Planning of refugee camp in Albania To launch Japan Plat Form First 10days, Suffering form harsh conditionTo develop Emergency shelter Refugee camp in Macedonia on April 1999
Structure of Japan Platform Japan Platform is a system to provide emergency relief in natural disasters and refugee situations more effectively and quickly. This will be realized through an equal partnership of NGOs, business and government, with each constituent making full use of its resources and characteristics.
Development of Emergency shelter Suffering of first 10days It takes a long time to getting family tent. Because transportation of a large number family tent isnt easy in confect area. Stand by arrangement Arrangement living condition for the Psychological and physical stressed people is foremost task Emergency Response Unit Point of Emergency shelter Easy Transporting Quick set-up durability Large capacity
Balloon Shelter1 Original design of Balloon shelter Model of refugee camp by balloon shelter: capacity is 3000 people Jun, 2000 Idea of balloon shelter Jul, 2000 Collaboration with Teijin Sep, 2000 Completion of prototype design Oct, 2000 Completion of prototype Nov, 2000 Practical experiment
Balloon Shelter 2 30min setting up SPECIFICATION Structure: Pneumatic structure Size: 22m(w) x 5.84m(d) x4m(h) Packing Size : 1m x 1m x 1m Weight: 60kg main body generator, blower, Peg, Material lightweight High tension polyester fabric Tetolon Power lip Power Electric blower Full time
Balloon in INDONESIA Nov, 2000 Practical experiment for durability and transportation
Balloon in INDIA Jan 2001 Emergency assistance for Gujarat earthquakes
Balloon in AFGHANISTAN Feb 2002 Sar-e pul IDP camp
Balloon in Nigata Oct 2004 Tyuetsu- Earthquake 400 people were staying in 2 weeks
Earthquake Safer design for the people Afghanistan 2002-
School construction in Kabul, Afghanistan at 2002 1 PWJ constructed 3schools. (20classrooms, 18classrooms, 6classrooms)
School construction in Kabul, Afghanistan at 2002 2 2, Block making machine *Automatically operation type Performance : 1100pc/day(8hours) *Manually operation type Performance : 300pc/day(8hours) Top face has convex Method of construction 1, Interlocking block system *Size : 300mm x 150mm x 150mm *Ratio : 1Cement, 5Sand, 1Aggregate *Compression strength (include hole) 35.68t / 446cm2 = 80kg/cm2. Bottom face has concave Automatically type
School construction in Kabul, Afghanistan at 2002 3 Reinforce masonry work *Each 60cm, set up vertical reinforcing bars with 1:1.5:3 mixed concrete *Each 5 th layer, set reinforcing bars and fill up concrete horizontally
Jun 17-19, 2003 at Kabul university UNCRD Workshop on Earthquake Safer Construction Practices for Non-engineered Buildings Introducing PWJ method of school construction Demonstration of shaking table by UNCRD
Phase 1 Since 27 th of December 2003 *Distribution : 500tents for BAFIA camp Non food Items for Zone5,8and12 -cooking stove -Moocket etc, Bam IRAN, Emergency relief project
*Temporary school project 7schools in zone 12,13 and 4 Phase 2 February 2004- Big roof on the 5 Connexes. The roof is created multipurpose space 8m x 13m (100m2)
Developing phase Target method-- Reinforced masonry work Earthquake safer design for the people Objectives, *Provide appropriate earthquake-resistant structure techniques for vernacular houses to the people of Bam *Disseminate earthquake-safer designs to the people in Bam
Workshop Earthquake Safer design for people in Bam at 16 may 2004
Old building is in BAM Quality of construction For the earthquake safety, not only the building materials should be good quality but also the design and detailing as well as quality of construction should be good.
We propose 3 methods 1.Reinforced masonry work, using ordinary brick. 2.Stabilized Rammed earth structure 3.Stabilized compressed earth bricks
2. Stabilized Rammed earth structure About Rammed Earth Construction Rammed Earth Construction has evolved from techniques used since ancient times(origin: south Iran) and the growing market led demand for environmentally sustainable development, healthier lifestyles and healthier buildings has led to an Australian and worldwide re-kindling of interest in rammed earth architecture. The modern interpretation allows locally sourced soils and aggregates to be blended on site with special bonding additives. Iran: Cine wall, Afghan: Paksa wall
Mix design Mix design for rammed earth and compressed brick Density of soil x volume of soil + density of sand x volume of sand + Wt of cement -Soil: 2 wheelbarrow - Sand: 1 wheelbarrow -Cement 2 bucket -Water: 2,5 bucket 200 x 2 x 1.35 + 200 x 1 x 1.5 + 12.5 x 2 x 3 + 12.5 x 2.5 x 1 Water% = = 3% Cement% = Wt of cement Cement% = = 8% 12.5 x 2 x 3 200 x 2 x 1.35 + 200 x 1 x 1.5 + 12.5 x 2 x 3 12.5 x 2.5 x 1 Ratio -Sand: 75% -Clay and Silt: 17% -Cement: 8% Size of wheelbarrow: 200L Size of bucket: 12.5L Density of soil: 1.35g/cm3 Density of sand: 1.5g/cm3 Density of cement: 3.0g/cm3 Density of water: 1.0g/cm3
Ideal Soil For Compressed Rammed Earth and compressed earth bricks soil Soil classification Particle Size (mm) Clay Silt Sand Gravel2.000 to 10.000 0.075 to 2.000 0.002 to 0.075 0.001 to 0.002
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