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Logo2005.10.12 NGO. Peace Winds Japan Overview The concept of PWJ has been to provide necessary support to people in need since its establishment in 1996.

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Presentation on theme: "Logo2005.10.12 NGO. Peace Winds Japan Overview The concept of PWJ has been to provide necessary support to people in need since its establishment in 1996."— Presentation transcript:

1 Logo NGO

2 Peace Winds Japan Overview The concept of PWJ has been to provide necessary support to people in need since its establishment in 1996.

3 Activities Emergency relief in AfghanistanMedical mobile term in IraqWell construction in Sierra Leone Seed distribution in AfghanistanChildcare in MongoliaCoffee industry assistance in East Timor PWJ activities are roughly two-fold: one is emergency humanitarian relief, aiming to secure the safety of lives and to provide the basic necessities. The other is assistance for restoration and development of ravaged areas, Aiming at retrieval of self-sustaining livelihood. Peace Winds Japan

4 Engineering works in the NGO Contents Changes of NGO s environment in Japan Development of Emergency Shelter Earthquake safer design for the people in Afghanistan in Iran

5 Turning point of Japanese NGOs : KOSOVO crisis Japanese NGOs, Planning of refugee camp in Albania To launch Japan Plat Form First 10days, Suffering form harsh conditionTo develop Emergency shelter Refugee camp in Macedonia on April 1999

6 Structure of Japan Platform Japan Platform is a system to provide emergency relief in natural disasters and refugee situations more effectively and quickly. This will be realized through an equal partnership of NGOs, business and government, with each constituent making full use of its resources and characteristics.

7 Development of Emergency shelter Suffering of first 10days It takes a long time to getting family tent. Because transportation of a large number family tent isnt easy in confect area. Stand by arrangement Arrangement living condition for the Psychological and physical stressed people is foremost task Emergency Response Unit Point of Emergency shelter Easy Transporting Quick set-up durability Large capacity

8 Balloon Shelter1 Original design of Balloon shelter Model of refugee camp by balloon shelter: capacity is 3000 people Jun, 2000 Idea of balloon shelter Jul, 2000 Collaboration with Teijin Sep, 2000 Completion of prototype design Oct, 2000 Completion of prototype Nov, 2000 Practical experiment

9 Balloon Shelter 2 30min setting up SPECIFICATION Structure: Pneumatic structure Size: 22m(w) x 5.84m(d) x4m(h) Packing Size : 1m x 1m x 1m Weight: 60kg main body generator, blower, Peg, Material lightweight High tension polyester fabric Tetolon Power lip Power Electric blower Full time

10 Balloon in INDONESIA Nov, 2000 Practical experiment for durability and transportation

11 Balloon in INDIA Jan 2001 Emergency assistance for Gujarat earthquakes

12 Balloon in AFGHANISTAN Feb 2002 Sar-e pul IDP camp

13 Balloon set up

14 Balloon in Nigata Oct 2004 Tyuetsu- Earthquake 400 people were staying in 2 weeks

15 Earthquake Safer design for the people Afghanistan 2002-

16 School construction in Kabul, Afghanistan at PWJ constructed 3schools. (20classrooms, 18classrooms, 6classrooms)

17 School construction in Kabul, Afghanistan at , Block making machine *Automatically operation type Performance : 1100pc/day(8hours) *Manually operation type Performance : 300pc/day(8hours) Top face has convex Method of construction 1, Interlocking block system *Size : 300mm x 150mm x 150mm *Ratio : 1Cement, 5Sand, 1Aggregate *Compression strength (include hole) 35.68t / 446cm2 = 80kg/cm2. Bottom face has concave Automatically type

18 School construction in Kabul, Afghanistan at Reinforce masonry work *Each 60cm, set up vertical reinforcing bars with 1:1.5:3 mixed concrete *Each 5 th layer, set reinforcing bars and fill up concrete horizontally

19 Jun 17-19, 2003 at Kabul university UNCRD Workshop on Earthquake Safer Construction Practices for Non-engineered Buildings Introducing PWJ method of school construction Demonstration of shaking table by UNCRD

20 Humanitarian Network


22 Phase 1 Since 27 th of December 2003 *Distribution : 500tents for BAFIA camp Non food Items for Zone5,8and12 -cooking stove -Moocket etc, Bam IRAN, Emergency relief project

23 *Temporary school project 7schools in zone 12,13 and 4 Phase 2 February Big roof on the 5 Connexes. The roof is created multipurpose space 8m x 13m (100m2)

24 Developing phase Target method-- Reinforced masonry work Earthquake safer design for the people Objectives, *Provide appropriate earthquake-resistant structure techniques for vernacular houses to the people of Bam *Disseminate earthquake-safer designs to the people in Bam

25 Workshop Earthquake Safer design for people in Bam at 16 may 2004

26 Old building is in BAM Quality of construction For the earthquake safety, not only the building materials should be good quality but also the design and detailing as well as quality of construction should be good.

27 We propose 3 methods 1.Reinforced masonry work, using ordinary brick. 2.Stabilized Rammed earth structure 3.Stabilized compressed earth bricks

28 1. Reinforced masonry work

29 2. Stabilized Rammed earth structure About Rammed Earth Construction Rammed Earth Construction has evolved from techniques used since ancient times(origin: south Iran) and the growing market led demand for environmentally sustainable development, healthier lifestyles and healthier buildings has led to an Australian and worldwide re-kindling of interest in rammed earth architecture. The modern interpretation allows locally sourced soils and aggregates to be blended on site with special bonding additives. Iran: Cine wall, Afghan: Paksa wall

30 3. Stabilized compressed earth bricks

31 Mix design Mix design for rammed earth and compressed brick Density of soil x volume of soil + density of sand x volume of sand + Wt of cement -Soil: 2 wheelbarrow - Sand: 1 wheelbarrow -Cement 2 bucket -Water: 2,5 bucket 200 x 2 x x 1 x x 2 x x 2.5 x 1 Water% = = 3% Cement% = Wt of cement Cement% = = 8% 12.5 x 2 x x 2 x x 1 x x 2 x x 2.5 x 1 Ratio -Sand: 75% -Clay and Silt: 17% -Cement: 8% Size of wheelbarrow: 200L Size of bucket: 12.5L Density of soil: 1.35g/cm3 Density of sand: 1.5g/cm3 Density of cement: 3.0g/cm3 Density of water: 1.0g/cm3

32 Ideal Soil For Compressed Rammed Earth and compressed earth bricks soil Soil classification Particle Size (mm) Clay Silt Sand Gravel2.000 to to to to 0.002

33 Stabilized Rammed Earth structure 2 Sieving Soil / 4mm mesh sieve Dry mixingPreparing batch Mixing proportion Soil - 2 wheelbarrows Sand - 1 wheelbarrow Cement - 2 buckets Ratio Sand - 75% Clay and Silt - 15% Cement - 9.5%

34 Stabilized Rammed Earth structure 3 Wet mixing RammingFoundation Steel Frame for Wall brick Brick Size: 600 x 230 x 290 RammingChecking the compression with a Penentrometer

35 Roof structure Room 1: Masonry Flat Arch Roof Room 2: Masonry Doom Roof

36 Roof structure 1: ( Flat Arch ) I beam should be secured with roof RC beam Tie band should be secured in place Wedge insert Sticking Cement water

37 Roof structure 2: ( Stabilized Dome )


39 Model house in Exhibition site Site Plan by Housing foundation

40 School construction 1

41 School construction 2

42 School construction 3

43 Guidebook Earthquake Safer design for people

44 Training for mason 1

45 Training for mason 2

46 Training for mason 3

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