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1 Self-Help Housing 101 for Rural Development Created by NCALL Research Updated September 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Self-Help Housing 101 for Rural Development Created by NCALL Research Updated September 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Self-Help Housing 101 for Rural Development Created by NCALL Research Updated September 2007

2 Orientation2 Who Is NCALL? Began in 1955 as a legislative advocate In 1976 started our housing TA on the Delmarva Peninsula

3 Orientation3 NCALLs Programs Self-Help Housing TA Housing Development TA Housing Counseling Rural Development Mortgage Packaging Financial Literacy –Finanzas –IDA –Growing Your Money NCALL Loan Fund Delaware Rural Housing Consortium

4 Orientation4 NCALLs Role in the Self-Help Program 1983 - began a regional self-help contract through USDA Rural Development NCALL provides assistance to potential and existing self-help housing grantees in 21 states

5 Orientation5 Self-Help TA Services NCALL Provides Application Training Program Planning Construction Scheduling Grants Management Staff Training Workshops Networking Opportunities Various Other Services

6 Orientation6 NCALLs Self-Help Region

7 Orientation7 NCALL s Self-Help Housing Team Sherry DeZwarte – Housing Coordinator Ulla Moore – Housing Specialist Lisa Spellman – Housing Specialist Mark Lasocha – Housing Specialist Don Pierce – Contracted Housing Specialist Jill Lordan – Contracted Housing Specialist Valerie Thompson – Program Analyst

8 Orientation8 What is Mutual Self- Help Housing? A method for achieving homeownership Families working together Affordable homeownership loans A private non-profit or local government sponsor

9 Similar to the church and barn raising of the Amish and Mennonites Rural Development began funding mortgages through their 502 program in the 1960s In 1971 Rural Development began the 523 Grant Program

10 41,098 homes have been successfully built through this method and financed by 502 loan program (through FY06) Currently 125 grantees nationwide At one time, all 50 states have participated in the Mutual Self-Help Program

11 Orientation11 Merits of Self-Help Housing Affordable, comfortable and attractive homes Uses the best most affordable financing around Reduced mortgage – saving an average of $29,455 in FY06

12 Improved opportunity for value appreciation and equity growth Participants learn valuable skills Builds strong neighborhoods and communities

13 Orientation13 Three Necessary Elements The participants supply the needed labor Rural Development provides the 502 and 523 funds Housing corporations organize and assist the families

14 Orientation14 Grantee Responsibilities Recruiting participants Conducting pre-construction meetings Locating suitable building sites Selecting house plans Preparing cost estimates

15 Assisting participants in applying for a 502 loan Subcontracting work on the participants behalf Supervising and training participants in the construction of a group of homes Supervising the participants 502 loan funds

16 Orientation16 How the Homes are Built Families work together in groups of 4-10 Houses start and finish construction together No one moves in until all of the homes are finished and approved

17 Work is done by the participants in the evenings, on weekends and days off Families not willing to give up free time should not join a self- help housing group

18 Orientation18 How long will it take to build the homes? The total process takes 12 to 16 months –3 to 4 months in pre-construction –8 to 12 months in construction

19 Orientation19 Pre-Construction Period Includes: Choosing house plans Selecting building sites Completing Rural Development paperwork Awaiting loan approval Participating in Pre- Construction Meetings

20 Orientation20 Construction Period Typical construction time: 1.5 months per house 6 houses = 9 months of construction time

21 Orientation21 Family Labor Contribution Families contribute as much labor as is required to complete ALL of the houses in the group Generally each family contributes 30 to 35 hours each week Family hours include the labor of either spouse and any child over 16 years of age

22 Orientation22

23 Orientation23 Family Tasks Families must complete a minimum of 65% of the construction labor tasks Technical work such as foundation, plumbing, heating and electrical is subcontracted out

24 Families generally will do such tasks as: –framing –setting of trusses –roofing –insulation –sheathing –siding –windows & doors –drywall –painting –interior trim & cabinets –landscaping

25 The agency provides a construction supervisor on site to train and guide the participants

26 Orientation26 Application Steps Pre-Application –Proof of interested families –Available, affordable land –Organizational feasibility

27 Final Application –Families 502 eligible –Land secured –Staff available –House plans, specs & estimates complete –Organizational readiness Operating Grant –Production of houses proposed within budget and time allotted

28 Orientation28 Rural Development Section 523 Pre-Development Grant Purpose: Provide an organization with financial assistance to prepare and complete the final application.

29 Terms: Six months Maximum of $10,000 Available only once for a defined area Cannot be used for land options or building materials

30 Authorized Uses: Staff salary, fringes and other office expenses directly related to work on the final application requirements Obtain house plans, copying etc. Advertising for eligible applicants

31 Orientation31 Self-Help Technical Assistance Grant Purpose: To pay administrative costs associated with operating a self- help program

32 Terms: Rural Development National Office reviews all grants Grants may not exceed two years Regional T&MA Contractors and Rural Development Area and State Offices must analyze

33 Orientation33 Public Bodies Rural Towns Private Non-Profit Corporations Who May Qualify For A 523 Grant

34 Orientation34 Sample Self-Help Homes A completed home in southern Maryland, sponsored by Southern Maryland Tri-County Community Action Commission.




38 Orientation38

39 Orientation39

40 Orientation40

41 Orientation41 USDAs Support During National Homeownership Month in 2002, President Bush celebrated with a new Maryland self-help family.

42 Orientation42

43 Orientation43 Insert State Slide Grantees Currently NCALL is not working with any potential groups in _ State name ______ We would love to have a grantee here States without grantees receive priority funding

44 Orientation44 Why _ (Insert State name) ______ Should Want a Grantee Brings additional 502 funds into ______(State Name)___________ (National Office set aside) The Mutual Self-Help program helps serve VLI Non-profits assist RD with publicizing programs and processing loans A conservative estimate of economic impact is $7 for every $1 of affordable housing investment

45 Orientation45 What Types of Agencies to Look For This program is difficult Experienced organizations and staff –Have produced housing –Understand development and regulations –Can access or develop land –Good community relations Multi-funded agencies –Leveraged resources to offset participant and agency costs

46 Orientation46 Current Climate During FY 07, operating grantees funded at 60% Potential for 6 to 8 new grantees funded with maximum grants of $250,000 Potential for 12 Pre-Development grants Lobbying for increase in 523 and 502 funding

47 Orientation47 OutreachOutreach Per our current contract, NCALL outreaches to potentially interested organizations NCALL will provide any interested groups with an orientation package, and assistance with feasibility

48 Orientation48 NCALL Self-Help Statistics Currently 19 grantees operating with 19 grants 3 predevelopment grantees 16 prospective grantees $29,455 average sweat equity in FY06 Almost $13 million in 502 funds in FY 06 Over $5 million in 523 grants in FY 06


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