Presentation on theme: "Build and Manage: Make the Proper Evaluations Technology in Construction Chicago. August 20, 2009."— Presentation transcript:
Build and Manage: Make the Proper Evaluations Technology in Construction Chicago. August 20, 2009
Tom Iseley, Ph.D., P.E. Professor and Director Bill White, AIA, CSI Lecturer/CEMT Olga Lucia Vargas-Lamanna Architect, Graduate Student/CEMT
Purdue School of Engineering and Technology Construction Engineering Management Technology Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
"The future is here. It's just not widely distributed yet William Gibson (science fiction novelist) Meeting future challenges of construction will require: Technology People
Technology The practical application of knowledge especially in a particular area A capability given by the practical application of knowledge The specialized aspects of a particular field of endeavor A manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods, or knowledge Merriam – Webster Online Dictionary ApplicationKnowledgeSpecializationField Accomplishment
Processes People Office Work Site TECHNOLOGY People Work Site Processes Office
CHANGE! http://3.bp.blogspot.com http://atrium-huse.dk/html/photos/ok.jpg Require People
Accomplishment Efficiency Productivity RESULTS OR
http://www.partiesbydebi.net/Explosion.gif T H O C O L E Y N G
Important Trend 2020 - 8 Billion people in the world Urban Center Changing Workforce Demographics Attributes Skills cities.jpg480
CEOs for Cities A national network of urban leaders from civil, business, academic & philanthropic sectors who believe that:Cities Are the Solution Committed to inventing next practices for building and sustaining the next generation of great American cities. Founded in 1998 by: Paul Grogan, Author of Comeback Cities & Pres. of the Boston Foundation Mayor Richard M. Daley of Chicago Dr. Eugene Trani, President of Virginia Commonwealth University Charles Ratner, CEO & President Forest City Enterprises
CEOs for Cities – National Initiatives 2002 – Leveraging Colleges and Universities for Urban Revitalization: An Action Agenda – challenges universities & cities to collaborate 2007 – Leveraging Anchor Institutions for Urban Success – addressed how institutions/universities can be transformed from urban amenities to urban assets. Indy-DPW / IUPUI NPR Process - a step in transforming our university from just an urban amenity to being a real urban asset.
Green Technology Reach the goal of the business without harm natural environment and its resources. Allows better use of resources Construction sector has an enormous responsibility in the conservation of the environment. Adopt Green Technology is a voluntary act USGBC gives some reason why to build green
When Choosing Technology Remember… Consider your return on investment (ROI) Choose technology that will evolve with your business Consider support. Dont let cost be the only deciding factor Dont Be a Guinea Pig
When Choosing Technology Remember… Consider a second-tier company Look at the retailer Get VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) phone service Dont Overlook Free Stuff Find an IT Advisor
Technology on the Workplace Virtual Workplace Workplaces, in which employees operate remotely from each other and from managers Also known as e-work Involves workers performing tasks which can be completed independent of any specific geographic location.
Virtual Workplace Business Benefits Reduce real estate expenses Increased productivity Higher profits Improved customer service Access to global markets Environmental benefits
Virtual Workplace Employee Benefits More effective manage their time, workload and performance Reduce stress and cost of commuting Improve performance Work and Family Balance
Virtual Workplace Potential Disadvantages Set up and maintenance cost Lost of cost efficiencies Cultural Issues Feeling of isolation Lack of trust
Virtual Workplace Challenges for Managers Accept and support the concept of virtual-work Shift from managing time (activity-based) to managing projects (results-based) Better supervisor skills Set and enforce ground rules for communication, performance management, encourage performance.
Virtual Workplace For whom it is appropriate? No for all jobs, all employees, or all managers! Jobs Services and knowledge oriented Evolve according customer requirements Sales, marketing, project engineering, and consulting. Employees Well adapted to the company and its culture. Motivated, self-starters, know well the job, technical self- sufficient
Technology on Construction Site Technological evolution coupled with owner demand for better, faster, less costly construction projects and more effective processes are driving change in the construction industry. These changes are revolutionary in nature. They will transform practice as we know it today. Norman Strong, FAIA
Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) It is the current term to describe the means and methods of digitally prototyping a project. The ability to couple models with analysis and simulation tools to prototype construction, performance and sustainability on the computer and to share this information with all stakeholders before actual building begins.
VDC …The models are multi-disciplinary in the sense that they represent the Architect, Engineering, Contractor (AEC) and Owner of the project, as well as relevant sub disciplines. (Kunz & Fischer 2007) Software permits cost effective creation of accurate digital Virtual geometry models as well as process, scheduling, estimates and time sequence models.
VDC Benefits Include but are not limited to: Reduced cost completion increased safety, longevity and constructability energy efficiency.
Building Information Modeling (BIM) BIM is a digital representation of the building process to facilitate exchange and interoperability of information in digital format. Its use requires earlier detailed design decisions. Most frequent use of BIM is: 91% Design Development 86% Schematic design 81% Construction Documentation phases www.schuff.com/images/bim.jpg
BIM Top Benefits of BIM Easier coordination of different software and project personnel Improved productivity Improved communication Improved quality control www.pacificad.com/.../architecture/BIM_Cycle.jpg
BIM Top Obstacles to BIM Adoption Adequate training Senior management buy-in Cost of software Cost of required hardware upgrades www.buildersbooksource.com/.../9780470185285.jpg
BIM BIM and Green Building Data incorporated into a BIM can be used to analyze the performance of a building, including such green aspects as day lighting, energy efficiency and sustainable materials. However, as BIM continues to develop, technology providers will need to improve its ability to address the sustainable design and construction demands of the industry. www.buildinggreen.com/.../Courthouse_diag.jpg
BIM 5 D 2DDESIGN Shop Drawings – 2 Dimensions 3DDESIGN Modeling 4DTIMEScheduling and Production Control 5DMONEYEstimating and Cost Planning
5 D These elements are interlinked, ensuring that a change to any of the three automatically updates the other two. BIM ModelCostTime
BIM 5 D Allows users to extract accurate estimates and analyze alternative construction sequences. Benefits Integration of design and estimating Accurate cost calculations Creation, analysis and optimization of schedules Risk reduction http://www.vicosoftware.com/Portals/658/html/5dpresenter1.html
IPD – INTEGRATED PROJECT DELIVERY Integrated Project Delivery is the general term applied to a new project delivery system. Needs a Highly collaborative and cross functional teams Teams: All project lifecycle stakeholders including owner, architect, general contractor, engineers, suppliers and security www.i-designs.ca/images/ipd.gif
IPD Keys to success: The team to be assembled early in the process All team members have open and equal access to information, They share equally in the risks and rewards of a given project
Platforms: 1.Owner 2.Architects and engineers 3.Contractors or builders The owner, architect, and contractor act as the core group to manage the integrated project delivery process. IPD www.estesconstruction.com/images/idp_graph.gif
IPD Relying on: BIM (Building Information Modeling) software, Information sharing through the World Wide Web Empowered teams, often at great geographical distances, work together to create designs, solve problems and complete projects faster and less expensively.
PAPERLESS OPERATIONS Work through reduce or eliminate unnecessary printed paper in office using digital technology Existing paper files are being transforming to a digital form. A construction project produces a lot of paper Many stages to obtain the final product Number of people involved in it. http://blog.greenenergytv.com/blog/
PAPERLESS Construction Management Web-based Solutions is revolutionizing the way how companies do business. Software Pockets PCs, cellular Pager The software monitors work orders by providing communication and visibility throughout the various aspects of a construction project, such as documentation, design and cost. gI_0_J34construction04m.jpg250Construction Project Software.jpg220
PAPERLESS Benefits of Construction Management Web-based Solutions Access Information Instantly Standardize business process Enhance communication Faster decision making process Financial Management File Management Centralized Database Workflow Process Improvements Increase Accountability Improve Risk Management Reduce Costs Be Greener
PAPERLESS A proper paperless solution can save the company a high percentage of operational cost but an unsuccessful one can cost a lot of money! www.paperless-office-solution.com/images/bh-p...
GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS) GPS is a U.S. space-based radionavigation system that reliable positioning, navigation, and timing services GPS parts: satellites orbiting the Earth stations on Earth; GPS receivers. GPS receiver provides: Three-dimensional location (latitude, longitude, and altitude) plus the time. www.directionsmag.com/.../realtime_diff_GPS.jpg
CONSTRUCTION POSITIONING SYSTEMS Positioning equipments, software, hardware and applications offer solutions to Construction industry. Using the near pinpoint accuracy provided by the Global Positioning System (GPS) with ground augmentations, highly accurate surveying and mapping results can be rapidly obtained
CPS Uses Design and data manipulation Site preparation, layout, level, and align Excavation and grading Paving and Profiling Grade Management base.cygnuspub.com/images/Products
CPS Benefits Reducing the amount of equipment and labor hours One Person operation Increase productivity, accuracy, reliability and convenience. Gives decision-makers timely and valuable information for wise use of resources. Highly accurate surveying results Uninterrupted work in periods of poor weather Cost Saving
Use of Telematics Technology Prof. Erdogan Sener Purdue School of Engineering and Technology Construction Engineering Management Technology Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)
Telematics The term telematics combines telecommunications and informatics Literally defined, telematics is the integration of GIS, wireless communications, computational systems, vehicle monitoring systems, and location devices. More specifically it is the science of sending, receiving and storing information via telecommunication devices.
Telematics Telematics have been applied specifically to the use of Global Positioning System technology integrated with computers and mobile communications technology in equipment fleet management systems www.whnet.com/4x4/radio/contitel01.jpg
Telematics Uses : 1.provide remote diagnostics in terms of identification of mechanical or electronic problems, or in general, proper functioning of the equipment. 2.Equipment owners/users (endusers) use it to obtain data about if equipment is being used efficiently, productively, and responsibly at a job site
Telematics Extent of Penetration: Telematics is a very promising technology. Currently, more than 2.5 million units are in service However, most of telematics potential remains untapped. More than three out of four construction equipment manufacturers in North America now offer telematics products and services to their customers.
Telematics Acceptance The cost are still high in this industry Due to its novelty, sellers of the technology lack the necessary skills to promote the technology adequately End users want telematics to work across equipment brands, but no standards for communication have been set in the industry.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a generic term that is used to describe a system that transmits the identity (in the form of a unique serial number) of an object or person wirelessly, using radio waves. Bar codesUses light waves RFIDUses radio Waves
RFID Components A basic RFID system consists of three components: 1.An antenna or coil 2.A transceiver (with decoder) 3.A transponder (RF tag) electronically programmed with unique information
RFID RFID on Construction RFID is a promising technology for enhancing construction operations and providing improved asset management www.rfidjournal.com/.../catalogue/phprss8xw.jpg
RFID Uses Protect tools, equipment, and supplies from theft, loss, or hoarding Improve inventory tracking, re-ordering cycles, and maintenance scheduling Ensure workers have the right accreditations to use the tools they check out. Save money, time, and hassle from what can happen without a tracking solution like RFID offers.
Architecture of the Future Dynamic Towers – Arch. David Fischer Dubai http://www.dynamicarchitecture.net/home.html
Architecture of the Future First building in motion The symbol of a new philosophy Infinite design possibilities Each floor rotates independently It is the first 100% self-powered Green building First skyscraper to be built entirely from prefabricated parts that are custom made in a workshop, resulting of fast construction and of substantial cost savings http://www.dynamicarchitecture.net/home.htmlhttp://www.dynamicarchitecture.net/home.htmll
University, Industry & Technology Universities and private-sector partners are collaborating effectively based on incentives provided by the state. Research done at the university level will have its best payoffeconomically and sociallyif industry is prepared to find ways to bring that research to market... 2007 report of National Governors Association and the Pew Center on the State
New Product Evaluation Process Indianapolis Department of Public Works (DPW) Contracts the evaluation consultant Issues formal approvals for use of products IUPUI Through an agreement between the City of Indianapolis and IUPUI, IUPUI will provide an evaluation of New Products, including Storm Water Quality Treatment Units Indianapolis Clean Stream Team DPW wet weather program management team Assists with services not funded by vendor and assigns special reviews to IUPUI interns
New Product Evaluation Process Results/Benefits for the City Provide assistance to Indy-DPW personnel Provide opportunity to products representatives and/or manufacturers to present their products and obtain a fair but thorough evaluation in a reasonable period of time Take less time Provide more information Reduce the cost
New Product Evaluation Process Results/Benefits for IUPUI Provides students professional experience and financial compensation for their time while still attending school Provide opportunity for students to develop a wide range of skills: Research, Technical Writing, Technical Presentations, Team work, Become familiar with DPW & industry
References Master Card. (2009) Choose technology like an IT pro. Retrieved August 11, 2009 from http://www.mastercard.com/us/business/en/smallbiz/articles/Technology/0107Technolo gy.html http://www.mastercard.com/us/business/en/smallbiz/articles/Technology/0107Technolo gy.html Cascio, W.F (2000). Managing a virtual workplace. The Academy of Management Executive (1993), 14(3), 81-90. Retrieved August 15, 2009 from J Stor database. Sullivan, J. (2005). A case study of Google recruiting. Retrieved August 15, 2009 from http://www.ere.net/2005/12/05/a-case-study-of-google-recruiting/ http://www.ere.net/2005/12/05/a-case-study-of-google-recruiting/ Lucrosol (2009). VDC. Retrieved August 15, 2009 from http://lucrosol.com/taxonomy/term/11http://lucrosol.com/taxonomy/term/11 AIA California Council. (2006). Integrated project delivery frequently asked. Retrieved August 15, 2009 from http://www.ipd-ca.net/PDFs/AIACC%20FAQ.pdfhttp://www.ipd-ca.net/PDFs/AIACC%20FAQ.pdf Autodesk (2009). Constructware. Retrieved August 15, 2009 from http://usa.autodesk.com/adsk/servlet/index?siteID=123112&id=7104129 http://usa.autodesk.com/adsk/servlet/index?siteID=123112&id=7104129
References McGraw Hill Construction (2009). SmartMarket Report. Building Information Modeling (BIM). Retrieved August 16, 2009 from http://images.autodesk.com/adsk/files/mcgraw- hill_construction_bim_smartmarket_report_december_2008.pdfhttp://images.autodesk.com/adsk/files/mcgraw- hill_construction_bim_smartmarket_report_december_2008.pdf GPS Government (2009). Global Positioning System. Retrieved August 17,2009 from http://www.gps.gov http://www.gps.gov Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility (AIM). Technologies: RFID/ What is RFID?. Retrieved August 16, 2009 from http://www.aimglobal.org/technologies/RFID/what_is_rfid.asp http://www.aimglobal.org/technologies/RFID/what_is_rfid.asp Fisher, D. (2009). Dynamic Architecture (2009). Retrieved August 19, 2009 from http://www.dynamicarchitecture.net/home.html http://www.dynamicarchitecture.net/home.html