Presentation on theme: "JOINT PRESCO-CRISP WORKSHOP SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION Indicators and Recommendations Ostend 25 th June, 2002 « European and Global Perspectives » by John."— Presentation transcript:
JOINT PRESCO-CRISP WORKSHOP SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION Indicators and Recommendations Ostend 25 th June, 2002 « European and Global Perspectives » by John Goodall Director Environmental Affairs - FIEC
Introduction (1) What is FIEC ? FIEC is the European Construction Industry Federation - - 32 national member federations in 24 countries - - Representing firms of all sizes - - Practising all kinds of construction activity - -« Sectoral Social Partner » in the European Social Dialogue - - Associate member in CEN - Participant in the European Construction Forum
Introduction (2) The sector in Europe Total construction 2001 (EU 15): 868 billion EURO - - 10% of GDP; 48,9% of Gross fixed capital formation - 1,9 million enterprises - - 11 million operatives - - Europes largest industrial employer - - 26 million workers depend, directly or indirectly, on the sector - - Multiplier effect (1=2)
Introduction (3) The sector in the world - $US 3000 billion - 30% Europe - 22% US - 21% Japan - 4% rest of developed world - 23% developing countries
Introduction (4) The sector in the World (1998 ILO figures) 111 million employees Output per person employed: - $US 79.623 in the developed world - $US 8.507 in developing countries - developing countries share of output has increased from about 10% in 1965 to about 23% in 1998
Background to sustainable development « Limits to Growth » - Club of Rome (1972) « Our common future » - Brundtland Report (1987) « Agenda 21 » - Rio de Janeiro (1992) « Habitat Agenda » (1996) WSSD « RIO + 10 » Johannesburg (2002)
The 3 pillars of sustainable development Economic Social Environmental (ecological)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) – Interface - « civil society » - Industry - Public administrations – Agenda 21 Rio + 10 (Johannesbourg 2002) – Declaration for Cleaner Production – Global Compact (Davos 1999) – Global reporting initiative (1997)
The European Approach Summit Meetings: Amsterdam (1997) Cardiff (1998) Helsinki (1999) Gothenburg (2001)
Amsterdam Treaty (new Article 6) Sustainable development of economic activities Promote economic and social progress « integration » of environmental protection requirements Environmental impact assesment studies High level of health and consumer protection.
Competitiveness 1997 - Commission Communication [COM (97) 539 final] and Action Plan 1998 - Council Conclusions 1999 – Tripartite meeting (joint priorities) WG « Sustainable Construction » set up
Sustainability impacts of construction: +/- 50% of all material taken from the earthscrust. +/- 35% of all greenhouse gas emissions +/- 40% of all waste produced (by weight but mostly recycled) + the well-being of the Europes largest industrial workforce!
WG « Sustainable Construction » 4 Task Groups 4 Task Groups TG1 - Environmentally friendly construction materiels TG2 - Energy efficiency in building TG3 - Construction and demolition waste management TG4 - Whole-life costs of construction
Competitiveness WG recommendations (1) Whole life costs of construction Sustainable procurement Sustainability performance indicators
WG Recommendations (2) National plans and European programmes (guidelines) Development of software tools Education and awareness raising R+D actions and initiatives
National Plans & Programmes published to date: Finland Germany Ireland Luxembourg Netherlands Sweden United Kingdom
TG 1 Environmentally Friendly Construction Materials Recommendations (1) Adopt a life-cycle approach to improving environmental performance Life-cycle inventory based environmental data schemes (LEDCM) should become general practice CEN harmonisation of national LEDCM schemes
TG 1 Environmentally Friendly Construction Materials Recommendations (2) LEDCM will assist architects and specifiers in taking environmental impacts into account when designing construction works Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) and not ECO-labels are appropriate for construction products Promote adoption of environmental audit schemes (ISO 14001 and EMAS)
TG 1 Environmentally Friendly Construction Materials Follow up study to: provide technical specification writers with specific information how and where to include environmental performance indicators and other key environmental aspects (e.g. release of dangerous substances) within the framework of European Technical Specifications for construction products of the CPD based on an IPP approach
New European Directive (226) Energy Performance of Buildings Requirements as regards: - common methodology: « CO2 emission indicator » - minimum standards: new as well as large existing buildings > 1000 m2 subject to renovation
New European Directive (226) Energy Performance of Buildings – energy certificate (<5 years old) of all buildings sold or rented out to be provided to any prospective buyer or tenant – and to be displayed in all buildings open to the public – regular inspections of boilers (>10 kW) and a/c systems (>12 kW)
TG 3 Construction and Demolition Waste Management Recommendations Waste prevention oriented planning and design Recovery oriented construction Develop codes of practice Give preference to recyclable primary materials and products Agree and adopt acceptable KPIs to benchmark performance
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Overview The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) was established in late 1997 with the mission of developing globally applicable guidelines for reporting on the economic, environmental, and social performance, initially of corporations and eventually for any business, governmental, or non- governmental organisation
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Vision Elevate sustainability reporting practices worldwide to a level equivalent to financial reporting; Design, disseminate, and promote standardised reporting practices, core measurements, and customised, sector-specific measurements; Ensure a permanent and effective institutional host to supprt such reporting practices worldwide.
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Opportunity In a way that provides stakeholders with reliable and relevant information that fosters dialogue and learning; Through well established reporting principles, applied consistently from one reporting period to the next; In a way that facilitates reader understanding and comparison with similar reports; In a form that provides management across different organisations with valuable information to enhance internal decision-making.
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) The Future Expanded credibility of sustainability reports using a common framework for performance measurement; Simplification of the reporting process for organisations in all regions and countries; Quick and reliable benchmarking; More effective linkage between sustainable practices and financial performance.
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) The Future Creation of a permanent, independent host institution for the GRI; Continued periodic revision of the Sustainability Reporting Guidelines developed through the efforts of a global, multi-stakeholder process; Extending the reach of the GRI to all regions of the world to broaden its network and ensure continual feedback to enhance the quality of the Guidelines.