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SCENERY CONSTRUCTION Mr. Bartosh Technical Theatre I.

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Presentation on theme: "SCENERY CONSTRUCTION Mr. Bartosh Technical Theatre I."— Presentation transcript:

1 SCENERY CONSTRUCTION Mr. Bartosh Technical Theatre I

2 Why Build Scenery? Set Design Expresses the mood and spirit of the play and reinforces the story with visual elements Historical period Location Season of Year Socioeconomic Conditions Personality of Characters

3 What is Scenery? Scenery Used to convey location and/or structure during a performance. May be permanently fixed on stage but often moves to accommodate different settings within the play

4 Types of Scenery Hard Scenery Soft Scenery

5 Hard Scenery Characteristics Hard to the touch Acoustically live (The way a sound acts in an environment) Types Two-Dimensional (2D) Non-Load Bearing Hard flats (Hollywood style) Wood frames covered by ¼ plywood or lauan plywood. Hard drops Cut-outs that may be hung from a batten, but need to be rigid

6 Three Dimensional Scenery Three-Dimensional (3D) Load Bearing Platforms: The workhorse of scenery, reuseable Used to create levels on stage Typical stock sizes: 4x8, 4x4, 2x4 3/8 Carriage Bolts Placed at a 45 deg angle Like a 2 on a dice Lid3/4 plywood Cross bracing1x4 keeps platform from twisting Legs--2x4 cut to height of platform minus ¾ Leg Bracing1x4 squares up platform legs. Also called banding

7 Step Units Step Units: Two types Escape units Used to get actors on/off stage platform without being seen On Stage Units Built as part of scenery Independentstands alone Dependentneeds to be attached to a platform Railings Nuel Postlarge post (4x4) used to keep railing laterally stable Ballusterssmaller posts (2x2) used to give vertical strength Hand railUsed to support people traversing a staircase

8 More about step units Riserhow tall each step is (front of step) Carriagecarries all of the weight of the unit (2 dimensional lumber) Treadthe part you step on (3/4 hardwood or 2 dimensional lumber) Nuel Post Balluster Hand Rail

9 Other 3D Scenery Ramps Doors Windows Abstract

10 Materials Dimensional lumber: (Sticks) solid pieces of wood so called because each denoted by nominal dimensions 1x3, 1x4, 1x6, 1x10, 1x12, 2x2, 2x4, 2x6, 2x10, 2x12 are all common in the scene shop Nominal vs. True 2x4s arent actually 2x4. Theyve been planed to 1 ½x 3 ½. The same is true for all dimensional lumber

11 Sheet Goods Most sheet goods come standard as 4x8 Plywood Thin layers of wood laid out as a sheet. Each layer laid perpendicular to the last. Common thicknesses ¼, ½, ¾. Graded A-D on number of imperfections. Most have different grades on different sides. Used for platform lids & other decking

12 Sheet Goods Lauan Plywood Thin plywood ( ¼) Lighter than ¼ pine plywood Warps less than pine plywood Use care in selecting where the lauan comes from Most lauan comes from unsustainable logging

13 Sheet Goods Masonite High density, hardened fiber board. Also called hardboard Used to face platforms and for stage decking Smooth on one side, rough on the back

14 Sheet Goods OSB Oriented Strand Board 1-2 chips of wood that are compressed and glued into standard sized sheets More sustainable because its using scraps Cheaper than plywood Springy-er Does not have a smooth finished look

15 Sheet Goods MDF & HDF Medium & High Density Fiber Board (respectively) Saw dust that is compressed and glued into a sheet good Strong Very Heavy Uniform surface

16 Soft Scenery Soft to the touch Flexible Acoustically absorbent

17 Types of Soft Scenery Drapery Fabric that hangs on stage Not usually part of set Masking: cover areas of the stage from audience view

18 Black Panel/Traveler Curtains on tracks that can be opened and closed Typically black velour

19 Legs (Tormentors) ft wide and taller than the proscenium arch Masks wings Usually black (light absorbing) Can be IFR or cotton velour

20 Borders (Teasers) 6-12 ft. tall Wider than the proscenium arch Masks fly house & battens Borders hang downstage of legs Usually black (light absorbing material) IFR or cotton velour

21 Grand Drape (Main Drape or Act Curtain) Types Traveler, Tableau, Austrian & Venetian Covers the opening of the proscenium arch The big reveal: Traditionally used to separate acts of a show Heavier velour than legs & borders Guillotine or travel Velour is usually a color other than black

22 Grand Valence (Valance) Always just downstage of Grand Drape Same material/color as GD Masks GD tracks when in & other downstage items

23 Drops Part of the set Painted drops No fullness Muslin or canvas Not typically one piece of fabric May be cut out or not full stage

24 Cyclorama (Cyc) Greek origin: Sky Cloth Used to simulate sky Large (usually larger than proscenium opening) Seamless True cycs are curved

25 Scrim NOT a cyc! Sharkstooth Knitted fabric with more open space than thread Possesses interesting properties Light projected onto front of scrim Looks opaque Light objects behind scrim Objects visible to audience

26 Rear Projection Screen (RP) Vinyl material More light transmitted through the surface than fabric

27 Flats Wooden frames with lightweight covering used to simulate walls on stage Two Types

28 Broadway Flats Muslin (fabric) covering Framing members lay flat against covering (parallel) Stiles - made from 1X3 wood, extend from the top of the bottom rail, to the bottom of the top rail Toggle - interior support, from 1X3 wood Keystone - made from ¼ plywood, got its name for its shape. Cornerblock - made from ¼ plywood (when attached, it must be ¾ form the edge of the flat (Broadway) or 1 (Hollywood), and the grain of the wood must follow the stile) Rails - top and bottom support, from 1X3 wood, fit the width of the flat.

29 Hollywood Flats Hard (lauan plywood) covering Framing members lay on end from covering (perpendicular)

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