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Introduction to OSHA YouthBuild Kick-off Conference January 30, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to OSHA YouthBuild Kick-off Conference January 30, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to OSHA YouthBuild Kick-off Conference January 30, 2008

2 The Important Stuff Schedule Schedule Restrooms Restrooms Emergency exits and mustering point Emergency exits and mustering point Cell phones Cell phones

3 What is OSHA? Occupational Safety and Health Administration Occupational Safety and Health Administration Responsible for worker safety and health protection Responsible for worker safety and health protection

4 Is there a need for OSHA? Nearly 6,000 workplace fatalities Nearly 6,000 workplace fatalities 50,000 deaths from workplace-related illnesses 50,000 deaths from workplace-related illnesses 5.7 million non-fatal workplace injuries 5.7 million non-fatal workplace injuries Injuries alone cost U.S. businesses over $125 billion Injuries alone cost U.S. businesses over $125 billion Each year... Source - OSHA Publication 2056

5 Has OSHA Made a Difference? Helped cut the work-related fatality rate in half Helped cut the work-related fatality rate in half Worked with employers and employees to reduce workplace injuries and illnesses by 40% Worked with employers and employees to reduce workplace injuries and illnesses by 40% Virtually eliminated brown lung disease in the textile industry, and Virtually eliminated brown lung disease in the textile industry, and Reduced trenching and excavation fatalities by 35% Reduced trenching and excavation fatalities by 35% YES! Since 1970 OSHA has:

6 What does OSHA do? Encourages employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards and implement new or improve existing safety and health programs Encourages employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards and implement new or improve existing safety and health programs Develops and enforces mandatory job safety and health standards Develops and enforces mandatory job safety and health standards Maintains a reporting and recordkeeping system to monitor job-related injuries and illnesses Maintains a reporting and recordkeeping system to monitor job-related injuries and illnesses Provides assistance, training and other support programs to help employers and workers Provides assistance, training and other support programs to help employers and workers

7 Who is covered by the OSH Act? Most private sector employees Most private sector employees Coverage is provided directly by federal OSHA or through an OSHA-approved state program Coverage is provided directly by federal OSHA or through an OSHA-approved state program Does not cover the self-employed or immediate members of farm families that do not employ outside workers Does not cover the self-employed or immediate members of farm families that do not employ outside workers

8 OSHA Standards OSHA develops and enforces standards that employers must follow. OSHA develops and enforces standards that employers must follow. Where OSHA does not have standards, employers are responsible for following the OSH Act's General Duty Clause. Where OSHA does not have standards, employers are responsible for following the OSH Act's General Duty Clause. States with OSHA-approved programs must set standards at least as effective as federal standards. States with OSHA-approved programs must set standards at least as effective as federal standards.

9 What does OSHA Require? Determine which standards apply to your workplace Determine which standards apply to your workplace Follow the OSHA standards and requirements Follow the OSHA standards and requirements

10 What are workers responsibilities? Read the OSHA poster Read the OSHA poster Follow the employers safety and health rules and wear or use all required gear and equipment Follow the employers safety and health rules and wear or use all required gear and equipment Follow safe work practices for your job, as directed by your employer Follow safe work practices for your job, as directed by your employer Report hazardous conditions to a supervisor or safety committee Report hazardous conditions to a supervisor or safety committee Report hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers do not fix them Report hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers do not fix them Cooperate with OSHA inspectors Cooperate with OSHA inspectors (see OSHA Workers' web page for more information)

11 What are workers rights? Identify and correct problems in their workplaces, working with their employers whenever possible Identify and correct problems in their workplaces, working with their employers whenever possible Complain to OSHA about workplace conditions threatening their health or safety in person, by telephone, by fax, by mail or electronically through OSHAs web site Complain to OSHA about workplace conditions threatening their health or safety in person, by telephone, by fax, by mail or electronically through OSHAs web site Section 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the right to seek safe and healthful conditions on the job without being disciplined or fired Section 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the right to seek safe and healthful conditions on the job without being disciplined or fired (see OSHA Workers' web page for more information)

12 OSHA Workers' Page

13 What are employers rights & responsibilities? Employers must provide a safe and healthful workplace free of recognized hazards and follow the OSHA standards Employers must provide a safe and healthful workplace free of recognized hazards and follow the OSHA standards The OSH Act grants employers important rights, particularly during and after an OSHA inspection The OSH Act grants employers important rights, particularly during and after an OSHA inspection Employers must provide training, medical examinations and recordkeeping Employers must provide training, medical examinations and recordkeeping

14 Competent Person in Construction A person who; A person who; Knows the right standard, Knows the right standard, Can identify hazards in the operation, and Can identify hazards in the operation, and Is designated by the employer, and has the authority to take appropriate actions. Is designated by the employer, and has the authority to take appropriate actions. "Competent Person" is found in many standards. "Competent Person" is found in many standards. Some standards set specific requirements for the "competent person." Some standards set specific requirements for the "competent person."

15 Workplace Inspections Establishments covered by the OSH Act are subject to inspection by OSHA compliance safety and health officers (CSHO's) Establishments covered by the OSH Act are subject to inspection by OSHA compliance safety and health officers (CSHO's) Most inspections are conducted without advance notice Most inspections are conducted without advance notice

16 What Types of Hazards are Addressed in Standards? Electrical Electrical Cranes Cranes Falls Falls Excavation Excavation l Scaffolding l Machines l Stairways & Ladders l Chemical

17 The OSH Act of 1970 Section 5(b) - Follow the written rules. Section 5(b) - Follow the written rules. Section 5(a)(1) - General Duty Clause. Section 5(a)(1) - General Duty Clause. Fix what you can know is broken. Fix what you can know is broken. Each employer shall furnish a place of employment which is free of serious, recognizable hazards to the health and safety of their employees. Each employer shall furnish a place of employment which is free of serious, recognizable hazards to the health and safety of their employees.

18 Inspection Types I Programmed Inspections (industry problem) Programmed Inspections (industry problem) Random selection by computer report Random selection by computer report Special emphasis programs based on kinds of hazards in a line of work Special emphasis programs based on kinds of hazards in a line of work Comprehensive with chance of Focus Comprehensive with chance of Focus

19 Inspection Types II Unprogrammed inspections (site problem) Unprogrammed inspections (site problem) Accidents: fatalities or catastrophes (3 or more people admitted to the hospital) Accidents: fatalities or catastrophes (3 or more people admitted to the hospital) Complaints: signed by current employee or phone & fax ignored by the employer Complaints: signed by current employee or phone & fax ignored by the employer Referral: notice of a hazard by a credible safety professional or confirmed report from the media or by another government agency Referral: notice of a hazard by a credible safety professional or confirmed report from the media or by another government agency

20 Inspections Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs) work for the Secretary of Labor to: Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs) work for the Secretary of Labor to: enter without delay and at reasonable times any work place; enter without delay and at reasonable times any work place; inspect and investigate during regular working hours and at other reasonable times, inspect and investigate during regular working hours and at other reasonable times, and to perform their work within reasonable limits and in a reasonable manner. and to perform their work within reasonable limits and in a reasonable manner.

21 Employer may Qualify for "Focused Inspection" Has to meet certain conditions Has to meet certain conditions Inspector will "focus" on these four hazard areas: Inspector will "focus" on these four hazard areas: Falls Falls Struck by Struck by Caught in/between Caught in/between Electrical Electrical

22 Inspection Process CSHO displays official credentials CSHO displays official credentials Opening conference Opening conference Walk-around inspection Walk-around inspection Closing conference Closing conference

23 Inside an Inspection: The Opening At the Opening Conference, CSHOs: At the Opening Conference, CSHOs: Present their credentials to the highest ranking management official - and everyone else smart enough to ask. Present their credentials to the highest ranking management official - and everyone else smart enough to ask. Explain the general Nature and Scope of the inspection - why theyre there and where they intend to look. Explain the general Nature and Scope of the inspection - why theyre there and where they intend to look.

24 More on the Opening Conference Subcontractors should be invited to the opening conference if the inspection will include their work areas. Subcontractors should be invited to the opening conference if the inspection will include their work areas. Employees who are members of a union must be allowed to have a representative present during the opening conference. Employees who are members of a union must be allowed to have a representative present during the opening conference.

25 Inside the Inspection: The Walk- Around The physical inspection of the workplace is called the Walk-around. The physical inspection of the workplace is called the Walk-around. Employers should always have a representative walk with the CSHO. Employers should always have a representative walk with the CSHO. Authorized reps for employees also have the right to be on the walk-around. Authorized reps for employees also have the right to be on the walk-around. The CSHO decides how to do the walk. The CSHO decides how to do the walk.

26 More on the Walk- Around CSHOs have the authority to: CSHOs have the authority to: Take photographs and site samples related to the purpose of the inspection. Take photographs and site samples related to the purpose of the inspection. Privately interview any employee. Privately interview any employee. CSHOs have a duty to: CSHOs have a duty to: Be fair, thorough and reasonable in the time and manner of inspection. Be fair, thorough and reasonable in the time and manner of inspection. To not create hazards or labor problems. To not create hazards or labor problems.

27 Inside an Inspection: More Info Records Review Records Review Injury and illness records Injury and illness records Safety plans Safety plans Contracts Contracts Training records Training records Research Research Manufacturers info Industry practices OSHA policy Reviewing other contractors programs

28 Inside an Inspection:Closing Conference A Closing Conference is held at the end of an inspection for all representatives. A Closing Conference is held at the end of an inspection for all representatives. If more research is needed, a Preliminary Closing is still given to list concerns so employers can fix any problems right away. If more research is needed, a Preliminary Closing is still given to list concerns so employers can fix any problems right away. Closings are a chance to ask questions or to speak up if folks think the CSHO misunderstood the situation. Closings are a chance to ask questions or to speak up if folks think the CSHO misunderstood the situation.

29 What Happens After an OSHA Inspection? OSHA may or may not issue citations OSHA may or may not issue citations Citations inform employer and employees of the regulations and standards allegedly violated and of the proposed time for abatement Citations inform employer and employees of the regulations and standards allegedly violated and of the proposed time for abatement Employer must post a copy of each citation at or near place where violation occurred, for 3 days or until violation is corrected, whichever is longer Employer must post a copy of each citation at or near place where violation occurred, for 3 days or until violation is corrected, whichever is longer

30 Citations Other than serious Other than serious Serious Serious Repeat Repeat Willful Willful Egregious Egregious

31 Recordkeeping and Reporting Employers of 11 or more employees must maintain records of occupational injuries and illnessesEmployers of 11 or more employees must maintain records of occupational injuries and illnesses All employers must display the OSHA poster, and report to OSHA within 8 hours any accident that results in a fatality or in-patient hospitalization of 3 or more employeesAll employers must display the OSHA poster, and report to OSHA within 8 hours any accident that results in a fatality or in-patient hospitalization of 3 or more employees

32 Recordkeeping Forms Maintained on a calendar year basis Maintained on a calendar year basis Summary of records for the previous year must be posted from February through April Summary of records for the previous year must be posted from February through April

33 Recordkeeping: The 300 Log Each employer shall: Each employer shall: Keep a log and summary of all recordable injuries and illnesses (Form 300). Keep a log and summary of all recordable injuries and illnesses (Form 300). Enter each recordable injury and illness on the log and summary no later than 6 working days after receiving information that a recordable injury or illness has occurred. Enter each recordable injury and illness on the log and summary no later than 6 working days after receiving information that a recordable injury or illness has occurred.

34 Reporting Accidents If there is a death or catastrophe (hospitalization of three or more employees) as the result of a single work- related incident, the employer must call and report the event to OSHA. If there is a death or catastrophe (hospitalization of three or more employees) as the result of a single work- related incident, the employer must call and report the event to OSHA. Calls must be made within 8 hours. Calls must be made within 8 hours. Calls can be placed to the National Hotline at OSHA. Know the areas zip code. Calls can be placed to the National Hotline at OSHA. Know the areas zip code.

35 Sources of Assistance OSHA web site (www.osha.gov) OSHA web site (www.osha.gov) Consultation assistance Consultation assistance Federal and State area offices Federal and State area offices Speakers, publications, a/v aids, technical advice Speakers, publications, a/v aids, technical advice Training and education Training and education OSHA Training Institute (OTI) and the OTI Education Centers OSHA Training Institute (OTI) and the OTI Education Centers OSHA Outreach Training Program OSHA Outreach Training Program OSHA Office of State Programs OSHA Office of State Programs Voluntary Protection Programs Voluntary Protection Programs

36 OSHA Web Site (www.osha.gov) About OSHA (events, whats new...) About OSHA (events, whats new...) Compliance Assistance (regulations, directives, consultation, eTools, training...) Compliance Assistance (regulations, directives, consultation, eTools, training...) Cooperative Programs (VPP, partnerships …) Cooperative Programs (VPP, partnerships …) News Room (publications, news releases...) News Room (publications, news releases...) Safety / Health Topics (technical links to various topics) Safety / Health Topics (technical links to various topics) Statistics (Inspection data, BLS survey link...) Statistics (Inspection data, BLS survey link...)

37 Where to Get OSHA Standards Federal Register in public libraries or at GPO web site Federal Register in public libraries or at GPO web site CD-ROM subscription through U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) CD-ROM subscription through U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) in public libraries and through GPO Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) in public libraries and through GPO OSHA web site - OSHA standards, interpretations, directives (www.osha.gov) OSHA web site - OSHA standards, interpretations, directives (www.osha.gov)

38 Consultation Assistance Provided at no cost Provided at no cost Developed for smaller employers with more hazardous operations Developed for smaller employers with more hazardous operations Delivered by state government agencies or universities employing professional safety and health consultants Delivered by state government agencies or universities employing professional safety and health consultants No penalties are proposed or citations issued No penalties are proposed or citations issued Possible violations of OSHA standards are not reported to OSHA enforcement staff unless employer fails to eliminate or control any serious hazard or imminent danger Possible violations of OSHA standards are not reported to OSHA enforcement staff unless employer fails to eliminate or control any serious hazard or imminent danger

39 OSHA Emergency Hot-Line OSHA Report workplace safety or health fatalities or the hospitalization of 3 or more employees Report workplace safety or health fatalities or the hospitalization of 3 or more employees Report a workplace hazard Report a workplace hazard File a complaint about a workplace hazard File a complaint about a workplace hazard Request information on OSHA Request information on OSHA Request an OSHA publication Request an OSHA publication

40 Summary OSHA helps save lives and prevent injuries OSHA helps save lives and prevent injuries OSHA balances a cooperative approach with traditional enforcement OSHA balances a cooperative approach with traditional enforcement OSHA standards are the enforceable requirements for worker safety and health OSHA standards are the enforceable requirements for worker safety and health Inspections are OSHAs way to ensure compliance Inspections are OSHAs way to ensure compliance OSHA offers various means of assistance OSHA offers various means of assistance


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