Presentation on theme: "Construction Education for Civil Engineers – Graduate Certificates Dr. Robert A. Perkins, PE."— Presentation transcript:
Construction Education for Civil Engineers – Graduate Certificates Dr. Robert A. Perkins, PE
Construction Major industry in Alaska Non-exportable About 1/3 CE graduates go into directly Most the rest are involved
Construction project management The process of scheduling, coordinating and controlling all of the people, materials, equipment and financial resources needed to successfully complete a construction project.
Construction in Civil Engineering Construction is part of Civil Engineering –Laws –ABET –ASCE –FE
Alaska Law Law: practice of engineering …[includes] professional observation of construction of public and private structures, works, or projects …. Sec. 08.48.341. Definitions. Regulations: civil engineering means … research, design, and construction of fixed works for irrigation, drainage, waterpower, water supply and treatment, flood control, inland waterways, harbors, municipal improvements, railroads, highways, tunnels, airports and airways, sewerage, refuse disposal, foundations, structures, or bridges
ABET …proficiency in a minimum of four (4) recognized major civil engineering areas;..and an understanding of professional practice issues such as: procurement of work, bidding versus quality-based selection processes, how the design professionals and the construction professions interact to construct a project…
FE Exam Specs, October 2005 From Civil (PM) Specs. VIII. Construction Management 10% A. Procurement methods (e.g., design-build, design-bid- build, qualifications based) B. Allocation of resources (e.g., labor, equipment, materials, money, time) C. Contracts/contract law D. Project scheduling (e.g., CPM, PERT) E. Engineering economics F. Project management (e.g., owner/contractor/client relations, safety) G. Construction estimating
ASCE Committee on Curricula and Accreditation The generally recognized major areas: Structural Geotechnical Environmental/Sanitary Transportation Hydraulics/Hydrology/Water Resources Surveying/Measurements Construction
Construction Engineering –ABET –Few schools –Very close to civil –No real advantage over CE with electives
Teaching Construction in CE Most CE schools are like UAF –Offer few electives
Perkins Opinion Not fruitful research area –Not much funding –Often proprietary Civil Engineer in construction wears two hats –Construction engineering Basically civil –Construction management
Construction Management UAA offers AA and now BS Many programs nationwide Usually not engineering school –Great variability –Students take basic math and science Perkins Opinion – Shred
Demand Very strong demand for engineers who are construction managers. Some demand for non-engineers who are construction managers.
Worker Shortage Looms for Defense Sector Tuesday March 4, 2:24 pm ET By Joelle Tessler, AP Business Writer Aerospace and Defense Sector Braces for Potential Brain Drain As Cold War Workers Retire WASHINGTON (AP) -- The aerospace and defense sector is bracing for a potential brain drain over the next decade as a generation of Cold War scientists and engineers hits retirement age and not enough qualified young Americans seek to take their place. -- almost 60 percent of U.S. aerospace workers in 2007 were 45 or older --
Problem Worldwide loss of middle management engineers and technical professionals –All industrial countries –All technical industries Loss of mentoring class More acute in governmental employers –Less flexibility
Alaska Difficult to attract people on current salary scales Both public and private declare shortage of middle manager-level engineering and technical managers 29 May UAF Workforce Meeting 30 May Alaska Engineering Society Workforce Development Initiative Meeting UA to double engineering graduates ??
AK DOT Classes Asked UAF to offer some construction management classes spring 07 UAF generated preliminary information Met with AK DOT to refine Gary Tyndall took plan to contractors, owners, AGC, etc.
Findings Emphasize management skills Target individuals who have –engineering or technical bachelors degrees, and –who have several years of subsequent work experience. Short, concentrated modules –completed and applied quickly. Convenient times and locations –during seasons that minimize conflict with construction activities.
Spring 08 CM Classes (One credit) Big picture, systems thinking and organizational dynamics, Fairbanks, (15) Construction Claims Case Studies, Fairbanks and Anchorage, (5) Scheduling for construction administration, Fairbanks and Juneau, (17) Managing Risk, Fairbanks and Juneau, (13). Overview of environmental laws, regulations, and permitting, Fairbanks and Anchorage, (2)
MS What about our standard MS degrees? Enrollments down
Standard MS not economical Full-time lose two years of longevity –Small increase in starting pay Evening program depends on how you value your free time Economics is different for international students 6 of 35 MS were US 0 of 6 PhDs
Mismatch Problem Employers want more skills –And public, too –Generally willing to pay Employees want skills and compensation Need to match value to employer with cost to employee –Time and effort
Increase value of education? Education more specific to employers needs More convenient for students and employers Give credential sooner
Graduate Certificates Typically 12 to 15 graduate credits –Can count towards MS Focused on narrow area –Design of Pharmaceutical Facilities –Value Chain Enterprise Systems –Pharmaceutical Process Engineering Often distance delivered
Negatives ? Not research orientated Commercial rather than academic Does not fit academic mold Extension School material (All these are only negative from academics)
May Anchorage Meetings Reinforced ideas about depleted middle management engineering workforce Construction especially difficult Strong support for a Graduate Certificate in CM at UAF
Plan Develop relations with industry Promulgate a Graduate Certificate in Construction Management in CEE Department Hire a half ESM and half Construction Management faculty
Certificate Program 15 Credits Divided in three rubrics Cafeteria style within the rubrics With supervisors approval Will not need engineering degree
Draft of Certificate Program Had Four Discipline Area 1.Human interactions and communications (4-6 credits) 2.Construction project management (4-6 credits) 3.Construction contract administration (4-6 credits) 4.Other Areas (3-4 credits total)
Funding Have 50k in initiative budget Have asked for 55k more from Workforce funding Asked for super tuition –Double –Half to general tuition fund FTE –Half to program Should be self supporting
New Faculty My plan, need your input Perkins –Half ESM and half ENVE Other –Half ESM and half Transportation –Never really happened New –Half ESM and half construction
Issues Stealing students from MS –Not Taking resources from other programs –Approaching self support with super tuition Administrative burden –Yes –Should get FTE
Administer UACP –University of Alaska Corporate Programs CDE –UAF Center for Distance Education SoM –School of Management –Others
Advantages Increase FTEs May generate surplus $ Will increase number of completions Provide long term strength to ESM Provide framework for expansion of construction programs for engineers