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Chapter 10 Construct a segment congruent to a given segment. Given: AB Procedure: 1. Use a straightedge to draw a line. Call it l. 2. Choose any point.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 Construct a segment congruent to a given segment. Given: AB Procedure: 1. Use a straightedge to draw a line. Call it l. 2. Choose any point."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chapter 10

3 Construct a segment congruent to a given segment. Given: AB Procedure: 1. Use a straightedge to draw a line. Call it l. 2. Choose any point on l and label it X. 3. Set your compass for radius AB and make a mark on the line where B lies. Then, move your compass to line l and set your pointer on X. Make a mark on the line and label it Y. Construct: XY = AB XY l Construction #1 This is our compass. Dont change your radius!

4 Construct an angle congruent to a given angle Given:Procedure: 1) Draw a ray. Label it RY. Construct: E D 2) Using B as center and any radius, draw an arc intersecting BA and BC. Label the points of intersection D and E. 4) Measure the arc from D to E. E2E2 Construction #2 R Y 3) Using R as center and the SAME RADIUS as in Step 2, draw an arc intersecting RY. Label point E 2 the point where the arc intersects RY 5) Move the pointer to E 2 and make an arc that that intersects the blue arc to get point D 2 D2D2 A C B 6) Draw a ray from R through D 2

5 How do I construct a Bisector of a given angle? Given: C A B Procedure: 1.Using B as center and any radius, draw and arc that intersects BA at X and BC at point Y. X Y 2. Using X as center and a suitable radius, draw and arc. Using Y as center and the same radius, draw an arc that intersects the arc with center X at point Z. Z 3. Draw BZ. Construction #3

6 How do I construct a perpendicular bisector to a given segment? Given: Procedure: 1.Using any radius greater than 1/2 AB, draw four arcs of equal radii, two with center A and two with center B. Label the points of intersection X and Y. A B X Y 2. Draw XY Construction #4

7 How do I construct a perpendicular bisector to a given segment at a given point? Given: C k Procedure: 1.Using C as center and any radius, draw arcs intersecting k at X and Y. XY 2.Using X as center and any radius greater than CX, draw an arc. Using Y as center and the same radius, draw and arc intersecting the arc with center X at Z. Z 3. Draw CZ. Construction #5

8 How do I construct a perpendicular bisector to a given segment at a given point outside the line? Given: k P Procedure: 1.Using P as center, draw two arcs of equal radii that intersect k at points X and Y. XY 2.Using X and Y as centers and a suitable radius, draw arcs that intersect at a point Z. Z 3. Draw PZ. Construction #6

9 How do I construct a line parallel to a given line through a given point? Given: k P Procedure: 1.Let A and B be two points on line k. Draw PA. AB 2.At P, construct <1 so that <1 and { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/1421369/4/slides/slide_8.jpg", "name": "How do I construct a line parallel to a given line through a given point.", "description": "Given: k P Procedure: 1.Let A and B be two points on line k. Draw PA. AB 2.At P, construct <1 so that <1 and

10 Concurrent Lines If the lines are Concurrent then they all intersect at the same point. The point of intersection is called the point of concurrency

11 What are the 4 different types of concurrent lines for a triangle? I.Perpendicular bisectors II.Angle bisectors III.Altitudes IV.Medians Circumcenter Incenter Orthocenter Centriod Concurrent LinesPoint of Concurrency SP Circumcenter Incenter Orthocenter Centroid

12 Construction #8 Given a point on a circle, construct the tangent to the circle at the given point. 1) Draw Ray OA 2) Construct a perpendicular through OA at point A. O A Given: Point A on circle O. Construct arcs 1 and 2 using any suitable radius and A as the center 12 P Q Construct arcs 3 & 4 using point Q as the center and any suitable radius (keep this radius) Now, using the same radius, construct arcs 5 & 6 using point P as the center so that they intersect arcs 3 & 4 to get points X & Y 3 4 5 6 X Y 3) Draw tangent line XY PROCEDURE:

13 Construction #9 Given a point outside a circle, construct a tangent to the circle from the given point. O A Given: point A not on circle O PROCEDURE: 1) Draw OA. 2) Find the midpoint M of OA (perpendicular bisector of OA) Construct arcs 1& 2 using a suitable radius greater than ½AO ( keep this radius for the next step) 1 2 Construct arcs 3& 4 using the same radius (greater than ½AO) You get arcs 5 & 6 3 4 M 3) Construct a 2 nd circle with center M and radius MA 4) So you get points of tangency at X & Y where the arcs intersect the red circle X Y 5) Draw tangents AX & AY

14 Construction #10 Given a triangle construct the circumscribed circle. Given: Triangle ABC PROCEDURE: 1) Construct the perpendicular bisectors of the sides of the triangle and label the point of intersection F. A B C Bisect segment AC; Using a radius greater than 1/2AC from point C construct arcs 1 & 2 From point A construct arcs 3 & 4 and draw a line connecting the intersections of the arcs 3 4 1 2 Bisect segment BC; Using a radius greater than 1/2BC from point C construct arcs 5 & 6 From point B construct arcs 7 & 8 and draw a line connecting the intersections of the arcs 5 6 7 8 F 2) Set your compass pointer to point F and the radius to measure FC. 3) Draw the circle with center F, that passes through the vertices A, B, & C Now construct the perpendicular bisector of segment AB and label point F, where the 3 lines meet. r a d i u s

15 Construction #11 Given a triangle construct the inscribed circle. Given: Triangle ABC PROCEDURE: A B C 1) Construct the angle bisectors of angles A, B, & C, to get a point of intersection and call it F 2) Construct a perpendicular to side AC from point F, and label this point G. 3) Put your pointer on point F and set your radius to FG. 4) Draw the circle using F as the center and it should be tangent to all the sides of the triangle. F G XY

16 Construction #12 Given a segment, divide the segment into a given number of congruent parts. Given: Segment AB PROCEDURE: 4) Draw the the rays from X & Y, they should be parallel to the segment ZB and divide AB into 3 congruent parts. Divide AB into 3 congruent parts. 1) Construct ANY RAY from point A thats not AB 2) Construct 3 congruent segments on the ray using ANY RADIUS starting from point A. Label the new points X, Y, & Z 3) Draw segment ZB and copy the angle AZB ( 1) to vertices X & Y 1 Use any suitable radius that will give some distance between the points AB X Y Z Remember keep the same radius!! DC So AC=CD=DB Three congruent segments Remember you made 3 because you are dividing by 3, but if you wanted to divide by, say, 6 you would have to make 6 congruent parts on the ray and so on for 7,8,9…

17 Construction #13 Given three segments construct a fourth segment (x) so that the four segments are in proportion. Given: PROCEDURE: 1) Using your straight edge construct an acute angle of any measure. 2) On the lower ray construct a and then c from the end of a. 3) On the upper ray construct b and then connect the ends of a & b 4) Next copy angle 1 at the end of c and then construct the parallel line a b c Construct: segment x such that a cx b a c bx 1

18 Given 2 segments construct their geometric mean. Construction #14 Given:Construct: segment x such that: a x x b PROCEDURE: 1) Draw a ray and mark off a+b. 3) Construct the circle with center M and radius = MY (or MX) 4) Construct a perpendicular where segment a meets segment b (point O) a b 1 2 8 L 56 7 4 9 10 N P Q Y O X 3 a b K M 2) Bisect a+b (XY) and label point M. The orange segment is x the geometric mean between the lengths of a and b X Mark off 2 arcs from Y. Keep the same radius and mark off 2 more arcs from X, crossing the first two. Mark off 2 equal distances on either side of point O using any radius and then bisect this new segment (I used the distance from O to M, but remember any radius will do) Make sure to set your radius to more than 1/2NM then: Mark off 2 arcs from M. Keep the same radius and mark off 2 more arcs from N, crossing the first two. Draw the perpendicular bisector PQ through point O

19 The Meaning of Locus The term locus is just a technical term meaning a set of points. So, a circle is a locus. Why?? Because it is a set of points a given distance from a given point. If a figure is a locus then it is the set of all points that satisfy one or more conditions.

20 What can a locus be?? Remember it is a SET OF POINTS so if you recall the idea of sets from algebra it is possible for a set to be empty. So a set could be: A.The empty set. (no points fit the condition or conditions) B.A single point. C.Two points, three points…. D.An infinite set of points. (like a line, circle, curve,…)

21 Examples of a Locus in a Plane

22 Locus Problems


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