Presentation on theme: "Crane-Related Deaths and Injuries in Construction,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Crane-Related Deaths and Injuries in Construction, 1992 - 2006 Michael McCann, PhD, CIHJanie Gittleman, PhD, MRPMary Watters
2 Regulatory OverviewOn July 9, 2004, the Federal Advisory Committee on cranes and derricks (C-DAC) reached a consensus for a new crane and derricks standard.In May 2008, as part of its semiannual regulatory agenda, OSHA mentioned plans to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking on cranes and derricks in the August 2008 Federal Register.
3 Selected Fatal Crane Incidents Crane lifting bucket of cement collapsed onto scaffold inside cooling tower. Willow Island, WV. 4/27/7851 construction workers diedTower crane fell 16 stories while being jumped. San Francisco, CA. 11/29/894 construction workers died1 bystander died22 bystanders injured
4 Selected Fatal Crane Incidents (cont.) “Big Blue” mobile crane collapsed hitting 3 workers in crane basket. Winds mph. Milwaukee, WI. 11/14/993 construction workers died4-ton chunk of steel fell from crane crushing a taxi. New York, NY. 9/29/065 bystanders injured
5 Selected Fatal Crane Incidents (cont.) Crane collapsed on a condo. Bellevue, WA. 11/16/061 bystander died1 construction worker injuredTower crane collapsed while being jumped, damaging several buildings. New York, NY. 3/15/086 construction workers died1 bystander died13 construction workers injured11 first responders injured
6 Selected Fatal Crane Incidents (cont.) 20-foot section crane fell 30 stories while jumping the crane. Miami, FL. 3/25/082 construction workers died5 construction workers injuredCrane cab, boom, and machine deck separated from the tower mast and collapsed onto the street. New York, NY. 5/30/082 construction workers died1 construction worker injured1 bystander injured
7 Crane-Related Deaths in Construction, 1992-2006 323 crane-related deaths from 307 incidents in construction from12 multiple-death incidents involving a total of28 deathsSource: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Research File
8 Crane-Related Deaths in Construction by Year, 1992-2006 Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Research File
9 Causes of Crane-Related Deaths in Construction, 1992-2006 102685924Total deaths:323211831* 52 of 59 struck by booms/jibs were due to falling booms/jibs** Other causes includes 14 struck by other crane parts and 9 highway incidents.Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Research File
10 Types of Cranes Involved in Fatalities Mobile cranesTower cranesFloating or barge cranesOverhead cranes
11 Types of Cranes Involved: Mobile Cranes71% of all crane-related incidents involved mobile cranesMobile cranes were involved in:80 of 95 (84%) of overhead power line incidents37 of 59 (63%) of crane collapses35 of 59 (60%) of struck by boom/jib incidents
12 Types of Cranes Involved: Tower CranesTower cranes wereinvolved in:16 of 306 (5%) of all crane related incidents5 of 24 (21%) of struck by crane load incidents5 of 59 (8%) of struck by boom/jib deaths
13 Other/unspecified cranes Types of Cranes Involved:Other/unspecified cranesOther/unspecified cranes were involved in 24% of all crane related incidents, including:13 floating or barge crane incidents12 overhead crane incidents
14 Main Causes of Worker Deaths, by Frequency Electrocutions – from overhead power linesCrane collapseStruck by falling boom/jibStruck by crane load
15 Overhead Power Line Electrocutions Why Workers Died:Overhead Power Line ElectrocutionsNumber of Deaths: 102Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsCensus of Fatal OccupationalInjuries Research File
16 Crane Collapses Why Workers Died: 1992 - 2006 Number of Collapses: 61 Number of Deaths: 68Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsCensus of Fatal OccupationalInjuries Research File
17 Struck by Falling Booms/Jibs Why Workers Died:Struck by Falling Booms/JibsNumber of Deaths: 52Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsCensus of Fatal OccupationalInjuries Research File
18 Struck By Crane Loads Why Workers Died: 1992 - 2006 Number of Deaths: 24Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor StatisticsCensus of Fatal OccupationalInjuries Research File
19 Trades of Workers Who Died Crane-Related Deaths in Construction,Construction laborersHeavy equipment operators*Supervisors/ Managers/ AdminIronworkersMechanicsOther trades**Total Deaths: 323* Includes 50 crane and tower operators and 14 operating engineers** Includes 14 carpenters, 11 electrical workers, 8 truck drivers, and 7 welders and cutters.Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Research File
20 Recommendations Crane operators should be certified. Presently only 15 states and a few cities (including New York City and Chicago) require certification.Crane riggers and signalpersons should be certified.Crane inspectors should be certified.OSHA only requires that they be competent persons
21 Recommendations (cont.) Cranes should be inspected after assembly or modification.Only trained workers under the supervision of a qualified person and competent person should assemble or disassemble cranes.Crane loads should not be allowed to pass over street traffic.
22 Recommendations (cont.) OSHA should conduct more thorough investigations of crane-related fatalities and capture more complete data in its reporting system.OSHA should immediately take action on the proposed consensus crane and derrick standard for construction and include recommendations from this report.
23 For Further Information Mike McCann:Janie Gittleman:Mary Watters:Electronic Library of Construction Safety and Health (eLCOSH):CPWR – The Center for Construction Research and Training:CPWR – The Center for Construction Research and Training – is the research arm of the Building and Construction Trades Department, AFL-CIO. This research was funded as part of a grant with CPWR from the National Institute for occupational Safety and Health, NIOSH (NIOSH Grant 1 U54OH008307). The research is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of NIOSH.