Presentation on theme: "The Environment Change of School Architecture in Kushiro Natsuki FUKAYO Takeo NISHIZAWA Department of architecture Kushiro National College of Technology."— Presentation transcript:
The Environment Change of School Architecture in Kushiro Natsuki FUKAYO Takeo NISHIZAWA Department of architecture Kushiro National College of Technology Key words: Architectural planning,20 century, School environment * *
Out Line Introduction Where Kushiro is Three schools Environment Competition of three schools Conclusion
Introduction Clarification of Local Architecture are important to indicate modern architecture. But There is no research report about Kushiro schools.
In this work Research about *Kushiro girls high school *Kushiro elementary school *Otanoshike elementary school Comparing environment of three schools Considering transition of three schools
About Kushiro N43° E144 Subarctic zone Heavy Snowfall Area Climatic Main Industry Pulp and paper Fishery
Three schools Kushiro girls high school (KGHS) Kushiro elementary school (KES) Otanoshike elementary school (OES)
Kushiro girls high school Built in 1920s Western-style design Two-stories wooden building with hip roof The only girls high school in eastern Hokkaido
Kushiro girls high school *A classroom area was 64.8m 2. *U shaped-type plan and side corridor shaped-plan.
Kushiro elementary school Built in 1970s Three-stories and side-corridor types Made by reinforced concrete Pillars on the outer walls
Kushiro elementary school Three-stories and side-corridor type. Made by reinforced concrete.
Otanoshike elementary school Built in 1990s Two-stories Special characteristic: Tower clock Square hipped roof Universal design
Otanoshike elementary school Open school type Classrooms Windows side Black board Separator
Comparison Window KGHS : Window area 10.7 / flat area 64.8 =0.17 < 1/5 KES : Window area 13.5 / flat area 63 =0.21 > 1/5 OES : Window area 13.3 / flat area 64 =0.21 > 1/5 KGHS : Wooden building KES : Reinforced Concrete OES : Reinforced Concrete Heat insulator shortage in this wall. Lighting Insulation Construction
Comparison KGHS : Steam Radiator KES : Too Small Two Heaters OES : Two Panel Heaters Universal design KGHS : Not Installed KES : Added some facilities OES : Installed Warmness Welfare Heating system
Comparison School-planning KGHS : U Shaped-Type Plan and Side Corridor Shaped-Plan KES : Side-Corridor Type OES : Open School Type, Two-stories KGHS :Western design KES :Pillars on the outer walls OES :Having Tower clock Modern style Designing
Conclusions Importance appearance designing were attached. Designs -Old days- That one were NOT attached so much. -Now days- Inside idea and designing for students were increased. Education Environment Student studied in Terrible environment and no welfare. -Old days- -Now days- Building built recently have had great environment. Old building which existing have added some components of universal design.
Opinion Midori elementary school Before After Energy saving of appliance, light and soon Solar panel Wind power generation Cellulose Fiber insulation Ideas