Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Canterbury Tales The General Prologue. Canterbury Tales Written around 1387-1400 Written around 1387-1400 Written by Geoffrey Chaucer Written by Geoffrey.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Canterbury Tales The General Prologue. Canterbury Tales Written around 1387-1400 Written around 1387-1400 Written by Geoffrey Chaucer Written by Geoffrey."— Presentation transcript:

1 Canterbury Tales The General Prologue

2 Canterbury Tales Written around Written around Written by Geoffrey Chaucer Written by Geoffrey Chaucer Soldier Soldier Courtier Courtier Royal emissary to Europe Royal emissary to Europe Controller of customs Controller of customs Justice of the peace Justice of the peace Member of Parliament Member of Parliament artist artist

3 Prologue Chaucer has the idea to bring together 29 sondry folk in a pilgrimage (by aventure [chance]) Chaucer has the idea to bring together 29 sondry folk in a pilgrimage (by aventure [chance]) Represent a wide range of 14 th century English society Represent a wide range of 14 th century English society Makes comprehensive study of humans Makes comprehensive study of humans Perfect way to present his irony Perfect way to present his irony

4 Prologue Represent a wide range of 14 th century English society Represent a wide range of 14 th century English society 3 Groups Represent: 3 Groups Represent: Agricultural feudalism Agricultural feudalism Landownership and service Landownership and service Knights yeoman Knights yeoman Franklin Franklin Urbanization Urbanization Change in feudal structure Change in feudal structure Doctor Doctor Guildsmen Guildsmen The Church The Church One of the most powerful elements in medieval soceity One of the most powerful elements in medieval soceity 9 of pilgrims belong to clergy 9 of pilgrims belong to clergy

5 Prologue Each pilgrim is supposed to tell: Each pilgrim is supposed to tell: two stories on the way to Canterbury two stories on the way to Canterbury two stories on the way back two stories on the way back Plan proposed by Harry Bailey, host of the Tabard Inn Plan proposed by Harry Bailey, host of the Tabard Inn Teller of best tale is rewarded at the end Teller of best tale is rewarded at the end A dinner provided by his fellow pilgrims at the Tabard A dinner provided by his fellow pilgrims at the Tabard Harry Bailey is judge Harry Bailey is judge

6 Prologue Prologue sets the scene and introduces reader to the characters Prologue sets the scene and introduces reader to the characters Between many of the tales Chaucer expounds upon the personalities of the pilgrims. Between many of the tales Chaucer expounds upon the personalities of the pilgrims. Number of arguments that prepare for subsequent tales Number of arguments that prepare for subsequent tales Some pilgrims introduce a tale with a commentary on his/her own personal life Some pilgrims introduce a tale with a commentary on his/her own personal life

7 Prologue Chaucers project was never finished Chaucers project was never finished Only 24 tales exist Only 24 tales exist Tales were probably composed at various times in Chaucers life Tales were probably composed at various times in Chaucers life

8 Prologue Begins with a long, rhetorical sentence in high style describing spring. Begins with a long, rhetorical sentence in high style describing spring. Gradually descends into a more realistic style of expository narrative. Gradually descends into a more realistic style of expository narrative.

9 Prologue Group is on its way to the holy shrine of St. Thomas ă Becket Group is on its way to the holy shrine of St. Thomas ă Becket Archbishop of Canterbury Archbishop of Canterbury opposed Henry II over the balance between royal and religious power opposed Henry II over the balance between royal and religious power was murdered in the cathedral was murdered in the cathedral Considered a martyr and later made a saint Considered a martyr and later made a saint His blood was held to contain great curative qualities, restoring health to the sick His blood was held to contain great curative qualities, restoring health to the sick

10 Characters The Knight: The Knight: Honorable warrior Honorable warrior The Squire: The Squire: Knights son; lusty youth Knights son; lusty youth The Yeoman: The Yeoman: servant to the Squire servant to the Squire The Prioress: The Prioress: Superior of nunnery; accompanied by another nun and 3 priests Superior of nunnery; accompanied by another nun and 3 priests

11 Characters The Monk: The Monk: fat, bald, lover of hunting who rejects work or study fat, bald, lover of hunting who rejects work or study The Friar: The Friar: Merry monk who is an accomplished beggar for his own gain Merry monk who is an accomplished beggar for his own gain The Merchant: The Merchant: Businessman who talks honestly while practicing illegal money-lending Businessman who talks honestly while practicing illegal money-lending

12 Characters The Clerk: The Clerk: The threadbare scholar who prefers philosophy to riches The threadbare scholar who prefers philosophy to riches The Sergeant: The Sergeant: One of a select group of lawyers; equal to the knight in social status One of a select group of lawyers; equal to the knight in social status The Franklin: The Franklin: Wealthy landholder and civic leader; fond of excellent food Wealthy landholder and civic leader; fond of excellent food

13 Characters The Haberdasher, Carpenter, Weaver, Dyer, Tapestry Maker: The Haberdasher, Carpenter, Weaver, Dyer, Tapestry Maker: Wealthy tradesmen Wealthy tradesmen Members of the same parish guild Members of the same parish guild The Cook The Cook Private cook for the Parish Guild members Private cook for the Parish Guild members The Shipman The Shipman Accomplished sailor and drinker Accomplished sailor and drinker

14 Characters The Doctor: The Doctor: Learned practitioner with a love for gold Learned practitioner with a love for gold The Wife of Bath: The Wife of Bath: Widow who has enjoyed many pilgrimages and 5 marriages Widow who has enjoyed many pilgrimages and 5 marriages The Parson: The Parson: Poor, diligent cleric who aids parishioners with his own funds Poor, diligent cleric who aids parishioners with his own funds

15 Characters The Miller: The Miller: Wealthy tradesman; talkative and bawdy Wealthy tradesman; talkative and bawdy The Manciple: The Manciple: Shrewd kitchen supervisor Shrewd kitchen supervisor The Reeve: The Reeve: Manager of lords property Manager of lords property The Summoner: The Summoner: Lecherous cleric who permits parishioners licentious behavior – for a price Lecherous cleric who permits parishioners licentious behavior – for a price

16 Characters The Pardoner: The Pardoner: The summoners companion who sells allegedly holy relics and pardons from Rome The summoners companion who sells allegedly holy relics and pardons from Rome The Host (Harry Bailey): The Host (Harry Bailey): The innkeeper who proposes that each pilgrim tell 2 stories on the road to Canterbury and 2 on the returning journey The innkeeper who proposes that each pilgrim tell 2 stories on the road to Canterbury and 2 on the returning journey The Poet (narrator): The Poet (narrator): Accompanies the pilgrims and recounts the tales Accompanies the pilgrims and recounts the tales

17 The Knight Was an honorable warrior who fought for Christianity against the heathens. Was an honorable warrior who fought for Christianity against the heathens. Appropriate that he is the first pilgrim to be introduced because he stands at the top of the social hierarchy, thus is the most socially prominent person on the journey. Appropriate that he is the first pilgrim to be introduced because he stands at the top of the social hierarchy, thus is the most socially prominent person on the journey. Tells the first story; many offer him compliments. Tells the first story; many offer him compliments. All of the battles mentioned that he fought in were religious wars of some kind. All of the battles mentioned that he fought in were religious wars of some kind.

18 The Knight Prologues description: Prologues description: Worthy man Worthy man Loved the following: Loved the following: Chivalry Chivalry Fidelity Fidelity Honor (good reputation) Honor (good reputation) Generosity Generosity Courtesy Courtesy Honored for his worthiness in war Honored for his worthiness in war

19 The Knight Prologues description: Prologues description: Fought in many battles/ had been at many a noble expedition Fought in many battles/ had been at many a noble expedition Alexandria Alexandria Prussia Prussia Lithuania/Latvia Lithuania/Latvia Russia Russia Grenada at siege of Algeciras to Belmarye (north Africa) Grenada at siege of Algeciras to Belmarye (north Africa) Morocco Morocco The Mediterranean The Mediterranean Tiemcen Tiemcen Turkey Turkey

20 The Knight Prologues description: Prologues description: Even though he was brave, he was prudent Even though he was brave, he was prudent Deportment: meek as a maid Deportment: meek as a maid Never said any rude word in all his life to any person Never said any rude word in all his life to any person Horses were good Horses were good Clothing/dress Clothing/dress Not gaudily dressed Not gaudily dressed Tunic of coarse cloth, stained with rust from his chain mail suit Tunic of coarse cloth, stained with rust from his chain mail suit Has just returned from an expedition Has just returned from an expedition

21 The Knights Tale Probably adapted from Boccaccios Teseide Probably adapted from Boccaccios Teseide Tale of ideal love and chivalry. Tale of ideal love and chivalry. Would be a popular type of tale in Chaucers day. Would be a popular type of tale in Chaucers day.

22 The Knights Tale Premise: Premise: Two Thebian knights, Palamon & Arcite, fall in love with the same woman, Emelye, whom they see only from their prison window in Athens. Two Thebian knights, Palamon & Arcite, fall in love with the same woman, Emelye, whom they see only from their prison window in Athens. Their life-long friendship is immediately disrupted by their rivalry for Emelye. Their life-long friendship is immediately disrupted by their rivalry for Emelye. In time Arcite is released from prison on the condition that he never again set foot in Athens. In time Arcite is released from prison on the condition that he never again set foot in Athens. Palamon eventually escapes years later. Palamon eventually escapes years later.

23 The Knights Tale The men meet by chance in a grove near Athens and are about to fight when Theseus and his company interrupt them. The men meet by chance in a grove near Athens and are about to fight when Theseus and his company interrupt them. After forgiving the knights for their past, Theseus schedules a tournament (50 weeks later) for the hand of Emelye. After forgiving the knights for their past, Theseus schedules a tournament (50 weeks later) for the hand of Emelye. Arcite wins the tournament, but scarcely has had time to claim his fair prize when the misaligned planet Saturn causes him to fall from his horse and die shortly afterward. Arcite wins the tournament, but scarcely has had time to claim his fair prize when the misaligned planet Saturn causes him to fall from his horse and die shortly afterward.

24 The Knights Tale Palamon forgets his ill feelings toward Arcite and retires to Thebes, where he mourns his former friend. Palamon forgets his ill feelings toward Arcite and retires to Thebes, where he mourns his former friend. Several years later, Theseus summons Palamon, who is still mourning and wearing black, and gives him Emelye in marriage. Several years later, Theseus summons Palamon, who is still mourning and wearing black, and gives him Emelye in marriage. Makes of two sorrows one parfit joye, lastynge everemo. Makes of two sorrows one parfit joye, lastynge everemo.

25 The Knights Tale Not much action in the romance. Not much action in the romance. Two knights are almost the same Two knights are almost the same Both Both Make speeches declaring their love Make speeches declaring their love Curse their destiny Curse their destiny Pray to their respective gods Pray to their respective gods

26 The Knights Tale Conflict that a story about medieval knights and their customs would be set in ancient Greece. Conflict that a story about medieval knights and their customs would be set in ancient Greece.


Download ppt "Canterbury Tales The General Prologue. Canterbury Tales Written around 1387-1400 Written around 1387-1400 Written by Geoffrey Chaucer Written by Geoffrey."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google