Presentation on theme: "Who is IBAC? International Non-Government, Non-profit, Council representing 14 member Associations (NBAA largest) Conduct safety studies/provide statistics."— Presentation transcript:
1 Who is IBAC?International Non-Government, Non-profit, Council representing 14 member Associations (NBAA largest)Conduct safety studies/provide statisticsRepresent business aviation at ICAOManage the IS-BAO Program
2 What is IS-BAO? Professional code of practice World-wide industry standardDeveloped by the industry for the industryBased on ISO 9000 principles, tailored for aviationProvides tools for risk analysis and self-directed risk managementFits all sizes & missions, aircraft typesFoundation is a Safety Management System (SMS)
3 What is a SMS? Proactive management of safety risks Systematic process Comprehensive processIntegrates operations, maintenance, finance and human resources
4 SMS is Evolutionary Development of Safety 1950s-70s: High accident rate- Solution TechnologyJet enginesWeather radar70s-80’s: Declining accident rate- Quality Management and Human factorsSimulator trainingCRMNow—Flat accident rate - Recognition that accidents are organizational-Safety Culture/ Safety Management Systems
5 What Causes Accidents? Most accidents are “organizational” in nature: Latent conditionsCombine with or cause active failuresErrors or violations committed by the system’s operatorsAnd produce an accident
9 Terms:Hazard-The condition or circumstance that can lead to physical injury or damageRisk-The consequence of a hazard measured in terms of likelihood and severityMitigation-The measures taken to-Eliminate a hazardReduce the likelihoodReduce the severity of a risk
11 Safety Management System A process to manage the hazards and associated safety- risks inherent in an individual operation
12 SMS Formula Identify hazards to YOUR operation Assess and measure YOUR safety risksMitigate to eliminate hazards or reduce risksTrack mitigations to ensure they are APPROPRIATE AND EFFECTIVEModify mitigations as required
13 IS-BAO/SMS provides a framework and structure MRMJARTrainingRanSafetyDrillsChecklistMaintScheduleSecurity PolicyWorksheetsAlcohol & Drugs PolicyHSEPolicyOps ManualERPsCAAReqs.InsurancePolicyProcessTaskNo StructureStructure
14 Why do a SMS? Safety and Security Teamwork Loss Prevention/ Accident PreventionInsurance and aircraft financingStakeholder and customer confidenceDue diligenceRegulator confidence and regulatory compliance
15 Safety AnalysisStudied 297 total and serious business aircraft accidentsConclusions:IS-BAO could have certainly or probably prevented %Move up front…ACCIDENT ANALYSIS, JET AND TURBOPROP BUSINESS AIRCRAFT , POTENTIAL IMPACT OF IS-BAO - Robert Woodhouse, MRAeS, May 2006
16 Business Case: Cost of an Accident Direct LossesIndirect Lossesphysical damage to the aircraftproperty damagepersonal injuryloss of lifelegal claimsloss of businessdamage to reputation / good willloss of key personnel / staffincreased insurance premiums / future insurability in question / loss exceeds insurance limitsloss of productivity (“actions” for defense)environmental impactloss of use of equipment (partially insured)punitive damages / fines / regulatory actioncosts of replacement equipment or supplemental liftadditional personnel costs, such asemployee counsellingrecruitment and trainingGoal: Loss prevention since an accident may incur significant losses!
17 Business Case: “Cost” of Minor Incident Hangar rash on a Gulfstream IV…Direct (40 day repair period)Physical Damage: $313,800IndirectLoss of Use: $635,595 chartersLost Productivity: $17,300 for over 48 hoursOutside Advisors*: $13,000Repair Oversight: $15,000 travel expensesTotal Cost: $994,695Insurance Paid: $470,700 or 47%Move up front…
18 Business Case: “Cost” of Major Accident HULL DAMAGECFR EXPENSEPROPERTY DAMAGE(LIABILITY-3rd PARTY)BODILY INJURYPASSENGER BODILY INJURYCONSEQUENTIAL LOSSESCREWINJURY“Teterboro Challenger 600 Crash Spawns Claims” ~AINonline
19 Business Case: “Cost” of Staff Injury Co-workers and supervisors lose time / productivity tending to injuredDistracted staff discuss injury during “break” timesIf serious, temporary staff needs training and / or overtime necessaryLost time is not insuredMove up front…
20 Regulatory Compliance SMS PLUS COMPREHENSIVE STANDARDS: New ICAO Annex 6 Part II requirements for non commercial operators of turbojet airplanes, large airplanes, and corporate operators (compliance date November 18, 2010)IS-BAO meets ICAO requirementsSMS ONLY--ICAO requirement for SMS (Annex 6 Part 1) for commercial operators (January 1, 2009 deadline)Many States do not have rules in placeEnforcement?FAA filed difference
21 Why do a SMS? Some thoughts…. Risk ID through insuranceLeast effective as not all risks are insurableToo narrow an approachMay not leverage firm’s culture, strengthsWaiting for hazards to be identified through accidents?Do landings with no bent metal prove ops are safe?“Tombstone” mentalityAccidents are few- lessons do not apply across the boardMove up front…
22 More thoughts…Is your operation as efficient and effective as it can be?Defining processes/ linking to risks makes operation more effective and efficientDo you know you have…Trust of your passengers?What is “value” of CEO or key personnel?Trust of regulators?Do you meet regulatory requirements?
23 New ICAO SMS Elements: Safety Policy and Objectives Safety Risk ManagementSafety AssuranceSafety Promotion
24 Safety Policy and Objectives Management commitment and responsibilitySafety accountabilitiesAppointment of key safety personnelCoordination of emergency response planningSMS documentation
25 Safety Risk Management Hazard identificationSafety risk assessment and mitigation
26 Safety Assurance Safety performance monitoring and measurement The management of changeContinuous improvement of the SMS
27 Safety PromotionTraining and educationSafety communication
28 Getting Started: 12 Steps to a SMS Study the SMS conceptObtain senior management commitmentEstablish SMS teamDetermine what you have and what you needConduct initial hazard identification and risk assessment, and develop safety risk profileDevelop safety management strategy
29 Implementation, cont. Identify safety accountabilities Develop ongoing hazard identification and tracking system and risk assessment proceduresDevelop emergency preparedness planAmend programs, procedures and documents as requiredConduct staff training and educationTrack and evaluate safety management activities
30 Summary SMS is “new” way of thinking about safety What is my risk? Is it acceptable?If not, how do I mitigate the risk?How do I communicate/ implement these mitigations?Goal- Reduce risks ALARP and build a Just Culture / Positive Safety CultureIt works!!
31 For more information:Jim Zawrotny, TBAG Consultant brunskoleaviationgroup.comDan Brunskole, PresidentMember Associations see or your Association website
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