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PORTUGAL: UNIVERSITIES, FIRMS AND THE REGIONAL DYNAMICS OF INNOVATION José Félix Ribeiro and Joana Chorincas with the collaboration of André Magrinho Instituto.

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Presentation on theme: "PORTUGAL: UNIVERSITIES, FIRMS AND THE REGIONAL DYNAMICS OF INNOVATION José Félix Ribeiro and Joana Chorincas with the collaboration of André Magrinho Instituto."— Presentation transcript:

1 PORTUGAL: UNIVERSITIES, FIRMS AND THE REGIONAL DYNAMICS OF INNOVATION José Félix Ribeiro and Joana Chorincas with the collaboration of André Magrinho Instituto Internacional Casa de Mateus (IICM) INTELLIGENT COMMUNITIES: UNIVERSITIES AS KNOWLEDGE PARTNERS

2 This presentation is based in 15 Regional Competitiveness Surveys, a project sponsored by the Associação Industrial Portuguesa - Câmara de Comércio e Indústria (AIP-CCI) and Banco Espirito Santo (BES) with the Scientific orientation of Prof José Veiga Simão and the execution by Master Joana Chorincas and Dr José Félix Ribeiro

3 SYNTHESIS THE INTERACTION BETWEEN UNIVERSITES AND FIRMS IS DONE IN PORTUGAL TODAY BY 1.INDIRECT LINKS –Amplifying the pool of advanced trained human ressources –Building the Knowledge base from witch can be develloped new links with firms –Strenghtening the links between multinational companies and portuguese research centers

4 SYNTHESIS THE INTERACTION BETWEEN UNIVERSITES AND FIRMS IS DONE IN PORTUGAL TODAY BY 2.DIRECT LINKS –Research Centers and Interface Institutes doing applied research by contract with individual firms –Participation of research teams from Universities in Collective Research Projects financed by public funds –Creation of Specialized Units (Incubadoras) to promote start ups from the resercah done in Universities

5 IN THE CONTEXT OF A CRISIS PORTUGAL: A SMALL ECONOMY THAT MUST RE - LEARN TO BE AN OPEN ECONOMY

6 PORTUGAL: A DEFICIT OF EXPORTS PORTUGAL: INTENSITY OF EXPORTS AND DEGREE OF OPENESS LOWER THAN THE SMALL OPEN ECONOMIES OF EUROPE AND MORE LIKE THE LARGER EUROPEAN ECONOMIES PAÍSES IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF GOODS AND SERVICES (% OF GDP)-2010 EXPORTS OF GOODS AND SERVICES (% OF GDP)-2010 Ireland177,398,3 Hungary161,283,8 Slovakia157,578,6 Czech Republic145,875,3 Austria105,055,0 Denmark95,449,6 Germany87,746,2 PORTUGAL69,030,9 United Kingdom61,629,1 Italy54,226,5 Spain54,126,0 France52,825,1

7 PORTUGAL: A SMALL ECONOMY WITH DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF REGIONAL ACTIVITY

8 MAIN EXPORT REGIONS OF PORTUGAL: GOODS & SERVICES COASTAL NORTH/CENTER GREAT LISBON, WEST, SETUBAL & TAGUS VALLEY ALGARVE

9 THE COASTAL NORTH /CENTER

10 Big Industrial Firms Clusters of SME`s + Big Firms Multinational Firms Textiles Footwear Furniture Cork Ceramics Precison Mechanics Food & Beverages Electronics & components STEEL & FOUNDRIES Automotive Components & Electrical Appliances Light Mechanics WOOD & PAPER ELECTRICAL & MECHANICAL MACHINES CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES

11 GREAT LISBON, WEST, SETUBAL & TAGUS VALLEY

12 LISBON, SETUBAL & TAGUS VALLEY Network Industries & Utilities Clusters of service firms Multinational Firms Financial services Business services Softwae & Information T echnologies Food & Beverages Automotive & Components Transport & Logistics Electrical & Electronics OIL & GAS TELE COMMUNICATIONS POWER Building Materials WATER & ENVIRONMENT Media & Publishing Tourism Health Services

13 CREATING THE BASIS

14 1. A DESCENTRALIZING AND INOVATIVE PROGRAM OF NEW UNIVERSITIES AND POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTES

15 Minho University Aveiro University Coimbra University University of Lisbon New University of Lisbon Algarve University Tras Montes & Alto Douro University Beira Interior University Evora University Azores University Madeira University Viana Castelo Polytechnic Bragança Polytechnic Guarda Polytechnic Viseu Polytehcnic Castelo Branco Polytechnic Portalegre Polytechnic Beja Polytechnic Santarém Polytechnic Coastal (*) Interior & Islands UNIVERSITIES Ave & Cavado Polytechnic Oporto Polytehcnic Agueda Polytechnic Coimbra Polytechnic Tomar Polytechnic Leiria Polytechnic Lisbon Polytechnic Setúbal Polytechnic POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTES (*) In 1971 has been installed in Lisbon the Catholic University that in 1987 has inaugurated the Escola Superior de Biotecnologia in Oporto

16 UNIVERSITIES AND POLYTECHNICS

17 2. THE FIRST TECHNOLOGICAL PLAN FOR PORTUGUESE INDUSTRY – Beginning in 1983 LEADERSHIP OF LNETI (National Laboratory for Industry & Technology) COOPERATING WITH MIT and The WORLD BANK

18 MAIN FOCUS TECHNOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURES Technological centers for traditional industries Institutes for the Development of New Technologies INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH Contracts with Firms & Universities TECHNOLOGICAL PARKS The Lumiar Technological Pole FINANCING AGENCY

19 USING THE STRUCTURAL FUNDS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE,TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION

20 BUILDING NETWORKS OF RESEARCH CENTERS IN PRIORITY AREAS ABLE TO COMPETE IN EUROPEAN PROGRAMS –COMPUTER SCIENCES, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES & TELECOMMUNICATIONS –BIOTECHNOLOGY & FINE CHEMICALS –MECHANICAL ENGENEERING., AUTOMATION & ROBOTICS –MATERIALS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY –HEALTH SCIENCES & TECHNOLOGIES –OCEAN SCIENCES &TECHNOLOGIES

21 CREATING THE BIGGEST PROGRAM OF ADVANCED STUDIES IN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY IN PORTUGUESE CONTEMPORAY HISTORY USING THE EUROPEAN SOCIAL FUND TO FINANCE PhD IN EUROPEAN, NORTH AMERICAN AND PORTUGUESE UNIVERSITIES

22 PhD financed by the State Source: Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), FCT Board, 31 May 2011

23 PhD and Post-Doctoral Awarded Grants, Source: Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), FCT Board, 31 May 2011 (*) Programs: - MIT Portugal - CMU | Portugal - Austin | Portugal

24 PhD by Science & Technology Areas Source: Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), FCT Board, 31 May 2011

25 A NETWORK OF TECHNOLOGICAL CENTERS FOR TRADITONAL INDUSTRIES –TEXTILES & APPAREL –FOOTWEAR –WOOD &FURNITURE –CORK –CERAMICS & GLASS –MOULDS & PRECISION MECHANICS –METAL MECHANIC INDUSTRIES –LEATHER INDUSTRY

26 INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH PROGRAMS FOR INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH PROJECTS AND THE CREATION OF RESERCH LABORATORIES IN FIRMS PROGRAMS OF COLECTIVE RESEARCH PRO JECTS BETWEEN FIRMS AND RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS

27 AN INNOVATION AGENCY TO IMPLEMENT SEVERAL PROGRAMS WITH FIRMS : R&D Laboratories in Firms New Technology Start Ups Colective Research Projects EUREKA partnereships PHD and Masters for Innovation in Firms Industrial participation in European Scientific oragnizations - CERN, ESO, ESA etc

28 THE COASTAL NORTH /CENTER INSTITUTIONS IN REGIONS UNIVERSITIES POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTES TECHNOLOGICAL CENTERS

29 THE TRADITIONAL EXPORT INDUSTRIES, TECHNOLOGICAL CENTERS & RESEARCH CENTERS Cluster Textile/Leather Food and agroindustrial cluster Cluster Moulds INEGI Instituto de Engª Mecânica e Gestão Industrial Centro Engenharia Mecânica U Coimbra IPC Instituto de Polímeros E Compósitos CBQF Centro Biotecnologia e Química Fina ESB IDMEC Instituto de Engª Mecânica U Porto R&D Centers & Institutes Technological Centers & Sectoral Institutes CENTRO TECNOLÓGICO IND.TÊXTEIS E VESTUÁRIO C. TECNOLÓGICO CALÇADO CENTRO TECNOLÓGICO DA CORTIÇA CENTRO TECNOLÓGICO DA CERÃMICA E VIDRO Centro de Ciência e Tecnologia Têxtil U Minho Centro de Tecnologia Mecânica e Automação U Aveiro CEIA CE IND.AUTOMÓVEL Centro Química Orgânica, Prodº Naturais e Agro alimentares Centro Processos Químicos e Produtos Da Floresta CICECO Centro de I&D em Materiais Cerâmicos e Compósitos RAIZ CENTRO TECNOLÓGICO MOLDES E PLÁSTICOS ICEMS Instituto C &Engª Materiais e Superfícies Mechanical and Automotive Cluster Forest industry cluster Ceramics cluster

30 GREAT LISBON, WEST, SETUBAL & TAGUS VALLEY INSTITUTIONS IN REGIONS UNIVERSITIES POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTES TECHNOLOGICAL CENTERS

31 A NEW TECHNOLOGY PLAN

32 THE TECHNOLOGY PLAN THE NATIONAL STRATEGIC REFERENCE FRAMEWORK (QREN) APPROACH: –COLLECTIVE EFFICIENCY STRATEGIES: COMPETITIVENESS AND TECHNOLOGY POLES CLUSTERS –STRENGHTENING THE RESEARCH CAPACITY OF FIRMS – INCENTIVE SYSTEM –FUNDING OF RESEARCH PROJECTS THE COOPERATION WITH U.S. UNIVERSITIES –MIT –CARNEGIE MLLON –AUSTIN

33 Collective Efficiency Strategies There are four different types of Collective Efficiency Strategies: (1) Competitiveness and technology poles: innovation networks which are partnerships between relevant support corporations and institutions, sharing a strategic vision based on innovative activities aiming at the development of highly technological projects, with a strong international perspective (i.e., projects that promote technological development directed at the production of new products, services or processes, with a linkage between business skills and scientific and technical knowledge). (2) Other clusters: national partnerships sharing a vision for the economy of a specific territorys economy, or for interconnected sectors, and for which proximity is a key factor in the innovation process.

34 (3) Programmes for the economic enhancement of endogenous resources (PROVERE): partnerships between local players who appreciate the specific resources of low density areas and which generate activities based on creativity and innovation in locations featuring significant weaknesses vis à vis competitiveness. (4) Urban regeneration and development actions (ARDU): partnerships for urban economic renewal, through the relocation or reordering of economic activities and renewal of economic activities in urban centres. Collective Efficiency Strategies

35 THE COMPETITIVENESS AND TECHNOLOGY POLES

36 THE REGIONAL CLUSTERS

37 Incentive System Incentive System of the Competitiveness Factors Operational Program of the National Strategic Reference Framework (QREN): Innovation IS (SI Inovação): Innovation Incentive System that supports production innovation investment projects fostered by one or more companies in cooperation. R&TD IS (SI I&DT): Incentive System for Company Research and Technological Development that supports research and technological development and technology demonstration projects. Co-promotion projects are very important.

38 SME Eligibility IS (SI PME): Incentive System for SME Qualification and Internationalisation designed to provide support to investment projects fostered by one or more SMEs in cooperation and aimed at innovation, modernisation and internationalisation of SMEs. –It is important to highlight that these IS finance the cost of acquisition of the research and innovation consulting services provided to SMEs by national laboratories – Vale I&DT and Vale Inovação programmes. The Vale I&DT programme aims to support companies so that they can acquire research and development services that will improve their products, processes or services. On the other hand, the Vale Inovação programme is used for consulting services and to support innovation systems. Incentive System of Collective Actions (SIAC): links between business and innovation support organizations (universities, polytechnics, clusters and competitive poles, incubators, science and technology parks and other entities that support business). Incentive System

39 Funding of Research Projects Support System for Entities of National Scientific and Technological System (SAESCTN): objective of stimulating internationalization and cooperation among universities and the main labs and research centers in scientific areas. Support System for Parks of Science and Technology and Incubators of Technology-based Companies

40 THE TECHNOLOGY PLAN THE MOBI.E PROJECT – from renewable energie to electric mobility with a innovative business model A pilot network with 1300 charging points and 50 fast charging points

41 THE TECHNOLOGY PLAN THE MOBI.E PROJECT – PARTNERS Research and Innovation: Communication: Technology: Energy:

42 CRITICAL SOFTWARE, INTELI E NOVABASE levam Mobi.e para Xangai A Mobi.e, entidade gestora da rede de mobilidade eléctrica em Portugal, foi o parceiro escolhido para montar um modelo congénere em Xangai, anunciou ontem o coordenador do projecto, João Dias, no que representa o primeiro passo na internacionalização que a rede portuguesa tem procurado desde a sua constituição EFACEC fornece 900 carregadores aos EUA "A Efacec vai fornecer 900 carregadores rápidos (carregam em aproximadamente 30 minutos) de veículos eléctricos à empresa norte- americana 350 Green, num contrato cujo valor global se cifra nos 25 milhões de euros", escreve o Jornal de Negócios. Em declarações aos Negócios, João Bento, presidente da Efacec adiantou que esta é a maior encomenda de carregadores rápidos da história da humanidade, uma vez que não há neste momento nenhum processo estruturado de fornecimento de carregadores rápidos desta dimensão, de 900 de uma vez, explicou. THE TECHNOLOGY PLAN THE MOBI.E PROJECT – RESULTS

43 THE TECHNOLOGY PLAN COMMUNICATION NETWORK - NEW GENERATION

44 SOME BENCHMARKING –The total expense in R&D in Portugal has attained in ,71% of GDP (0,80% in 2005) –Portugal has attained the level of 8,2 Researchers (ETI) in thousand active population, equivalent to researchers in ETI (surpassing the objective of the Technology Plan which was 6 researchers for thousand active population ) –Portugal has been the Third Country in UE27 with the biggest growth in Patents registered having for the first time attained the level of 100 european patebst demands (26%),

45 SOME BENCHMARKING –The Exports of the 100 firms with more investment in R&D in 2008 has represented more thna 25% of the total exports of Portugal and has grown four tiems faster than that total –The Value Added of the 100 firms with more investment in R&D in 2008 has grown at 12% almost tem times superior to the VAT of the portuguese economy between 2007 and 2008

46 SOME BENCHMARKING In the European Innovation Scoreboard 2009, Portugal has been the 7 th Country that had the biggest upgrade in the INNOVATION RANKING on the UE 27 (surpassing countries like Spain, Italy and Greece) The Community Innovation Survey, 2008 (CIS2008) points out that between, 2006 e 2008, Portugal has been the 4 th Country in UE with more innovative firms The Global Competitiveness Report (Setember 2010) of World Economic Forum, indicates that Portugal has made new progresses in the INNOVATION ranking, being in the 32th position in the ranking of 139 countries

47 4. THE RESULTS: DIFERENT REGIONAL PROFILES OF INSTITUTIONAL DYNAMICS IN INNOVATION

48 THE DUAL NATURE OF INNOVATION PROCESSES IN REGIONAL ECONOMIC DYNAMICS DIVERSIFICATION OF COMPETITIVE ACTIVITIES & NEW COMPETENCES INNOVATION IN PRODUCTS, SERVICES & PROCESSES IN EXISTING ACTIVITIES

49 AVE & CAVADO INDUSTRIAL EXPORT BASE Textile & Apparel Cluster Plastics Multinational firms: CONTINENTAL, BLAUPUNKT, GRUNDIG, ACTARIS

50 AVE & CAVADO KNOWLEDGE BASE MINHO UNIVERSITY (Braga e Guimarães) and its Research Centers Computer Sciences and Information Technologies Polymer & Materials Sciences Mechanical Engineering, Automation & Robotics Textile Enginneering TECHNOLOGY CENTERS The Technological Center for Textile industries

51 AVE & CAVADO DIVERSIFICATION DRIVE The Minho Software Pole The Iberian Nanotechnology Center Minho University StartUps The BIAL factory

52 AREA METROPOLITANA PORTO INDUSTRIAL BASE BIG INDUSTRIAL FIRMS (SONAE, SN, GALP, EFACEC, CIN, SOGRAPE, UNICER, AMORIM & LAGE, LACTOGAL, QUINTAS GROUP etc ) Medium Firms in innovation drive (BIAL, ADIRA, CABELTE etc Many Small export firms FEW MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES

53 AREA METROPOLITANA PORTO KNOWLEDGE BASE OPORTO UNIVERSITY, OPORTO POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE, BIOTECNOLGY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL (CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY) Research Centers –Mechanical & Electrical Engeneering, Automation & Robotics –Computer Sciences & Information Technologies –Health Sciences & Technolgies –Biotechnology & Fine Chemicals The Frauenhoffer Institute

54 AREA METROPOLITANA PORTO DIVERSIFICATION DRIVE The Competitiveness and Technology Poles of the QREN Program The Health Cluster The TICE Pole The Energy Pole The Clusters of the QREN Program Ocean XXI Cluster The Creative Industries

55 BAIXO VOUGA & ENTRE DOURO E VOUGA INDUSTRIAL EXPORT BASE Footwear Cluster Ceramics Cluster Cork Cluster Light & Precison Mechanics; Heavy Metalo mechanics Pulp & Paper; Heavy Chemical Industries/Estarreja platform) MULTINATIONAL FIRMS BOSCH & VULCANO RENAULT/NISSAN, DOW CHEMICAL

56 BAIXO VOUGA & ENTRE DOURO E VOUGA KNOWLEDGE BASE AVEIRO UNIVERSITY and its Research Centers : Ceramics & Advanced Materials Telecomunications & Information Technologies Mechanical Engineering Environmental Sceinces AGUEDA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE ENTREPRISE RESEARCH CENTERS/COMPETENCE CENTERS –PT Inovação –NOKIA SIEMENS –VULCANO/BOSCH TECHNOLOGY CENTERS The Technological Center for Footwear; The Technological Center for Cork; The Technological Center for Precison Mechanics

57 BAIXO VOUGA & ENTRE DOURO E VOUGA DIVERSIFICATION DRIVE TELECOMMUNICATIONS – TICE Competitiveness and Technology Pole RENEWABLE ENERGIES – Energy Competitiveness and Technology Pole ELECTRIC VEHICLES – (Batteries) AQUACULTURE

58 BAIXO MONDEGO (COIMBRA) KNOWLEDGE BASE UNIVERSITY OF COIMBRA and its Reseach Centers Physics & Instrumentation Chemistry Health Sciences Biology Computer Sciences Mechanical Engineering & Automation

59 BAIXO MONDEGO (COIMBRA) DIVERSIFICATION DRIVE The Best European Innovation Incubator: the Instituto Pedro Nunes The BIOCANT Technological Park

60 TAKING TOGETHER AVE/CÁVADO (Braga/Guimarães) AREA METROPOLITANA PORTO BAIXO VOUGA/ENTRE DOURO E VOUGA (Aveiro) BAIXO MONDEGO (Coimbra)

61 NETWORK OF RESEARCH CENTERS COASTAL NORTH/CENTER COMPUTER SCIENCES, INFORMATION &COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES, AUTOMATION &ROBOTICS,INSRUMENTATION & MATERIAL SCIENCES Fonte: FCT – Avaliações de Unidades – Financiamento Plurianual 2004

62 NETWORK OF RESEARCH CENTERS COASTAL NORTH/CENTER BIOLOGY, BIOTECHNOLOGY, HEALTH SCIENCES, BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING) Fonte: FCT – Avaliações de Unidades – Financiamento Plurianual 2004

63 AREA METROPOLITANA LISBOA INDUSTRIAL BASE Automotive Pulp & Paper Building Materials(Cement) Steel Industry Naval Engineering Aeronautic Maintenance Food Industries Light Chemical Industries PRIVATE SERVICES Business Services Financial Services Telecommunications Utilities PUBLIC SECTOR SERVICES

64 AREA METROPOLITANA LISBOA KNOWLEDGE BASE LISBON UNIVERSITY TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF LISBON NEW UNIVERSITY OF LISBON Health SciencesBiotechnology Telecomunications & Information Technologies Automation & Robotics Physics & Material Sciences Civil Engineering (also a State Laboratory) Earth & Ocean Sciences Environmental Sciences TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTES IBET – Biotechnology INESC - Information technologies LISBON POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE SETUBAL POLYTECHIC INSTITUTE ENTREPRISE RESEARCH CENTERS/COMPETENCE CENTERS –SIEMENS (Several Research & Competence Centers) Their Research Centers & Institutes:

65 NETWORK OF RESEARCH CENTERS AREA METROPOLITANA LISBOA COMPUTER SCIENCES, INFORMATION &COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES, AUTOMATION & ROBOTICS, INSTRUMENTATION & MATERIAL SCIENCES Fonte: FCT – Avaliações de Unidades – Financiamento Plurianual 2004

66 NETWORK OF RESEARCH CENTERS AREA METROPOLITANA LISBOA BIOLOGY, BIOTECHNOLOGY, HEALTH SCIENCES, BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Fonte: FCT – Avaliações de Unidades – Financiamento Plurianual 2004

67 AREA METROPOLITANA LISBOA DIVERSIFICATION DRIVE Business Services & Outsourcing Software, Communications & Multimedia Media & Creative Industries Engineering Services & Construction

68 THE PORTUGUESE APPROACH TO THE INTERIOR REGIONS: THE CASE OF TRÁS OS MONTES - ALTO DOURO Install a Knowledge Pole, namely University and Polytechnic Institute with roots in the traditional activities of the Region – ex Agriculture, Wine Give this Pole new areas of Knowledge – ex. Human Perfomances & Sports Create a Pole of Attractiveness for Tourism - The DOURO Region Develop Creative Oporttunities based in this Pole Ex The Douro Film Contest Upgrade the agricultural activities giving them a more competitive approach

69 TRÁS OS MONTES – ALTO DOURO Univesrsity of Trás os Montes Alto Douro (UTAD) Polytechnic Institute of Bragança

70 DIPLOMADOS DO ENSINO SUPERIOR POR ÁREA CIENTÍFICA (% TOTAL) ANO LECTIVO 2008/2009

71 EXAMPLE OF TWO AREAS OF RESEACH IN UTAD –Centro de Ciência Animal e Veterinária (CECAV);); Centro de Genómica e Biotecnologia (CGB); –Centro de Investigação e de Tecnologias Agroambientais e Biológicas (CITAB); –Centro de Investigação de Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano (CIDESD) –Centro de Engenharia de Reabilitação e Acessibilidade (CERTIC); – Centro de Acompanhamento do Treino e Excelência Desportiva (CATED);

72 INNOVATION CENTRE Centro de Inovação de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (CITMAD), and Business Innovation Centre de Trás-os- Montes e Alto Douro (BIC-TMAD).


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