Presentation on theme: "Small Space Gardens By Lin Frye, Director Arboretum and LSG Program Johnston Community College."— Presentation transcript:
Small Space Gardens By Lin Frye, Director Arboretum and LSG Program Johnston Community College
Site Planning Find niches Locate house, lot, walk, fences in space North West (House)East South Locate existing trees, shrubs, fences and beds you wish to keep, trash cans, storage sheds, etc. Mark sun and shadow pattern across space, prevailing winds Consider family needs (i.e. play area for children), recreation, outdoor cooking, entertaining, meeting areas, privacy Consider water source location, underground utility lines, septic tank and field List your desires
Consider unconventional areas, i.e. lawn edges, for the things you wish to grow – vegetables, herbs, flowers Consider sunlight and shade and a water source Consider spacing requirements for your plants Soil test, ph Fertilizing Compost Native soil and amendments What do you want to plant?
Raised beds Benefits: drainage, warms faster, easier to work Small Scale Gardens Niches Even the smallest of shaded places can be used
Vertical Gardens You can grow all vine crops vertically Need garden supports (trellis, tall cages) Can be combined with niches, square foot gardening and some containers
Square Foot Gardening Based on the book by Mel Bartholomew Square Foot Gardening and French intensive gardening Benefits: high yield, efficient, bountiful, minimal effort, small space Intensive Gardening Blocks of 4 x 4 raised beds separated by a narrow walking path Good drainage
Square Foot Gardens Soil test – vegetables need 6-7 ph Intercropping – importance of spacing, fertilizer, companion plants Lin Fryes Home Gardens
Equal parts of coarse vermiculite, screened peat moss, coarse sand, decomposed leaf mold (or bagged compost), lime, fertilizer My formula for a 4 x 8 x 1 bed: 2 cu feet humus ½ to 1 pounds 10-10-10 slow release fertilizer ½ pound powdered dolomitic lime OR Soil 8 cu feet peat moss 8 cu feet bagged compost (sterilized) 6 cu feet cow manure 6 to 8 soilless mix (Metro Mix 400)
Each square is planted with a different crop in each square (careful with spacing and crowding) Example: Pepper plants – one plant per 1 sub block i.e. If you wanted to plant an entire 4 main block in Pepper plants, youd plant a total of 16 plants. i.e. To plant spinach plants – 9 per 1 foot sub block for a total 4 bed of 144 spinach plants. (Each block is 12 inches x 12 inches) NEVER WALK ON THIS GROWING MEDIUM! KEEP ADDING COMPOST TO KEEP YOUR SOIL IN TOP CONDITION!
COMPOST AND FERTILIZER WATERING INSECT MANAGEMENT SQUASHSTRAWBERRIES
Plant Spacings in a Square Foot Garden A One-Person Garden This system can be viewed at the Arboretum Kitchen Garden site.
Benefits: Can follow the sun or move to shade if needed Can add instant color to any area Can have easy access to herbs and vegetables Container Gardening
Any container can be used Clay, Plastic pot, Coffee Mug, Planter Box, Soda containers or even old shoes Make sure there are holes in the bottom of the container Raise containers with holes off a solid surface to assist with drainage If no holes – add ½ of small pebbles, gravel or broken crockery for drainage Be sure to use a container large enough for the plant(s) youll be growing Shallow-rooted crops (lettuce, peppers, radishes, herbs) – use containers at least 6 in diameter with an 8 soil depth Bushel baskets, half barrels, wooden tubs are best for tomatoes, squash, pole beans, cucumbers. Container Gardening
Different soil, water, fertilizer and cultural requirements than plants in the ground Special container mixes – Jiffy Mix, Super Soil, Pro-Mix, etc. Requires soilless mix – containing: An organic part: peat moss, sawdust, wood shavings, hardwood bark or pine bark Mineral part: vermiculite, perlite, pumice, builders sand, granite sand or a combination of these
Special soils provide: Fast drainage of water through the soil Air in soil after drainage A reservoir of water in the soil after drainage Special soils do not usually contain fertilizer Need to compensate for soil drying out faster in a container Fertilizers leach with each watering Must water and fertilize more frequently SOILS
Slow release fertilizers (MAKE SURE ITS BALANCED) (10/10/10 – nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium) Mix in with soil upon planting Refertilize when plants flower Refertilize if needed to help a second flowering Or use a weak nutrient solution (i.e. Miracle Grow) – use only 1/5 the amount of fertilizer called for on the label for a monthly application FERTILIZER
Water thoroughly after adding plant to container After settling, soil should be ½ to 1 below rim of container Water when soil dries or plant wilts Use your finger to determine dryness of soil NOT calendar Clay pots require more frequent watering than plastic or glazed pots You can put one small pot in a larger one and insulate with peat moss, perlite or gravel Group small pots together to help with evaporation Dont over water!! WATERING
Wick Watering Put one end of wick into pail of water and other in soil of the container (through the bottom hole of container). Use thick cotton string Provides continuous supply of water and/or weak water/fertilizer solution Can also invert a saucer, place over a water-filled container, and place pot on top of saucer Can also use special wicking fabrics Mist container plants with water to help provide the humidity WATER (CONTINUED)
CONTAINER PLANT SPACING Check seed package for spacing requirements Plant more seeds than needed because not all seeds germinate Thin after germination for proper spacing Place container in proper light Amount of light is determined by what youll be growing Anything with a flower or fruit MUST have at least 6-8 FULL HOURS OF SUNLIGHT PER DAY CONTAINER PEST CONTROL Inspect weekly for pests Slugs Snails Earwigs Spider mites Whitefly Aphids Move infected plants away from the others and treat insects accordingly
VegetableType of ContainerRecommended Varieties Beans, Snap5 gal window boxBush Romano, Bush Blue Lake, Tender Crop Beans, Lima5 gal window boxHenderson Bush, Jackson, Wonder Bush Beets5 gal window boxLittle Egypt, Early Red Ball Broccoli1 plant/5 gal pot; 3 plants/15 gal tubGreen Comet, DeCicco Brussels Sprouts1 plant/5 gal pot; 2 plants/15 gal tubJade Cross Cabbage1 plant/5 gal pot; 3 plants/15 gal tubDwarf Morden, Red Ace, Early Jersey Wakefield Chinese Cabbage1 plant/5 gal pot; 3 plants/15 gal tubMichihili, Burpee Hybrid Carrot5 gal window box at least 12 inches deepShort & Sweet, Danvers Half Long, Tiny Sweet Cucumber1 plant/gal potPatio Pik, Spacemaster, Pot Luck Eggplant5 gal potSlim Jim, Ichiban, Black Beauty Lettuce5 gal window boxSalad Bowl, Ruby Onion5 gal window boxWhite Sweet Spanish, Yellow Sweet Spanish Pepper1 plant/2 gal pot; 5 plants/15 gal tubSweet Banana, Yolo Wonder, Long Red Cayenne Radish5 gal window boxCherry Belle, Icicle Spinach5 gal window boxDark Green Bloomsdale Squash2 gal potScallopini TomatoesBushel baskets; 5 gal potsTiny Tim, Small Fry, Sweet 100 Patio, Burpee's Pixie, Toy Boy, Early Girl, Better Boy VFN Examples of Vegetables and the Suggested Container Size
Square Foot Gardening by Mel Bartholomew http://www.squarefootgardening.com/ Plants Available at the JCC Arboretum Plant Sale, Saturday, April 18, 9:00-2:00. Come early for best selection.
FOR MORE INFORMATION Call Lin Frye (919) 209-2052 Call Lin Frye (919) 209-2052 Call Minda Daughtry (919) 209-2184 Call Minda Daughtry (919) 209-2184