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T HE R OAD TO W INDOWS 7. J ENNELLE C ROTHERS Who I Am Microsoft MVP for Windows Desktop Experience MCITP: Enterprise Administrator & MCITP: Enterprise.

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Presentation on theme: "T HE R OAD TO W INDOWS 7. J ENNELLE C ROTHERS Who I Am Microsoft MVP for Windows Desktop Experience MCITP: Enterprise Administrator & MCITP: Enterprise."— Presentation transcript:

1 T HE R OAD TO W INDOWS 7

2 J ENNELLE C ROTHERS Who I Am Microsoft MVP for Windows Desktop Experience MCITP: Enterprise Administrator & MCITP: Enterprise Desktop Administrator 7 Involved with PacITPros user group in San Francisco Blog: www.techbunny.com Twitter @jkc137 Who I Am Not I am not amazing at Power Point. I do not talk slowly.

3 D ISCLAIMER I cant tell YOU how to deploy Windows 7 in YOUR enterprise. But I can tell you about tools, where to find them and how they might fit your needs.

4 O N T HE A GENDA Good tools for any deployment effort Microsoft Assessment & Planning (MAP) Automated Installation Kit (AIK) Deployment Strategies High-Touch vs. Lite-Touch Additional deployment tools (MDT, USMT, WDS) Surviving Application Compatibility Issues Application Compatibility Toolkit (ACT) Some MDOP Tools (MED-V, App-V) Other useful tools Asset Inventory Service (AIS)

5 W INDOWS 7 T OUCHES E VERYTHING However, there are tools to reduce the amount of time youll have to spend touching computers during and after deployment.

6 W INDOWS 7 D EPLOYMENT E NHANCEMENTS Deployment Image Servicing and Management Add/Remove Drivers and Packages WIM and VHD Image Management User State Migration Tool Hard-link Migration Offline File Gather Improved user file detection Microsoft Deployment Toolkit Application Compatibility Toolkit Microsoft Assessment and Planning Windows Deployment Services Multicast Multiple Stream Transfer Dynamic Driver Provisioning Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

7 M ICROSOFT A SSESSMENT AND P LANNING T OOLKIT Agent-less Discovers computers using AD, scanning IP ranges, with Windows networking protocols or with manual lists of computer names. Inventories using WMI, Remote Registry service and Vmware Webservice. Uses a non-default instance of SQL Server 2008 Express to store information. Install on Windows 7, Windows Vista, Server 2003 R2 and higher.

8 MAP A SSESSMENTS AND W IZARDS Windows Vista Hardware Assessment 2007 Office Assessment Windows Server 2008 R2 Readiness MS SQL Server Discovery Windows Server Role Discovery Windows Server 2008 Readiness Virtual Machine Inventory Security Assessment Windows 7 Readiness Power Saving Assessment Application Virtualization Assessment o Performance Metrics Wizard o Server Virtualization Wizard o Hardware Library Configuration Wizard o Prepare New Reports and Proposals Wizard o Inventory and Assessment Wizard AssessmentsWizards

9 K EY A SSESSMENT T OOLS FOR D EPLOYMENTS Windows 7 Readiness – indicates which computers can support Windows 7 and suggests any necessary hardware upgrades. Generates a report and a proposal. Power Saving Assessment – describes power savings you can realize by migrating to Windows 7 App-V Assessment – identifies applications and computers capable of supporting an App-V environment. Inventory and Assessment Wizard – gather info about client computers

10 S AMPLE MAP R EPORT

11 A UTOMATED I NSTALLATION K IT (AIK 2.0) Installed the kit on any computer running Windows Vista, Windows 7 or Server 2003. Supports file-based disk imaging Includes tools to create: answer files (Windows System Image Manager) Windows PE boot disk master image from reference installation (ImageX) User State Migration Tool 4.0 is also included in the package.

12 D EPLOYMENT S TRATEGIES High-Touch with Retail Media Hands-on, very manual, less than 100 computers High-Touch with Standard Image Uses customized images, 100-200 computers Lite-Touch, High-Volume Interaction only at the start of process, 200-500 computers Zero-Touch, High-Volume No interaction, fully automated, 500 or more computers

13 W HERE THE D EPLOYMENT T OOLS F IT ToolsHigh- Touch with Retail High- Touch with Images Lite-TouchZero- Touch Media TypeRetailRetail or VLVolume Lic. AIKXXXX MDTXXX ACTXXX MAPXX WDSXX Configuration Mgr. 2007 R2 X Suggested tools from Microsofts Choosing a Deployment Strategy whitepaper.

14 S TART E ASY : H ARDWARE Will your hardware run Windows 7? And how do you find out? Visit every computer and take a inventory. Use your pre-existing inventory management software. Use the Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit (MAP)

15 R EFRESH OR R EPLACE ? Refreshing - wipe and install, use the same hardware and just reinstall the OS, applications and user settings. Replacing – providing a new computer and copying user data and settings to the new machine. Bare Metal – no user settings, just a new installation

16 C APTURING U SER D ATA & S ETTINGS Windows Easy Transfer (WET) Included with Windows 7 Also downloadable from Microsoft Can be used on Windows XP or Vista User State Migration Tool 4.0 More robust and customizable then WET Included in the AIK 2.0

17 U SER S TATE M IGRATION T OOL 4.0 Hard-link Migration Enables local file migration without copying or moving files Processes migration jobs in third of the time or less Offline User State Capture Capture during Windows PE phase to improve speed Volume Shadow Copy support Migrates in-use files Improved file detection Uses dynamic algorithms to discover user documents.

18 I NSTALLING THE O PERATING S YSTEM Automated Installation Kit (AIK 2.0) SIM, ImageX tools, Windows PE, etc. Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT) Solutions Accelerator Extends the AIK tools to include a deployment share for lite-touch or zero-touch deployments. Windows Deployment Service

19 W INDOWS D EPLOYMENT S ERVICES Great for applying the same image to a bunch of computers with an answer file Can inject some drivers, but doesnt deploy applications outside of those installed on the image. Multicast is improved with Windows 7, so you can deploy images faster. WDS is a server 2008 Role and needs AD, DNS and DHCP to function. Using WDS in conjunction with MDT extends its capabilities.

20 Clients M ULTICAST WDS Server Multicast Transmission First client joins transmission Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

21 Clients WDS Server Multicast Transmission Waiting for other clients to join… M ULTICAST Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

22 Clients with multiple transfer speeds WDS Server Multicast Transmission Transmission begins… M ULTICAST Fastest Medium Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

23 Clients with multiple transfer speeds WDS Server Multicast Transmission Additional clients join stream M ULTICAST Fastest MediumSlowestMedium Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

24 Clients with multiple transfer speeds WDS Server Multicast Transmission More clients to join M ULTICAST Fastest MediumSlowestMedium Fastest Medium Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

25 Clients with multiple transfer speeds WDS Server Multicast First clients complete. Second broad- cast begins. One client removed. M ULTICAST Medium Slowest Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

26 Clients with multiple transfer speeds WDS Server Multicast Last clients complete… M ULTICAST Medium Slowest Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

27 Clients WDS Server Multicast All clients complete. Transmission ends. M ULTICAST Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

28 M ICROSOFT D EPLOYMENT T OOLKIT Supports deployment of Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista SP1, Windows 7, Server 2003 R2, Server 2008 and Server 2008 R2. Used in the Lite-Touch and Zero-Touch deployment models. Includes a Deployment Workbench and Task Sequencer, which guides you through creating a deployment share for the operating system images, language packs, applications, device drivers, and other software deployed to the target computers. Work in conjunction with the AIK 2.0 Helps support thinner images.

29 MDT – D EPLOYMENT P ROCESS O VERVIEW From the Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit whitepaper.

30 H OW M ANY I MAGES DO YOU N EED ? One for each version of the Windows OS One for each edition of the OS One for each processor type (32 or 64-bit) One for each HAL type if deploying Windows XP or Server 2003. For Vista or later, the HAL is determined dynamically at start up. One for each localized language type for Windows XP or Server 2003. For Vista or later, the core OS is language neutral and you can add language packs.

31 W HERE THE D EPLOYMENT T OOLS F IT ToolsHigh- Touch with Retail High- Touch with Images Lite-TouchZero- Touch Media TypeRetailRetail or VLVolume Lic. AIKXXXX MDTXXX ACTXXX MAPXX WDSXX Configuration Mgr. 2007 R2 X Suggested tools from Microsofts Choosing a Deployment Strategy whitepaper.

32 W HERE THE D EPLOYMENT T OOLS F IT ToolsHigh- Touch with Retail High- Touch with Images Lite-TouchZero- Touch Media TypeRetailRetail or VLVolume Lic. AIKXXXX MDTXXX ACTXXX MAPXXXX WDSXX Configuration Mgr. 2007 R2 X Suggested tools from Microsofts Choosing a Deployment Strategy whitepaper.

33 W HAT ABOUT THOSE A PPLICATIONS ? Starting with your list of applications, start sorting them out into buckets. Applications that will run fine on Windows 7 as is. Applications that have a Windows 7 compatible version you can upgrade to. Applications that dont run on Windows 7. How do we figure out which categories those applications fall into?

34 W INDOWS 7 B UILDS ON V ISTA If your application works on Vista, it will probably work on Windows 7. If your application doesnt work on Vista. It wont work on Windows 7. Few Changes: Most software that runs on Windows Vista will run on Windows 7 - exceptions will be low level code (AV, Firewall, Imaging, etc). Hardware that runs Windows Vista well will run Windows 7 well. Deep Changes: New models for security, drivers, deployment, and networking Few Changes: Focus on quality and reliability improvements

35 S OME C OMMON C OMPATIBILITY P ROBLEMS User Account Control (UAC) Limits the context in which processes run Restricts users to Standard Users Windows Resource Protection Creates a temporary work area and redirects write action for applications. IE Protected Mode Defends against elevation-of-privilege attacks by only allowing write operations to the temporary internet files. Operating System Versions The OS version number changes with each release. (Vista is 6, Windows 7 is 6.1.)

36 A PPLICATION C OMPATIBILITY T OOLKIT Provides tools to inventory applications, hardware and devices in the production environment Synchronizes collected inventory with current application and hardware compatibility data from Microsoft and the ACT community. Includes tools to test and repair individual applications. Reduces the cost and time involved in resolving application compatibility issues Helps you determine how a Windows Update will impact your applications

37 E VALUATE Y OUR A PPLICATIONS A GAINST T HE ACT C OMMUNITY

38 I NSTALLING THE A PPLICATIONS Include in Operating System Image (thick) or deployment process (thin). Group Policy Deployments System Center Configuration Manager or other 3 rd - party software. Shims MED-V App-V RDS The Easy ApplicationsThe Not So Easy Ones

39 C OMPATIBILITY F IXES AKA S HIMS Also known as compatibility fixes, they are flexible tools used to address issues. Can not be used to bypass Windows security directly, but you can use them to loosen ACLs on a directory, redirect file access or feed alternate information to an application, etc. o Only run in user-mode, so they cant be used to correct kernel-mode issues, like with device drivers. o The Application Compatibility Tool kit can help with this type of solution, but in general, a high level of expertise required to create compatibility fixes. o Some are documented on TechNet and included with the Compatibility Manager within the ACT.

40 W HEN S HOULD I C ONSIDER MED-V? T HE CHALLENGE OF UPGRADING TO A NEW OPERATING SYSTEM

41 H OW MED-V R ELATES TO W INDOWS XP M ODE Windows Virtual PC (XP Mode) Provides the Ease of Use for End Users MED-V – Application-OS compatibility for the Enterprise

42 W ILL A PP -V H ELP ME G ET TO W INDOWS 7? Applications are packaged and delivered to the desktop on demand Streamed bits are cached locally on the client and use the resources on the client directly. Managed applications are easier to patch, upgrade and deploy. Helps control the entire lifecycle of your application. Applications must be able to run natively on the destination OS in order to work on that OS via App-V. Decouples applications from the OS to reduce conflicts – ex: multiple versions of Office.

43 No user learning curve. Click to launch any virtual application anywhere Simplify your next Windows rollout Easily prepare Virtual Applications and Dependencies for Deployment. Flexible deployment and streaming options for all business needs. Readily Accessible Applications for Users, Manageable for IT. Virtual Application Management in the box. Mature and Proven Save Time & Money. Deploy Applications Virtually Partners ready to move you from Proof of Concept to Production

44 Stream Once. Launch local and work completely offline. No waiting for complete application install or update. No reboots. No application conflicts. Preserve user settings online and offline. Automatic application and icon refresh if removed. Isolate and decouple applications from Windows to reduce conflicts.Isolate and decouple applications from Windows to reduce conflicts. Reduce the Windows footprint by never installing applications.Reduce the Windows footprint by never installing applications. Reduce Windows deployment time by delivering applications virtually.Reduce Windows deployment time by delivering applications virtually. Manage Windows and Applications independently but use the same toolset.Manage Windows and Applications independently but use the same toolset. Single sequencing wizard with powerful interface for customization. Simple MSI creation for quick deployment with existing software distribution systems. Simple application dependency creation. No editing or renaming. Easily view applications and their dependencies. Virtual applications supported on Windows 7.

45 MED-V VS. A PP -V ®

46 T ERMINAL S ERVICES OR R EMOTE D ESKTOP S ERVICES Well known technology. TS on Server 2003 with 3 rd party add-ons (like Citrix) can allow you to continue to serve legacy applications to users. TS on Server 2008 with RemoteApp can support applications that run on Vista and provide the a more seamless experience. RDS on Server 2008 R2 with RemoteApp will support Windows 7 applications and meets a different set of needs than App-V.

47 K EEPING T RACK OF A PPLICATIONS WITH A SSET I NVENTORY S ERVICE (AIS) AIS consists of two parts: A Web-based service, onto which Desktop Optimization Pack subscribers can log to view inventories of software installed on client computers in their enterprises. Client software that communicates with the Web- based service and supplies it with an inventory of programs that are installed on each client computer. Supports XP, Vista and Windows 7 clients as well as Server 2003 and Server 2008.

48 S OME TOOLS ARE PART OF THE MDOP SUBSCRIPTION

49 O NLINE R ESOURCES Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.docx Solution Accelerators - http://technet.microsoft.com/en- us/solutionaccelerators/default.aspx Microsoft Springboard – www.microsoft.com/springboard Application Compatibility for Windows 7 - http://technet.microsoft.com/appcompat

50 Q UESTIONS ? ? ?? ? ? Jennelle Crothers www.techbunny.com jennelle@techbunny.com Twitter: @jkc137


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