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——Based on a story by Saki

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1 ——Based on a story by Saki
Unit 1 The Open Window ——Based on a story by Saki

2 Introduction Part 1 The Author

3 Saki, whose real name was Hector Hugh Munro, was born at the height of English Imperialism in Akyab, Burma, on December 18, 1870, to British parents, Charles Augustus and Mary Frances Munro. His father was a colonel in the British military. Saki

4 Following the death of his mother, he was sent back to Devon, England, where he lived with his grandmother and aunts. This is why aunts were one of his favorite subjects for satire. In 1887, his father returned to England after retiring and subsequently traveled throughout Europe with his children. Saki returned briefly to Burma in 1893 as a police functionary but returned to England due to his poor health.

5 He turned to writing and became a foreign correspondent, traveling in Eastern Europe and France, from 1902 to 1909, writing for The Morning Post. With illustrator Francis Carruthers Gould, Saki collaborated on a successful series of political cartoons. His unusual pseudonym comes from the name of a character in Edward Fitzgerald’s translation of The Rubaiyat, a long poem by twelfth-century Persian writer Omar Khayyam.

6 However, though he is primarily known for his short fiction, including the volumes Reginald (1904), Reginald in Russia (1910) and Beasts and Super-Beasts (1914), he was also a novelist and playwright and the author of two works of nonfiction, including the historical The Rise of the Russian Empire. “The Open Window” is saki’s most popular short story, in which he tells a story of a spontaneous practical joke played upon a visiting stranger.

7 When World War I began, Saki joined the British military as an enlisted man, though due to his high social rank and education, he could have enlisted as an officer or worked for military intelligence. Indeed, he refused several offers of commission. He died in action in France on November 14, 1916.

8 Part 2 The characters

9 Framton Nuttel’s Sister
Framton Nuttel’s sister once spent time in the same town to which Framton has come for relaxation. She has given him a number of letters of introduction with which he is to make himself known to a number of people in the town. Mrs. Sappleton is the recipient of such a letter, and it is this that brings Nuttel to her home.

10 Mr. Framton Nuttel Mr. Framton Nuttel suffers from an undisclosed nervous ailment and comes to the country in hope that its atmosphere will be conducive to a cure. He brings a letter of introduction to Mrs. Sappleton in order to make her acquaintance for his stay in her village.

11 While he waits for Mrs. Sappleton to appear, her niece keeps him company and tells him a story about why a window in the room has been left open. He believes her story, that the window remains open in hopes that Mrs. Sappleton’s husband and

12 brother, whom the niece says are long dead, will one day return
brother, whom the niece says are long dead, will one day return. Later, when Nuttel looks out the window and sees figures approaching who match the descriptions of the long-dead hunters in the niece’s story, he suffers a mental breakdown and flees the house.

13 Mr. Sappleton Mr. Sappleton is Mrs. Sappleton’s husband. He has been away during most of the story on a hunting expedition with Mrs. Sappleton’s brothers.

14 Mrs. Sappleton Readers are first led to believe that Mrs. Sappleton is a widow, keeping vigil for her departed husband and brother, who have disappeared during a hunting trip. She lives with her young niece.

15 Vera Vera is the niece of Mrs. Sappleton, the woman to whom Framton Nuttel plans to give a letter of introduction. She is a teller of tales, a young woman whose forte is “romance at short notice.”

16 She is an exquisite and intuitive actress, equally skilled at deceit and its concealment. While Nuttel waits with her for Mrs. Sappleton to appear, Vera relates an elaborate story surrounding a window in the room that has been left open.

17 It is this story, of the death of some relatives who went hunting long ago, that eventually causes Framton Nuttel’s breakdown. She tells Nuttel that the window is left open as a sign of her aunt’s hope that the dead hunters will one day come home and provides a detailed description of the men, their behavior and attire.

18 After Nuttel flees upon seeing these men return, just as Vera has described them, Vera invents a story explaining his departure as well. Saki refers to Vera as “self-possessed,” which literally means that she has self-control and poise.

19 In the context of this story, it is clear that this is the quality that allows her to lie so well —— Vera’s self-possession allows her to maintain a cool head and calm believability while relating that most outlandish of tales.

20 Comprehension Checking comprehension 1.Where was Framton Nuttel when
the young lady entered the room? He was sitting in a chair. 2.How old was the young lady? She was fifteen years old.

21 3.Why had Framton come to the country?
He had come to the coutry to calm his nerves. 4.When did Fromton’s sister visit that part of the country? His sister visited the part of the country four years ago.

22 5.What did Fromton know about the aunt?
He knew nothing except her name and address. 6.When did Mrs. Sappleton’s tragedy happen? Her tragedy happened exactly three years ago today.

23 7.Why is the French window kept open
every day until it gets dark? Because Mrs. Sappleton thought her husband and two brothers would walk in through the window. 8.What did the husband have over his shoulder when he went hunting? He had his white raincoat over his shoulder.

24 9.Why did Ronnie always sing, “London
Bridge is falling down”? He always sang that to tease Mrs. Sappleton because she said it got on her nerves. 10.Who liked to come in through the open window? Mrs. Sappleton’s husband and brothers liked to come in through the open window.

25 11.What did Mrs. Sappleton talk about?
She talked about hunting. 12.What was Mrs. Sapppleton looking at? She was looking at the open window and the lawn beyond it.

26 13.What did the doctors agree that
Framston should do? The doctors agreed that Framton should rest completely. 14.How many figures were walking across the lawn toward the window? Three.

27 15.What were the men carrying under
their arms? They were carrying guns under their arms. 16.What did Framton do when he heard someone singing? He grabbed his hat and ran wildly out of the house.

28 17.What did Mrs. Sappleton say about
Fromton? She said:“ A very strange man, a Mr. Nuttle.” 18.What reason did Vera give to explain why Framton ran away? She gave the reason that Fromton had a terrible fear of dogs.

29 A ⑤ ③ ② Putting events in order a. The girl pointed to a large
French window. b. She said that Mrs. Sappleton’s husband and two brothers had drowned. c. When he saw the girl, Fromton felt nervous.

30 ④ ⑦ ⑥ ① d. She said that their bodies had never been found.
e. Fromton was glad to see the aunt enter the room. f. She said that her aunt believes they will come back some day. g. The girl entered the room.

31 B ② ④ ① a. She said that her husband and brothers would be back soon.
b. Suddenly Mrs. Sappleton sat up straight in her chair. c. Mrs. Sappleton came into the room.

32 ⑦ ⑤ ③ ⑥ d. Vera said she knew why Framton ran away.
e. “Here they are at last !” she exclaimed. f. Framton explained that he needed to rest. g. Framton ran wildly out of the house.

33 Language study Part 1 Words

34 nerves recommend 名词,神经质;神经紧张。 I never know what nerves are. 我神经从来都不紧张。
1.动词,推荐,介绍。 My teacher recommended me a nice book. 我老师向我推荐了一本好书。

35 2.动词,劝告,建议。 The doctor recommended the patient to do some light manual labour. 医生劝病人做一些轻微劳动。 tragedy 名词,悲剧,惨事 It was a tragedy that she died so young. 这么年轻就死了真是不幸。

36 swamp dreadful 名词,沼泽地,湿地。 His brother drowned in a swamp last summer.
他弟弟去年夏天在沼泽地里淹死了。 dreadful 形容词,可怕的,令人畏惧的。 What a dreadful scene! 多么可怕的一幕呀!

37 avoid shiver 动词,避免,回避。 Peter was very lucky to avoid an accident.
彼得很幸运,躲避了一场事故。 shiver 动词,(因寒冷或害怕)战栗,发抖。 He shivered with cold. 他冷得直发抖。

38 chill dim 名词,寒冷,寒战。 There is a chill in the air this evening. 今晚有些冷。
形容词,不亮的,微暗的,模糊的。 There is a dim light in the distance. 远处有些微暗的光亮。

39 grab chase 动词,急抓,抢夺,夺取。 He grabbed his coat and ran out of the room.
他抓起衣服,跑了出去。 chase 动词,追赶,追逐。 The people chased a pig out of a wheat field. 人们把猪赶出了麦田。

40 Part 2 Idioms

41 Keep an eye on get on sb’ nerves 动词短语,看,注意看。
The old lady always kept an eye on the sea. 这个老人总是注视着这片海。 get on sb’ nerves 动词短语,放松精神,松弛神经。 She got on her nerves by listening to the music. 她通过听音乐放松精神。

42 Summary Part 1 Plot

43 Framton Nuttel has presented himself at the Sappleton house to pay a visit. He is in the country undergoing a rest cure for his nerves and is calling on Mrs. Sappleton at the request of his sister. Though she does not know Mrs. Sappleton well, she worries that her brother will suffer if he keeps himself in total seclusion, as he is likely to do. Fifteen-year-old Vera keeps Nuttel company while they wait for her aunt. After a short silence, Vera asks if Nuttel knows many people in the area.

44 Nuttel replies in the negative, admitting that of Mrs
Nuttel replies in the negative, admitting that of Mrs. Sappleton he only knows her name and address. Vera then informs him that her aunt’s “great tragedy” happened after his sister was acquainted with her. Vera indicates the large window that opened on to the lawn. Exactly three years ago, Mrs. Sappleton’s husband and two brothers walked through the window to go on a day’s hunt. They never came back.

45 They were drowned in a bog, and their bodies were never found. Mrs
They were drowned in a bog, and their bodies were never found. Mrs. Sappleton thinks they will come back some day, so she keeps the window open. She still talks of them often to her niece, repeating the words of one of her brother’s favorite songs. At that moment, Mrs. Sappleton enters the room, apologizing for keeping him waiting and hoping that Vera has been amusing him.

46 Mrs. Sappleton excuses the open window, explaining that her husband and brothers will be home soon, and she continues to talk on quite cheerfully about hunting. Nuttel finds this conversation gruesome and attempts to change the subject by talking about his rest cure, a topic which bores Mrs. Sappleton tremendously. But she suddenly brightens up, crying ”Here they are at last!”

47 Nuttel turns to Vera to extend his sympathy, but Vera is staring out through the open window with a look of horror in her eyes. Nuttel turns around to the window and sees Mrs. Sappleton’s husband and brothers walking across the lawn, a spaniel following them, and hears a voice singing.

48 Nuttel grabs his hat and walking stick and flees from the house. Mr
Nuttel grabs his hat and walking stick and flees from the house. Mr. Sappleton comes through the window and greets his wife. Mrs. Sappleton muses over Nuttel’s departure that was so sudden it was if he had seen a ghost.

49 Vera says that she believes it was the spaniel that frightened him; she tells her aunt and uncle that Nuttel is terrified of dogs ever since being hunted into a cemetery in India by wild dogs and having to spend the night in a newly dug grave.

50 As Saki remarks at story’s end, making up stories that add a bit of excitement to life, “romance at short notice,” is Vera’s specialty.

51 Part 2 Character features

52 Framptom Nuttell’s trait
The main character is Framptom Nuttell. He suffers from nervous problems, and loves talking about his illnesses. He is also very timid, and easily deceived as we see from how readily he believes Vera's story.

53 Vera’s trait Vera is the other main character. She is clever, quick-witted, very inventive and has a cruel, ironical sense of humor. She enjoys terrifying Frampton. She is also a good actress — she manages to make Frampton believe that she is also terrified of the "ghosts", for instance.

54 Mrs. Sappleton’s trait Mrs. Sappleton is kind, polite but quite absorbed in her own concerns. She isn't very interested in her visitor, but tries to be kind to him. We can guess that she is also fooled by Vera.

55 How many storied do you read. What are they
How many storied do you read? What are they? Write down the name of them and recall the ending of these stories, does they have surprising endings. Discuss with your classmates.

56 Writing Suppose you are Fromton Nuttle and you decide to write a letter to your sister. In your letter, tell what happened to you when you visited Mrs. Sappleton. Tell your sister where you are now and how you feel.

57 byebye

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