Presentation on theme: "Statements Yes/No Questions Interrogative questions"— Presentation transcript:
1Statements Yes/No Questions Interrogative questions Word order in SpanishStatementsYes/No QuestionsInterrogative questions
2One way to form a yes/no question is to raise the pitch of your voice at the end of a declarative sentence. Declarativestatements usually follow the order: Subject + verb + therest of the sentence.When writing any question in Spanish, be sure to usean upside down question mark (¿) at the beginning anda regular question mark (?) at the end of the sentence.Question¿Usted es de Guatemala?Are you from Guatemala?StatementUsted es de Guatemala.You are from Guatemala.
3You can form a yes/no question by inverting the order of the subject and the verb of a declarative statement. The subject may come directly after the verb or it may even be placed at the end of the sentence.StatementSUBJECT VERBUsted es de Guatemala.You are from Guatemala.QuestionVERB SUBJECT¿Es usted de Guatemala?Are you from Guatemala?VERB SUBJECT¿Es de Guatemala usted?
4Questions can also be formed by adding the tags ¿no. or ¿verdad Questions can also be formed by adding the tags ¿no? or ¿verdad? at the end of a statement.StatementUsted es de Guatemala.You are from Guatemala.QuestionUsted es de Guatemala, ¿verdad?You are from Guatemala, right?Usted es de Guatemala,¿no?You are from Guatemala, aren’t you?
5In Spanish no can mean both no and not. Therefore, when answering a yes/no question in the negative, you need to use no twice.¿Es usted de Guatemala? No, no soy de Guatemala.Are you from Guatemala? No, I am not from Guatemala.
6To ask a question that requires more than a simple yes or no answer, an interrogative word is used at the beginning of the question.All interrogative words carry an accent mark.If an interrogative word includes a preposition, the preposition must start the question.¿De dónde eres?From where are you?When pronouncing this type of question, the pitch of your voice falls at the end of the sentence.
7Question words that we have already used ¿Cómo?How?¿Cómo estás?¿Cuál?Which?¿Cuál es tu nombre?¿Qué?What?¿Qué dia es hoy?¿Quién?Who?¿Quién es ella?¿Quiénes?Who (plural)?¿Quiénes son ellos?¿De dónde?From where?¿De dónde eres?
8When answering an interrogative question, we usually leave out the interrogative word in the answer and provide the information requested.However, if the question had a preposition, the preposition appears in the answer.
9Using ser with de to express origin —¿De dónde es Javier? —¿De dónde es Inés?Where is Javier from? Where is Inés from?—Es de Puerto Rico. —Ella es de Uruguay.He’s from Puerto Rico. She’s from Uruguay.
10Using ser to identify people ¿Quién es ella?Who is she?Ella es una chica.She is a girl.¿Quiénes son ellos?Who are they?Ellos son los profesores.They are the teachers.
11¡ATENCIÓN! Marta es profesora. = Marta is a teacher. Unlike English, Spanish does not use the indefinite article (un, una) after ser when referring to professions, unless accompanied by an adjective or other description:Marta es profesora. = Marta is a teacher.Marta es una profesora excelente. =Marta is an excellent teacher.
12Who is she? ( the teacher) ¿Quién es ella?Ella es la profesora.Who is he? (a teacher)¿Quién es él?Es profesor.
13Who are they? ( the women) ¿Quiénes son ellas?Ellas son las mujeres.Who are they? (some tourists)¿Quiénes son ellos?Ellos son (unos) turistas.
14Who are you? ( a student) friendly ¿Quién eres?Soy estudiante.Who are you? ( a teenager) formal¿Quién es Ud.?Soy un joven.
15Using ser to identify things There is no Spanish equivalent of the English subject pronoun it. Generally it is not expressed in Spanish.When referring to things, Spanish omits the subjects ellos/ellas.Like in English, Spanish often omits the indefinite article some.¿Qué es?=What is it?Es un cuaderno. = It is a notebook.¿Qué son? = What are they?Son (unas) computadoras. = They are (some) computers.