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A Tool for DILIGENT Argumentation: Experiences, Requirements and Design Michael Engler British Telecom plc. Research & Venturing.

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Presentation on theme: "A Tool for DILIGENT Argumentation: Experiences, Requirements and Design Michael Engler British Telecom plc. Research & Venturing."— Presentation transcript:

1 http://www.sekt-project.com A Tool for DILIGENT Argumentation: Experiences, Requirements and Design Michael Engler British Telecom plc. Research & Venturing Denny Vrandecic, York Sure AIFB

2 http://www.sekt-project.com Motivation: Legal Domain Problem: New Judges have theoretical knowledge, but little practical knowledge On Duty: When they are confronted with situations in which they are not sure what to do Disturb experienced judges with typical questions. Solution: Design an intelligent system to help new judges with their typical problems. Extended FAQ system using Semantic Web technologies Connect the FAQ system with the exiting jurisprudence. Search Jurisprudence using Semantic Web technologies. Building a new ontology

3 http://www.sekt-project.com First Approach + Based on 800 competency questions + Questions were clustered + Middle-out strategy – Usage of ontology not considered – Repetitive discussions – Long discussions

4 http://www.sekt-project.com Improvements Usage of DILIGENT Speedier discussions Restriction of arguments Usage of a wiki Tracking of arguments Access from geographical dispersed locations

5 http://www.sekt-project.com DILIGENT 1. Build 2. Local adaption 3. Analysis 4. Revision 5. Local update

6 http://www.sekt-project.com Diligent Argumentation Ontology Argumentation ontology defined Based on Case Studies to identify the most effective types of arguments Argument type recognition based on RST

7 http://www.sekt-project.com Improvements, but… Visualisation in wiki not supported Lacking tool cooperation Management of sources harder Argument classification harder No tight integration in an ontology editor No notification (No voting)

8 http://www.sekt-project.com Design of DILIGENT-Tool Visualisation: Idea sets Allows exploring alternative modelling Sources URIs, e.g. competency questions Arguments need to be classified Notification by IM or E-Mail Voting Quick way of expressing opinion Threshold? Final decision?

9 http://www.sekt-project.com Connection to DILIGENT Supports the steps build, analysis, revision

10 http://www.sekt-project.com Workmodel

11 http://www.sekt-project.com Perspective of user Justine

12 http://www.sekt-project.com Issue C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ315 CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree

13 http://www.sekt-project.com Issue C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ315 CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree Task CQ315 Task: Text: Sources: okcancel Status:Issues: CQ315 Create concepts, relations and instances from the competency question CQ315 CQ315 Assigned to:Justine open done postponed

14 http://www.sekt-project.com C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Issue CQ315

15 http://www.sekt-project.com C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Issue New Issue Issue: Text: CQ315 okcancel Sources: Status: open postponed Modeling primitives: CQ315

16 http://www.sekt-project.com C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Issue New Issue Issue: Text: CQ315 okcancel Sources: Status: open postponed Modeling primitives: Partnership We need to model partnership, and relations between men and women in a partnership. CQ315

17 http://www.sekt-project.com C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ315 CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Partnership Issue: Partnership [Issue] Justine: We need to model partnership, and relations between men and women with partnership. agree disagree Status: under discussion Pro: Justine

18 http://www.sekt-project.com [Issue] Justine: We need to model partnership, and relations between men and women with partnership. C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ315 CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Issue Label: Synonyms: okcancel URI: Argumentation: Comment: New Concept Example Pro: Justine Partnership

19 http://www.sekt-project.com [Issue] Justine: We need to model partnership, and relations between men and women with partnership. C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ315 CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Issue Label: Synonyms: okcancel URI: Argumentation: Comment: New Concept Example Partnership http://www.law_ontology.de/#Partnership We need P as a more general concept because of same-sex partnerships. They are not marriages. Pro: Justine Partnership

20 http://www.sekt-project.com C Tasks Issues SourcesIdeas Visualization CQ315 CQ220 CQ237 guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Issue: PartnershipC: Partnership [pro] Justine: We need P as a general concept because of same-sex unions. They cannot be marriages. Pro: Justine Partnership

21 http://www.sekt-project.com Perspective of user Jack

22 http://www.sekt-project.com Issue C Tasks SourcesIdeas Visualization Review Partnership Review Citzenship CQ819 File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI agree disagree Issues guardianship Common law Partnership

23 http://www.sekt-project.com Issue C SourcesIdeas Visualization File Edit View Search Window Help CRRI agree disagree Issues guardianship Common law Partnership Task Review Partnership Task: Text: Sources: okcancel Status:Issues: Review Partnership Review issue and ideas. CQ217 Assigned to:Justine open done postponed Partnership Tasks Review Partnership Review Citzenship Common law CQ819

24 http://www.sekt-project.com Issue C SourcesIdeas Visualization File Edit View Search Window Help CRRI agree disagree Issues guardianship Common law Tasks Review Partnership Review Citzenship CQ819 Common law Partnership

25 http://www.sekt-project.com C Issues Sources Visualization guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Partnership Ideas C: Partnership C: Marriage is-a Partnersh… C: Human C: Man is-a Human C: Woman is-a Human R: isMarriedIn C: RegistredPartnership R: isPartnerIn Tasks Review Partnership Review Citzenship CQ819 Common law Issue: Partnership [Issue] Justine: We need to model partnership, and relations between men and women with partnership. agree disagree Status: under discussion Pro: Justine

26 http://www.sekt-project.com C Issues Sources Visualization guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Partnership Ideas C: Partnership C: Marriage is-a Partnersh… C: Human C: Man is-a Human C: Woman is-a Human R: isMarriedIn C: RegistredPartnership R: isPartnerIn Tasks Review Partnership Review Citzenship CQ819 Common law Issue: Partnership [Issue] Justine: We need to model partnership, and relations between men and women with partnership. agree disagree Status: under discussion Pro: Justine

27 http://www.sekt-project.com C Issues Sources Visualization guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Partnership Ideas C: Partnership C: Marriage is-a Partnersh… C: Human C: Man is-a Human C: Woman is-a Human R: isMarriedIn C: RegistredPartnership R: isPartnerIn Tasks Review Partnership Review Citzenship CQ819 Common law Issue: Partnership agree disagree Status: under discussion Pro: Justine New Argument okcancel Classification:Pro Contra Example Argument: Was already modeled in CQ801. [Issue] Justine: We need to model partnership, and relations between men and women with partnership.

28 http://www.sekt-project.com C Issues Sources Visualization guardianship File Edit View Search Window Help Common law CRRI CQ315 How are foreign marriages approved? Partnership Ideas C: Partnership C: Marriage is-a Partnersh… C: Human C: Man is-a Human C: Woman is-a Human R: isMarriedIn C: RegistredPartnership R: isPartnerIn Tasks Review Partnership Review Citzenship CQ819 Common law Issue: Partnership agree disagree Status: under discussion Pro: Justine Con: Jack [Issue] Justine: We need to model partnership, and relations between men and women with partnership. [con] Jack: Was already modeled in CQ801.

29 http://www.sekt-project.com Conclusion We found no off-the-shelf solution sufficient Design for a collaborative ontology engineering tool using DILIGENT using the DILIGENT argumentation model

30 http://www.sekt-project.com Future Work Automatic classification of arguments Automatic clustering of sources Agent participation in discussion Evaluate voting


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