Presentation on theme: "Single Window = Trade Facilitation = Reducing Trade Cost = Increasing Govt Revenue Regional Training Workshop on Trade Facilitation, Infrastructure."— Presentation transcript:
1Single Window = Trade Facilitation = Reducing Trade Cost = Increasing Govt Revenue Regional Training Workshop on Trade Facilitation, Infrastructure & Trade Costs in ESCWA Region 8 –9 April 2013, DubaiJonathan Koh Director Trade Facilitation Centre of Excellence CrimsonLogic Pte. Ltd.
2IntroductionCrimsonLogic is a trusted partner to governments around the world.Design and run innovative and sustainable services for governments to serve their citizens more effectively and seamlessly.Work closely with our customers to enhance their e-services continually, to drive adoption and usage of these e-services.ShareholdersInternational Enterprise Singapore(an statutory board of Ministry of Trade & Industry)Civil Aviation Authority of SingaporePSA CorporationSingapore Telecoms
3CrimsonLogic Trade Facilitation Platforms PortCommunitySystemSingle Electronic WindowSystemFreeZoneManagementSystemCustomsManagementSystemStrong Domain based software componentsStrong Infrastructure and Security Management Policies for reliable service delivery
6Trade Development Strategy Trade FacilitationInfrastructure DevelopmentTrade PromotionTrade Relations ManagementTrade Facilitation should be part of an overall trade development strategy whose purpose is to develop and expand sustainable trade flows to support the country’s economic development.
7Trade FacilitationWTO Definition - The simplification and harmonisation of international trade proceduresUN/CEFACT Definition - The simplification, standardisation and harmonisation of procedures and associated information flows required to move goods from seller to buyer and to make payment”Principles of Trade FacilitationSimplification is the process of eliminating all unnecessary elements and duplications in formalities, process and proceduresHarmonisation is the alignment of national formalities, procedures, operations and documents with international conventions, standards and practicesStandardisation is the process of developing internationally agreed format for practices and procedures, documents and information.harmonisation
8What is Trade Facilitation? GovernmentIndustrySimplifyMovement of GoodsComplianceTransportationRegulationsProcedureDocumentationStandardizeSecureThe definition of trade facilitation isconstantly evolving1. Trade facilitation (TF) aims to make trade procedures as efficient aspossible through the simplification and harmonization of documentation, procedures andinformation flows.In a narrow sense, it addresses the logistics of moving goods through ports or customs.More broadly, it encompasses several inter-related factors such as customs and borderagencies, transport infrastructure (roads, ports, airports etc.), services and informationAn international trade transaction normally involves different parties,about 200 data elements, 40 documents and costs that range between % of thegoods value. One extra day of clearance represents up to one tariff pointTransparent
9Trade Facilitation = reducing the Speed bumps in the global supply chain $$$$$$
10Trade Facilitation Impact Acting as the impetus, catalyst and instrument of Trade.Further attraction for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and relocationStimulant for trade volumeConnectivity to major ports of the worldFacilitation for entry into Globalisation and International tradeLong-term competitiveness in trade facilitation
14Steve Jobs, Businessweek, 1998 “A lot of times, people don’t know what they want until you show it to them.”Steve Jobs, Businessweek, 1998Copyright 2011 Private & Confidential
15What is a Single Window“A Single Window is a facility that allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardized information and documents with a single entry point to fulfill all import, export, and transit-related regulatory requirements.If information is electronic, then individual data elements should only be submitted once”.UNECE Recommendation 33
16National Single Window Integrates / Interface with ALL Govt Regulatory AgenciesEntire Trade Facilitation Value ChainsServe a the national secure, trusted Information Broker/ VANRisk Analysis / Management for all authorities
17Single Window for Trade Facilitation Integrated Trade Facilitation Strategy – including Single WindowTrade Facilitation - Facilitate: to make trade easy or easierFundamental component of trade and economic development strategy (TF in WTO etc)Single Window is not an end in itselfSW is not a technology system!
19Real Focus: Reducing the economic impact of regulatory processes on cross border trade Each additional day of delay (e.g. because of trade logistics procedures) reduces trade by at least 1%Source: Simeon Djankov, Caroline Freund, and Cong S. Pham. (2007). Trading on Time. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.Direct and Indirect Cost from import/export-related procedures and required documents is up to 15% of product cost.Source: OECD. (2003). Quantitative Assessment of the Benefits of Trade Facilitation. Paris: OECD Publications
20Proof of SW in Reducing Trade…. Proof of SW in Reducing Trade Cost are mostly empiricalThere are very few studies conducted to show the direct contribution of SW in reducing trade cost
21Reducing Trade Cost – Korea’s uTrade Hub Source: Rama Ha, KTNet Presentation 18 Nov 2012
22Reducing Trade Cost – Korea’s uTrade Hub Source: UNNext Brief #3 , May Case of Korea's National Paperless Trade Platform uTradeHub
23Reducing Trade Cost – Singapore’s TradeNet In Singapore, the advantage gained from the adoption and application of the Single Window is the reduction and lowering of business cost.Overall, businesses can expect to save about S$75 M (USD60.4M) over a period of 10 years.Source: Speech by Singapore Minister of State for Finance and Transport, 17 Jan 2006https://www.tradexchange.gov.sg/tradexchange/default.portal?_nfpb=true&_nfls=false&_pageLabel=main_hidden&_type=hidden&_page=17july2006openingaddress&_action=view
24What do we learn from these examples ? There are concrete savings … through Direct and Indirect Cost SavingsSavings are often empirically obtainedFew countries with SW conducted comprehensive studies on the cost savings from SW
27Ghana Community Network Ghana Community Network (GCNet) is a Public Private Partnership (PPP) mandated by the Ministry of Trade and Industry to Implement and manage a Single Window systemGCNet was created as a JV company :SGS (60%)Customs Excise and Preventive Service CEPS (20%)Ghana Shippers Council (10%)2 local banks (5% each)Incorporated in Nov 2000Formal launch of the GCNet Service in Dec 200270 employees (including Network, Systems, IT Security, Ops Support, Call Centre, Training Depts)
28Ghana Community Network in Figures Single Window system processing 99% of official tradeElectronic Customs Declaration - 520,000 per annumElectronic Manifest submissionProcessing of Permits and Exemptions & Import DeclarationOperational in all main points of entry - 2 seaports, 1 int’l airport, 4 land borders.All active Declarants connected – 1200 Clearing Agents and Self Importer located at 625 locationsAll active Shipping (80) and Forwarding Agents (100) connected560 customs terminals deployed covering all key functions – eg doc review, examination, post-event, audit, management, tariff etc…1200 customs officers trained and active using the system105 employees (Network dept, Systems Dept, IT security Dept, Ops support, Call Centre, Training)
29Ghana - Increase in Customs Revenue Immediate substantial decrease in clearance time – factor of 5Immediate substantial increase in Government revenue – First year, increase of 35% year-on-year; subsequent years increase of 20%.Recognised as best practice by WCO and World Bank
31Malagasy Community Network A Public-Private Partnership Joint Venture with Government for the development of Single Window – Malagasy Community Network Services (or Gasynet)GasyNet, modeled on the Singapore’s TradeNet was established in 2006SGS - 70%State - 30%Operational since April 2007
32Malagasy Community Network Involves integration of TradeNet System and existing ASYCUDA++TradeNet connects most of the entities involved in the import and export process - Importers, Customs brokers, Customs, Port Authority, Container terminal, Commercial banks, Central Bank and the Treasury.Gasynet also incorporates a risk management system, which directs containers into one of four lanes—red, yellow, blue or green—depending on criteria specified by Customs.
33Malagasy Community Network World Bank’s Doing Business Report 2009“The results of the reform have been impressive—according to Doing Business 2009, overall time to import a container into Antananarivo was cut by three weeks. Customs clearance time has been reduced to 72 hours at Toamasina, through which 80% of imports pass by value.”“But quicker customs clearance isn’t all the reform has achieved. Since 2005, customs receipts have doubled—from approximately 900 billion Malagasy aryary to around 1,800 billion today. And from the time TradeNet started operations in June 2007, receipts increased by 50%. This is vital in a country where customs receipts still account for around half of state income.”