Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byKaia Drakes Modified over 4 years ago

1
Binary Arithmetic Coding System with Adaptive Probability Estimation by Virtual Sliding Window Eugeniy Belyaev Marat Gilmutdinov Andrey Turlikov

2
Arithmetic Coding with Context Modeling Encoder Context Modeler Arithmetic Encoder Decoder Context Modeler Arithmetic Decoder Bitstream Probability estimation Probability estimation xtxt xtxt D

3
Sliding Window (Main Properties) W last processed symbols are used for probability estimation Buffer with W cells is used for keeping W last processed symbols. W is window length Frequencies of symbols are calculated basing on buffer content

4
Work of Encoder with Sliding Window Adaptation (Binary Case) W xtxt x t-1 x t-2 x t-3 x t-W+1 x t-W Step 1: Probability estimation for x t encoding Estimation by Krichevsky-Trofimov formula: …

5
Work of Encoder with Sliding Window Adaptation (Binary Case) Step 2: Current symbol x t encoding by arithmetic encoder Step 3: Modification of sliding window content xtxt x t-W Finite State Machine with 2 W states x t-2 x t-3 x t-W+2 x t-W+1 …

6
Main Disadvantage of Sliding Window Method Using large size additional memory required for buffer of sliding window Necessity to store individual buffers with W cells for each context model Frequent context model changing is critical for memory cache Critical for DSP application

7
Chronology of Sliding Window Analysis 1986 – F.T.Leighton, R.L.Rivest Proposal of Probabilistic n-state finite-state estimation procedure 1996 – B.Y.Ryabko Randomization procedure; Imaginary Sliding Window (ISW) Non-binary case 1996 – A.Zandi, G.G.Langdon Randomization procedure; Binary case 2004 – E.Meron, M.Feder Avoiding randomization procedure in Imaginary Sliding Window (ISW)

8
Imaginary Sliding Window (Main Properties) Using Randomized Finite State Machine with (W+1) states Method does not require to store buffer for previously processed data Random variable is used to estimate value of symbol x t-w removed from the sliding window

9
ISW (Main Algorithm) Step 1 and Step 2 are similar to classical sliding window algorithm (exception: ISW uses evaluation of S t for probability estimation) Step 3: Modification of S t evaluation. y t – random binary value Randomized Finite State Machine with W+1 states

10
Features of ISW Advantage Avoiding buffer usage Disadvantage Using generator of random values, synchronized on the encoder and decoder sizes

11
Avoiding Random Variable Usage – average number of ones in the single cell (removed from sliding window) Disadvantage – float point operation with S t E.Meron, M.Feder (2004)

12
Integer Implementation of Virtual Sliding Window (VSW) c – parameter of algorithm

13
Advantages of VSW Virtual Sliding window method avoids buffer storage in memory; generation of random values; float-point operations with S t calculation

14
Using VSW in H.264 Standard Binarization Context Modeling CABAC – Context-based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding Non-binary data Arithmetic Coding bitstream Binarization of value Q (simplified scheme): QBinary Sequence 0 01 2 3 Ctx. Num 0 0 1 0 11 111 2310 …… …

15
Bitrate Savings for some Testing Video Sequences (in percent) QP1020304050 foreman0.810.821.031.746.00 mobile0.190.340.541.173.61 tempete0.200.410.460.855.57 QP1020304050 foreman0.760.730.610.792.35 mobile0.120.280.190.300.64 tempete0.160.400.300.352.06 Regular Initialization of P-frames Non-Regular Initialization of P-frames

Similar presentations

Presentation is loading. Please wait....

OK

Compression & Huffman Codes

Compression & Huffman Codes

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To ensure the functioning of the site, we use **cookies**. We share information about your activities on the site with our partners and Google partners: social networks and companies engaged in advertising and web analytics. For more information, see the Privacy Policy and Google Privacy & Terms.
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.

Ads by Google

Ppt on eye os means Ppt on mergers and acquisition process Ppt on microsoft word 2003 Ppt on review of related literature outline Training ppt on quality Marketing mix ppt on nokia x Ppt on inhabiting other planets outside the solar Ppt on weapons of mass destruction 2016 Ppt on rural education and sustainable development Download ppt on civil disobedience movements