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© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "© Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 1 PowerPoint Presentation Publisher The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Tinley Park, Illinois

2 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 2 Chapter 15 Doors and Windows

3 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 3 Introduction Doors and windows perform several functions. –They shield an opening from the elements. –Add decoration and expand visibility. –Emphasize the overall design. –Provide light and ventilation. Planning is necessary to provide maximum design and function.

4 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 4 Interior and Exterior Doors Several door classification systems are used to identify types of doors. –Two broad classes are interior and exterior doors. –Doors also may be grouped according to method of construction, uses, function, or location. Doors are typically 6'-8" high and available in various widths.

5 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 5 Interior Doors Common types of interior doors include: –Flush, panel, bi-fold, sliding, pocket, double- action, accordion, Dutch, and French. Interior doors should be at least 32" wide for wheelchair passage. Lever or pull-handles may be easier for a handicapped person. (continued)

6 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 6 Interior Doors Flush Doors –Smooth on both sides. –Generally 1-3/8" thick. –Hollow-core doors with wood frame. –Available in widths of 2'-0" to 3'-0" in increments of 2". –Surfaces usually covered with 1/8" Masonite or plywood of mahogany or birch. (continued)

7 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 7 Interior Doors Flush door and symbol. (continued)

8 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 8 Interior Doors Panel Doors –Frame and panel construction. –Vertical frame members are called stiles.stiles –Horizontal frame members are called rails.rails –Panels are thinner than frame and fill the space between stiles and rails. –Panels may be wood, glass, metal, etc. –Frame may be made from white pine, plastic, or other woods. (continued)

9 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 9 Interior Doors LeftTypical panel door. RightPanel door with plan view symbol. (Morgan Products Ltd.) (continued)

10 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 10 Interior Doors Bi-Fold Doors –Two-part door, hinged in the center. –Supported with conventional hinges or secured to the head jamb and floor with a pivot hinge. –May be flush, paneled, or louvered. –Popular as closet doors. –Installed as pairs (panels 1'-0" to 2'-0" wide). –Heights of 6'-8" and 8'-0" available. –Wood or plastic 1-1/8" thick and metal 1" thick. (continued)

11 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 11 Interior Doors LeftBi-fold door with panels. RightBi-fold door with plan view symbol. (Morgan Products Ltd.) (continued)

12 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 12 Exterior Doors Residential exterior and interior doors are similar in many ways, but have decided differences. Exterior doors are generally solid core and thicker than interior doors. Exterior doors may have one or more glass panels to provide visibility. Exterior door styles include flush, panel, and swinging or sliding glass doors. (continued)

13 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 13 Exterior Doors These are standard plan view symbols of common exterior doors. (continued)

14 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 14 Exterior Doors Flush Doors –One of the most popular exterior doors. –Wood flush doors are generally 1-3/4" thick and 3'-0" wide; other widths are available. –Doors are made from birch, mahogany, oak, or metal. –Moldings or other decorative millwork may be added to enhance the appearance. (continued)

15 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 15 Exterior Doors This exterior flush door has decorative molding and a large, leaded-glass light. (Peachtree Doors, Inc.) (continued)

16 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 16 Exterior Doors Panel Doors –Exterior panel doors are available in a great variety of styles. –They are constructed from white pine, oak, fir, various other woods, metal, and plastics. –Produced in the same sizes as flush doors. (continued)

17 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 17 Exterior Doors A traditional exterior panel door. (continued)

18 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 18 Exterior Doors Sliding glass door sizes.

19 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 19 Specifying Doors Each door used in a residential plan should appear in a door schedule.door schedule –The specifications for each door will appear in the door schedule. –Use manufacturers literature for specifications. Place the door schedule on the sheet with the floor plan or elevations. (continued)

20 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 20 Specifying Doors Typical door schedule.

21 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 21 Door Details Most interior and exterior doors are placed in a door jamb.door jamb The door jamb fits inside the rough opening. Jambs may be wood or metal. A jamb consists of two side jambs and a head jamb. Exterior jambs are usually 1-1/8" thick and interior jambs are 3/4" thick.

22 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 22 Door Jamb

23 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 23 Windows –Admit light from outside. –Provide fresh air and ventilation. –Help create an atmosphere inside. –Add detail, balance, and design to the exterior of the house.

24 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 24 Window Types Many types of windows are available. Most types have unique proportions. Windows are made from wood, metal, or plastic. Construction differs by manufacturer. It is important to obtain window specifications from the manufacturer. (continued)

25 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 25 Window Types Typical windows. (Caradco) (continued)

26 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 26 Window Types Typical windows. (continued)

27 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 27 Window Types There are three basic types of windows used in residential construction. –Sliding. –Swinging. –Fixed. Combination windows combine two or more types. Skylights and clerestory windows are location specific.

28 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 28 Sliding Windows Double-hung and horizontal sliding are the two types of sliding windows generally used in residential construction. Double-hung windows have two major assemblies called sashes.Double-hung windowssashes –Each sash may be opened. –Muntins divide the glass area of a window into smaller units.Muntins –Mullions are placed between window units.Mullions (continued)

29 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 29 Sliding Windows Four different sizes are usually given for each window –Basic unit size: Overall dimensions of the window.Basic unit size –Rough opening size: Dimensions of the framed space in the wall.Rough opening –Sash opening: Outside dimensions of sash.Sash opening –Glass size: Inside dimensions of the sash.Glass size (continued)

30 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 30 Double-Hung Window Details Unit sizes. (continued)

31 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 31 Horizontal Sliding Window Details Unit sizes. (continued)

32 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 32 Swinging Windows There are four common types of swinging windows: –Casement, awning, hopper, and jalousie. A casement window may have several sashes or a single sash.casement window –Sashes are hinged at the side and swing outward. –Sashes may be opened using a crank or push bar.

33 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 33 Casement Windows (Marvin Windows) (continued)

34 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 34 Casement Windows Unit sizes. (continued)

35 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 35 Casement Windows A dashed line may be used in the elevation to indicate the hinge position.

36 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 36 Awning Windows Each sash in an awning window is hinged at the top.awning window May have one or more sashes. Usually crank operated. (Caradco) (continued)

37 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 37 Awning Windows Unit sizes. (continued)

38 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 38 Hopper Windows (Andersen Corporation) (continued)

39 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 39 Hopper Windows A hopper window is usually hinged at the bottom and swings inward.hopper window Opened by a lock-handle at the top of the sash. Usually made as a single unit only. Popular for basements; directs air upward. Inward swing is the major disadvantage. (continued)

40 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 40 Hopper Windows Unit sizes. (continued)

41 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 41 Fixed Windows Fixed windows provide a view and/or admit light. They do not permit ventilation. Usually custom made. Do not open. Examples include picture windows, circle top windows, and special shapes.

42 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 42 Picture Windows Picture windows are fixed-glass units.Picture windows –They are usually rather large. –Generally frame a view. –Often the center unit of a group of regular windows. (continued)

43 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 43 Picture Windows (Pella/Rolscreen Company) (continued)

44 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 44 Circle Top Windows Circle top windows are typically installed above another window or installed as single units.Circle top windows They are available as: –Quarter circles. –Half circles. –Ellipses. –Full circles. (continued)

45 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 45 Circle Top Windows LeftCircle top window with casement window. RightCircle top window with double-hung windows. (Shouldice/Peachtree Doors, Inc.) (continued)

46 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 46 Circle Top Windows Unit sizes. (continued)

47 © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only 47 Window Schedules A window schedule provides information about each window in the house.window schedule Types of information include: –Type of window and size. –Identifying symbol and quantity. –Rough opening size. –Manufacturers identification number. –See example of window schedule in text.


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