Presentation on theme: "Prof. Yitzchak Rosenthal"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prof. Yitzchak Rosenthal WINDOWS BASICSProf. Yitzchak Rosenthal
2 Mouse terminology Cursor: Left Click: Right Click Click Double Click Picture on screen that moves when you move the mouse. Used to point to items on the screen.Left Click:click once on the left mouse buttonRight Clickclick once on the right mouse buttonClick(same as Left Click)Double Clickclick twice (quickly) on the left mouse buttonDragclick on the left mouse button (don't let go) while moving the mouse.
3 Desktop terminology desktop icon taskbar system tray start menu the whole screenicona small picturetaskbarthe bar on the bottom of the desktopsystem traythe rightmost area of the taskbarstart menuclick on the word "start" on the leftmost area of the taskbar to access this menu. The "start menu" contains a list of the programs that are installed on the computer.sub menua menu within a menutaskbar iconan icon that is on the taskbarcontext sensitive menumenu that pops up when you "right click" on an item. Different menus will pop up depending on where you right-click.
5 Window terminologyWindow = the rectangle on the screen that contains the display of a running programTitle bar = bar on top of a window. Contains the "name" of the window.Active window = the window that is currently “attached” to the keyboard. This window is on “top” of the other windows and has a dark blue title bar.
6 opening/closing/moving/resizing windows close buttonminimize buttonmaximize button = double click title barrestore button = double click title barresizedrag window
7 Window terminology Portions of a window menu pane: portion of a window separator bar: a line between two panes of a window, can usually drag the bar to resize the panesscroll bar: 3 different ways to control:click in empty areadrag "elevator" buttonclick on arrows on ends of scrollbartoolbarstoolbar buttontool tip: move cursor over toolbar button and wait 1 second to see a short description of what the button does. Tip disappears after a couple of seconds.Many programs allow you to choose which tollbars are visible with the "view | toolbars" menu choicedrag a toolbar to "dock" it to a different location
8 Windows dialog boxes and controls dialog box: A small window that is launched by a program. Used to interact with the user.modal dialog box: A dialog box that will not let you work with the application unless you respond to it.Windows Controls: different types of controlstextboxradio buttoncheck boxdropdown listselect listetc.
9 Context Sensitive Menus Right clicking usually displays a “context sensitive” menuThis means that the menu choices will be different depending on where you clickedExampleRight click on empty area of desktop to see one context sensitive menu.Right click on empty area of taskbar to see a different set of menu choices.
10 Multiple Document Interface (MDI) Some programs allow you to open up several windows (child windows) inside the main window (parent window). You can minimize/maximize/close/resize each child window independently inside the parent window.The Parent window has the standard Minimize/Maximize/Restore butonsEach child window also has its own Minimize/Maximize/Restore buttonsWindow menu has choices toarrange the child windows orto select a specific child window
12 Selecting Most programs allow you to select items by either File selected in Windows Explorer (click on filename)Most programs allow you to select items by eitherclicking with the mouse on an itemor clicking and dragging the mouse around some items.Selected items are often highlighted in blue (or other colors – see word example)Text selected in Word (click and drag)Cells selected in Excel (click and drag)
13 Selecting Multiple Items at Once If you select multiple items you can work with them as a group.For example you select multiple files in Windows Explorer and then drag the entire group of files to a different folder.Two ways to select multiple files:Shift + click : Selects a contiguous range of itemsCtrl + click : Selects multiple individual items(Examples on next two slides)
14 Selecting With Shift-Click Selects a contiguous range of itemsStep 1click on first item (don’t press shift)Step 2hold down shift and click on last item at same time.
15 Selecting With Ctrl-Click Selects multiple non-contiguous items.Step 1click on first item (don’t press Ctrl)Step 2Click on every other item while at the same time pressing Ctrl.
16 Selecting with Ctrl-Click: Excel Example Select multiple non-contiguous ranges in Excel with Ctrl + click and dragStep 1click on first cell in first range and drag (don’t press Ctrl)Step 2While pressing Ctrl click and drag for every other rangeWhatever you do now will be done to all the selected cells (e.g. change the color for all these cells)
17 Clipboard terminology area in computer memory that stores information copied from a programHow to use the clipboardSelect information to copy to clipboardThen do one of the followingcopy: either choose "edit | copy" menu or press ctrl-ccut : either choose "edit | cut" menu or press ctrl-xChoose location where you want to put the information (in the same or in a different program)paste: either choose "edit | paste" or press ctrl-vpaste special: choose "edit | paste special" - not in all programsallows you to paste information from the clipboard in a different format
18 Common hot keys Hot Key Common Hot Keys a "hot key" is a key sequence that you press on the keyboard to make windows or a program do something.This involves pressing either the "Alt", "Ctrl" or "Shift" key at the same time as pressing another key on the keyboard.Some hot key sequences involve pressing 3 keys at the same time.Common Hot Keysalt-tab = switch windows (next)shift-alt-tab = switch windows (previous)ctrl-c = copy current selection to clipboardctrl-x = “cut” (or delete) current selection and put contents on clipboardctrl-v = paste clipboard contents into active programctrl-esc = show start menualt-(underlined letter in menu) = choose menuPrtScr = copy a picture of the desktop to the clipboardCtrl-PrtScr = copy a picture of the active window to the clipboard