Presentation on theme: "1 WINDOWS BASICS Prof. Yitzchak Rosenthal. 2 Mouse terminology Cursor: –Picture on screen that moves when you move the mouse. Used to point to items on."— Presentation transcript:
1 WINDOWS BASICS Prof. Yitzchak Rosenthal
2 Mouse terminology Cursor: –Picture on screen that moves when you move the mouse. Used to point to items on the screen. Left Click: –click once on the left mouse button Right Click –click once on the right mouse button Click –(same as Left Click) Double Click –click twice (quickly) on the left mouse button Drag –click on the left mouse button (don't let go) while moving the mouse.
3 Desktop terminology desktop –the whole screen icon –a small picture taskbar –the bar on the bottom of the desktop system tray –the rightmost area of the taskbar start menu –click on the word "start" on the leftmost area of the taskbar to access this menu. The "start menu" contains a list of the programs that are installed on the computer. sub menu –a menu within a menu taskbar icon –an icon that is on the taskbar context sensitive menu –menu that pops up when you "right click" on an item. Different menus will pop up depending on where you right-click.
4 Program terminology program execute / run
5 Window terminology Window = the rectangle on the screen that contains the display of a running program Title bar = bar on top of a window. Contains the "name" of the window. Active window = the window that is currently attached to the keyboard. This window is on top of the other windows and has a dark blue title bar.
6 opening/closing/moving/resizing windows –close button –minimize button –maximize button = double click title bar –restore button = double click title bar –resize –drag window
7 Window terminology Portions of a window –menu –pane:portion of a window –separator bar:a line between two panes of a window, can usually drag the bar to resize the panes –scroll bar: 3 different ways to control: click in empty area drag "elevator" button click on arrows on ends of scrollbar –toolbars toolbar button tool tip: move cursor over toolbar button and wait 1 second to see a short description of what the button does. Tip disappears after a couple of seconds. Many programs allow you to choose which tollbars are visible with the "view | toolbars" menu choice drag a toolbar to "dock" it to a different location
8 Windows dialog boxes and controls dialog box:A small window that is launched by a program. Used to interact with the user. modal dialog box:A dialog box that will not let you work with the application unless you respond to it. Windows Controls: different types of controls –textbox –radio button –check box –dropdown list –select list –etc.
9 Context Sensitive Menus Right clicking usually displays acontext sensitive menu This means that the menu choices will be different depending on where you clicked Example –Right click on empty area of desktop to see one context sensitive menu. –Right click on empty area of taskbar to see a different set of menu choices.
10 Multiple Document Interface (MDI) –Some programs allow you to open up several windows (child windows) inside the main window (parent window). You can minimize/maximize/close/resize each child window independently inside the parent window. The Parent window has the standard Minimize/Maximize/Restore butons Each child window also has its own Minimize/Maximize/Restore buttons Window menu has choices to –arrange the child windows or –to select a specific child window
11 Selecting Items
12 Selecting Most programs allow you to select items by either –clicking with the mouse on an item –or clicking and dragging the mouse around some items. Selected items are often highlighted in blue (or other colors – see word example) File selected in Windows Explorer (click on filename) Text selected in Word (click and drag) Cells selected in Excel (click and drag)
13 Selecting Multiple Items at Once If you select multiple items you can work with them as a group. For example you select multiple files in Windows Explorer and then drag the entire group of files to a different folder. Two ways to select multiple files: –Shift + click : Selects a contiguous range of items –Ctrl + click : Selects multiple individual items –(Examples on next two slides)
14 Selecting With Shift-Click Shift + click –Selects a contiguous range of items Step 1 –click on first item (dont press shift) Step 2 –hold down shift and click on last item at same time.
15 Selecting With Ctrl-Click Ctrl + click –Selects multiple non-contiguous items. Step 1 –click on first item (dont press Ctrl) Step 2 –Click on every other item while at the same time pressing Ctrl.
16 Select multiple non-contiguous ranges in Excel with Ctrl + click and drag –Step 1 click on first cell in first range and drag (dont press Ctrl) –Step 2 While pressing Ctrl click and drag for every other range Whatever you do now will be done to all the selected cells (e.g. change the color for all these cells) Selecting with Ctrl-Click: Excel Example
17 Clipboard terminology Clipboard: –area in computer memory that stores information copied from a program How to use the clipboard –Select information to copy to clipboard –Then do one of the following copy: either choose "edit | copy" menu or press ctrl-c cut : either choose "edit | cut" menu or press ctrl-x –Choose location where you want to put the information (in the same or in a different program) paste: either choose "edit | paste" or press ctrl-v paste special: choose "edit | paste special" - not in all programs –allows you to paste information from the clipboard in a different format
18 Common hot keys Hot Key –a "hot key" is a key sequence that you press on the keyboard to make windows or a program do something. –This involves pressing either the "Alt", "Ctrl" or "Shift" key at the same time as pressing another key on the keyboard. –Some hot key sequences involve pressing 3 keys at the same time. Common Hot Keys –alt-tab = switch windows (next) –shift-alt-tab = switch windows (previous) –ctrl-c = copy current selection to clipboard –ctrl-x = cut (or delete) current selection and put contents on clipboard –ctrl-v = paste clipboard contents into active program –ctrl-esc = show start menu –alt-(underlined letter in menu) = choose menu –PrtScr = copy a picture of the desktop to the clipboard –Ctrl-PrtScr = copy a picture of the active window to the clipboard