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Guantanamera Original Poem by Jose Martí 12/Guantanamera_Poem_and_Song.aspx#Instruction.

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Presentation on theme: "Guantanamera Original Poem by Jose Martí 12/Guantanamera_Poem_and_Song.aspx#Instruction."— Presentation transcript:

1 http://www.ver-taal.com/can_guantanamera.htm Guantanamera Original Poem by Jose Martí http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/educators/lessons/grade-9 12/Guantanamera_Poem_and_Song.aspx#Instruction Do Now: What is patriotic about this song? (PLEASE ANNOTATE EACH STANZA) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0gg3-xvMB0

2 I am a sincere man From where the palm tree grows And before dying I want To share the verses of my soul. My verse is light green And it is flaming crimson My verse is a wounded deer Who seeks refuge on the mountain (or in the woods). I cultivate a white rose In July as in January For the sincere friend Who gives me his honest hand. And for the cruel one who would tear out this heart with which I live I do not cultivate nettles nor thistles I cultivate a white rose With the poor people of the earth I want to share my fate The brook of the mountains Gives me more pleasure than the sea Con los pobres de la tierra Quiero yo mi suerte echar El arroyo de la sierra Me complace mas que el mar Yo soy un hombre sincero De donde crecen las palmas Y antes de morirme quiero Echar mis versos del alma Mi verso es de un verde claro Y de un carmin encendido Mi verso es de un verde claro Y de un carmin encendido Que busca en el monte amparo Cultivo la rosa blanca En junio como en enero Para el amigo sincero Que me da su mano franca Y para el cruel que me arranca El corazon con que vivo Cardo ni ortiga cultivo Cultivo la rosa blanca CHORUS What is patriotic about this song?

3 Causes of Independence PoliticalEconomicSocial DBQ Task: What were the political, social and economic causes for the independence movements in Latin America beginning in the 18 th century. Doc(s):

4 Reflecting on Today’s Lesson: Create a Thesis Statement: What conditions inspired (influenced) Latin American independence movements in the 18 th century? Consider: If YOU were living under these conditions in Latin America, why would you have wanted to revolt?

5 How do I write an outline? 1. Sources of Discontent a.Ethnic and Social Hierarchy b.Enlightenment Ideas c.Napoleon Bonaparte 2. Haiti’s Struggle for Independence a.A Slave Revolt b.Independence 3. Independence for Mexico and Central America a.El Grito de Dolores b.Jose Morelos c.Independence Achieved d.New Republics in Central America 4. Independence in South America a.A Native American Revolt b.Bolivar c.San Martin d.Dreams and Disappointments e.Independece for Brazil Chapter 21, Section 3: Latin American Wars of Independence Tips for Bulleting Notes: 1. Main Ideas; Check to see if your notes reflect the answers to the Reading Focus 2. Key Words (italic, bold)

6 -Refer to Latin America DBQ - Do Now: List SIX causes of Latin American independence movements.

7 Latin American Independence What would cause colonial people of Latin America to revolt? Refer back to colonial life pre-1700’s (Global I) & post-1700’s (Global II)!

8 “I will never allow my hands to be idle or my soul to rest, until I have broken the chains laid upon us by Spain!” “Americans today, and perhaps to a greater extent than ever before, who live within the Spanish system, occupy a position in society no better than the serfs destined for labor, or at best they have no more status than that of mere consumers…” ~ Simon Bolivar, 1815

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10 Do Now: What problems/issues would the newly freed nations of Latin America face? Why? Latin America ~ Post-Independence PROBLEMS History of democracy ? –Who is going to rule? Caudillos – local men w/power (“strongmen”); created armies - dictatorships Influence of Catholic Church; landowners Civil War/Revolts POLITICAL INSTABILITY

11 European Colonization Increased power in Church & Military Latin American Independence Political Instability Lack of INVESTMENT POVERTY Lack of CAPITAL for development! Inability to pay foreign debt Unequal distribution of wealth


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