Presentation on theme: "Passive Fire Protection Presentation INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW."— Presentation transcript:
Passive Fire Protection Presentation INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW
Checkmate contains fire! The Company Formed: 1990 Offices: Yorkshire, London, Hampshire & agencies in Dubai & Bahrain Core Services Include: Intumescent Paint Spraying Firestopping Installation of Fire Barriers Drylining Air Sealing & Integrity Testing Fire Doors Fire Compliance Surveys
Passive fire protection is the primary measure integrated within the constructional fabric of a building to provide inherent fire safety and protection by responding against flame, heat and smoke to maintain the fundamental requirements of building compartmentation, structural stability, fire separation and safe means of escape. Passive fire protection measures achieve their intended purpose by raising the fire resistance of the structure, protecting the structure against the effects of fire, reducing fire spread through secondary ignition, limiting the movement of flame and smoke, and minimising the danger of fire-induced collapse or structural distortion. Passive fire protection design, incorporating passive fire protection materials, systems and assemblies, serves by fire containment to protect life, safeguard the building structure, protect assets, maintain building serviceability after fire, minimise rebuild costs, and facilitate quick business recovery and continuity So what is Passive Fire Protection?
In simple terms…..? The fabric of the building should be designed, constructed and maintained to reduce or eliminate the spread of fire products around the building. To contain the fire to the area of origin. Protect lives and the structure of the building.
Why Passive Fire Protection is important
Two Important Questions Why are new buildings not always fire compliant? Why are fire compartments not always adequately maintained?
Less Resilience To Fire It would not be unreasonable to assume that during the past decade, our commercial building stock has become less resilient to fire – and this goes some way to explaining the steep increase in fire losses. Roy Watkinson Technical & Commercial Insurance Director, AXA Insurance Source: FRM Journal, March 2011
Building Regulations Requirements If a fire separating element is to be effective, every joint and imperfection of fit, or opening to allow services to pass through the element, should be adequately protected by sealing or firestopping so that the fire resistance of the element is not impaired Every compartment wall and compartment floor should form a complete barrier to fire between the compartments they separate and have the appropriate fire resistance..... there should be continuity at the junctions of the fire-resisting elements enclosing a compartment and any openings from one compartment to another should not present a weakness Building Regulations Approved Document B; B3 section 10
Traditional Build Approved Document B was developed for easy and forgiving masonry construction..
Modern Build.. with modern methods of construction the room for error is small if not microscopic. Dr Jim Glockling, Technical Director, Fire Protection Association
Structural movement in a fire
A competitive tender issue?
Qualified... but not in fire stopping
Passive Fire Protection... designed & specified requires: Correct products Correct installation 3 rd Party accreditation Compartmentation management To last the lifetime of a building Fully Compliant
The BRE Approval process involves a whole series of rigorous checks which are on-going & it is because of this assessment process that the LPCB Approval Mark is recognised worldwide as a badge of quality for Passive Fire Protection Installation. 3 rd Party Accreditation
Quality Assured A complete paper trail
Investigate Ceiling Voids...
and Areas of Strategic Importance
The installation of a fire door is a complex procedure requiring a detailed understanding of the important role played by each component & therefore needs to be undertaken by someone with the correct training. (BWF-CERTIFIRE) Fire Doors Norman Macdonald, BRE Principal Consultant, checking upgraded fire doors at Ormskirk Hospital It is estimated by BWF Certifire that more than 80% of installed one hour fire doors will in reality not provide one hour fire rating
Fire Doors Even the simplest design of fire door can rarely tolerate error in installation and one hours fire resistance can easily be reduced to less than ten minutes, but you wont necessarily be able to see the problem unless there is a fire. Peter Barker, Chiltern International Fire
Fire Door Inspection Scheme Achievement of First FDIS Diploma Improves Service to Clients Checkmate Fire Solutions Ltd Compliance Manager Clive Reilly, seen being presented with his diploma by Gary Amer, Chief Executive of the Guild of Architectural Ironmongers, is the first industry professional to have successfully passed the FDIS Diploma in Fire Doors. The Diploma is a key part of the recently launched scheme that aims to transform knowledge and understanding about the critical role of fire doors and is believed to be the first of its kind in Europe. Says Clive: Since Checkmate introduced a service for the maintenance and management of fire doors we have been keen to have a qualification that proved our competence in this area. Taking the FDIS Diploma confirmed we knew a lot and also enabled us to rectify gaps in our knowledge, broadening our expertise, which will benefit our clients.
Fire Door Inspection & Remediation BEFORE
Fire Door Inspection & Remediation AFTER
Fire Doors Three ways to keep fire doors open
Above the door?
The LPCB Certificate states that it only remains valid providing that the passive fire protection is checked on an annual basis & any damage or defects rectified by a competent person in line with the Regulatory Reform Order 2005 On-going Inspection & Re-Certification
POOR MANAGEMENT - the consequences can be tragic Six killed in tower block blaze Three children and three adults have died after a fire swept through a tower block in south-east London. July 2009 Owners of fire death Penhallow Hotel to be prosecuted The owners of a Newquay hotel which caught fire, resulting in three deaths, are to be prosecuted for fire safety breaches, Cornwall Council says. Sep 2010
Staying Within The Law Where necessary in order to safeguard the safety of relevant persons the responsible person must ensure that the premises and any facilities, equipment and devices provided in respect of the premises under this Order….. are subject to a suitable system of maintenance and are maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and in good repair. Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
doing it the right way, first time around, will always be the most cost-effective course of action. (ASFP Red Book) Checkmate - providing practical fire & smoke containment solutions