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The MIL-STD-882 Process Presentation to the 14-15 January 2014 Safety Case Workshop Don Swallom U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command Redstone Arsenal,

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Presentation on theme: "The MIL-STD-882 Process Presentation to the 14-15 January 2014 Safety Case Workshop Don Swallom U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command Redstone Arsenal,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The MIL-STD-882 Process Presentation to the January 2014 Safety Case Workshop Don Swallom U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command Redstone Arsenal, Alabama

2 Caveat Opinions expressed are those of the speaker and not the coordinated position of AMCOM, Army Materiel Command, the US Army or the Department of Defense. But maybe they should be.

3 MIL-STD-882 Content Process What is "Acceptable Risk" How 882 "makes the safety case"


5 Task Section 100 – Management Task 101 Hazard Identification and Mitigation Effort Using The System Safety Methodology Task 102 System Safety Program Plan Task 103 Hazard Management Plan Task 104 Support of Government Reviews/Audits Task 105 Integrated Product Team/Working Group Support Task 106 Hazard Tracking System Task 107 Hazard Management Progress Report Task 108 Hazardous Materials Management Plan Task Section 200 – Analysis Task 201 Preliminary Hazard List Task 202 Preliminary Hazard Analysis Task 203 System Requirements Hazard Analysis Task 204 Subsystem Hazard Analysis Task 205 System Hazard Analysis Task 206 Operating and Support Hazard Analysis Task 207 Health Hazard Analysis Task 208 Functional Hazard Analysis Task 209 System-of-Systems Hazard Analysis Task 210 Environmental Hazard Analysis Task Section Evaluation Task 301 Safety Assessment Report Task 302 Hazard Management Assessment Report Task 303 Test and Evaluation Participation Task 304 Review of Engineering Change Proposals, Change Notices, Deficiency Reports, Mishaps, and Requests for Deviation/Waiver Task Section Verification Task 401 Safety Verification Task 402 Explosives Hazard Classification Data Task 403 Explosive Ordnance Disposal Data

6 Appendix A Guidance for the System Safety Effort (2 pages) Appendix B Software System Safety Engineering and Analysis (6 pages)


8 Element 1 Document the system safety approach Minimum requirements: Describe the risk management effort and how the program is integrating risk management into: –Systems engineering process, –Integrated Product and Process Development process –Overall program management structure Identify and document the prescribed and derived requirements applicable to the system –Ensure inclusion in the system specifications –Requirements flow-down to subcontractors, vendors, and suppliers. Define how hazards and risks are formally accepted (DoDI ) Document hazards with a closed-loop Hazard Tracking System (HTS)

9 Element 2 Identify and document hazards Identify hazards through a systematic analysis process. Include: System hardware and software System interfaces (includes human interfaces) Intended use or application Operational environment Mishap data Relevant environmental and occupational health data User physical characteristics User knowledge, skills, and abilities Lessons learned from legacy and similar systems Entire system life-cycle Potential impacts to personnel, infrastructure, defense systems, public, environment Document hazards in the HTS

10 Element 3 Assess and document risk Assess severity and probability of the potential mishap(s) for each hazard across all system modes using Tables I and II Assessed risks are expressed as a Risk Assessment Code (RAC) Table III assigns a risk level of High, Serious, Medium, or Low for each RAC. Tables I, II and III used unless alternative approved –Document numerical definitions of probability Assessed risks documented in HTS




14 Element 4 Identify and document risk mitigation measures Identify potential risk mitigations Estimate expected risk for alternatives Document in the HTS Eliminate the hazard else reduce to lowest acceptable level within constraints of cost, schedule, and performance by applying system safety design order of precedence: –Eliminate hazards through design selection –Reduce risk through design alteration –Incorporate engineered features or devices –Provide warning devices –Incorporate signs, procedures, training, and personal protective equipment (PPE)

15 Element 5 Reduce risk Select and implement mitigation measures to achieve an acceptable risk level Consider and evaluate the cost, feasibility, and effectiveness of candidate mitigation methods as part of the systems engineering and Integrated Product Team (IPT) processes Present current hazards, their associated severity and probability assessments, and status of risk reduction efforts at technical reviews

16 Element 6 Verify, validate, and document risk reduction Verify implementation Validate effectiveness of all selected risk mitigation measures through appropriate: –Analysis –Testing –Demonstration or –Inspection Document verification and validation in the HTS

17 Element 7 Accept risk and document Risks accepted by appropriate authority per DoDI before exposing people, equipment, or environment to known system- related hazards System configuration and associated documentation supporting formal risk acceptance decision shall be provided to the Government for retention through the life of the system. Tables I, II and III used unless alternative approved User representative part of the process throughout the life-cycle –Provides formal concurrence before Serious & High risk acceptance After fielding, mishaps, user feedback, and experience with similar systems or other sources may reveal new hazards or demonstrate that the risk for a known hazard is higher or lower than previously recognized –Revised risk accepted IAW DoDI

18 Element 8 Manage life-cycle risk Identify hazards and maintain HTS through system life-cycle Monitor and assess changes (interfaces, users, hardware, software, mishap data, missions, profiles, system health data, etc.) Program office and user community maintain effective communications to identify and manage new hazards and risks If new hazard discovered or known hazard has higher risk, formally accept IAW DoDI DoD requires program offices to support system-related Class A and B mishap investigations by providing analyses of hazards that contributed to the mishap and recommendations for materiel risk mitigation measures, especially those that minimize human errors

19 System safety The application of engineering and management principles, criteria, and techniques to achieve acceptable risk within the constraints of operational effectiveness and suitability, time, and cost throughout all phases of the system life-cycle

20 Acceptable Risk Risk that the appropriate acceptance authority (as defined in DoDI ) is willing to accept without additional mitigation.

21 Acceptable Risk Risk Reduction Effort Cost Schedule Performance Unacceptable Acceptable

22 Lowest Acceptable Risk Level When a hazard cannot be eliminated, the associated risk should be reduced to the lowest acceptable level within the constraints of cost, schedule, and performance by applying the system safety design order of precedence. - Paragraph 4.3.4, Identify and document risk mitigation measures. (Element 4)

23 Lowest Acceptable Risk Level Risk Reduction Effort Cost Schedule Performance Unacceptable Acceptable Lowest Acceptable

24 High Serious Medium Low Lowest Acceptable Risk Level Risk Reduction Effort Unacceptable Acceptable Cost Schedule Performance

25 Optimum Cost Cost of mitigation measures Cost of Mishaps Total Cost Cost Degree of Safety The Safety Bathtub Curve A B Defund B to increase A and optimize both

26 Claim = assertion to be proven Argument = how evidence supports claim Evidence = required documentation Evidence Argument Claim Claims – Arguments - Evidence These terms are not used in MIL-STD-882E

27 Verify – Validate - Document MIL-STD-882 does use the terms verify and validate in the context of systems engineering Element 6 is "Verify, validate, and document risk reduction" Task 401 is "Safety Verification" If hazard mitigations are rigorously integrated into system requirements they will be verified and validated assuming a rigorous systems engineering process



30 Safety Assessment Report versus Safety Case Report Safety Case - A structured argument, supported by a body of evidence that provides a compelling, comprehensible and valid case that a system is safe for a given application in a given operating environment. Safety Case Report - A report that summarises the arguments and evidence of the Safety Case, and documents progress against the safety programme. - Defence Standard 00-56

31 Safety Assessment Report versus Safety Case Report Safety Assessment Report - A comprehensive evaluation of the safety risks being assumed prior to test or operation of the system or at contract completion. It identifies all safety features of the system, design, and procedural hazards that may be present in the system being acquired, and specific procedural controls and precautions that should be followed. - DI-SAFT-80102B, Safety Assessment Report

32 Safety Assessment Report versus Safety Case Report Purpose. Task 301 is to perform and document a Safety Assessment Report (SAR) to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the status of safety hazards and their associated risks prior to test or operation of a system, before the next contract phase, or at contract completion. - MIL-STD-882 Task 301, Safety Assessment Report

33 Safety Assessment Report versus Safety Case Report The contractor shall prepare a report that contains the following information: a. Specific risk matrix used to classify hazards b. Results of analyses and tests performed to identify hazards, assess risks, and verify/validate effectiveness of mitigation measures c. Hazard Tracking System (HTS) data d. Summary of risks for each identified hazard e. Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) f. Test or other event-unique mitigation measures necessary to reduce risks. g. Recommendations applicable to hazards located at the interface of the system with other systems. h. Based on the scope of the report, a summary statement addressing the system's readiness to test, operate, or proceed to the next acquisition phase. i. List all pertinent references, including (but not limited to) test and analysis reports, standards and regulations, specifications and requirements documents, operating manuals, and maintenance manuals.

34 Deep Impact Don Swallom Safety Engineer AMCOM Safety Office Aviation System Safety Division (256) Questions?

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