Presentation on theme: "Options for Schools and Students Central Carolina Regional Education Service Alliance Board of Directors Meeting Presenters: Jenny Oren Krugman, Vice President."— Presentation transcript:
Options for Schools and Students Central Carolina Regional Education Service Alliance Board of Directors Meeting Presenters: Jenny Oren Krugman, Vice President Southern Region Larry Brown, Executive Director, K-12 Southern Region
Agenda Role of Rigor in Student Success Key Benefits of AP AP data in the State of NC How we can help? Conclusions
AP Mission The College Boards Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) enables students to pursue college-level studies while still in high school. Through more than 30 college-level courses, each culminating in a rigorous exam, AP provides willing and academically prepared students with the opportunity to earn college credit and/or advanced placement.
AP Student Performance in Physics Source: Gonzalez, E., OConnor, K., & Miles, J. (2000). How well do Advanced Placement students perform on the TIMSS Advanced Mathematics and Physics Tests? Chestnut Hill, MA: The International Study Center, Lynch School of Education, Boston College. While the U.S. lags behind industrialized countries that participate in the TIMSS test, AP physics students who earned exam scores of 3 or higher outscore all other students. Students who earned a 1 or 2 on AP Physics Exams outscored students in more than half of participating industrialized countries
AP Student Performance in Math Source: Gonzalez, E., OConnor, K., & Miles, J. (2000). How well do Advanced Placement students perform on the TIMSS Advanced Mathematics and Physics Tests? Chestnut Hill, MA: The International Study Center, Lynch School of Education, Boston College. While the U.S. lags behind nearly every industrialized country that participates in the TIMSS test, AP calculus students, regardless of exam score, outscore all other students
Key Benefits of AP AP courses establish a college-level standard in secondary schools that is measured through a national assessment designed and scored by college faculty. AP courses expose college-bound students to the amounts of homework, study skills, and habits of mind essential for success in college courses. AP provides leverage for aligning and strengthening the grades 6-12 curriculum. Students who take AP Exams and score a 3 or higher typically experience greater academic success and college graduation rates than non-AP students. The AP course is typically the most rigorous curriculum offered in secondary schools and is designated on the student transcript. Because AP is widely used for college credit and/or placement, it attracts motivated students eager to double major, or engage in deeper, upper-division courses at college.
Student Demographic AP Exam Grade of 3 or higher African-American28% higher Hispanic28% higher White33% higher Low-Income26% higher Not Low-Income34% higher Source: Dougherty, Mellor & Jian, 2006 AP Participation and Likelihood of College Graduation College Graduation Rate differences between matched AP and non-AP students* *Matched students are those who have similar family backgrounds and standardized test scores
AP Report to the Nation: How Does North Carolina Compare? Class of 2010 – NC 84,401 - HS Seniors 25,573 or 30.3% of HS students took an AP exam 18.4% earned a score of 3 or higher Class 0f 2010 – Nation 3.01 million* - HS Seniors 853,314 or 28.3% of HS students took an AP exam 16.9% earned a score of 3 or higher *Public school numbers (Source: WICHE, 2008)
AP Participation in North Carolina Insert state map of AP participation by district
AP Exam Growth: Minority Students in CCRESA Source: SDRS
Time to Degree: AP vs. Dual Enrollment and Non-AP Source: Hargrove, Godin & Dodd (2007) Students who scored a 2 or higher on an AP Exam were more likely than other students to earn a bachelors degree within 4 years.
College Graduation Rates Students earning a 2 or higher on AP exams are more likely than other students to earn a bachelors degree within four years. Percentage of students who graduate from college in four years Source: Hargrove, Godin and Dodd, 2008
AP and College Success Research continues to suggest that AP Exam grades of 3 or higher are consistently predictive of student college success Emphasis should be on strong partnerships between K-12 districts, higher education, states and College Board to help more students earn grades of 3 or higher College Board believes that willing and academically prepared students should be encouraged and supported in taking on the challenge of college-level courses in high school Students may experience college success regardless of exam grade – Source: Dodd study Power of 2
Why do Students take AP Courses? Which of these are reasons why you have decided to take AP? Source: Crux Market Research Inc. (2006): Q310 Intrinsic Reasons Extrinsic Reasons
Credit / Placement Opportunities Remain the Strongest Drivers of the Decision to Take the AP Exam Which are key reasons why you would take an AP Exam at the end of an AP course? Source: Crux Market Research Inc. (2006): Q630 Extrinsic Reasons Intrinsic Reasons
How can the College Board help districts and schools?
Increase the Speed of the Train Along the Tracks: Educating NCs Students
Achieving Equity: A 7-Point Plan Source: AP and Traditionally Underserved Students; AP Research Brief, January Announce a major commitment to equity in AP. District Launch high-profile public campaigns to increase student access to and success in AP courses. 2 Conduct an inventory of current AP offerings and capacity. District Determine extent and rigor of AP offerings in high schools as well as effectiveness of teacher training for Pre-AP and AP courses. 3 Support teacher professional development for AP and Pre- AP teachers. District Offer year-round training for AP and Pre-AP teachers and hands-on professional development for school and district leaders. 4 Align middle and high school curricula. District Incorporate state, local and College Board standards to ensure that students have the opportunity to be prepared for success in an AP course through their previous course work. 5 Use AP Potential to identify prospective AP students. District Administer the PSAT/NMSQT to all 10 th and 11 th graders; use the free AP Potential program to identify those students likely to succeed on AP Exams, based on those scores. (www.collegeboard.com/appotential) 6 Mandate AP course offerings. District Require all high schools to offer AP courses in at least the four core areas: Mathematics, Science, English and Social Studies 7Offset the AP Exam fee for low-income students. State paysCombine federal funds and the College Board AP Fee Reduction to make the AP Exams free for all students from low-income families.
Tools AP Potential Professional Development Tools for Counselors
What is AP Potential? A web-based tool Free for schools that administer the PSAT/NMSQT ® Provided by the maker of the AP ® Exams Designed to ensure that no student is overlooked Based on proven research
Signing in to AP Potential :
Signing in to AP Potential
After considering potential AP students using your schools standard process, check AP Potential for additional students that might have been overlooked. Use AP Potential to make a case for professional development - more teachers will need to be trained to handle an increased number of AP courses. Review AP Potential for 9 th and 10 th graders in preparation for 11 th or 12 th grade AP courses and ensure that they are taking the correct preparatory courses AP Potential Tips
Professional Development Pre AP Workshops Purpose: Prepare students for AP classes Develop and strengthen Vertical Teams Increase teacher pedagogical and content knowledge
Professional Development AP Workshops Purpose: Increase teacher pedagogical and content knowledge Increase knowledge of AP exams, including student test performance
Online Events (Hosted or On-Demand) Purpose: Provide professional development to underserved constituents To strengthen teacher pedagogy and content knowledge Developed in partnership with AP and based on review of AP exam results
Questions? Jenny Oren Krugman Regional Vice President, Southern Region The College Board Larry Brown Executive Director, K-12 The College Board