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Chapter 1: The Development Through Life Perspective.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1: The Development Through Life Perspective."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 1: The Development Through Life Perspective

2 The Development Through Life Perspective Chapter Objectives –To introduce the basic assumptions that underlie the organization and focus of the text –To introduce the psychosocial approach to the study of development, including the interrelationships among the biological, psychological, and societal systems –To note historical changes in life expectancy and examine the implications of these changes for the study of development over the life span

3 The Development Through Life Perspective Assumptions of the Text –Growth occurs at every period of life, from conception through very old age –Individual lives show continuity and change as they progress through time –We need to understand the whole person, because we function in an integrated manner –Behavior must be interpreted in the context of relevant settings and personal relationships –People contribute actively to their development

4 The Development Through Life Perspective A Psychosocial Approach: The Interaction and Modification of 3 Major Systems Produces Human Life –The biological system –The psychological system –The societal system The psychosocial impact of poverty –Overview of the psychosocial approach

5 The Development Through Life Perspective Figure 1.1 The Biological System

6 The Development Through Life Perspective Figure 1.2 The Psychological System

7 The Development Through Life Perspective Figure 1.3 The Societal System

8 The Development Through Life Perspective Conditions Leading to Poverty –Decline in well-paying, blue-collar jobs –Large increases in single-mother households due to births to unmarried women and to divorce –Erosion of the economic safety net for poor children, including the decline in cash transfers and benefits to families in the new welfare program, Transitional Assistance to Needy Families –Decline in purchasing power of minimum wage

9 The Development Through Life Perspective The Psychosocial Impact of Poverty –African American, Hispanic, and Native American families are over represented among poor Americans –Chronic poverty is linked with health problems, delays in reaching developmental milestones, and reduced life expectancy –Some children living in poverty are resilient escape its negative effects, and continue to develop optimally

10 The Development Through Life Perspective Case Study: Rose –Thought Questions How does this case illustrate the interconnections among the biological, psychological, and societal systems? Given what you know about the assumptions of psychosocial theory, how might Roses stage of development influence her perceptions of this situation and her approach to coping with this conflict? How might you frame a research question based on the information raised in this case study? How do the assumptions of this text influence your approach to understanding the case of Rose?

11 The Development Through Life Perspective

12 Figure 1.4 Percentage Surviving by Age: , , and 2000.

13 The Development Through Life Perspective

14 Factors that Contribute to Longevity –High family income –Having no hypertension, arthritis, or back pain –Being a nonsmoker –Having normal body weight –Consuming a moderate amount of alcohol


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